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tv   DW News - News  Deutsche Welle  October 5, 2017 4:00pm-5:01pm CEST

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this is due to the newest live from berlin spain's top court for bids catalonia from holding a parliamentary session on independence next week this as madrid says it won't be blackmailed of the catalan leader is pushing on with a threat to society. also coming up the girlfriend of the las vegas gunman speaks
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out she says she had no idea he was planning the worst mass shooting in modern u.s. history. will check out the latest big budget film to hit russian screens a love story set in an occupied land but that land is better known as ukraine's the crimea now the filmmakers are being accused of producing propaganda. later in the show a look at the author just awarded the nobel prize for literature because you all if you google justice praised the originality and emotional depth of his work including his best known novel the remains of the day. and in sports a report say your pint is heading back to byron munich for a fourth spell in charge the last time he sat in the dugout he won an historic trouble of trophies for the club in two thousand and thirteen.
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i'm sumi so much going to thank you for joining us catalonia has been for independence has hit a deadlock spain's highest court now says it is banning a parliamentary session in catalonia set for monday now catalan lawmakers were expected to use that session to declare independence from spain madrid maintains that the region has no legal basis for attempting to break away and is violating the country's laws but cut a lot of fishel say they still plan to apply the result of last sunday's disputed referendum claiming some ninety percent of catalans voted for independence. not everyone in catalonia once independence these demonstrators in the regions capital barcelona are against the independence process which the spanish government also rejects is illegal. criticism of the movement following sunday's referendum has also come from spain's king philippe in a television address to the nation the king accused separatists of being disloyal
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a charge which catalonia as leaders dismiss. the king's speech was an endorsement of the policies of prime minister policies that are catastrophic for catalonia. madrid has appealed to catalonia as leader to respect pain and its institutions that happens happens mr putsch demands messages a journey to nowhere because there is no democracy outside the law there is no cure existence there are no rights outside the law for a long time is to put demand has been living outside the law outside reality and outside sanity. catalonia is leaders are planning to make a formal declaration of independence on monday in barcelona people say they just want the politicians to strike a deal. i'm very well aware of the problem we have facing and the solution must be found this is like a divorce there's no coming back you cannot divorce today and get married to morrow
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. the situation is very tense we've reached the stage where the spanish and catalan governments need to ease tensions they need to talk and international mediation will be perfect. only care about their seats they only care about their salaries which we pay with our taxes i'm watching a train crash a confrontation and i don't like it. for now the deadlock continues the spanish government has rejected an offer from the separatists of fresh talks but the catalan leaders insist their independence will become a reality. let's go right to do that is funny for char she's a covering the story for us in barcelona and joins us for more hi funny so if catalonia as leaders go ahead and declare independence from spain on monday especially after this constitutional court ruling saying they're not allowed to
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even hold a parliamentary session how is the government in madrid going to respond oh it looks like we're having a some trouble with that connection to funny for char our correspondent reporting us from barcelona there well try to get her back on the line and speak to a little bit later. for now though we'll move on to some other news the british novelist and short story writer google has been awarded the nobel prize for literature the sixty two year old is best known for his novel the remains of the day the swedish academy said they wanted to recognize his works of quote great emotional force the decision to honor if you go to marks a return to a more conventional recipient of last year the committee stunned the world by awarding the prize to american singer songwriter bob dylan. of the permanent secretary of the switch academy sarah downey s was a few save and her praise as she announced award the nobel time in two thousand and seven to see you soon more didn't. want.
