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tv   Eco-at- Africa - The Environment Magazine  Deutsche Welle  October 28, 2017 4:30pm-5:01pm CEST

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g.w. on facebook and twitter today in touch. sustainable protection for the earth ideas designed to preserve our ecosystems they exist around the. global ideas takes the next step protection for our planet's biological diversity trailblazing projects. g.w. dot com slash global i.d.s. .
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hello and welcome to a new edition of eco at africa rights to you by deed. katie and i'm sorry no money your new host i am a reporter and news anchor with katie and news in my role be here in kenya i was a very passionate about environmental conservation and thus i'm very happy to be on board the eco at africa team joining me from my days my colleague and. i know they're now time in lagos nigeria and i'm happy to see you today we will bring you some interesting stories and all of a new up coming up on this edition of the show. saving great white sharks in south africa. a look at insect murder a trend in the making. and comes of a sinister working to revive the more lines in northern germany we begin today's program with a report of truly amazing creases white sox scientists thought. thousands of the
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large predators in the waters off the cape of south africa but new research suggests the number is actually only between three hundred fifty and five hundred and that's punish and all the fishing have contributed to the decline and motivation called save us seas is doing what it's come to save the remaining shocks . the lines at the southernmost point of africa. abundant with an arena and bird life it's home to thousands of cape first seals. these marine mammals are a favorite with the great white sharks. the predators trollings waters in large numbers on the lookout for that next meal. shock alley is also famous as one of the world's top commercial cage diving
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destinations the tourism brings in revenue and also help support scientific research of the sharks. in. a white shark cage diving industry here in france by it's been operating for a number of years many of these boats are collecting daily observational data now to better protect an animal we first have to know something about it so we can hope to push legislations at higher levels if we don't have that knowledge to to first investigate. shocks of all species are in need of protection almost one hundred million a killed each year too many for the populations to recover and some sharks are targeted simply because they're perceived as dangerous. but that's an unjustified prejudice. sharks rarely view humans as prey.
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they're only around five shark attacks a year in south africa. cage diving operators use bait to attract the sharks to the cages. it's a once in a lifetime thrill for the tourists. it's their size there's their a mystique that surrounds them. you know i don't live near an ocean and so. the only experience that i have which. it's just what i see on t.v. and i believe is and seeing the first hand is ok i don't think you could hear anything else yeah it's pretty amazing. recent studies indicate that maybe only a few thousand of the iconic great white sharks left in the world. back on land kelly baker analyzes the latest data with her colleague. like a fingerprint each shark has
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a uniquely shaped back fin the scientists are interested in the animal's migratory behavior. dogs that have five hundred species and they are alternately incredible that they just continue and particularly for me the great white shark is kind of the ultimate iconic charismatic or inspiring speech but yet we still have no idea where it breeds and we're late despite the amount of the metric focus it has on understanding where and when the sharks reproduce is vital for that conservation great whites are especially slow to produce offspring as females need around thirty years to reach sexual maturity and can only mate ten or fifteen times in their lifetime which is very infrequent for fish species. long term conservation success will require a change in the perception of the animals. in nearby cape town the save our seas foundation invests in shark education. the aim is to introduce schoolchildren to
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the marine environment from an early age. ok so they want to know that. sharks are dangerous. to people soul and here we are trying to change their minds or trying to teach them to know that sharks are not dangerous as they think stocks are useful to as people because they can always sions in balance they can you know oceans the message of save our seas is clear shocks like humans rely on healthy oceans to survive so we need to learn to live with the sea and its inhabitants not against them. in shark alley marine biologist kelly baker is back on the tourist boat. here sharks are already celebrated stars. here are. they have looked out
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for so many years we still know so you are cattle her what i would like to do what i hope that we can do is to further our knowledge on this animal. in turn and then to perhaps a better idea of exactly how vulnerable this space is and what we can do to better protect it and there's plenty of research still to be done besides the charismatic great white one hundred other shark species can be found in the waters of south africa. from south africa we had to many where they're hardly any more lands left these master will have a very special more or less comes to vast amounts of water so they play an important role in the alps what a balance. but all over the world more lands are under threat we take a look at nature conservation projects in germany restoring devastated more
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supported. here. these conservationists want to save the more land near give horn in northern germany. their most important work right now is up rooting young trees from areas that are too dry andre data of the nature and biodiversity conservation union has been working here for many years and leads the restoration project. we're removing trees to keep their moral and because it's so dry the trees will otherwise keep growing and create a forest removing trees also reduces evaporation because water isn't being drawn out of the ground. up rooting the trees also helps protect the climate the more land stores considerably more carbon than forests. too many trees would dry out the more and slowly destroy it. in this dish pretty beauty that the mormons are important for biodiversity there are many rare plants and
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animals that only thrive on them was and can't be found elsewhere in the landscape to protect them the most must be maintained and it's important for the climate because more store carbon dioxide which removes it from the atmosphere. ninety eight percent of the more lands in germany have already been destroyed through peat harvesting logging agriculture. teaches at the university of sustainable development in volved and near berlin she's very familiar with the global threat to more lands. on the other continents of the world also trying out and being destroyed but not at the level it's happening in europe. in africa for example about twenty percent of my land in kenya in nigeria has been put to a cultural use making it a source of greenhouse gases. in indonesia and southeast asia there's a rapid deterioration as being converted into plantations under.
