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tv   The Day - News in Review  Deutsche Welle  September 28, 2017 4:03am-4:30am CEST

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officials in the indonesian island of bali say almost one hundred thousand people have fled their homes amid fears that a nearby volcano will erupt hundreds of tremors from mt outgoing on the north of the island are stoking fears it could erupt at any time. the volcano last erupted in one thousand nine hundred sixty three killing more than a thousand people. they have their own history a proven military and plenty of oil what the kurds of northern iraq want now is independence and almost the entire world is against them tonight the people who survived saddam hussein are about to face baghdad's troops yet again i bring golf in berlin this is the day.
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he said great people of kurdistan you did not allow anyone to break your will when you voted yes to independence. it was. we really pose national authority across the whole of iraq including the kadish region when. this is not a threat. to us instead of threatening and punishments let's start a serious dialogue to be good neighbors. would be honest we will use all the tools of the constitution and the law and we will surprise them. were in fact. then the peace we might face hardships but i'm. sure the future will be bright that
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. we say little but our actions will speak for themselves the most important is that the will of the people of kurdistan could not be broken. also on the show tonight the trunk train in the german election and the one leader whose final term in office may be all about making that train jumped the track of the new york times columnist roger cohen is my guest tonight will be here in about eight minutes. we begin the day with a lesson in the costs of daring to vote for freedom now this week the kurdish people in northern iraq held a referendum on independence and it passed with overwhelming support more than ninety percent of the vote now these are the same kurds who were almost crushed by saddam hussein in one thousand nine hundred one the same kurds who were then
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protected from a dictator's weapons by u.s. and british fighter jets with no fly zones and these are the same kurds according to the u.s. military who you better have at your side when your enemy on the battlefield is islamic state and yet not the u.s. not the u.k. not the european union no one except israel has voiced support for kurdish independence instead the kurds neighbors have moved to isolate and cut off the region from the rest of the world airlines from egypt and jordan have stopped all flights to the kurdish city of erbil iran and turkey have held military exercises on the border with the kurdish region just this week and don't forget about the oil baghdad's government is sending federal troops to take control of all fields in the kurdish region a showdown between a club of strongman leaders and the people who used the ballot box to declare their desire to be free. euphoric scenes among iraq's could zap to the official result
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was announced could issue authorities say that with the seventy three percent voter turnout the poll had been a resoundingly success. at this historic moment i want to congratulate you on the success of the referendum on the independence of couldst in our autonomous region and the areas outside the autonomous region which could just on claims. in baghdad the reaction couldn't be more different iraq's government opposes the kurdish push for statehood and has demanded an immediate an element of the vote. of position on the kurdish referendum is firm and clear we oppose the process because it does not conform with the constitution it has no legal basis and it lacks legitimacy its result has no binding power on the federal government in baghdad and no legal effect we will never acknowledge the results for a while and then i thought of the stuff that. iraq's government has already taken
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retaliatory steps threatening to halt flights in and out of the kurdish autonomous region it's also demanded that those behind the vote including kurdish leader massoud barzani face legal consequences iraq's prime minister he said he wanted to keep his country united without resorting to the use of force but parliament has given him a mandate to deploy the military to the kurdish territories including the oil rich region around the city of kirkuk and that we will impose federal authority on the whole of iraq with the force of the constitution and the force of the law this is not a threat some people have made threats and some have used force to impose their will in the disputed areas we will use all the tools provided by the constitution and the law. the measures passed by parliament also called for the closure of foreign diplomatic missions in the autonomous kurdish region. neighboring countries turkey
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and iran are worried that the referendum will embolden their own kurdish minorities and are applying pressure with sanctions of their own. i'm joined by journalist campbell mc diarmaid he joins us from your bill and iraq's autonomous kurdistan region campbell it's good to have you on the show we know that baghdad has proposed a range of sanctions if the result of this vote is not an old immediately are people in the kurdistan region are they concerned of what will happen next. well i think we're seeing a bit of brinkmanship at the moment baghdad obviously had to respond and respond strongly they've got constituents of their own that they need to appease so what we've seen those measures and talk about sending military troops to to retake federal territory i don't think anyone's in a hurry for this to devolve into out right conflict but certainly people here are concerned about what the future holds it's a very uncertain time at the moment and no one here is quite sure what the next few
