tv Doc Film - The Business of Poverty Deutsche Welle October 11, 2017 9:15pm-10:00pm CEST
and upheavals that is affecting catalonia the rest of the country. this and it is the response of the government are we going to go now to our correspondents all over south where it is in barcelona and shot me velasco is in madrid good evening to both of you and i'm going to start with you now we have an ultimatum that's a significant escalation by the spanish prime minister isn't. an old of the money and of the holy shifting gears on deckard to land conflict the prime minister's who to man to cross it again which is the mond announcement on tuesday when he asked the regional parliament to truth ben got to learn independence for the coming weeks to allow a negotiation instead of a hoyt has given him just a week to back off or face the suspension of the guy at the landfill government that is that clear message from the spanish government that it won't accept any
negotiation and it puts the mont gave up on independence and abide by the spanish constitution thought yeah definitely. that and this collision escalation oliver what does it feel like there in barcelona i mean where does this leave the cattle on leadership or particularly the cattle on president. well economists put them on the catalan president finds himself in an increasingly complicated situation here tonight he might be realizing that he's walking down this road with a debt and slowly coming to terms that he doesn't know how to return really because he's receiving pressure from two sides here really. no doubt hoyer the spanish prime minister who says you know clarify that you and now instead you declared independence there in your speech yesterday and if you do so then we'll have article one hundred fifty five waiting for you and that will mean an end to the
political career of countless bush money would mean and also to the autonomy of the region of catalonia so this cannot be in his interest but at the same time we have the folly of p. party a coalition partner of congress put him on waiting with another all to made him they said if in four weeks from now there will be no declaration of independence and they will step down from government and that would mean he would lose his majority and the government is finished as well so no matter what he does it's looking like a very complex situation people on the streets here in barcelona are talking about this poker game where i. went all in yesterday and slowly realizing that he didn't really have a good handful this you know there's a very good point in me what do you think is wrong goal here i mean obviously he's he's trying to use time in politics against his catalogue counterpart does he want the kettle on government to collapse. certainly i really
agree with my colleague in barcelona i think that might be another holy because he had to really labeled them on it and he's gotten it members as non-valid interlocutor in the event of an issue a negotiation and and he know that after two of the declaration ofa suspended in the bend and. that is not unique in the party of come and some members of parliament even the and in which the mond party. had been trying to avoid the if a unilateral declaration of independence so it was the money is right now in the middle of a crossfire between those who want a quick independence process and those who think that maybe because lamont went to fire. so yeah there's up with the ability dad was a mom and a government collapses and probably that would be the best for my general ahoy even
if that happens new elections would have to be in color and he wouldn't have to apply dale hundred fifty five ok your correspondents i mean of all us in madrid and oliver stone tonight in barcelona both of you thank you very much for the trial of a german journalist in turkey has been adjourned until december the court ruled mussulman total must remain in custody until it verdict is reached tolu has been in turkish detention since april is accused of involvement in terrorist propaganda prosecutors say that she attended a vid's organized by the extreme left party the him l p b which is designated as a terrorist group in turkey told the maintains her innocence she's one of a loving german nationals currently detained in turkey. are they scared or correspondent dorian jones he is following the trial for us from istanbul good
evening to you dorian the trial seemed to be moving quickly a verse from why has it been adjourned well no one quite knows there was a lot of expectation among supporters of toluene many of them being gathered outside the prison all day that given the fact that this trial was moving very quickly it was scheduled for two days but they got for all the evidence in the heat and the prosecution and defense arguments all within a day there was hope that there would be a verdict but the judge dashed those hopes and even though there was another day of hearings scheduled for thursday he agent it till december now some cases which have a strong political dimension to them and given the fact totals that german national is not that on surprising that these events come and it certainly will feel feelings and suspicions that this these judicial hearings are very heavily heavily influenced by political of things that there is this feeling of tollways among a number of german nationals that are being used as bargaining chips against lin
and given the fact that eight of the people were released from pretrial detention total was not one of them even though she has a young child who's in prison with we've been following the good the killing dorian that we've got some foreign journalists who have already been released without trial since the coup attempt do we know at all the how authorities are deciding who is released and who stays in jail. well there is it ever since the failed coup last year there's a growing criticism that the turkish just don't do dish will system is becoming increasingly arbitrary given the fact that many thousands of judges and prosecutors are either being removed or jailed in that post group crackdown the suspicion is that increasingly in positionally cases to do with journalists foreign journalists there is a strong political dimension and added to that suspicion is a fact that particularly in the case of france which has had two journalists that were jailed following a lot of pressure from the french president he's been speaking to the turkish president every ten days also let me take almost softly softly approach those jonas