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to move. really. oh. you didn't need to seduce a woman. and i will take a closer look at cause or issue grows work and contributions to the world of literature that's coming up a little bit later in the show now though monica jones is here with more on efforts to increase the use of renewable energy i mean let's talk about fridges or washing machines and televisions they all have something in common because they all have an energy label from a very good today for adequate and this grading system has led to many customers buying more energy efficient appliances in its latest report the international energy agency has lauded this progress an important contributor to reducing
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dangerous c o two emissions but the report also says there are some major blindspots. big trucks. exhaust from large trucks is a blind spot in the current emissions debate measures to reduce the emissions from trucks exist in only a few countries including china japan the usa and the european union. globalization is not slowing down and ever growing frightful humans are being transported around the world truck traffic is growing and will continue to grow the international energy agency predicts in the next three decades trucks are expected to produce as much pollution as all the coal fired power stations in the world according to the report there's also message of room for improvement in the energy footprint of new buildings the international energy agency says that for two thirds of new buildings in the world there are no environmental standards in place in
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cities like beijing jakarta or new delhi buildings are expected to have a life of seventy to eighty years the report says that means that today's like of climate protection measures will pose a problem for many decades. so energy efficiency measures have achieved a lot in terms of reducing c o two emissions but we mustn't rest on our laurels isn't that right fatty be able executive director of the international energy agency i mean your agency in this report states that governments are getting somewhat lax why is that so important. magine the carbon dioxide emissions are very important and is the main cause for climate change which is a major challenge for all of us and i just sector is the main responsible sector for climate change more down to terms of the emissions causing climate change come from the and i just sector therefore we thought fixing the problem and i just
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sector we have no chance whatsoever to fix our climate problem and i mean look at the energy sector there are two major police options we have to fight against climate change one is renewable energy making more use of solar power you say could just using energy more efficiently so who do you think it needs to take action now because it's very abstract we talk about the energy sector is it can i do something personally would that be enough you can do a lot of things but it may not be enough we need to collective answer to that and therefore governments are the ones who should. act the rules of the game and they have to provide incentives for you to use energy more efficiently and do trues more sustainable not just forces you can do runs or twice by you can get your pocketbook and the money here but the governments need to push you incentivize you to use an edge more efficiently for example when you buy
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a television set you should go on my buy a more efficient one and governments should make life easier for you to choose make that choice but you know your report also says that the all that has been achieved already in reducing greenhouse gas emissions was mainly down to the fact that list energy was needed in order to have the economy up and running as the economy slowed down so it's a weak economy ultimately good for the environment effect we can have bought if you have a growing economy but using the energy more efficiently and using energy from renewable energy sources you have. right in the last twenty thirty years global emissions increase every year but in the last three years they remained flat they didn't increase even door global economy increase why didn't increase because we get more renewables in the system and also use an edge much more efficiently for our cars for the television sets for the industrial sector and we have built into the german
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and other countries more efficient buildings right i mean you get you here in germany now because you present this energy report together with the german economy and environment minister but it's a place you meant made to me all the german policy makers this is a country of diesel gates not very energy efficient what did you discuss. to be fair germany is on the forefront in the fight against climate change and in terms of energy efficiency it is one of the top countries together with japan and other countries and also in terms of renewable energy germany is pushing the buttons very very hard so there may be some challenges such as the deals the gates and others but john is doing very well in terms of fighting against climate change. i thank you so much. well earlier this year apple supplier foxconn from taiwan said it plans to build a ten billion dollars factory in the united states but it didn't say exactly where
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but now the company has revealed its shows in mount pleasant and southwest and this constant it's a rural area for now but it's close to both milwaukee and chicago the state promised three billion dollars in incentives for the plant which will make flat screen displace foxconn is best known for building apple's i phone but faced criticism for its use of low wage factories in china. and the u.s. senate paved the way for our all to most autonomous autonomous driving the representatives of the unanimously to enshrine rules for autonomous vehicles in a federal law that will help carmakers like general motors ford and google's parent company alphabet to bring eighty thousand self driving cars on to american roads if they possibly safety tests the senate as a whole still has to vote on the proposal before it will be sent to the u.s. president to be signed into law. back here in europe all eyes are on catalonia sumi that's right monica were