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weeks will bring and it begs the question why did iraqi kurds decide to go ahead with this vote there's not one country in the world that has come out for their independence except for the country of israel yeah i think that was a bit of a surprise to the kurds they thought that you know after their pitch. for isis on behalf of the world it's how they see it that they would get a little more support for this they realized it was never going to be a time would be perfect to make this announcement and what i think they gambled on was as they proceeded with this more people would come around to it and. by the time they realized that no one supported them they'd already gone too far to back down you know would have been difficult for them to go back to their own voters and say we've decided to postpone this referendum and what about the neighbors iran and turkey they're not happy about this referendum on grows even threatening a blockade and how hard could this hit kurdistan. yeah i mean that they've both got
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big kurdish populations of their own who will be watching closely but the kurdistan region of iraq is a landlocked region and between the federal iraq and turkey and iran most of the trade goes through turkey a lot of the products in the stores here are from iran and turkey and of course that oil goes through ticky and ankara has been threatening to cut off that supply so that is a real risk but at the same time you know it's the second largest trading partner here so you know that's going to cost damage as well if they decide to blockade the region. ok journalist campbell nick diamants joining us tonight from iraq's autonomous kurdistan region with the latest and the fallout from that independence referendum vote campbell thank you very much thank you it's. over three days after the german election and we are seeing the first major move
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aimed at forming a new government and to surprise it is a reshuffling that has to do with the money today germany's of wolfgang soil of one of europe's most respected political leaders said that he is willing to give up his position as finance minister and become president of the parliament storable is credited with steering germany and the eurozone through the euro crisis now the vacancy at the finance ministry gives a chance for miracle a coveted cabinet position to dole out in the upcoming coalition talks but today in berlin the chancellor met with her cabinet it was the first meeting since sunday's election voters kept miracles conservative c.d.u. c.s.u. in power as the largest political party but support dropped compared to the last election that has weakened america and at the same time embolden the far right party the a.f.d. which on sunday became the first far right party elected to parliament in this country in sixty years. well the german chancellor does not have an easy task as
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she looks at the start of an historic fourth term not only does she have to build a new government with a coalition of parties that have little in common but she will also begin sharing parliament was some ninety lawmakers aimed at disrupting the system in the spirit of donald trump and breaks it on today here in berlin the new york times columnist roger cohen said that until america last major task as leader of germany will be to shore up the country and the european union against the corrosive effects of donald trump's populist movement the american academy and telefonica base camp berlin invited cohen to speak today on trump americal fake news and the digital dilemma facing voters the talk today was part of telefonica is diggy minds searing us and i had the honor of leading that discussion today with roger cohen roger joins me now here at the big table roger it's good to have you on good to see a good
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a good to see you like it is not you in your piece yesterday want to show our viewers what you wrote in the new york times you wrote a dozen years in power is a lot. is weary germans too it's a time for a last act given trump has said that europe must take our destiny into our own hands that must be her last act. what do you think merkel's last act should look like in concrete terms well first of all i think if force term is extraordinary she's already a giant of post-war german politics but her last victory was a bit of victory it came at the same time as a right is the gained some ninety four seats in the german bundestag party that says soldiers from world war two should be on it and has bigoted views about foreigners coming into germany so it was a bit of victory but she has
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a mandate and we've had a hundred minute speech yesterday from president emmanuel mack home of france proposing the rebirth re foundation of the european union i think that has to be one essential foundation of lost time because there is a backlash in europe there's a backlash against blacks it against so much from and this kind of or a surgeon's a feeling about europe and the need for european strength and integration so that's certainly one element would you say that donald trump was a winner in the german election on sunday. i wouldn't say he's a winner but i would say that the fact that donald trump is the president of the united states and the fact that he comes out with the. and i am a girl and comments and kili favors a white america if you like he's kind of released i would say burn everybody's in
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a bigot things to booze of foreign things that couldn't be said can now be said and it is the right around the world that has the wind and it's. the autocratic tendencies that threatening western democracies are real and they're real reasons for it people angry that angry about growing inequality that angry about impunity for the rich they're angry about a lot of things and we've seen in germany that even in a country where the economy is going well where on employment is very low whether a surplus is that fear of the future of globalization you know will my children be able to make it that fear is there and that fear and that anger a behind the f.t. getting almost six million votes i want to take a listen to what one of the top candidates of the he said on a lecture night as his party celebrated and then what he said two days later