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peat has been harvested here for two hundred years today it's mainly used as potting soil that's cause the pete on the morris to decline from a depth of six metres to just half a metre andriy data and doris planter of nabu are hoping to restore more lands currently being used for industrial purposes. they. need in order for the peat to develop and kate moss is the most important plant when it comes to replenishing the moylan's. but if you as peaches removed baron areas being created it could be replanted so we're trying to grow as much peat moss as possible so that we can plant it on those narrow areas. that will help the more lens to recover and. to grow peat moss on
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a large scale water needs to be returned to the more land first. to soak the area we release the water there's a board here and when we remove it and the water flows through and fills the area. as the more land revives it slowly recovers its former biodiversity many insect species can only survive on more land. peat moss also begins to grow again. and. it's great that we were able to take land where all the pete was removed and restore it to a flourishing moreland when you look down and you can see that the paint is growing again and it shows all our work was worth it. the peat soil here will accumulate at the rate of about one millimeter per year so it's a job that requires a lot of patience. it'll take about six thousand years for the more land near give
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horn to fully recover. climate change is having a huge impact on the environment. the green initiative us come up with a method that would stop it and restore the natural vegetation all of which. i would call. the end. turning the desert green. a large sand dune is in danger in the village of conduit molly. sand is invading fields and smothering farmers' crops. the twenty five kilometer long. and seven other villages. but local farmers together with an ngo have found
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a way to contain the sand and turn the desert green. they're building straw barriers to stop the shifting sands their growing bushes to stabilise the dunes with their roots and planting trees at that time to the sandy soil like the desert today which provides fruit and wood. making the dune safe is an ongoing project but the results are already being felt. like. if you're also doing you'll be telling us about. tweet. doing you know we share your story. today we made. a direct. research
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we talk about how and i just fish stocks have been affected by climate change and effects of pollution and what they effect of man's activities on this fisheries and their population quality so let's go meet. nice to meet you from here and you for sticking with us new york on the ocean and the effects of climate it has a big. effect of the ocean. is a privileged exactly everything. he. is in fact and ocean unfortunately in most of human activities is impacting the ocean. let's narrow it down to our own waters in nigeria what has the effect been like because the ocean is like a sink absorbs all the things that we do all the activities that i don't go online to explain in the ocean to the runoff and all the rest and all this impacts the
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ocean and part of the activity that's. changed course is globally is. sea level right i see results of the melting ice into not you can imagine how far the north pole these two was here and you know we're definitely are nigeria we have low lying coastal land so the impact will actually be more we noticed that we actually did a story one time when he called africa where we talked about. some of the communities that have lost land indeed some communities have actually been lost to rising water levels but let's look at the impact of pollution i mean waste management we notice that there's a lot of waste in the ocean that part of human activity or other that's part of human activity how does affect the fish stock when all this with going to the way
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the ocean it's mixed with the water. just is and it enters into the system now gets to. because we go out. and come back and eat it so we need to take. or so if you really want to have you will be like what's the way out what are the solutions what do we do. there's a lot you can do i seem to be doing the fourth pin that's we need to know is that we need to pick your fight if you can start from. a plus and. it can go. thank you very much you're welcome and now before you go let me show you some of the things i was mentioning about ok from the what. what you're about to see in our next report looks delicious but it's not your standard but i made a baby a start up in germany is producing in fact but i guess yeah you heard right
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sharon would you be willing to try one. maybe it's probably packed with. the better for the environment the reason the meat doesn't now one reason being that cattle breeding produces. amount of greenhouse gases who knows maybe all your view was will soon be enjoying. yourself. at first glance it looks like a normal hamburger but it's not just any old burger because half of the meat patty consists of ground up insect larvae student there are a book on tried out the box burger that's right that's nice flavor and i would definitely think i would recommend it's my friends. made ingredient in various boxed burger is ground lesser meal worms the larvae of the darkling beetle the
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production of the insect burgers begins here in the dutch town a fair amount of the manufacturers have been breeding insects here for about forty years mainly as animal feed and for the cosmetics industry. but recently they've been producing more and more larvae for human consumption nickel rued is plant manager of prodi farm he performs regular checks on the quality of his worms. around two billion people around the world eat insects daily but it's still a big taboo in europe. i think that within five years it's quite normal to eat in six bad will be inside there's an ingredient in a lot of football i think. so when in five years i think we all it's just a couple of times a year in six the worms are a sustainable source of energy containing fifty percent protein they only need a fraction of the space water and feed that breeding higher orders of animals