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returning to that story we covered at the top of the show a catalonia as a bid for independence has hit a deadlock spain's highest court says it is banning a parliamentary session in the catalonia that was set for monday on lawmakers were planning to use that session to declare independence from spain and we have been able to get the abuse funny for chara back up for us in barcelona where she's been covering the story high funny so if catalonia is leaders they do go ahead and declare independence from spain on monday especially after this ruling from the constitutional court how is the government in madrid likely to respond. well several legal math as that they could apply and in fact of the government of central government has said they are going to apply everything that they can apply according to the spanish constitution for one they could apply and evoke article one hundred fifty five in the spanish constitution which pretty much could give
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them the right to suspend the autonomy the status of autonomy here in catalonia they could dismiss the government some say even have the possibility not just dismissed the government but to arrest politicians of the government as some politicians have been arrested already prior to the referendum so a lot could happen even if the. if the independence is declared the spanish police is very much prepared for that here in barcelona at the port you have a massive presence of the catalonia of this spanish police and prepare pretty much for everything for several politicians also in europe that they are worried this may actually turn to situation that we samples almost that of a civil war so as you can imagine really to situation is very tense right now and really the question is if that is the creation of independence is going to be me being made and how exactly just how that aid is going to react to that you're funny
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you mentioned there this talk of civil war how are people there are we acting to that they must be worried. finds only of course the very radical supporters to say so the very passionate supporters of independence say they're not afraid they know they have to pay some sort of a prize to become independent but this is their time and they want to press the had the dream and become independent because they think it would be much better off without central government without the central government in madrid they feel oppressed by a mother but then there are also others in fact there is a man right there you cannot see him but there is a man walking here around in front of the camera with a sign i want to dialogue i have spoken to this man earlier he is from mother that is but he lives in barcelona and he is afraid actually but he started once. ok it looks like we have a lost that connection to find her char in barcelona once again that was the funny
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feature reporting spain's political crisis for us. moving on to some other news now and the girlfriend of the las vegas gunman has spoken out for the first time in a statement mary lou down lee has said she has no idea what prompted stephen paddick to carry out the worst mass shooting in modern u.s. history she was in the philippines when paddick gunned down fifty eight people on sunday family now returned to the u.s. where she's being questioned by authorities police say the last vegas shooter steven pavlik rented a room at this downtown hotel the during a music festival last month good life is beautiful it's not clear why he made the booking. reasons that ran through paris mine is unknown but it was directly during the same time as life if you. we have recovered. evidence from that location we don't know if it is evidence but we have recovered items. video
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it was from another hotel the mandalay bay that paddock fired the shots which killed at least fifty nine people attending a country music festival route ninety one and injured nearly five hundred investigators have recovered a note and several surveillance cameras from the scene they now believe the shooter intended to escape after the massacre and did not initially plan to kill himself police also hope this woman marilou danley will be the key to unlocking the motive behind sunday's tragedy in a statement patrick's girlfriend denied any knowledge of his sinister plans he never said anything to me or took any action that i was aware of. but i understood it anyway to be warning that something horrible like this was going to happen. investigators say the shooter led a double life that he spent decades acquiring weapons and i mean ition they
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described him as disturbed and dangerous. near the scene of the worst mass shooting in modern u.s. history those caught up in the aftermath a still left asking how could it have come to this let's take a look now at some other stories making headlines around the world russia has been rolling out the red carpet for saudi arabia's king salma this is the first time a reigning monarch of the oil rich country has visited russia the oil market in the war in syria are two of the subjects that president putin and the saudi king are discussing in their talks. iraqi prime minister hyderabadi has told the french president that he wants to avoid armed conflict with iraqi kurds meanwhile a man must call has offered to mediate between baghdad and iraq's autonomy region following his meeting with a body in paris today kurds voted overwhelmingly in favor of independence in a regional referendum late last month. meanwhile iraqi forces have announced that
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they have captured the last stronghold of the so-called islamic state a terrorist group in the north of the country iraq's military backed by a u.s. led coalition launched an off chance of last month to retake the town still controls a stretch of iraq's western border with syria. to russia now we're a new film a cold crimea is sparking controversy the big budget blockbuster plays out in ukraine leading up to russia's two thousand and fourteen annexation of the peninsula it's already being denounced as propaganda but the makers of crimea insist it isn't a political film but a story about love conquering hate w.'s emily sure when takes a closer look. a modern day romeo and juliet she's from kiev he's from sevastopol in crimea she's pro ukrainian and he's pro russian the film is a love story and an action packed spy thriller showing russian forces as the liberators of the crimean peninsula.