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take a look. all of us were clearly the strongest party. the german government which ever way. you should dress warmly. we will hug you. we will hug mrs merkel or whoever and we will take our country and our people back again. so we couldn't. ever come election campaign is over we know we have a great responsibility in parliament also towards the people who voted for us obviously the language during the election campaign is different from the one used in parliament that's obvious. of the language in the campaign is different than the one used in parliament i mean double speak right is that the double speak that we know from the trunk white house yeah i don't think. gallon can really have it both ways i mean hunt is
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a very aggressive tone there's blood in that somewhere and there's also blood in the word folk the way he's using it german bloodlines of folkish view of the country this is not the focus of the people who live in germany this is the german bloodline and. you know the campaign was already over when he said that he'd want a why he'd want so it's not like he was campaigning at that point he was making a point about what he was going to do then he steps back he moderates this is absolutely familiar by now with donald trump who is forever tweeting or saying outrageous things and in most recently that n.f.l. football player as if they don't stand for the national anthem if instead they choose to protest by kneeling and they should be fired you're fired of course his favorite phrase from his t.v. show a printer that you know now he's beginning to try and step away from the. a little
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and he's been criticized by close friends and having dollar trump as president is a head spinning experience he wants people to be disoriented and looking for a logic in donald trump's policies behavior is generally speaking a futile exercise so we're used to that and i think that disorientation has a purpose because when you disoriented don't know truth from lies you begin to think the leader is the sole fund of truth is a good a good point i want to ask you about russian meddling in the us election how do you explain russia in the us elections and russia not being involved in the german election there's been no report from the secret service or from the b. and d. that when they say no one is saying that they tried to manipulate this election
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well maybe president putin has fond memories of his years in germany. i'm not sure what the exact explanation is but i mean clearly in the united states and with breaks it there was the russians or an opening to have dollars from as president sometimes anti e.u. initially at least anti nato and. russia is pretty cheap pubs and so a chance of victory the brics if there wasn't really here i think a chance of the far right winning the far right did well. so investing those kinds of resources with the criticism that would have come in germany of course for a lot of reasons including economic reasons is a very important country for russia sized i guess the assessment in the kremlin was it wasn't worth the cost what happens to germany what happens to the european union if chance or miracle fails to build a new government and new elections are called. well that would be
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a long delay in the kinds of things europe needs in needs to move forward on reform greater integration modem ocracy and that would be very unfortunate. i don't think it's going to happen you know germans have long experience in forming coalitions that difficult clearly there are differences of policy between the free democrats and the greens including over europe so those would have to be resolved but we know already that chance for america is a very patient negotiator and i would bet that that she would get there you worked here in berlin you know you covered the country into the ninety's beginning of this century and when you compare the way that the political system is here with the united states how do you explain the fact that the rhetoric here is not as brutal the willingness to compromise
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a consensus is higher how do you explain that level of willingness to talk to each other with what we see in the states is a lot of yelling and shouting. that's a good question brian you know germany has a history germany knows what it is to fracture germany knows what cataclysm is germany has been on the knoll and i don't think even though we're now more than seventy years from from all that i don't think. it's forgotten it's somewhere in in the in the german bones in the german psyche and i think even though now we do see a far right party with almost thirteen percent of the vote i think the realization that a certain level of solidarity a certain level of consensus is necessary to the functioning of any democratic
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society and if you fail that test the risks are very great i think that is present here in a way it's not in the us there are also differences in terms of broadcasting in terms of the degree to which people are watching you know in the united states today everybody's in their ideological canyon they go to the network or the website that comforts them in what they already believe and the divisions in american society very harsh and very worrying. new york times columnist roger cohen here at the big table with us tonight roger a pleasure to have you on the show come back we'd like to talk with you again thank you very much didn't. i. now to somalia that country's government has been struggling with a jihadist insurgency for years well back in april u.s. president donald trump announced plans to send ground forces into the country to
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help fight the militants or what has happened since then tonight in an exclusive report the w.'s underpaid his money and young phillips olds show us how the deployment is taking a heavy toll on the civilian population already devastated by civil war. but to a means to survive in somali it's a fitting name for this refugee camp on the outskirts of mogadishu where life is a struggle for the next meal the next bucket of water. fatty mind her daughter found refuge here two weeks ago they're still waiting for official assistance. but that's pref of the to starving in their village where the islamist militant group is in control and. they would rather let us die than accept any aid from infidels. who are.
