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tv   Doc Film - Myanmar - The Power of the Monks  Deutsche Welle  November 9, 2017 4:15am-5:01am CET

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learning course those weak german made easy. welcome to quadriga that. there's music are you ready for this loophole visionary and she women's talk long w. the smart women. smart talks like we broke the record. smart state fans cheer the most in the next report you'll find out just how this what. d.-w. made for mines. climate change. waste. pollution. isn't it time for good news eco africa people and projects that are changing along firemen to for the better it's up to us to make a difference let's inspire challenge. the going to be
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environment magazine. d w. given. that what they're going to. have to have. since the autumn of two thousand and fifteen on sand to cheat a global icon of resistance to tyranny has had the fate of myanmar in her hands thank you for struggle against the military junta lasted thirty years she spent more than half of them under house arrest survived assassination attempts and was awarded the nobel peace prize for her
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stubborn opposition. the hopes of the great people rest on her shoulders today but the general still haven't relinquished their power and the young democracy remains fractured. the five hundred thousand buddhist monks and the man maher have played a crucial role in the return to democracy. although traditionally barred from politics there is still active in all areas of public life. however a new generation of monks is now questioning the old order. three of them have opened up the doors to their monasteries for us.
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they all stand out for their willingness to get involved in public matters and are fighting their very own at times contradictory battles. but they're doing it in the name of buddhism.
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they have weighed up my name is. i'm thirty five and have been a monk for sixteen years building. that was. i entered religious life in my village. when i was ten.
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since then i've dedicated my life to the teachings of the buddha and to spreading the religion. sort of the political situation in my country is one of the main reasons why i wanted to remain among. just. look it was john don't i. was indeed a younger man when one son she came to power it gave people hope again. before that there was neither hope nor joy as people that stopped believing in a future. where at a buddhist association in the center of mandalay. is due to give a sermon there and people are already expecting him.
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ladies and gentlemen are venerable speaker has arrived let's listen to his words. and. the organizers appreciate his words even more than his commitment to. he is unusually outspoken for among. he's a member that is in our country you know the monks have long had a lot of influence on the people. play the most important part and most changes in the country. indeed when like the people's teachers to look at. the.
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earth. don't let me talk about how. we monks i don't convince that buddhism is developing with democracy. according to the buddha. there's a set of teaching in this that questions things and that's allowed to be questioning that. krissy and that is exactly what buddha talked to that. it was in a lot of that i don't want that and that's why we're convinced buddhism can only benefit from democracy i don't he he's well cynical. people think that once they've cast their vote everything's done and dusted if they think they've done all they need to do but they're not exactly humble. they want this and they want that most of them don't even know what's happening in their own country are not so bad so far the government hasn't been able to do much for our
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economy but it hasn't even told us why that is am i right. what about our dignity is that a sign of intelligence. preparing the people of myanmar for a new democratic era that's how ottavi to wants to support the woman who led the country to freedom. our trade very much for and it worked. i respect and trust. if i had to i'd be willing to die for. the monks have repeatedly demonstrated their commitment to society and their willingness to sacrifice themselves for the burmese people. and at times they've had to pay a high price. september two thousand
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and seven while the country was mired in a severe economic crisis the military hunter decided to increase fuel prices people were at their wit's end. but then the monks took to the streets it was a first indian law the military hunter was surprised but at first tolerated it then the protests started growing quickly blossoming into the so-called saffron revolution after the color of the monks robes. the army was overwhelmed and felt threatened the unthinkable happened it opened fire on the monks and locked hundreds of them up the revolution failed but the hunter had shown its true face once again with serious consequences.