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crimea was partially funded by the russian ministry of culture and the ministry of defense despite mixed reviews from the critics the blockbuster is proving a hit with cinemagoers and topping the box office after its first weekend. which include it's a great film based on real events it was a love story and it reminded me a lot of events we already saw in the news. when two hearts unite there are no borders there is no politics there are just feelings . the film has struck a chord with russian audiences for them crimea remains an emotional topic even though the annexation was condemned internationally independent surveys show over eighty percent of russians supported the takeover at the time three years later
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support is still high at over sixty percent. but it's impossible for people to be in a state of patriotic euphoria for three years after half a year old nine months there was a drop in the euphoria. but the effects of the annexation have remained and support for putin and his politics his international politics remains high. on the wish welcome or. the russian government also wants to put a patriotic spin on the more distant past a surprise box office hit last year with the film pun fields twenty eight men it told the disputed story of a group of russian soldiers defending moscow against german tanks. during the nazi invasion. more recently russian state t.v. premiered the series ancestral land about a family during the second world war surveys show the soviet victory in the war is the event russians feel the most proud of the annexation of crimea is number two on
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the list. crimea is an attempt to return the topic to the order of the day. because for the russian government this is not a problematic shopping crimea is part of russia and there's nothing to discuss here . the director of crimea also insists the film is not political but observers point out it has been released ahead of presidential elections next year which are scheduled for the same day president putin made crimea part of russia. some football news now and celebrated coach has confirmed he is close to a deal to take charge of byron munich for a fourth time the seventy two year old would coach the german champs until the end of the season a following the sacking of carlo and chalabi the most recent tenure at byron ended with his retirement in two thousand and thirteen after he want to travel champions league with this league and german cup finals. we have
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a jonathan crane with us here from jonathan so if this deal does go through what can byron be expecting of seventy two years old yes seems like it is. now big decision for him he's been out of the game for more than four years to by looking for someone to come in and steady the ship and really get the club back to winning ways they've drawn the last two in the league for a new way to go leeds on both occasions that humiliating it was a feat to parasitize your man in the champions league so. they would have someone who knows the club knows what's expected the traditions and would also be a bit of a fan favorite of course as we had he did win the travel back in twenty thirty. and i think also most importantly because he is known as a very strict disciplinarian and there's a few players in that squad maybe even on the performing that need a bit of a kick up the backside might be just what they need he's supposed to finish up the season so who would be in line for taking on this job permanently sure the name on
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everyone's lips is you leonardo's him and he's the coach of hoffenheim thirty years old he's a of the high highest rated coaches in europe maybe the world at the moment now when called upon to last he was sacked his name and that of thomas tickled the former versity dormant codes immediately linked to the job you have to say by unwanted thomas to call they probably would have made for him now he is a free agent he left home and last season so it would seem to be the by no as i said once you get someone in that can kind of steady the ship a safe pair of hands and then they would maybe i. mean at the end of the season why would they way it is still young he's still got a lot to prove in some respects this will be his first season competing or taking it seen in european competition and if he comes in at the end of the season then it will allow him to impose his own ideas bring in his own players for the new season obviously by and of quite a few players like frank rebury iraq and close to retirement might undermine
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a younger coach so no one would actually then get a clean sheet but about hank as you know the last time he was with fire was in two thousand and thirteen when the trouble can this side do the same well if you can really samuel is to believe no because he came out and said that they were no longer the strongest team in the league well i'm not sure many others would agree with that i think brian of course a lot of quality senate deep pockets but i wouldn't write them off domestically you're a slightly different matter we saw how they were torn apart by perry sen man we were going to compete with some of the spanish teams that have dominated the competition in the last few years but i said you know he could come in a lot of it will come down to attitude binah known as f.c. hollywood a lot of. field dramas and we had a lot of the players senior players coming out and criticizing i'm sure let's see if if you can come in keep them in line and you might get some of them one last off the glory could be a fresh start for byron all right jonathan crane from debbie sports thank you very much. jimmy's national team their world cup qualifying campaign continues
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on thursday night when they visit northern ireland the world champs are the only team in group c. boasting a perfect record with eight wins in eight games but northern ireland are the second best in the group having lost just once so far the germans have some special motivation they qualify for next year's world cup in russia if they avoid defeat. germany team braving the elements in belfast on wednesday as they prepare for their clash with northern ireland the germans have won every world cup qualifier so far most recently dealing norway a six neil spanking but they haven't always looked at hundred percent convincing and coach you watch him live knows one of their biggest enemies will be complacency . shocked a lot of the cynics you can see it's clear that next year as reigning champions and conflict cup winners the hardest thing will be to maintain and call on this. super
