tv DW News - News Deutsche Welle November 10, 2017 7:00am-8:00am CET
this is d.w. news live from bergland u.s. president donald trump arrives in vietnam ready to get down to business the u.s. leader is expected to put america first at a regional economic summit there but he will face a competing vision from china looking to step in as the world's new leader of free trade. also coming up saudi arabia and kuwait warn their citizens in lebanon to
leave the country another escalation in a growing proxy fight between saudi arabia and iran. and the united nations says that seven million yemenis could face starvation and death if aid isn't allowed into the country it urges an immediate end to a saudi led blockade. plus reducing harmful emissions that is the key target for the u.n. climate summit underway in the german city of fond a u.s. city once choked by heavy industry is working to clean up its act we will take you to pittsburgh where tact and clean energy now drive job growth. and german chancellor angela merkel under pressure to deliver a governing coalition as those talks grind away new poll results reveal what germans think of that proposed government.
i'm sorry kelly welcome to the program u.s. president donald trump has arrived in vietnam where he will outline his vision for trade ties with asia he will be speaking to asia pacific leaders at the apec summit but trump's america first policy could make him the odd man out as the region pushes ahead with a free trade deal with out the united states it comes after a meeting with chinese president xi jinping in beijing she will also address the forum and is expected to reiterate china's willingness to replace the u.s. as the leader in global free trade. and for more we're joined now by howard lovin an asia expert at the university of erlang in nuremberg in germany thanks so much for being with us this morning we've heard that trump is expected to outline the future u.s. role in the region what do you think that we're likely to hear well we definitely will hear something from him about the trade relations that have to be enhanced
from the position of the united states this will be the first priority but then i also think that he'll that he will be forced by the earliest of the u.s. and the region that have a preference of the u.s. to stay in the region as security. and that will be the most likely the second key aspect. how though in the meantime do you think that he is going to be received by these other states because he's been highly critical of many of them of course i'm thinking of china in particular what are the expectations. well basically. as i said the main x. expectation of many of the asian states is that the u.s. will have to. see a curate in the region some of the states especially the public in the south korea . office. martial rhetoric regarding north korea that might
so much change the situation that it's quite a diplomatic quite a delicate diplomatic balance insulted station on east asia and many people feel due to his policy and his statements this delicate balance might get out of hand and that is an issue that has been brought up throughout his asia trip if we just had to put this all into context what do you think the result of trying to asia trip has been so far. well basically. as i can tell is that. first it was an emphasis on the trade deals but. basically i would say that it's. not too much change in the u.s. policy as the pivot with regard to him economic relations there has been the greatest since the old it leads to a sort of means that we had bilateral relations and the market relations have been
cut off so there's a tendency to put emphasis on balance relations and on security elations and the u.s. has been forced to stick to the security relations by its asian allies well thank you so much for putting it into context for us professor howard levin and asia expert and professor at the university of erlanger in germany we appreciate it thank you much. so over to monica jones now because president trump talking trade what a topic it is monica i'm very curious to hear what he's going to say sara because there are a lot of people sitting at this apec summit who were interested in the transpacific partnership and that particular trade deal or t p p could be sealed today almost a year after the united states announced it was quitting the pact a trade ministers from the remaining eleven nations signed up to the pact have been holding talks on the sidelines of apec forum taking place in vietnam now t.p. of course has been the years in the making its purpose was to bring pacific nations
closer together with low tariffs in part to combat china's growing influence in the region so who's involved let's take a look here we have australia brunei canada chile japan malaysia mexico new zealand perusing the poor vietnam and or originally the united states together those economies make up almost forty percent of global g.d.p. but then came president on a trump and he announced the united states would be exiting the deal the future of the p.p. was called into question without the u.s. the remaining countries account for just fourteen percent of the world's g.d.p. so could the agreement hold up without the united states several big economies including japan australia new zealand say yes they're determined to see the deal through believing the asia pacific region to be
a key driver of future growth but so far there is no agreement inside asia pacific nations are struggling to salvage the trade deal which could have been the world's largest and most comprehensive free trade deal if the us hadn't dropped out so what is left of the p.p. i'm joined now by at a young chin deputy director of the center for international. makes let's talk a little bit about that good to have you here do you think the t p p without the united states still stands a chance is there still a point in having that deal well there are several reasons why there is a point of course with the u.s. as a bammer of to p.p. the world as such for example be calculated that it would have experience of additional growth of one percent but without the us does gains would be much smaller but still there is a reason to to pursue the p.p. because it may be a platform to prepare a future joining of the u.s.
once we know whether trump has a long term strategy for the asia pacific because let me make that point very clear from the u.s. perspective of course there was an economic motive to push the last there was but there was a much more stronger argument for a geostrategic of political reasons which were driving president obama obama to push for this treaty exactly and donald trump we've heard this several times already is more interested in sort of bilateral commitments and that is also what we've seen when he was visiting china before we get to that this is a meaty p.p. to a large extent was also a two could china's influence in the region by pulling out the u.s. from positif exactly the opposite to a certain extent it may be that china now can increase its influence through this economic bridges which which is china is pursuing and uptick of course also this possibility and it's interesting on the one hand it's not only that the u.s.