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for a saw in my view the revolution of two thousand and seven was the final blow. many blows were needed over the years to fell they said big tree. after this last one the tree of the dictatorship came falling down. for you nothing but a lot. in two thousand and eleven man mark took the first tentative steps towards becoming a free market economy and a consumer society but half a century of terror and economic isolation had turned the country that was once the richest in the region into one of the poorest in the world the monks are trying to help people to get ahead. unload everything take it to the house who taught peter is helping to his activism isn't limited to his bellicose sermons to compensate for the lack of health care in two thousand and ten he helped set up
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a foundation that aims to provide easier access to medical treatment. if it were possible we'd prefer to just follow our calling as monks to be honest we've all had enough of all this but it's our tradition that's a project can only be successful if the monks get involved. so we're forced into this work and we also view it as r g o t to look after the people because we depend on them to know they feed us and pay for. with. the symbiotic relationship is a fundamental factor in burmese society the monks guide the people by providing them with a religious education while the people pay for their maintenance. of. the
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ounds ritual that takes place in the streets of man mark every morning is a reminder of the. this connection between the population and the monks the monks are freed from material needs and can dedicate their studies wholly to spreading buddhist teachings thanks. for the children of the poorest families entering a monastic school is often the only way of climbing the social ladder they then continue their training at the buddhist universities while some monks are happy to lead a modest life in a monastery others become influential people in burma society the so-called
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venerable ones. like the monks in thailand cambodia and laos the bernese monks practice theravada buddhism which is much more traditional than the zen buddhism known in the west. in contrast to the democratic. who were late isn't politically active instead he focuses on spreading buddhism to this and he has settled in a rural area far from the towns and cities where the majority of the born east population still leads an isolated poverty stricken life and. this place in the south of rockin state is home to many chin one of
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a hundred and thirty five ethnic minorities recognized by the burmese constitution . the chin who have suffered persecution and harassment from the dictatorship in the past have a completely different language and culture to those of my own mars largest ethnic group the bomber. the young monk settled here because of the chins of religion they are mainly christian and while a is a missionary the buddhist monks living here are just like the old christian missionaries and the spearhead of an end bishes expansion plan that has been supported by the military government since the ninety's.
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and all going to go a lot of them are. when i came here the villages gave me a dog called rice to eat it was almost an animal they didn't visit me so i was alone most of the time. i thought a lot about the purpose of my mission at that time. all i had left in my learn in this was meditation and i started thinking about the strategy i could years to get people to the monastery and. then you know. then i had an idea that i could go to the city and buy sweets to give to the children in the village and. after that more and more parents and other people came to the monastery. that's how i was able to win the villages over and convert them.
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converting people is a big challenge for the monks in this village eighty percent of the residents are catholics or baptists to win them over the monks offer what's most sorely lacking here access to education. you are going down and. in these remote areas most families don't have the money to send their children to school. and that's why i turn to the free religious schools in mandalay and rangoon so the children can attend a secondary school. but i don't you know. i mean you're going to. hear from.
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in these villages where everything is lacking the monks sometimes do a lot but they always expect something in return this is the real aim of their mission the comprehensive spread of buddhism in all its fullness. spreading buddhism in a christian region is a long process that's based largely on symbols that's why the construction of
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pagodas monasteries and other religious sites is the missionaries most important work but winning the people's hearts and minds is much harder. who are lay is one of the few monks in the region who's fluent in chin. close links with the villagers forms the basis of his mission strategy. over the years the war lay has found the place he had hoped for in the chin villages of rockin state. he doesn't just have a pub goda a monastic school and several places of worship. he has also managed to send seven
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hundred fifty children to religious schools in the cities. who were lay works for the department for the promotion and propagation of society all burmese monks are members of this institution which was founded in the early ninety's. it comes under the auspices of the ministry of religious affairs and culture and is based in rangoon or lays master the venerable mara
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is its president he runs six hundred missions throughout the country. on the twenty seventh of march we organize a sermon and for the conversion to buddhism during which donations for an order nation room were collected in the village of. well you have to look after them well otherwise they'll convert to buddhism today but we'll become christians again in three days' time. though i doubt there boy. but the converted the conversion ceremonies are often just the. we started in two thousand and eleven and the converts didn't revert to christianity the people on the mountain and border regions will convert to get something but as soon as we don't have anything left to give them they'll switch religions again. we give them an