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human motivation but you that will be our biggest task. and not just because of. germany will be facing a northern ireland side that are guaranteed second place in group c. leap frogging germany into first is all but mathematically impossible that means they'll need to win out in a playoff against another group runner up to qualify still germany aren't taking anything for granted in this contest. when i'm going into they're a very unpleasant opponent to be facing supported by very loud fans it'll definitely be a tough task for anything but a win will it deservedly or not unleash back elation that this germany team isn't at the level of the unit that won the world cup three years ago that shows just how high the expectations are. while expectations are also running high in syria as the national team attempts to reach a world cup finals for the very first time syria took an australian
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a play off and went one nil down after a goal by robbie kruse a but dramatic a late strike from all marl so much kept serious hopes alive of the game was played in malaysia because of the war in syria the second leg is on tuesday in sydney. you're watching. plastic waste just one of several threats to the world's oceans will find out what europe plans to do about it at a major conference on the arena conservation. and mustache selfies as a former protest in india will tell you why. uganda august two thousand and one. four thousand people in the move in the region are vic did by the army in order to make way for a plantation run by a major german coffee trader. the villagers have been fighting ever since for their
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rights and for justice. the movement to coffee plantations and the bitter taste of eviction in forty five minutes d w. it's all about the moments that. it's all about the stuff that's inside. it's all about george chance to discover the world from different perspectives. join us and inspired by distinctive instagram others. d.w. stories the topic each week on instagram. in start doing all the stadium was sold out it was a really special event all remember all my life everybody had a dream. and you don't need to set your brains out when you say do what's with the things are going well but we can still win it this could be right in all of them i
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always believed we could turn into an international brand. international. exclusive journey to the song of. music the moment starting october fifteenth w and. welcome back you're watching t w news our top stories spanish national police are heading home after catalonia has disputed independence referendum but the political deadlock goes on the country's top court has banned a catalan parliamentary session on monday where the region's leaders were expected
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to declare independence from spain. the girlfriend of the las vegas gunman has spoken out for the first time in a statement mary lou donnelly said she has no idea what prompted stephen paddick to carry out the worst mass shooting in u.s. history describing him as a kind and caring man. now it is a one of the biggest environmental challenges of our time world leaders and scientists are meeting in malls to discuss ways to protect the world's oceans they cover seventy percent of the planet and major threats to our oceans include overfishing as the world's population grows so too does the demand for fish about a third of global fish stocks are close to exhausted or have already collapsed while another key issue is of course climate change our oceans absorb excess greenhouse gas heat and c o two and that impacts underwater organisms a rising sea levels also threaten our coastal communities and livelihoods and
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another major threat is pollution it's not just a matter of trash washing up on our shores contaminants like micro plastics risk getting into our food chain well the use the chief diplomat federico is at the conference in malta she had this to say. when oceans are healthy they are one of the greatest resources we have if the oceans we're a country they would be one of the greatest reward economists and for sure they would have a seat in the g seven. millions of jobs and livelihoods depend on our fortunes. for an example of how pollution is impacting our oceans let's go to two islands off the west african coast and south tommy and principle are disposable plastic bottles are common there because tap water is not always safe to drink but without a proper collection system many of those discarded bottles end up in the sea now an
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initiative called no plastic is trying to mobilize locals to help keep plastic out of the marine environment. in the cylinder fernandas has a busy day ahead of her the twenty four year old is committed to making principal his dream of becoming free of plastic come true. the. good morning up i've come for your plastic bottles today's collection day. i got them already. recycling plastic has become a major activity on the island since twenty fourteen where the no plastic campaign started. without a proper disposal and recycling system all these plastics could have ended up in the sea. fernandez works for the biosphere research team that started the campaign for every fifty bottles they hand out a reusable container made of stainless steel. a bit of metal over the plastic so we have four tonnes of plastic stored on the main island of south america
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a maritime transport company is helping us by taking it to lisbon free of charge to recycling companies there will receive it. they want the island free of plastic by twenty twenty one of the challenges actually comes from the sea tiny particles known as micro plastics washed up onshore spanish scientists might have a sense c.e.o. has been asked to analyze the beaches. most of the sample is organic material and not many plastic particles at first glance that's a good sign the beach appears to be very clean but we can't identify many fibers with the naked eye what looks like hair could turn out to be plastic it needs more analysis. but while the sand is relatively clean that could still be a high concentration of micro plastics in the sea. going plastic free it's no easy task but the people of principle are determined to do what they can.