have been released and allowed to return back to france even though the hearings are still going on not the case of berlin who's been taking a far more robust thought the gates are very critical about the human rights crackdown and in particular but it is seen as a center for turkish citizens opposing on cross now that's a fee fueling suspicions that increasingly these german nationals all being used as leverage against. our correspondent dorian jones on the story for us tonight in the istanbul story and thank you very much. the sex scandal against a hollywood producer harvey weinstein just keeps widening more and more women are coming forward to level allegations against weinstein including several who say he raped them weinstein denies the allegations his wife has now left him describing his actions as quote unforgivable. harvey weinstein's and that sexual misconduct has been an open secret in hollywood for years when steven said to
a representative that in his opinion one of the encounters had been consensual but more and more women are coming forward with her wing stories of harassment he led me to this bathroom pleading that i just watch him masturbate. my heart was racing and i was very scared. i pulled my arm away finally and headed to the door he started following me and telling me that he could introduce me to bob weinstein and i could get a three picture deal and that he would green light my script but i had to watch the masturbations it's a scenario that repeats itself and many of the tales of abuse the new york times published an audio recording made by the new york police department where weinstein appears to confess to the sexual assault of an italian model now three actresses have accused the movie mogul of right hollywood a listers have come forward with the stories of sexual harassment including angelina jolie who told the new york
times she had a bad experience with weinstein in her youth and chose never to work with him again and to warn others when they did it. when it paltrow said weinstein had groped her as a twenty two year old and suggested they must she refused. the terrible it's awful and you know my heart goes out to the experienced. went through that situation as me maybe i did it anyway and that the women who experience that have their voices. should lot of additional hearing the stories it's going to definitely make the next guy was an obvious position think twice about doing something like that. hillary clinton said she was shocked and appalled by the revelations weinstein had been a big supporter of the democrats tonight in around one point five million dollars to the party over twenty five years. when stevens wife has now announced she's leaving him and he's been fired by his own studio media reports say he's now seeking professional help for sex addiction. here's some of the other stories that
are making headlines around the world a so-called islamic state has claimed responsibility for a suicide attack in the syrian capital damascus three bombers targeted the police have borders there killing at least two people and wounding several more it's the second such attack on a damascus police station in recent weeks. protesters in kenya have clashed with police as confusion melds over a presidential election rerun later this month opposition leader raul odinga dropped out of the race this week but kenya's selection commission says it still considers him a candidate and election held in august was declared known and void by the country's supreme court u.s. bombers have flown over the korean peninsula in a show of force after months of escalating tensions centered on north korea's nuclear missile programs the u.s. also flew joint missions with japan and south korea over the sea of japan.
are football now in qualifying for next year's world cup and there was a huge shock last night with the united states crashing out after a two one defeat in trinidad and tobago the first time the us have missed out since one thousand nine hundred eighty six meaning that panama go through to their first finals. there was better news for argentina now they've reached next year's world cup in russia thanks to leno messi who helped of course scoring a hat trick in a three one win in ecuador here's the man of the moment talking about argentina's success. we deserve to qualify before in previous matches both against venezuela and peru i think we deserved a little more we could have when those games we fell into this mess ourselves we made things complicated and then to come here is not easy because that means coming to play at high altitude and we also started off going behind so quickly. but it isn't it's not high altitude are i mean while in european qualifying france is one
of the teams to watch next year olivier giroud and twenty greats mind each put the ball in the net and a two one victory over dello russo european champions portugal also got through after andres silva's goal helped seal a two no win over switzerland the swiss now face a playoff to get in the netherlands did not make it however even though arjuna robben helped the dutch beat sweden sweden moved on because they finished higher in their group it's about the numbers after the game robin announced his retirement from international football. all right you're up to date with news live from berlin i'll be back at the top of the hour with more news followed by the day see that across.
