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tv   Doc Film - Astro- Tourism  Deutsche Welle  October 11, 2017 5:15pm-6:01pm CEST

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going on in turkey in his concrete me voicing concern of the series in human rights situation an ongoing crackdown they see this is more of a power grab than anything to do with defending democracy the government says this is about democracy itself they defend the against the ongoing threat posed by those who try to carry out a coup last year and until it somehow find a bridge between those two differences it's very hard to see how any progress can be made gordon jones in istanbul thank you. his her mind about top story at this hour spain's prime minister mariano rajoy has told catalonia to return to the role of law does the region pushes for independence he made them in the house during an address to parliament a short while ago that it is threatening to suspend catalonia is autonomy if it tries to break away. essential up today to have no fear at the top of the hour in the meantime that it's always the websites they w dot com out today.
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stories that people the world over information they provide the opinions they want to express d.w. on facebook and twitter and up to date and in touch follow us. tourism in the twenty first century looks to the stars. lacking through people are looking for experiences and astronomy is a new experience not available to them previously in the news. like never saying
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that the title on the moon. and some of the stars. spain is one of the best destinations in the world to enjoy astronomy it's a trend on the rise. that's what astro tourism is giving value to the attraction of the night sky here in britain. scientific institutions businesses and tourist establishment are backing this new. trend. making fifteen years ago astro tours and sounded like times fiction didn't it would come from abroad just to look at styles from it i mean i left it. was a bit more than thirty thousand german astronomers have to go abroad to practice their hobby with us here. this intelligent tourism offers unique experiences to travelers from all over the world to discover in the southwest of europe. and when you know what it is spending
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the night looking through a telescope or even with the naked eye or to see things they've never seen before is an experience they'll remember for the rest of their lives with us and. in the canary islands the universe seems to feel closer to long with other locations in southwestern europe the spanish archipelago is an ideal location for observing the sky. lebanese levity in the iberian peninsula and the canary islands should actually be considered as a nature reserve for practicing astronomy in europe but i think that less than
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a meal it would open. their geographic setting with the mountains and climate make these islands a kind of window on the cosmos where many nations would like to carry out groundbreaking research. them to this book and we have telescopes from a great many countries especially at the observatory about the rocketeer last one shot shows on the palm island. you'll find the best set of telescopes in the northern hemisphere there if not in the whole world is going to the moon. astronomy arguably the first science cultivated by humans is in some danger light pollution from cities obscures the stars.
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and. astronomers and astrophysicists were the first to identify the danger of losing the night sky society wasn't aware of the importance of preserving that sky people thought astronomers were the only ones interested for scientific or personal reasons. it's the most he says i see is the in the here we may be witnessing the end of dark nights. in the cities or excessively illuminated. observatories have had to move farther and farther away to increasingly remote settings the levees go with the most remote those. since the one nine hundred eighty s. international experts have warned of the consequences of light pollution it contributes to climate change modifies the behavior of certain animals and affects people's health. so i don't but already we've evolved with these cycles between
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day and night and we know our internal clock our security in rhythm is disrupted why would i listen you don't know i would have been otherwise i think. the u.s. based international dark sky association has been devoted to protecting dark skies since one thousand nine hundred eight it is just one of the organizations working to preserve these spaces. in europe the canary islands have played a decisive role the starlight foundation founded by the canary islands institute of astrophysics has been active since two thousand and seven. there was the right now they go with the that is the astrophysics institute is committed to conserving the skies. not only for use by scientists you know but also
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as part of humanity's intangible heritage by the morning but for the enjoyment of the general public. they will say this if the. scientists and nonprofessional astronomers from various nations work together with this organization the objectives are to forward to preserve dark skies and promote astronomy. to do so they consider tourism a way of spreading knowledge with the support of the international astronomy association unesco and the world tourism organization this foundation certifies the quality of the sky. and here in the middle of it some skies look beautiful but it's not guaranteed
