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tv   In Good Shape - Vaccinations  Deutsche Welle  September 28, 2017 6:30pm-7:00pm CEST

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the rich can save on taxes via their foundation and assert their own views of what is good for society they alone determine what to support what constitutes a good cause not society not the government. thank god love demands more social control over foundations being able to make decisions about charity means power. and for less than anything you leave behind the narrow sphere of business and you turn to other areas that leads to a change in your status as a member of the elite before hand you are only a member of the economic elite the foundation can contribute to you becoming a member of a charitable italy offer to buy a toy. gun to take. what happens when elites are the only ones who have the say to see that we can turn to the united states here the rich have great political
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power. with the election of donald trump the white house is now inhabited by a billionaire half of all senators are millionaires. inequality in the united states is greater than in any other industrialized country. education is a luxury the best universities are exclusively private. only those who can afford the tuition fees of around forty five thousand euros a year can study in princeton that money has to come from the parents or from a scholarship. martin guillen's a member of the department of politics at princeton examines the role of big money in politics. while money and politics so closely linked in the united states one reason is that elections aren't publicly
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funded every candidate has to raise enough money or have rich donors. it's costs about a million dollars now to win a seat in the u.s. congress and the house of representatives that. ten million dollars to win a seat in the senate. these are vast sums of money and there's very few people that can sort of fund their own campaigns and of course those who can are already the rich people and those who can't depend on people with money. the poor and the middle class are in the majority but according to martin guillen's they have zero say in the us. he's compared proposed law changes with opinion surveys in different social classes. the result political decisions are
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almost always based on the wishes of the rich minority regardless of whom the majority elected to power. examples include several proposals to regulate the financial industry. raising the minimum wage. reducing taxes on investment income and the top rate of tax generally. the political scientist evaluated almost one thousand eight hundred proposed law changes covering a period of more than twenty years the degree of inequality did surprise me and virtual complete lack of influence of ordinary voters was surprising and dismaying frankly i think for any country that considers itself a democracy or aspires to be one idea that average citizens people of ordinary
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incomes have little or no influence over what their government does is quite dismaying. and there's a backlash the public don't feel well represented by rich politicians who are only acting in their own interests it sounds paradoxical but that was one of the reasons for the success of donald trump he was seen as an outsider who wasn't part of the political establishment. that was part of trump's message especially early in the primaries when he was running against these candidates you know funded by this one a traditional republican billionaire fund harris and part of his message was you know i can't be bought because i don't need their money and i do think that that also resonated with voters a bit ironic given that he's a billionaire but nevertheless a message that i think a lot of voters are open to. washington d.c. . president abraham lincoln united the country in the nineteenth
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century. today there's not much unity anymore in the united states black and white rich and poor there is a deep rift running through society. millionaires are in charge on capitol hill just two kilometers away many people live in poverty. the only people who are allowed to stay in this homeless shelter are people who have a steady job but still can't afford a home. social work eric savior parka runs the center during the morning briefing they discuss the new arrivals. what has become of the idea that everyone can make it that everyone can strive and achieve a higher standard of living if only they work for eight we're talking about the american dream. where the american dream is they have
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a hole in all white picket fence where best you know that's reality for some people now for some people who. will never have. the clothes room of the homeless shelter. one of the residents richard wilson needs clothes for a job interview until a year ago he was a member of the middle class he had a family a home a car everything was normal. but then he got divorced suddenly there wasn't enough money to pay maintenance on top of paying for his own home. did he ever think he'd end up homeless one day. i never thought that was the last thing far from my mind which is really brought reality to me because they can happen anybody you know you see people homeless people and they ask for cover dollars and. never in my wildest dreams did i think that would happen
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to me living costs in washington d.c. are very high in percentage terms the city has the most homeless people in all of the united states there are one hundred twenty four homeless for every ten thousand people and whatever happens you know we're just going to have to put our blue straps. in just go with you know go with the flow because if eels like you and imus speak for me it feels like i don't have a voice. i can't. it almost feels like i'm defeated and that's not a good feeling. a large part of the population feels left behind defeated by the evil spirits of neo liberal capitalism.