the whole d w one up. for in focus global insights the news at your local heroes. d.w. made for mines. the markets of industrialized nations in europe and north america saturated so multinational food companies have set the sights on the developing world aggressively expanding their presence in countries like kenya. where. they found a vehicle of growth in small packages of western style processed food conglomerates promise healthy high quality food for all but that products a high calorie nutrient poor foods stuffed with sold sugar and flavor and hans's in
brazil the result is plain to see lifestyle diseases are undermining a society already burdened by poverty and a minute ration. you have of a visit he had been any guff diabetes and more and more clear that these epidemics which has huge consequences for the country is that his name good coding crazy sumption all of these products. so powerful that in america's economic powerhouse many lower middle class families get by on less than two hundred euros a month still they are a key target for nestle the world's biggest packaged food come drama because they
view convenience foods a steak. the company has devised the perfect strategy to extend its reach nestlé. nestle comes to you. thirty seven year old patricia is one of eight thousand nestle vendors. i was desperate so i approached and then she said it wasn't a problem i can work three times a week or every day whatever suited me i was unemployed so i called. in brazil door to door vendors have long been a fixture of rural areas where remote urban neighborhoods what it's hard to reach supermarkets on food. is best selling items on dairy products like ya get some desserts most with the high sugar content. local distributors deliver the goods they're the link between the company and vendors like patricia.
she goes out every day she's a very good sales woman and works really hard i take my hat off she's not lazy she's always out brain washing. petrie's he has no choice but to work all the time the business risk is all hers nestlé is guaranteed it's profit but with is self-employed and each month has to buy a specific amount of stock from the middleman regardless of whether she can sell it or not but we see his daughter jessica helps out. but to this she knows her target group that her friends and neighbors. the door to door sales system is good for people who have no money because they can have a tab with us. has to allow customers up to full weeks to
settle the bill. and she lost them with the latest products that she delivers to the doorsteps of so paolo's working class for the swiss food giant. these gustavus work in a sewing shop. the women have known each other for a long time that makes it hard to say no. when wooing the poor social pressure is a key ingredient in nestle's recipe for success it's also why multinationals of long seen brazil is the perfect testing ground for new products the country. as a large population and a large consumer market even the poor here are better off than in other developing
countries with a per capita disposable income of up to one hundred euros a month. brazil has a population of two hundred million around forty two million are poor in recent years increasing numbers of climb to the lowest rung of the middle class but this group has health problems rates of obesity and diabetes are rapidly increasing. calmness monteiro is a professor of nutrition and public health at the university of some pollo and a leading advisor to the world health organization his research has documented a nutritional transition in brazil. and the problem is that the products or the process products they are. increasingly being consumed by brazilians so then in the last twenty years the proportion of calories that come from these products. so then what we project is that if they don't do
anything in the few years. the situation will be much worse in terms of the diet. brazil's poor are increasingly susceptible to obesity and diabetes the government is trying to counter the trend by getting people to improve their diet this health center in a favela on the outskirts of sound paulo is involved in that effort. eileen brandow trained as a nutritionist small team covers a neighborhood of thirty thousand residents she uses a playful approach to inform the women here many have almost no formal education and have acquired most of what they know from television and advertising. multinational corporations have aggressive marketing strategies to advertise
industrial food products. they promoted as healthy food. supermarkets stocked these huge selections of dairy products such as yogurt that are all marketed as healthy the people are seduced into buying them as if you could buy health. regular how schools are another important part of our lean strategy to jag what the people are actually implementing the things they learned and that. we want to make it easier for people to buy natural from then processed from that's our biggest problem. the mothers here often have jobs and have little time that's why they're often used pre-prepared foods that's what's on the menu.
blanking maria does still has family she works as a cleaner her husband is in early retirement since they have very little money they keep their food costs low and buy cheap processed foods. gloria is not the only one overweight so too are her daughter but her granddaughter her family substitutes and time meals with sweets and snacks. eileen has been visiting the family for a few months now she tries to raise their awareness on the importance of nutrition drowns into the cupboard shows she's still got a long way to go. these are all products with a high sugar content. people have adopted these food habits and replaced meals these products aren't just unhealthy they're also comparatively expensive.