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they'll stay that wife and starlight certifications ensure that there are regulations that will keep the skies so dark that people can enjoy the skies. the canary islands is the birthplace of european astro tourism other regions in the south of spain with significant attractions for visitors and a good infrastructure have added astronomy to their offerings. and after the war in the skies are clear day and night and none to lose your ideal for astro tourism when the sun shines tourists can enjoy the weather the beach bars and the hotels so why not grab a telescope at night and take advantage of the sky you know if you look at the nemo . many people are interested in a different type of tourism it's no longer enough just to go and look at places
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they want to go deeper and have a real experience with the raw tourist to travel just to practice astronomy the rest of the trip is extra as you see in. the iberian peninsula offers the best conditions for observation. in addition to its geographic location and climate with a large number of clear nights throughout the year it is sparsely populated in many regions on the one. in central and northern europe the settled areas are quite scattered about there are lots of homes and small residential areas between the cities where the. cities are compact and then there are a lot of unpopulated rule areas between them that means we have skies and visitors to spain are looking for these very very clear skies that have been lost in their own countries. spain's privilege situation did not go unnoticed by the great powers of the
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twentieth century who built their astronomical complexes here. these antennas played a central role in the moon landing nasa set them up in robledo d.h. of a law in the early one nine hundred sixty s. they're part of the u.s. agency satellite monitoring and space projects complex. in the one nine hundred seventy s. domes changed the landscape of. in in southeastern spain at over two thousand meters altitude continental europe the largest observatory was built here the german spanish astronomical center a callar. helming came to spain in the one nine hundred seventy s. today he is one of the few german engineers who work here he knows the center's
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history very well. in the one nine hundred sixty s. germany was interested in investing more in astronomy which is why they looked for a location for a new astronomical center. they looked in the northern hemisphere and the southern hemisphere. in the northern hemisphere they looked in france italy greece and spain the best place was here in the south of spain. one line of research at the center is devoted to creating innovative instruments an example is carmen s. . from me. carmen s. was an idea that arose at a scientific meeting in two thousand and eight where eleven international institutions agreed to create a device that could do what had never been possible in science before it detects planets outside our solar system which like earth could potentially support life
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without it our view that if we don't of this. color alltel is also exceptionally productive it's the european center that generates the highest number of scientific publications that's thanks to on again harle and her colleagues. from this room she monitors the telescopes in the center during the night they become the eyes of scientists all over the world. will begin in astronomy some astronomers come here themselves or we follow their detailed instructions and carry out the research for them they tell us what to observe how long which filter which entrance lit what spectrum and so on. they ask and we have served at the end of the night we send them the data and then at their various research centers they examine the data and decide if we need to make
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changes or continue as is this is you can get it to the time within the. at the control center we meet on a pasquali this italian astronomer has traveled from heidelberg university to supervise her observation hours tonight. let me reach my research focuses on the formation of galaxies and tad they change a little time for me to get. the what i'm doing now. studying these galaxies which equals central galaxies that have the possibility of growing and merging with other galaxies. increasing them must sundial mention over time the zero mean to the mass of the main sewer that may be full with. p.m.s.
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any is essential for this this is the only way we can understand how stiles aborning galaxies at different stages of development in the universe see it then we saw. the firmament is observed by brilliant scientists but also by thousands of amateur astronomers their contribution cannot be underestimated before and i mean that we professionals must form closer ties with amateur astronomers first because i'm convinced that they will contribute to the future of professional astronomy and second because a lot of science can be done with equipment that they already have. as a boy when the wisconsin his car bio dreamed of becoming an astronomer and yet his professional life took him down other roads so instead for almost thirty years he has spent all his free time on astronomy. as amateurs we can work intensively with
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professional astronomers it's very exciting because instead of storing our work on our own computers we add it to databases that others can use. he is prolific he publishes books writes for scientific journals and does research with international groups in recent years he helped discover a supernova with an italian team. a supernova is the most cataclysmic phenomenon in the universe since the big bang seeing it live being part of the co discovery of a supernova justifies all those hours all the time devoted to it although that's not the only reason to do it you do it because it's fun and you enjoy it and the data you gather night after night can be useful for other people. that's how he cultivates his hobby he spends hours and hours interpreting data the times he used to sit outside and gaze into the night sky are long past.