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what can we do against growing inequality. krueger is an economist originally from germany he's lived in the united states for twenty five years he's discussing a new research project into global wealth distribution with a colleague and. observes with concern how society is drifting apart but he also says that inequality cannot simply be abolished because every society wants to get ahead and progress always comes with inequality. among yes to it if someone develops a machine flanks to technological progress one that builds the cars that people used to build on production lines but then the workers who used to work on the production line are in direct competition with the machine and that will depress their wages when the people who develop the machines and the engineers who run and maintain them become more productive because of these machines and so their wages
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go up. technological progress ensures that there are fewer and fewer jobs for unskilled workers in manufacturing for example. not everyone can become an engineer people without particular qualifications are struggling more and more to find work that pays enough. to get demonstrates that forty percent of people in the united states have no assets inequality has taken on extreme forms and the gap is growing. he warns that germany is at risk of the same thing that's happening in the. united states. thoughts on the us it seems to me that there's a growing number of private schools in germany and that residential neighborhoods are drifting apart forsworn on the. i feel that germany is like the united states
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was fifteen twenty years ago but that we're seeing the same trends in germany tons may not have been to go. with this knowledge germany and europe have the opportunity to do it better so that society doesn't break apart but there is no sign of europe seizing that chance at the moment. the rich and super rich have more opportunities to enjoy life and shape it in accordance with their wishes. what effects does that have does wealth make people happy. most of us would say yes right away. the german institute of economic research says that the richest someone is the happier they report themselves to be. that's the
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statistic. money definitely means that you have freedom isn't that you don't have certain worries but money definitely doesn't make you happy and you have a lot of responsibility if you make a mistake and you have a lot of responsibility then these mistakes have a big impact you could ruin jobs for example the cup would gain. these are worries that a simple employee doesn't have but once they might like to have it's hard for the average citizen to take the worries of the rich seriously. this is confused. this feeling of grunge that comes with money also creates a certain loneliness not that we should all be sad about that you can always come back that loneliness with money. is a big if we have a psychological problem or we have
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a burn out then entire families can be ruined if a super rich millionaire has such a problem and they build a museum or go on a trip to the moon with you give the danger of being seduced by the supposed complete freedom is extremely great is extreme because. thomas durian says that many rich people have fears of loss they worry about losing their money or about becoming a target for criminals. and as a business person or a wealthy person you worry that you remain safe that you're not abducted that your children are safe there are people who then take an interest in you who start stalking you online or via letters or by standing on your doorstep these things can happen and it's tough because we can't understand it these are complete strangers of course you don't ask yourself whether you can still live safely and you'd fear
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for your own life. safety and security that's what the rich long for wealth scientist almost a billion here is that a lot. definitive is the on the fear of being kidnapped or burglaries of theft and false friends is very big for the fear of what can't be solved with money is even bigger that disease you can have the best doctors in the world but we found very clearly in our research that a certain percentage of rich people are over treated and he gets what he best and it's the name of the vehemence of forceful and or the first bush that doesn't oblige him to goes off basically they go to the clinic with a cold and they leave again with pneumonia from the clinic and given them in the long and silver dollars. fear of disease the mayo clinic in berlin is a place of refuge for many rich people. this hospital for the privately insured and
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those paying their own bills presents itself like a luxury hotel it even has a concierge service and serves excellent food. to be sure but yet this is our typical patient is definitely a performance oriented patient who wants to be fit and who can't afford to spend two weeks recovering from a car lost they just wanted to strengthen their immune systems they want to make sure that they get healthy or stay healthy and damaged by their very health conscious they try to have a healthy lifestyle and as far as they can in their very stressful jobs. they are going to burn a debt highly takes a close look at how wealthy patients in the mayo check. and the. prices start at five hundred and eighty euros for a ninety minute examination. the superior
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package takes three days and includes pretty much everything that can be tested from ultrasound on the stomach and thyroid to e.c.g.'s and m.r. eyes and even allergy tests the patients invest a lot of time and money in their health. sociologist thomas lampert from the hole that car institute examines how socio economic status impacts people's health and life expectancy. he found out that rich people live a full ten years longer than poor people on average. he believes that such a discovery could be explosive for society. as there are studies that demonstrate that these big differences in health and life
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expectancy aren't excepted by much of the population yet there's a lot of pressure politically to act and they have to find a solution it is often politicians haven't done enough here in the past ten twenty years. there are many reasons why rich people have a great life expectancy wealthier people go to screening checkups more often the skin cancer for example. they're less likely to smoke they eat more healthily and they exercise more they're less likely than people from other segments of society to have physically demanding jobs those who have money are healthier with a few exceptions i know of number as nearly all the chicago allergies are an exception they are much more common among children from higher social groups but the second example is breast cancer in women since women from higher social groups have their first child later which means they breastfeed later and we know that breastfeeding has a protective effect with regards to breast cancer in particular interest in the
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fact on. women from higher social classes drink more alcohol than women from other classes. but overall rich people are healthier and happier than the rest of the population their children are more likely to graduate with the highest qualifications from the high school and a greater percentage of them go to university they have better starting conditions in life. that impacts the development of their personality says economist hannah shellback hellish she's conducted experiments to test personality qualities of children such as empathy and the willingness to take risks. yana time is given a fixed number of coins for every coin he saves will be given
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a second cohen the money doubles. the coins your time takes right away aren't doubled the catch the money from the piggy bank is sent by mail a week later the experiments show that children from families with a high socio economic status are better at saving they're more patient more willing to share and more prepared to trust others at least in the zone that taken together these characteristics that his patients attitude to risk pro-social behavior only life outcomes how much well i am one day what educational qualifications we lived in how happy am i with my life how stable are my friendships and relationships. this experiment looks at how well
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a child can assess its own abilities the child gets a reward when it neither over nor underestimate its own abilities. that's an important prerequisite for success at school and work the social environment greatly influences children's personality. overheats and to achieve greater equality of opportunity in society it's important to balance out these differences in the children social environments differences created in part as a result of different family circumstances children need to be given the best social environment possible with a lot of role models with stimulation so they're encouraged to grow up.

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