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let's bring in a sandra should know she is a bio diversity and oceans campaigner with greenpeace and attending that oceans conference in malta center thank you for being with us a global leaders are discussing the future of the world's oceans there where you are and we mentioned some of the threats how serious are these threats how dramatic is the situation for the world's oceans well i think there is been no doubt at this conference and beyond that the oceans are on the threats we are polluting they're all we're exploiting natural resources the marine life we are of course driving climate change and many many other things to stop and every actor and every stakeholder every government every organization that's here today to discuss and find solutions has recognized that that we are in need to do something today not tomorrow not the day after tomorrow not next year at the same time sandra
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the oceans are also an important source of livelihood a resource so what is the best way to protect oceans but also exploit the resources yeah that's of course the delicate interplay we all need to thrive on some of our marine resources like fish some people need fish someone like fish but we also need marine ores we need minerals we need still unfortunately some of the oil and gas that's a fairly good end up may we need to do the most important thing is to establish marine sanctuaries placings that. builds safe havens in life to be able to balance some of the some of the pollution some of the effects that are taking place in the ocean ok so marine sanctuaries would help you know the e.u. is also pledging millions of euros will that also be very effective in protecting the world's oceans. well it depends on where the money will eventually go to i
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mean it's not only marine sanctuaries it's about reducing our plastic production in footprints and making sure that waste management systems are in place it's about not over exploiting fish populations and so many other things the e.u. is putting money into many different projects but of course the most important thing is to support communities locally and to not only build paper parks but to implement concrete measures by a concrete deadline and concrete timeframe with concrete actors this is the only way that our oceans can be safe from destruction and from overexploitation speaking of concrete measures what do you expect to come out of this our ocean conference respect any other firm commitments besides this money that the pledging. to have already been commitments made on the reduction of plastic litter and the ocean is specially around recycling which is usually not enough there have been
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commitments made also on marine sanctuaries we're expecting some more commitments to happen to overfishing and illegal fishing maritime safety there is a lot of issues being discussed and currently while we speak here there is governments and organized pledging to take care of that's and we hope that it will not only be work we hope that those will be actions and measures coakley quickly taken. diversity in oceans campaigner with greenpeace thank you very much for joining us on our program. now to the question what in a mustache well it's not just a fashion statement it india it actually can also be a matter of life and death in the state of gujarat it is led to a series of attacks on young men these social media editor karl nelson has a story for us karl what is happening i mean apparently in certain regions of india a moustache is taken quite seriously it can be seen as
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a sign of power and there have been a recent string of attacks now on young men apparently because they were sporting a moustache and we have a report here that shows one of the most recent victims of these attacks is just seventeen years old he was stabbed in the back this week by two men who were on motorcycles while he was walking home from school last week his cousin was also attacked allegedly for the same reason just for having a moustache after the these attacks protesters took to the streets and this is in the western state of gujarat as you mentioned all of the victims in fact are called leitz and this is a group that once occupied the lowest rung of society in the caste system in india of course that system is no longer in place but there's still r.'s are some remnants there and these elites they still face discrimination in india even of course when it comes to facial hair which is unbelievable apparently the alleged attackers they took offense to these mustaches they say that mustaches are only for
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higher ranking members of society that's a terrifying story how are the delegates themselves responding to this treatment well these street protests that we saw they actually went digital so we saw a lot of these across india posting some pictures to their social media accounts take a look at some of these here these are young men the not just in our region really across the country they're taking pictures like these showing solidarity with the victims and they're proud these sporting they're even twirling their mustaches without fear it's pretty cool these are just a few that we found on twitter and facebook really powerful images and they're also using hashtags like with the. moustache and mr dali and this campaign was actually started by one man his name is. joe he's an activist and a blogger in new delhi and he's also a delete and he caught wind of these assaults and he was inspired to take action we actually caught up with him today we spoke with him via skype and he told us why he was inspired to start this campaign take
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a look. there we learned that it was in the u.s. . i phone the. most beautiful. you would welcome the thought of our. letter to get authority should it be. the. only you know you would be sure going for it why are you sure it is a lot of why. it was a really cool campaign and it's getting a lot of attention right now in india lots of news reports about it it's trending online and the hope is that really this can at least start a conversation about the remnants of the caste system in india and the treatment of violence and discrimination really does still exist there with this kind of lower group of society really interesting story right carl announcement our social media
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editor thank you very much. now it is a deadly legacy of world war two hidden beneath the sands of egypt during the western desert campaign german italian and british forces buried millions of landmines the infamous devil's garden is still one of the world's biggest minefields on the unexploded munitions are still claiming victims local bedouin farmers now want britain germany and other nations to clear the little problem that they created. ridding egypt of landmines is slow going. the germans british and the taliban's a said to have laid some seventeen million landmines during the second world war they still pose a deadly danger seventy five years ago the german africa called general evan rommel