even though the ingredients are cheap for the manufacturers sugar salt fat and gaba hydrates but consumers can't get enough of these products out there yet how often did i go to the supermarket and see so much i couldn't buy i used to wish i'd been able to afford it one day it's satisfying to be in a position to offer my family food like this. the for villa where maria de silva lives is remote shops are scarce a look around the only nearby store reveals the dietary restraints locals face. we see lots of industrial food products here it's difficult for the local population to get fresh produce because almost everything here is processed food or snack items only the eggs and fresh because these foods are allegedly cheaper people eat these things once or twice
a day or more they seem cheaper because they only cost fifty cents but at the end of the month people complain because there's no money left to buy healthy food. with around a thousand products of this type nestlé is the market leader in brazil the growth of these products is much higher among the low income people so our that's a high income people here. have more consumption that is still increasing but in the really we see much more increase among the low income families and of course. when you see the market of these products in the low income people is a very very special. the kenyan capital nairobi although it's a developing country kenya is one of the funds describing economies in africa with the steadily growing middle class it's an appealing market for multinationals which
he had to have lost sight of the poor as a target group. kenya has a population of around forty five million nineteen million a poor almost half the population lives on less than two euros a day. he's a nairobi slum that sermon to an estimated five hundred thousand people living in close quarters for food companies it's a target group with potential the middle lack of storage and refrigeration space locals buy small quantities up to three times a day like sell esteemed who lives in a simple shack with a ford. children. we used to eat roots and millet pirate for breakfast but then margarine and toast came along it tastes sweeter and is easier to eat. celestin works as a day laborer she's going out to get breakfast if she has enough money to buy food
for lunch too she can't afford to stock up the shop is more like a kiosk and functions as both a store and home for its own account. countless tiny packets of products hanging from the ceiling for margarine to washing powder and spice mixes here too only the eggs are fresh almost all the products on sale a manufactured by unilever and cost only a few cents. the most popular. these on. you then they must be all right because many people in this area they just threw our funds to base so. you three go. to you this week it best yeah. silverstein can spend around a euro
a day on food. she buys the popular stock cubes and the spice makes by the uni leave a brand royko industrial bread and brand of margarine called blueberry and come in small packages. that. i don't like you ok i know these are my favorite products i can buy them in small packages i couldn't afford bigger ones. celestin comes from the rural west of kenya when her husband died she moved to the capital to offer her children the chance of a better life now at forty three she works as a street vendor she earns four to five euros a day at best. life has really changed here in recent years. we used to eat potatoes and other healthy things. but this city is so expensive
we live in a slum we can't afford anything fresh in and i don't. that's why we eat royko and other products like that was in the small packets cost between eight and forty cents. anything more expensive is a luxury. lube and mondrian was developed especially for the african market it doesn't require refrigeration since she moved to the slum celestin has replaced much of a family's traditional diet with processed food poverty is just one reason. to be honest and even if i lived in a better neighborhood i'd still eat bread and blue band margarine i just buy a bigger package we've really got used to this product but if i bought traditional food such as maison beans. still season the month right we couldn't go without
these products anymore. most of kibera us poor residents feel the same that's hard for a million people spending up to one euro every day. cliff would be called to is a nutritionist he accuses multinational corporations of appropriating longer stablish trade methods. the buying power a society where you know that came up in kenya something called the don't you economy they got a good economy so it had something like a small park which it's like. everything that was was down there and they did produce them in smart box thought that the poor can afford the money they are but it. is what they buy this more things with. it's very evident what people buying hearing he better the area is littered with countless small empty plastic
sachet. beside pollution there's another downside to the small packaging business model. to buy stuff since what one gets his eventually being to be more expensive for them so it's actually it's more expensive to beef and to live in the slums in india and to do good by the less smart part gaze that's what markets. are you don't start. small packets are available in industrialized countries too and here too there are comparatively expensive it's just that the people in these countries usually have a choice the people in kibera don't. the studied the deft way multinational corporations target the poorest consumers we meet former members of a campaign that unilever rolled out a year before when kenyan slumps. these women would guesting to become door to door