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when you observe from a fixed spots like your house you have to have an observatory in place to avoid always setting it up and taking it down which is tedious. nowadays nonprofessional astronomers who are more serious about this can have equipment setup in a remote observatory and then they can work from home you know from. amateur astronomers from other countries also choose to come to the iberian peninsula the nine hundred and you have travelled from germany to fragonard sierra in the foothills of sierra madre now they've come with a clear objective we will. set up a new telescope and we will test. automatic. making of and therefore a tsunami for the crew of theirs is one of the last telescopes set up here for
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hosting a special way of renting a private observatory they chose this location after analyzing other destinations on other continents. this is the best place for installing a robot telescope because it's very dark here with the first point of the other boarders a very good seeing here and you can reach that very fast especially from germany you just have to fly to. here very short so let's find. a sound interrupts the interview the dome on the neighboring observatory starts moving the sun is setting and the building owner of this telescope wants to check today's sky conditions from the heart of europe he directs operations by remote control as he watches us through his camera in a few weeks these astronomers will be able to do the same thing from their homes in
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munich the generally we're making pictures of galaxies sometimes planetary nebula we are not really doing scientific stuff fly measurements for a light for supernova something like that that's only if we're not scientists in that way we're just doing our spare time we are you know amateur astronomers and just viking pretty pictures as you can see and we also have a look at the stars here to see because in germany and so possible anymore it's the life illusion is too strong so we're going here to do. in germany alone there are thirty thousand amateur astronomers who have to travel outside their country to be able to enjoy their hobby the same thing happens in other countries some of these aficionados have come to this astronomical complex community people come here for the climate and the sky is mainly from northern europe we've got people from
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various nations from russia great britain france and belgium the u.s. company in america came here to build a telescope with us i mean we're going to have some even telescope you. the initial forecasts were soon surpassed and a business was born with a certain romantic touch the images that are now going to this land some years ago an extra model and we realized the sky was of incredible quality we would come with a telescope to look at the stars and it was great we invited friends and since jose luis had good connections in the astronomy scene he knew there was big demand for places to put up telescopes. so we thought to maybe that was a good way to indulge our passion for astronomy and run a business at the same time. and i don't want to help you. the hosting service has given them international prestige among astronomers the complex also offers accommodation and workshops.
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at nightfall the leading lights make their interests. between the gnarled folks in the broad landscape the stars appear in dazzling brilliance. is then brought in the form of his image in this area you can see about two thousand stars compared with the city where you can see only thirty or forty maybe fifty stars maximum you get. to learn more about stars we attend an astronomy session. san luis the soul of this project places stars within the context of the universe. is that was me that is everything we're seeing here is expanding the universe is huge it's fourteen billion years old and still expanding if we live in a large super city the milky way with over four hundred billion stars i think but
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that doesn't mean the us this to us. the numbers are astonishing the explanations show how important astronomy has always been for humans. and if that's not what isn't going to be all our grandparents knew and identified the stars speak of the brightest star in the constellation virgo that means we spike and when it appeared in the east they knew it was time to sew or harvest astronomy was essential for daily life but today environmentalists pollution and all our technology have completely disconnected us and that they can put up with the impulse. the stars have gone out in the eyes of many people who live in the developed world. this is what the planet looks like at night artificial light illuminates large surfaces of the northern hemisphere.
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cuba is the largest dam in western europe. the waters of the glory on a river serve as the boundary between spain and portugal the portuguese were the pioneers in promoting astro tourism. the idea arose in two thousand and eight as part of creating a sustainable program for the ok region to offer something unique in terms of nature and resources for tourism we thought of something no one had considered before the sky. it's now a star like tourist destination certified by the starlight foundation in two thousand and eleven we were the first destination in the world to obtain this
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certification. since then al-qaeda has become a must visit destination for astro truism visitors fall into two groups since well meantime just long time ago so essentially there is the amateur astronomers who love observing the sky and then there's a large increase in families many children hear about the night sky at school but they can't see the constellations in the cities where they live. so they come here with their parents to experience the dark skies together. even though she that's not. quite. this megalithic monument the cromlech of chess was moved near months of us when the cave a dam was built it's the setting for summer star parties and with face of the familiar. i think it's a party for the whole family the activities are suitable for both children and adults you can observe the sun there's
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a workshop for adults and children about the solar system and right now we've got a yoga session here behind us here meeting with. the presence of hundreds of people lends a special symbolism to this place amid five thousand year old stones it's a unique place to connect with the universe. night force and sheltered by the convent it's time to learn more about astronomy. claro the official astro photographer here shares his interest in the science of astronomy from a different perspective photographing space must ending firmly on the earth. and. we want space to be more than just the telescope photographs disseminated by nasa and the european southern observatory. when people look at these images they can't identify with them because they have no point of
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reference to know where they are. we're going to report the news so. what. we want them to be able to connect to the sky and the earth and find relevance and astronomy. then there is the richness of the landscape of all caver with a crumbling and other elements of what it has to offer. it's very important to relay this message to promote ourselves. you must. be from the the seas in my fossil and. at midnight it's time to contemplate the firmament some with the help of more less advanced technology and many with the naked eye today with the new moon the
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universe looks blended. the milky way passes overhead. it's easy to identify constellations like the big dipper c.v.s. or cassiopeia. and stars that shine with their own. such as vega or d. net. when. the sky here affords excellent visibility and average of two hundred eighty six nights a year. the degree of darkness in the three thousand square kilometer region ranges from twenty one point two to twenty one point eight that's the equivalent of rural skies to true dark sky sites. and those dark skies attract thousands of people interested in astronomy.