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not all somalis are feeling hunger and up a few kilometers away in another refugee camp we meet not a young man who was from barrier about sixty kilometers south of the capital at least ten civilians were killed there in an attack by somali and u.s. forces almost a month ago marianne's husband was among the dead. we are used to the fighting but this was by far the worst we've ever seen. in march the u.s. president on a trump ordered the u.s. military to intensify the war against al shabab bringing in special forces the militant group killed more than four thousand two hundred people last year its leaders and agents with al qaeda want to establish a theocracy. and you government has been in place in mogadishu since february and
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it's getting a lot of international support but the drones and raids employed to combat terrorism are endangering the local population. and this is being exploited by al shabab one former member of the militant group tells us that the people in dispute it. the government backed soldiers just as much as the militants. the people here don't trust the government in the areas controlled by al-shabaab people fear the military will loot and right for them al shabaab has become skilled at tapping into those fears. peacekeeping troops from the african union also serving in somalia under the un the un special representative is convinced the conflict cannot be solved only through military means. while he welcomes u.s. involvement he wants the main objective should be strengthening the new government and state institutions. too many civilians are being killed
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protected by insurgence particularly here in mogadishu because they're soft targets . yes if you are fighting an insurgency being very careful not to kill civilians is incredibly important because if you do you you lose the support of the population internally displaced somalis arrive in the capital every day almost seven million are dependent on emergency eight that's about half the country's population these women and children will likely have to wait years before they can live in a state that can keep them safe. all right i've got some good news for you long winded writers and tweeters out there have you ever been frustrated by the enforced brevity of tweets if so you're going to be overjoyed to hear that twitter is planning to double the number of characters from
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it in a single message from one forty to two eighty the companies currently testing the extra verbiage the response from users has been mixed talk show host ellen de generes she says that she's one of the lucky ones she tweeted i'm so excited to be part of twitter's two hundred eighty characters roll out let me just say it's an honor and a privilege i'd like to thank my wonderful and that is as far as she was able to get with her old character limit cyber science fiction author william gibson is less happy about the change he tweeted brevity has been the soul of twitter for me the one forty character limit has been a master class income citizen and economy. some are asking how the move might affect u.s. politics buzz feed tech writer ryan mack reach we do this message directed at twitter thank you visions and jack for giving dollars drop two times more space instead of addressing the mess he was already doing with one hundred forty
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characters twitter's response when he's not in the test group. well the day is nearly done the governor's ation continues on line you'll find us on twitter i think we are that by the way either at u.w. news or you can write directly to me brant off t.v. don't forget to use the hash tag the day and remember no matter what happens between now and then tomorrow is another day we'll see you then everybody. can prices go lower many farmers are in a dilemma. should they run a profitable factory farm or raise food the natural way. the pressure and competition are even if subsidies are high what's to be done.
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