vendors they were told they could earn money to feed their families. he was here and was wanting charge of such campaigns he says the real benefit to unilever is the access they give to the poorest of consumers. they can't afford a television to see and not what they can't afford at radio to listen to and advice they can't afford even fifty shillings to buy a newspaper or to read a lot of act of giving of a product so that's why they chose to use women because it's believed that women have the most. who uses unity beholden. to twenty women here all trained to become vendors but they never got a job and a deeply disappointed. market. they tested but they never they they haven't come back so we don't know what they're planning to do it did that we we take them through the course how to use
the product of unilever but they did not come back to say the way forward. from today that went to date when they watch these they will start thinking back and come to. the training sessions teach women how to use unilever products so that as vendors they in turn can teach other women for a job like this is often the only chance an educated unemployed women get to earn some money. but is there any of. the women learn sales pitches the tale of two customers in the slums. and if you will so we have. yeah. you need such as i want to talk to you about healthy eating let's look at some unilever products here . the women learn that blue band manchuria isn't just popular it's
also healthy because it has been fortified with five different vitamins. i mean me. i mean that in the. they also learned that they can use blue band margarine to prepare food for children that healthy next up the advantages of really kosko q. . and a right for you. when you cook for your family royko will help you give your meal a rich flavor. day you start using royko will be the day your husband will come home on time he won't cheat on you come straight home. yeah. finally as a recommendation to replace fresh foods such as vegetables with royko to save money
for the women here it's a plausible argument. three right. three cents each cost two nine cents but when you go to the market to buy tomatoes and onions you pay forty five cents so you save thirty six cents with reichl we can use that money to buy something else. these sums are all very small but it's still a worthwhile business for unilever. unilever portrays itself as a leader in efforts to empower women in poor regions maybe that's why for four consecutive years the company was voted kenya's top employee. we asked unilever to respond to the course participants accusations and for an
interview on its corporate social responsibility and marketing strategy is but we would turn down with this explanation. unfortunately we are not in a position to punch take in this exercise due to potential commercial sensitive it is that may be involved. women in kenya in the slums dream of having a job like thirty seven year old patrice who goes door to door for nestlé in sound pollo but the job comes with financial risks she has to give customers a full month to pay for their purchases. and i found that. sometimes people don't want to pay but i have to pay the nestle distributor on the fifteenth and the thirtieth of the month if others don't pay it comes out of my own pocket. if she sells a lot the trays here can earn up to three hundred euros
a month that's hardly mold on the legal minimum wage in brazil. under this business model best selling deborah products and dessert so organized in kits depending on the size and contents the kit cost between four and twelve euros it's good for everyone the vendor sells more and customers pay less as a bonus the regular treats for children let him have some so he grows up to big and strong for him. but jack i was. talking to him as i know that. today is children's day a public holiday in brazil most families don't out sweets and have a nice meal. maria de silva is family is no exception this is one occasion on which this poor family goes grocery shopping at the big supermarket for many years maria has put i'm healthy
food on the family table she slowly trying to change the eating habits but it's not easy. i've developed an awareness now but you try telling your children they're not allowed to eat sweets anymore. don't drink cola don't eat bread with margarine though that's all we can afford not. that's why we buy processed foods and because it's cheaper but. it's a market with huge potential in europe on the other hand growth a stagnated for years. industrially processed food accounts for around sixty percent of food consumed in western europe and north america and brazil down figures only twenty five percent but it's rising. not till the c.e.o.
is fifty six maria is forty nine they're untrained as clean as they've managed to improve the family situation a little. children are allowed to tuck in and enjoy the sweets but to get there as a local treat the chocolate proly made of mangia rains sweetened milk cocoa powder and chocolate sprinkles many of stresses that today's an exception but the family is finding it impossible to wean itself of cheap processed food. my said when the children see these foods in ads they want to eat them we end up buying the cookies with the filling the children want all of these things including all the sweet milk products we know it's unhealthy but we are swayed by the advertising that the consumer protection organization i'd like tries to count advertising to adverse
impact on a. blames the economic power enjoyed by food on drum routes brazil has strict consumer protection laws but companies circumvent them you know advertising for example for. this kind of products are linked to. that they are willing to being unwilling to be a part of it so when you can buy just kind of products it means that you are part of the group. today nutritionist eileen brown dao is out with a group of women from the favela at the market she's teaching them to compare prices for vegetables and processed foods she uses the nutritional guidelines published by the brazilian health ministry as a teaching tool not all nutritionist received the book we only got a few. i only had to because i took part in advanced training workshops you can download the book on my. too but poor people don't have access to the internet.