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some areas offer multiple activities while others are specialized this is the case at the astronomy center in the province of via dolly the only center in the world to be considered a star park. that was the best year we did not do astrophysics here that is done at la palma in the canary islands of more professional observatories but we do receive school visits in the winter months couldn't we get tourist families and what we do is open up a little window of knowledge about the sky to them so they learn a bit more about what is up there in the sky they can look through telescopes with the naked eye the whole question. after decades of experience publicizing information about astronomy. knows very well that this discipline requires scientific knowledge and something more. basic it is there were
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a lot of trouble to talk about science to meet a romantic view of the many of us who have. i don't have those we wanted that there were really lovely concepts in astronomy just like that we come from the stars for example everything that exists that has substance comes from the starts with scientific concepts which are a bit inaccessible to many people it is important to present them with that sort of enticement as you share information. night falls everyone takes their position. on the roof at the astronomy center slowly opens like a curtain at a theater and the star show begins. and i was longing for the moment though there are constellations in the night sky that can be seen with the naked eye people really like discovering such a terrace and scorpio and the stories that go with the constellations. for example
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if you know this sci fi is the king of ethiopia who married cassiopeia years ago. that's greek mythology it's a lovely way for people to understand and know more about the sky. they're going to tell me it was possible. for years the extremadura center for advanced technologies has been making films for planetaria. some are shown at the trujillo planetarium and others are distributed in spain and latin america. more than one hundred twenty thousand people have seen exploring the solar system a fascinating journey from the sun to mars. they put us in rituals a series of scenarios that had never been seen before. so yeah there you go anyway they're both you know that big. with scientific advisors from the
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canary islands institute of astrophysics this film in naples viewers to see and understand the dawn of a comment or an asteroid collision el mundo a new york or the ringworld is another of their films now that attempts are being made to find intelligent life on other planets this production aims to explain what such a place might be like. making astronomy attractive and establishing it as a tourist activity are matters that concern the entire sector. the hotel door of great loss in the province of is hosting a course for astro tourism guides everyone is committed to defending the dark sky regardless of participants profiles or backgrounds.
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rango there it was of i'm from toulouse in france and i decided to take this course because i want to add it to my fifteen years of experience in tourism especially in eco tourism. in spain it is more developed than in france. we have techniques that could be developed but i know i'm going to be one of the first to import this knowledge about astro tourism into france. but he made oath. is the. reason my finance. professionals from the most renowned places also come here to specialize they all see astro tourism as an opportunity. and that's with. the canary islands are considered the world leader in astro tourism and the truth is we're very lucky in the canary islands especially those of us born there we can't let this opportunity pass over the you know even for the experts practice makes perfect. for
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the there are two courses that differ only in the number of class hours it's very intensive because we go for twelve hours a day so we have time to cover everything. we spend the whole day in class and at night we do astronomy practice sessions but we're all very excited about it. at midday the garden turns into an observatory it's time to observe and learn about our star the sun. these are the first solo telescopes that existed and the difference with this one is that it has a much higher resolution and this one has a point five armstrong filter which gives you lots more detail. and i don't look at . all the telescopes are pointed at the sun tourism professionals have a clear goal in mind. you know much of anything blindness by fame working for over twenty five years explaining the natural environment in
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the sierra in madrid we were doing night activities and started getting more and more interest in this guy so we started learning more about it and this is the best opportunity to continue learning. astrophotography is also popular antonio company us is one of the first astro photographers in spain and. this is the high point in amateur astronomy. you go from visual astronomy to looking through a telescope and end up doing photography. possibly what leads you to do it is wanting to see more because observation through a telescope is very limited and we need. the scientific content complements the to restrict content pucca sanchez is the so-called father of the movement he was the first to bring astro to risen to the area. my wife and i built
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a hotel here in the sierra great austin one thousand nine hundred four we are pioneers of what is called small hotels with charm. i've always been an amateur astronomer then when i built the hotel one of the things i also did was set up a telescope in the hotel garden and. the guests would come up and ask me can we have a look and so i explained what they were seeing in the sky. an extension. on the roof professional observatory. would come up with me and i told them all about astronomy. at one point i realized it was true that we are very privileged in the sky we have here in this area. nature livestock the mountains and hunting with the attractions the sierra