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education to promote our religion it's good to give them an education whether they convert or not education can improve their thinking and their conduct in some places where the schools only teach in chinese or quranic language they can learn bermejo now monastic scholars are. not official language they need to know it. and you can say that's our missions only benefit the buddhist religion and. they also promote peace and development in this region. if buddhism could reach the hearts of people and there would be no war. everyone would live in peace. buddhism as a bringer of peace in the eyes of the monks there's no doubt about it but the army has a very different again it sees the buddhist missionary zeal as an effective tool to
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expand burma is rule over the country's many ethnic minorities. that's why the army started funding this missionary work in the early ninety's it wants to push forward with burma if occasion which it wants to use to consolidate its power over the minorities. one hundred thirty five officially recognized ethnic groups with around one hundred languages and dialects were arbitrarily grouped together as one country . maher is a mix of peoples alongside the largest ethnic group the bomb are people in mar is home to the shan the current the chin the rock and a large number of others particularly in the border regions. ever since its independence in one nine hundred forty eight the republic of the union of myanmar has seemed an impossible undertaking. and sang to g.'s father general and son
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a national hero in the war for independence didn't live to see that he was assassinated. after that the country went through a series of rebellions and guerrilla wars that were put down with increasing bloodshed. and. the rise of social networks has given new war lays missionary work a new dimension he writes about the events he's hosting and has no trouble finding donors who are willing to pay for a new buddha statues and monasteries from if occasion is progressing ever more rapidly in the south of rockin state but a few dozen kilometers further north it's long ground to a standstill. thanks
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these mountains hide an entire region that has been sealed off by the army it's a no go zone for foreigners around a million muslims in this region bordering bangladesh a currently facing unparalleled persecution. the rowan jo was formerly a berm maize ethnic group but are now stateless having been struck off the list of ethnic groups by law in one thousand nine hundred eighty two. even though they have lived in rocking for centuries they're now seen as illegal immigrants from bangladesh. their situation abruptly worsened in two thousand and twelve when buddhists in the state attacked them after monks had spread false rumors about rapes on social media. the situation quickly escalated their rowing joe were driven out of the towns and their villages were burned down this was the start of
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a mass exodus to neighboring countries a tragedy for the rowing. nationalist organizations of buddhist monks have been behind these events these are. openly anti muslim movements have played a big part in the violence it's they who have been fueling the hatred especially via social media since then buddhist nationalism has played a central role in man maher's political life. to cite tara is the founder of a particularly active group of monks. our organizations called the patriotic myanma monks union our president is not dharma and i. and the secretary.
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major and we founded this organization to prevent muslims from invading our country . and forcing their religion upon us. to you know i don't know i will. do it was an awful. lot. going on in the. library. or down like i'm scared of the threat to the buddhist religion and aa culture. since other religions have been coming into our country through immigration we've been unable to preserve our culture. that you know we're losing our identity and tension and we're doing you know. i want to protect our culture you know in my head you. should have only.
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although it only consists of around one hundred activists to cite taz group plays an important role in burma's nationalism particularly thanks to spectacular events that play effectively in the media. the only. way the. you know the one. the activists monks are demonstrating in the center of rangoon against a ruling judge whom they called bengalis in myanmar their role into are denied the right to give themselves a name yet they're even denied classification as an ethnic group they are the target of extreme hatred. the. lawyer
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les want to have parts of wrecking it for themselves to found a role in just state the problem. as soon as they've got their hands on and. they'll want the whole country pages you painted. and i see that i don't hear i know you are in denial that. the nationalist groups prejudices meet little resistance among the burmese population fear of migrants and radical islamism has merged with an older islamophobia deeply rooted in the minds of non muslim burmese people. the. really the. the no.
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we demonstrate peacefully we don't want to break the law please remain peaceful illegal immigration remains illegal. this week one of our own sons who cheese ministers dared to use the phrase muslims of rockiness in a speech. although he did not explicitly mention the rowing his words implicitly suggested that they were an ethnic and religious group this is a great affront to the nationalist monks. according to a new report by the un high commissioner for human rights the burma's army is pursuing a policy of systematic murder torture and rape. several
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n.g.o.s are using the term genocide. mian maher is facing severe criticism from many governments and the international community as a whole. all the more so since son tucci hasn't as yet said or done anything to defend their own engine eleven nobel laureates have written an open letter to the un security council voicing their concerns. and of course if it doesn't all the problems in the country have been caused by the military. but the responsibility has been laid at the current governments. the ami is responsible for crime the civil wars and the condition of the muslim is never clear they said never the less people blame i'm son she's governor.