because again this is the one thing that the guidelines drew international attention but the target group it was designed for hardly heard about it eileen wants the women to recall the traditional recipes they grew up with. and we want to get these women to return to traditional ways of cooking and give them a new perspective on what we eat every day and they're responsible for the dietary habits of the people around them they have a big influence on our families the women are poor they often have no education drugs and crime compound the problems faced by many families a healthy diet is not a priority. they are standing at this fruit stall and they believe that one euro thirty for three pieces of fruit is too expensive because they can get an entire packet of cookies for thirty cents they think it's more cost effective to buy the cookies. the companies appeared to grasp that the products that
peddling are contributing to a social problem. in the country of two hundred million forty million brazilians are overweight fourteen million a diagnosis with type two diabetes this state has initiated its own health program in schools in brazil it's overseen by the nestlé foundation the nutria program is designed to teach school children how to eat a healthy diet the teaching materials a colorful and embarked with the company logo. their relation of the brand with the materials in the school is a mallu for the company you know nothing is more respect they are things they can miss seeing as more. just for. nation
there they are contributing to solve the problem this year the program was recognized as a public policy and then when he said plan of food in addition security if there's one. for the next four years nestle will be integrated into sound paolo's public education policy with its one thousand three hundred and seventy five state schools the program is listed as a privately funded. but why is the city of sound pollo cooperating on child nutrition with a company that according to experts is helping to compound health problems in brazil. we've been invited to a school taking part in the nutria program most of the eight hundred children between the ages of six and fourteen come from nearby for bayless the principle behind a new trail sounds good the dame's to familiarize children with unprocessed foods and help them develop an awareness for healthy food. to mislay foundation funds
information events and organizes healthy eating competition. a representative of sound paulo state school board has come to meet us. the foundation came to us offering the program. so we took six months studying the implications of the program especially because the name of nestlé was it was behind the foundation so we took we took this very seriously you know. the principal has signed up a school for the nutria program for the second time schools compete against each other teachers and students have to solve questions about healthy eating. i can explain to the numbers here two hundred sixty five schools seven hundred three teachers one hundred eighty five thousand five hundred kids that are the numbers
you know life right numbers. there's a fourteen hundred euro prize for the school that wins the competition. last year this school came third generating a lot of praise for the school board and the headmistress. of the south but and i don't need their foundation i mean this then if the foundation is a full nation and we are not the working week the comair fell apart and they are not a blinding us to use then this slip and that. and in science there are no nestlé products in the school canteen the clean image of healthy food is undoubtedly more effective advertising it's clear the children here need help. and
mistress tells us that school lunch is the only proper meal of the day for many here. this boy tells us he doesn't get food like this at home he's never eaten fruit salad anywhere else for that. a spoon in don's program is also part of the project the parents from the surrounding for venice are happy that the school office something to the children that they themselves come to afford but why counts who's teach children about healthy eating without corporate help. the point is that the products that these companies produce they don't have anything to do with us on the country most of what they do is to replace real phones there's a contradiction because they say they are interest to teach children to like real food and by they don't commercialise real food i mean most of they then can
commercialize our fake food i think that are not good for health and that replace our traditional dietary patterns so i mean i don't see either i just see these as a public relations strategy. nothing more then there's the nest a foundation sees it as an example of social responsibility we want to learn more about the goal of nestle nutria we are granted an interview but are not allowed to film it the representative emphasizes that the company is in general open to change in all areas but people concedes. you can't make changes to production overnight you have to get consumers accustomed to alterations if you simply cut sugar in a popular product people would stop buying it. this late will do nothing to threaten sales after all brazil is
a four billion euro market its fourth biggest worldwide. africa is not nearly as lucrative for now unlike in brazil diseases such as obesity and diabetes have not reached epidemic proportions but africa nutritionists say it's only a matter of time they are calling for timely action. you have the afghan to give them as many of them will say so this is so. i'm not unless i may have some company here i mean. so one of the most important things about this african but it of course is that you have. all that need to mix most of my commitments that the most africans families will be looking at unfortunately this one is some of the force about you know about going on the families of them to go to other foods. why they are vegetables disappearing from the city how much