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was preparing for the decisive battle against the british his troops laid minefields for kilometers along the el alamein frontline and named the area the devil's garden. even today the military routinely uncover mines here millions are still hidden under the sand the egyptian army is responsible for clearing them that's why the german government does not want to contribute to the disposal costs this scene is a simulation the army says it's too dangerous for us to film a real minefield. fard knows this from bitter experience. sixteen years ago he was in his mid twenties and working on farmland just outside the village. suddenly there was a blast under his feet. i was hurting like
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cattle the mine was under the earth there was no sign of it i had no idea it was there it looked just like it does here there are still so many mines and they have killed or injured so many people. today farhad works in a health clinic where landmine victims are treated he enjoys fitting high tech prosthetic limbs that come from germany they are the best but also the most expensive so they don't order them very often. since the end of the war more than eight thousand people have fallen victim to land mines in egypt many survived but were badly injured like fire hired every year there are dozens of incidents farhad would like more help from germany with making a custom made prosthetic germany should do more he says because it could have been a german mine which tore off half his leg the process of rehabilitation is slow and
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painstaking requiring many fittings and adjustments. there are so many landmine victims around eight hundred survivors at the moment. women and children have been seriously wounded. i wish i could offer them better prosthetics. losing an arm or a leg is a catastrophe for an individual but it's also a wider economic problem and fart gets a disability pension of around twenty five year as a month you can't feed a family on that. far design able to work like he used to involving or construction but he's still one of the lucky ones money as a technician in a new health center not everyone is so fortunate.
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but. germany and the allies fought here seventy five years ago. they made us suffer during the second world war. they should be aware that their mines are still a danger today these mines kill people and drawing lives by causing terrible injuries. the second world war mines at alamein are a curse for egypt the population is growing by two point five million people a year and they need new towns ten thousand apartments are going up here in new el alamein who sam husni has been working in construction for thirty years mines used to be a big problem on building sites and here rob our workers were very afraid they were reassured when the army cleared the mines but no one will set foot where
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the land hasn't been cleared i did. near the building site is the memorial to the german troops killed in the desert campaign. doesn't know any of these men named good stuff then and rude of. these soldiers who fought someone else's war a long time ago have nothing to do with him. he's never been to germany and thinks the country wants to forget this chapter in its history but he believes europe's richest nation should take responsibility for what the war has left behind. i don't grieve for all the dead soldiers the war has left a terrible legacy for us and for those who will suffer in the future. offers
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a prayer for the strangers who died here before he was born for many germans the second world war is ancient history but for egyptians like it remains ever present . you're watching still to come on the program british novelist because if you google has won the two thousand and seventeen nobel prize for literature you could always praise for writing novels of great emotional force or take a closer look at his work. but monika if you're a wine drinker there's some bad news ahead yeah yeah but something you can cope with just less than european one production is down yes in germany produces will bottle twenty percent less compared to last year that due to unfavorable weather but the good news is the vintage will most likely be offs a period quality and what's more your favorite or a sling a ball though or
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a county will not get more expensive next year and he is why most of this year's crop was harvested especially early late frost summer hail storms and foggy days are all to blame wine producers say climate change is a growing factor the climate change and extreme weather mean different conditions in individual growing areas a twenty percent drop across germany doesn't mean every producer it was down twenty percent between when they were q one into twelve but the three largest wine producing areas in the country right has the plot neat and barton each saw drops about twenty percent from the year before the few gains came mostly from the east. germany's numbers are comparable to overall declines across europe italy and france are also reporting much lower grade fields yet there is good news the quality of this year's grapes is better thanks in part to late september sunshine what does it
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all mean for consumers the price of riesling could rise but wine producers could also take a hit for the anthem but it is a big challenge for individual produces they'll lose money no question because international competition is too fierce for them to raise prices accordingly. quality will have to make up for the difference. but if you're interested in the arts and you want to invest a little then heads to london this week as the annual freeze affair opens there this year some one hundred sixty galleries will exhibit representing more than one thousand autists every year you can expect some expensive sales by top name paint us but clever buyers are looking at the next big thing and this year female artists and those from minorities groups are attracting investors interests. jeff koons has the world in his hands his works earn more money than those of any living
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artist one sold for nearly sixty million dollars a reflection of the arc world's willingness to spend other established artists have also seen auction prices grow works by american sculptor nick cave have been fetching well over one hundred thousand dollars. finding buyers for artists is what freeze is all about. and while there's always an appetite for the big names buyers are also looking for up and coming artists whose works can quickly gain in value in today's market. this is an extremely important moment commercially for the galleries and it's the moment when the whole world comes to london and a few summer sales taken place already here today from this of millions of pound range to you know this is a much lower price range. organizers say it's time buyers looked at minority and women artists like poland. they say these works are undervalued even as critics call them more relevant than ever. the mainstream is seriously looking at black
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artists at female artists perhaps now more than ever because if we look at what's going on politically this is the strongest voice talking about sex and talking about politics freezes showcasing artists like sculptor melvin edwards whose work suggests the brutality of the african-american experience so perhaps buyers willing to invest millions in the likes of jeff koons will take another look at works like his. and staying with us in culture a big day for the world of literature. a little bit earlier today the swedish academy announced the winner of this year's nobel prize for literature. you know done in addition to find something to.