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requires and their c o two emissions are minimal the larvae live for three months in these boxes where they consume grain when they're large enough to be harvested they're flash frozen and shipped to customers. cramer and bearish ursule are the founders of buck's burger they started their company bug foundation and twenty fourteen with ten thousand euros in startup capital now the young entrepreneurs employ a team of four people the founders first encountered edible insects during a world trip seven years ago that's how they got the idea to start their business. i think when we first told friends family and acquaintances about our idea most of them said we were crazy that there's no way it would work in the meantime everybody thinks what we're doing is cool and the next thing they say is hey when can we finally try it out and. they worked on the development of their burger patties for
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more than a year the ground feel worms are mixed with peas water and a secret spice mixture the founders hope their burger will lead to less meat being eaten that will be good for the environment because less grain will be used for cattle feed and the insects are also climate friendly and i finish off in an office at the same time we're hoping will become a model for other countries for instance in developing countries where they used to eat insects but stopped doing so in order to adopt the western lifestyle and eat beef burgers following the mcdonald's lifestyle fine in germany it's still illegal to sell food products containing insects but a few restaurants in belgium and the netherlands already have bugs burgers on their menus the exotic hamburgers cost between twelve and seventeen euro's starting next year selling insect food products will be legalised in germany too then the bug
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foundation founders will be worming their way into the fast food business. for a long time rhonda's mountain nation was in severe decline the species had endured years of war. habitat destruction and the seas to getting fears that it's could become extant by the end of the twentieth century but that was then now in recent years the story has taken a more positive time in twenty fifteen conservationists in the vocab those national parks aids there are more than six hundred mountain gorillas living there that's three hundred and fifty more of them in the nine hundred eighty s. a few years ago the pocket of kristen and ceremony not on the to welcome baby gorillas but to create a connection between the human and the i mean. early morning in
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volcanoes national park in rwanda. the money shockey jake is out once again with a small group of adventurers. and there they're looking for mountain gorillas a man a well issues final instructions if we don't want to run them they're gonna push the sound. that's the warning sound wanted their point does sound with keep insisting by saying. that just for calling them down. the encounter comes at a premium. each visitor pays seven hundred fifty dollars for an hour with the magnificent apes. but emanuel says he rarely gets any complaints afterwards. or wonders mountain gorillas are among the world's most endangered species. barely one thousand of them remain. and half of
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them live here in the region struggling rwanda uganda and the democratic republic of congo. they live in family groups. this clan has eighteen members and impressive size. one reason for that is that they're now being tended to by veterinary surgeons. for the simple disease. but for this disease that can divide the intervene wanted the grass outside of forest we did them and afford it. consequently an increasing number of rwanda's gorillas are surviving. for a cosy is the youngest in the family his name means thank you thank you for my survival something that isn't
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a given. no unfortunately the gorillas share their habitat with the various rebel. that infest the area primarily in the congo region time and again the apes get caught in the crossfire between rival militias or they fall victim to poachers in some areas their meat is considered a delicacy many people living around the national park boost their income by selling bushmeat. but that's at least been stopped in rwanda now adays local residents here earn more by keeping gorillas alive. you know projects it's a kind of project on the tourism in this country. is among the top six. much income in this country and i would put much effort into. it will get much money because i had the end of
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a five percent among the dead money what it did for his comeback of the community is just guerrilla conservationists now stage an annual celebration in rwanda even the country's president comes to the grand event it's a symbolic act all the newly born gorillas are given their names. as a gorilla is can't attend the party themselves after all it is symbolic. but it also signals that the gorillas are an important task for the entire country so that one day little rascals like records they can grow up to be big and strong. wow let's hope there's a lot more projects like this and that and this edition of africa with topics on climate and biodiversity that's forcing join us again next week bye bye.
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and thanks. to find out more about pan african and european and viral mental magazine check out our website social media channels you will see here on the screen thanks for watching and bye bye see you next week.
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beck a box from norway. cuts across fifteen minutes. when cities are in golf by the. sea. and costly protective measures with. nothing. for. challenging our future starting november ninth on g.w. . you don't expect the visitors than us visit the city this is not every day you boys in the house night. kim in
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vegas house of music stores up close personal and unplugged. night groups starting november third on d w week. matching being born this is. your life a compromise. you want to look for no school to. do you want to be useful but on allowed to. when you're sick the doctor's note when you fall in love they won't. you don't have children for fear they'll be invisible to. us you. have no human rights. when you die there's no proof for. every ten minutes. this is. ten million people in the world this
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think they have no nationality and are told made up along and. that everyone has the right. everyone has the right to say like your mom. this is d.w. news live from budget cuts and already a separatist leader calls for peaceful resistance to spain's central government just hour was off to be exact spot the dritte card is breached and all vow to keep
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