sway do multinationals hold over rural areas there's lots of agriculture to the north of nairobi. we meet family wilson he grows tomatoes and other vegetables everything for the market in the nearby town he has roughly half a hacker of lamb this is typically a small scale from one of the telling us that his family's going through it starts . you've been selling these things to the market is being exploited because. the prices are not coming by if they had them on by a parcel i mean demand. in kenya many farmers relinquish much of the profits to distributors who control and regulate the market and there's a further uncertainty fluctuations in supply and demand can leave the farmers stuck with these produce. so the farmers do all the work but the middlemen make the profits i should get four euros and thirty five cents for thirty kilos of tomatoes
but the middlemen keep two euro sixty so i only get one euro seventy five. they're to blame for our predicament you know wilson cane would prefer to be a contract farmer for a major international company it's a system gaining traction in kenya farmers produce for a single company which guarantees it will purchase their entire harvest. is going to be secure that is going to gets some money. and now. me. he does not seem to understand when there are some politics or explain to somebody by by any company. sammy will come aboard he is a contract farm he grows beans for a major kenyan exporter couple she isn't really free he says the prices are
determined by the company and they're not good but he still doesn't want to go back to traditional farming. is on with time because those who are planning to buy they will buy at that price and you are listed out the months. it's twice. since the big companies pay better farmers are increasingly opting out of the domestic market right behind samuel's field is a huge pineapple plantation it belongs to del monte supplier of fresh and prepared produce and the biggest employer here in the area catherine works the fields for the mountains six days a week twelve hours a day like most of the people here she owns a piece of land and though she can't live off it she does farming on the side for extra income and to the ingredients for
a traditional diet catherine never buys processed food. here we have beans and main. we've always eaten at here. we grow everything that we eat including. could catherine afford the pineapple juice that's produced on her employer's field . i can't afford del monte juice i don't earn enough i'd rather buy an orange for two or three cents delmonte products start at seventy cents a liter of juice costs one euro eighty i don't have money for that. catherine lives frugally so she can support a daughter who lives in nairobi she can afford that because a monthly earnings are around one hundred ninety euros three times the amount field
hands make on small farms. del monte has a reputation for paying the highest wages in the region. but the flip side is that traditional agriculture is only worthwhile for subsistence farmers like katherine if she grows beans maize root vegetables and yams. these things are important for us they're healthy they haven't been sprayed they just grow without fertilizer or anything else that's even on a. subsistence farming is still fairly prevalent in kenya.
in the mega-cities sound paolo there's very little space for the people to grow their own vegetables but there is some does a little paradise on the some power lines in this poor eastern neighborhood how steep the temp has created a community garden here he runs the aid organization cities without hunger planting vegetables on the news than private plots of land he started it ten years ago today homes teach attempts overseas twenty five and gardens in some paolo. it was a completely new concept to produce food in a file. when i started when i wanted to use line for communal gardens everyone always said it wouldn't work and that i was crazy. but they soon changed their minds. especially when they sold the vegetables
it's good and the. fans did to help the poorest of the poor people without an education or the job cities without hunger accompanies them for a year and trains them in urban agriculture the goal is that the garden begins to turn a profit after twelve months providing the people who farm it with a livelihood the vegetables on just for personal use they're also designated for sale in the local market find a new pope. this is the biggest obstacle this one is located above an oil pipeline it was once used as an illegal garbage dump and the hangout for drug dealers it took seven months to clean it up and prepare it for gardening. it's very intensive at first it's a lot of work and the land is heavily litter. we have to do a lot of work before the land is ready to be found.
the gardens old farmed organically no artificial fertilisers or insecticides are used to be on and of family have been with cities without hunger for eight months they're still receiving intensive supervision. i'm whole family works here we've changed our eating habits. i used to weigh eighty nine kilograms now i weigh seventy. i mean a feed of i don't eat processed foods and more i try to eat nothing that's unhealthy occasionally i let my daughter has no junk food because she's a child and wants to try them. i think she'd afford the gardens of cities without hunger contrast stokley with the products sold by corporate food giants maybe this model will catch on. i'm not against from national corporations but for national
corporations control the production and then the whole market of these products that are increasingly. increasingly. well healthy and which is worse they are replacing a dietary pattern which is healthy so then there is work in public health. i cannot have any other feeling against this companies than to. do not like now.
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