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you what did you think you wanted to tell. the japanese born british novelist has been translated into more than forty languages his books include the remains of the day and never let me go. and we have our culture editor david leavitt's here david were you surprised by this choice i think after last year when bob pillin when we were all bracing for another surprise this year the surprise is that it's a pretty conventional choice she grew is not a political dissidents he's not a rock star he is a literary heavyweight and the woman we just saw who's the permanent general of the permanent director of the swedish academy she summed it up really nicely she said that his work is as a mixture of jane austen's comedy of manners a little bit of proust mixed in and franz kafka absurdism so ok that's putting him in pretty good company there so people who actually don't know his books of two of
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them were turned into movies right you know that's right before it was a movie the novel the remains of the day won him the man booker prize that was back in one thousand nine hundred nine it's about an english butler who's been in love with a former colleague a married housekeeper for decades and he's trying to keep a lid on his feelings for her the movie stars anthony hopkins and emma thompson and the remains of the day isn't just about regret it's about the stories that we tell ourselves about our own lives and about our mechanisms of self preservation and those are huge themes throughout his work he looks at memory and at what we choose to forget or to overlook in order to survive now the other novel that got adapted into a movie as never let me go like most of his novels this is told from the first person it is a dystopian tale about school kids who come to understand that they've been cloned and brought. as organ donors and that their lives will not be very long he becomes
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to his heart was on the road to the end of the life that is going to consent to help and i haven't seen the movie but the both is a fantastic read ishiguro really creates his own worlds they can be a little bit slow paced but they really do suck you in you mentioned this already david but the nobel prize for literature it's prestigious but there's also been plenty of controversy in recent years how is this year's award played into that but i don't think that she grew up will create as much drama as bob dylan did last year last year it wasn't even clear that he was going to accept the award. is that he basically kept everyone waiting to see if he would and it was until months after the ceremony that he went to sweden to give his speech that's a requirement to get the award he gave at the last minute and some people say he didn't even write it himself so i don't think there's any chance that that's going to happen again with you she grew another controversy though is that everyone on the jury is swedish they tend to favor european authors as you grow is a british author maybe the fact that he has japanese roots will temper some
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criticism there i'm not sure that well and congratulations definitely in order to issue get us a winning this year's a nobel prize for literature david leavitt's from our culture desk thank you david thanks to me. just before we go we have time for a minder of our top story a spanish national police are heading home at the catalonia disputed independence referendum but the political deadlock goes on the country's top court has banned the catalan parliamentary session on monday for the region's leaders were expected to declare independence from spain. thanks for watching stay with us.
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uganda august two thousand and one. for those of people in the movement a region or victim by the army in order to make way for a plantation run by a major german coffee trader. the villagers have been fighting ever since for their
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rights and for justice. the move to coffee plantations and the bitter taste of eviction fifteen spot. medicine. chemistry. economic sign says. thanks. welterweights the twenty seventeen nobel prizes. who will follow in the footsteps of a greatest minds off. the nobel prizes twenty seventeen. this week when determining. what history books are brought to life. maybe the stories therein get a rewrite. the story of the russian revolution. from the perspective of writers
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thinkers and to covent garden just what did it feel like to live in times of a revolution. nineteen seventeen a real october starting october twenty fifth w.
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this is it over your news life for roland point of no return spain plunges deeper into its biggest political crisis in decades the country's top court suspends a cadillac parliamentary session to block separatist and unilaterally declaring independence.

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