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was known for then. now it's the dark sky that draws tourists. the demand was surprising. really thin if people came here and asked why here this is a very good place to see stars who can show them to me. you know and we realized there was nobody who could do it obviously anyone here because i had my observatory and my telescope. once the potential was recognised professional training picked up . was the first astronomical hotel in mainland spain astra tourism is already showing profits more of the line with over half the nights of a year we've got guests who come to observe the stasi what's more everyone leaves happy
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everyone says it's fantastic i've got to come back again i'm going to start reading about this stuff because it's really fascinating it isn't these. the have a lumber a astrophysical observateur is the most recent professional observatory built in western europe. here in the province of taylor well they are working on an ambitious international project making a three dimensional detailed map of the cosmos. several kilometers away the same promoter the outer gone center for studies of the physics of the cosmos has built galactica a center for publicising and practicing astronomy. this project designed exclusively to cater to astro tourism expects to receive twenty four thousand visitors a year. other sites offer more they open up the interior of their professional observatories to visitors in our
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maria the friends association of color alto defends that view this organization. it was created in twenty thirteen during tough economic times when i have to say it was after germany and spain signed the agreement for the observatory that they were dressed the cuts in budgets we saw from initially there was talk that the observatory might disappear that it might close. at first few people could imagine what the white domes and special sky conditions of colorado were good for scientific tourism is now an important asset. just as proudest of the reasons. we've held three of these asteroid tourism meetings in recent years. to try to open up the market in this area because there
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wasn't much to offer. when we realized that when people came up to cull out and set up amateur telescopes at night they were stunned they had no idea of the quality of the sky they had. you know with. the german spanish astronomical center and collaboration with the astro tourism company as a moot has started to offer an exclusive astronomical experience it allows visitors to feel they are an astronomer for a night i think that at the present there is no professional observatory in europe where a person can look through a telescope more than a meter in diameter with an eyepiece this activity is exclusive to colorado you know it's offered nowhere else in the world and anyone who does it will have an experience that they'll remember for the rest of their life. or whatever other things we're. once
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a month this telescope which is one point twenty three meters in diameter is available for scientific tourism activity. is it that if we have the ability to remove the scientific operators from the telescope and replace it with an eyepiece . then our visitors can personally observe the models of the sky as seen from here in ca alto. our main activity is research for science so the number of nights we can devote to this activity is certainly limited but it's something we're committed to that we're going to keep it going and there are circumstances a lot will expand and enhance it. in the evening the experience begins. i want to see what you see through a telescope with a vast range of lenses you have i've heard the resolution is so high you can see
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the moons of your anus that's what i want to get on with. the special guests are invited into the scientists work spaces. and. we think they scientifically is more appropriate for people who have already had some previous experience with telescopes because if you have never looked through a telescope before and looked through this one for the first time you'll never want to look through any other want to know. as darkness falls the dome opens. in one thousand nine hundred seventy five this telescope manufactured in germany was the first telescope to go operational that color. tonight is one of the ten thousand nights it has been used to observe the firmament . it has two purposes. the scientific one which is usually
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operated from the control room in colorado or by remote control from granada and germany. and the second one for astro tourism activities. on those occasions it's operated from the control desk. for the session leader adjusting the eyepiece is not always easy the eyepiece has to be at an accessible height. and depending on which celestial body the telescope is aimed at that can be difficult a movable platform helps. as some people take turns looking through the telescope others enjoy the spectacle offered by the sky as seen with the naked eye. for two hours observations are made from the planets in our solar system on out into deep
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space. that. they have faith in other i've been an amateur astronomer since i was fifteen or sixteen but the reflector all reflected telescopes i've use do not have the resolution to this one has today i've seen a planetary nebula and that is far from what your average amateur astronomy can aspire to see of it though to go out of my unique extraordinary experience it's really a privilege to be here you know. that i encourage everyone to come and see what kind of work they do here and what astronomy has to offer above all the top level science being done here. with the best to the end of. the universe has existed far longer than we humans have and it will continue long after we disappear. many people don't give that
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a second thought still an increasing number are looking for a connection to something greater something that makes their own existence seem so small and yet at the same time makes them feel part of any men's vastness. it's enough to just look up this is our legacy. our infinite legacy.
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