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but our own son tucci is really the country's head of state only in name according to the constitution she herself had a hand in writing the military has held on to some of its power it still has a quarter of all seats in parliament and the important interior and defense ministers are also army officers so the military alone is actually making all the decisions about how to proceed in iraq in. our own songs to cheese hands tied or if she sacrificed in the muslims as part of an arrangement with the generals in exchange for her new democracy it's hard to say . but even if she wanted to protect the rowing she'd still have to confront the nationalist monks she's stuck between the generals and religious extremists like to
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side. yeah. yeah. since two thousand and twelve we funded a position that is contrary to our own sons who cheese. i want to go the law was passed to protect the race and religion and that was necessary because muslims reproduce quickly. the thirty three and now d. members of parliament voted against it and on sons who didn't show up in the parliament at all that day allegedly because she was sick. the protection of race and religion that's the purpose of the two thousand and fifteen law limiting interreligious marriages and targeting the country's five
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percent muslim population by banning polygamy it was a great political victory for radical activists such as the patriotic me and ma monks union shortly before the election of. protecting race and religion isn't just a legal matter me and my buddhist monks missionary work is also based on this formula but its meaning is controversial because the berm is word for a race can also mean nation for most amongst protecting race means something more like protecting the country and its culture. but the nationalists are all about racism a racism they proclaimed loudly. that. a
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much more powerful group of extremists have managed to make the issue of national identity the subject of public debate across the country. the mob is the most influential organization of nationalist monks in myanmar. today who to cite ta has been invited to speak in honor of the fourth anniversary of the group's founder and. the. the rapid growth of the mob was generously supported by the military junta even though cheese victory weaken the organization a little it's populism and islamophobia are spreading more with every meeting.
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i would like to greet all the venerable individuals who've come to celebrate the fourth anniversary of my data here in my to look i have just three words for you ma . ma means protection of race. means protection of religion and. means protection of the buddhist teachings. the the. you know the. the we've been protecting race and religion for four years now. the bearded ones with a greedy eyes and dark skins invaded our country through the back door. and i right yes at the same time there are people who demand that we live in peace with them
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but what are we to do with these nice people should we just send them to our kin should we send them there with the promoters. yes that's what we should do. we're accused of sowing hatred instead of practicing all religion for peace but we're just protecting ourselves against the hatred that's flooding our country where not the one spreading hatred. and only our alternative. we monks are the sons of god. we don't want conflicts not just us but old regular buddhists have to follow the five basic tenets of buddhism. but nobody can control their anger if you're not angry you can control yourself but as the buddha says when where and great we become blind and conned control ourselves
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anymore. well that means we monks come to each that you must kill anymore even though the buddha said it's a sin. and that they are going to go to that area. like gandhi came from india he really respected human rights onto men rights respected here to they are. here but what happened to gandhi he defended human rights out of his deepest conviction and then he broke up india as a result. wasn't it so it was here. who has been elected the new president of the united states does he defend human rights
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or the national interest. a national interest. the national interest counts. with protecting ourselves against the decline of our race through our way of protecting ourselves against the decline of buddhist teachings where we're protecting ourselves against the decline of our religion. her . thank. you. laura.
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but in my view about size becoming increasingly dangerous when i'm in ruler of regions the people ask me if a country will become muslim move fung santucci gains power they are asking is it true that colors make up a large percentage of the government of course it's not true but the river of population believes these claims who's to blame it. who put these ideas in the heads that he said it. was not my most important weapon is what the buddha taught but i'm alone and then many if i contradict them i refer to buddhist texts he wouldn't talk his love
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and their preaching hate and these days the world is a village the people lost themselves whether this is still a real buddhism if the other countries see a slight this how can we spread our religion to help you on. the. the. today is a day of mourning for. his old masters dead. and the buddhists of mandalay are paying their last respects before he's cremated. he was a highly respected monk and a wise man who has left behind and deeply split in deeply worried monastic
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community. all the monks know the world has changed and the changes triggered by the opening up of the country scare them. and so some of the monks like so many people around the world are searching for salvation in isolationism and a rejection of everything and everyone they don't know. but in myanmar the influence of these groups is so great that the hatred they're spreading threatens it's still very fragile democracy.
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entered the conflict zone there are plenty of strong views about the muslim brotherhood several arab states have declared them a terrorist organization my guest here in amman jordan is a team of tabu she's an m.p. for the islamic action from the political wing of the brotherhood forced king
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abdullah right to accuse them of being like wolves in sheep's clothing you know for thirty minutes on the w. o two w's program guide on the internet the highlights. the homeless d.w. dot com highlights. their black and living in germany. she's reminded what that means on a daily basis presenter john up like this not being able to belong to any and all this couple. they can holler job group and be you know different than the ones. she travelled across germany to meet other black people and to hear their stories so. it's as. i grew up in a white family in a white neighborhood it was definitely a challenge. she decided to put me up for adoption. so the
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main thing was to keep your head down the conveyor mouth shut of course of the face like this i could never completely disappear if you see all these stereotypes about africa it's good to see you. do something for your country but you're still the black guy meets with an. afro germany starting december tenth d.w. . germany's top court has ruled that official documents must either recognize the third gender or remove gender entries altogether the ruling aims to combat discrimination against intersex people born neither male nor female.

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