stepped out of p.p.p. additionally the u.s. is bilaterally increasing our trade relations with china it's exactly the opposite of what bomber was racially we have this we had this two hundred fifty billion dollar business deal that donald trump and xi jinping signed yesterday in beijing which you say that trumps this it in terms of economy. in terms of trade it was a success well you know if you have these numbers that sounds always very nice let me give you another out numbered bilateral trade between china and the u.s. is around six hundred billion that sounds great the question is always how much of this two hundred fifty billions will be generated in the u.s. because that is the biggest problem of the trumpet inspiration the jobs are a look at in china and there we do not have information i mean the united states is the world's biggest economy and it's a huge political player trump going for bilateral agreements how does that
impact the region but this is it makes sense from an individual countries perspective but in the long run this will create problems because there will be interactions there will be a more protection is attitude in other countries which are excluded and we just prepared to study analyzing this envy can illustrate in the long run such a bilateral progress it is a disadvantage for all countries in the world because at the end there is more protections attitudes growing around the world all right ed and yachts in the deputy director of the center for international economics thank you so much thank you. we'll business later but first more news with sarah absolutely we're going now from asia to the middle east monaco where tension between saudi arabia and iran is roiling the region french president a manual has paid a surprise visit to riyadh on friday he said that he wanted to speak with crown prince mohammed on mon about the saudi led war in yemen and its tensions with iran
mccrossin has earlier blamed tehran for a missile that shiite rebels in yemen launched at a saudi airport. and this trip comes as the crown prince has been cementing his power amid a series of arrests over alleged corruption have a look. it's a rather attractive prison then again most of its inhabitants are used to the finer things in life. the two hundred eight people question is part of saudi arabia's corruption tract and into the cup it ministers princes and billionaire businessman . they're accused of embezzling some one hundred billion dollars over the past few decades details of how remained scammed. the investigation has spread to neighboring u.a.e. where a number of accounts belonging to saudi clients have been frozen some fear that could spark a capital flight from the arab region others maintain the anti corruption purge will actually boost the economy in the long run. long term will become more
optimistic that the spending going to be higher than the output from this meant going to be higher and that even the quality of foreign investors are going to be different and we believe more interested going to come cleaning up the business world to boost investment it sounds like a worthy aim but critics say there may be another motivation for the crackdown in removing powerful opponents in an effort to strengthen the power of king solomon. and the crown prince has also been a strong backer of the saudi led war against iran backed rebels in yemen in response to the missile launch on the saudi airport the kingdom has tightened its blockade around yemen but the united nations has issued a stark warning it says that seven million yemenis could face starvation and death if aid isn't allowed into the country and time is running out. conditions for yemenis have been dire for months now they're even worse. the united nations says
more than a third of the population has barely any access to food supplies the u.n. emergency relief coordinator appealed to the international community it will not be like the famine which cost two hundred fifty thousand people their lives in somalia in twenty eleven. it will be the largest famine the world has seen for many decades with millions of victims there's almost no access to clean water and cholera outbreaks have become commonplace a civil war has been raging in yemen since twenty fifteen a saudi led coalition has been trying to fight back who the rebels with aerial attacks on monday the coalition closed all entry points to the country allegedly to prevent weapons from being smuggled to the rebels. the border closures are in retribution for this who is the missile attack on saudi soil seen here on saudi television. the u.n.
and fifteen aid organizations have called on the coalition to end the blockade and allow the delivery of desperately needed emergency supplies. and the conflict between saudi arabia and iran has also spilled over into lebanon kuwait and saudi arabia have told their citizens in lebanon to leave the country immediately and urged others not to travel there meanwhile officials in beirut have demanded the return from saudi arabia of lebanon's former prime minister they believe that he's being held there after his surprise resignation last week it's another twist that sense that has sent tensions soaring in the region a hospital must saudi state run television announcing that the country's ordering its citizens out of lebanon neighboring kuwait quickly followed suit. it was a reaction to political turmoil in lebanon and comes amid a deepening regional crisis. lebanon is caught up in
a wider conflict between saudi arabia and regional rival iran lebanese prime minister saad hariri is currently in saudi arabia from where he announced his shell crabs ignition last weekend. members of harry's political party say saudi arabia is holding him hostage and are demanding his return and in now that you see the return of our national leader prime minister saad hariri is necessary to recover respect for lebanon's internal and external balance in the framework of full respect for lebanese legitimacy and our constitution. kerry took office last year as the head of a coalition grouping most lebanese parties including iran backed militant group hezbollah. now accusations are flying that riyadh is trying to wreck the unity deal as part of its regional power play with tehran. this instability is worrying not
only for the people of lebanon but also for international power as. well all week we have been reporting from the united nations climate summit in bonn the big topic on the agenda how to cut carbon dioxide emissions the united states has long been one of the world's biggest emitters of greenhouse gases but one of its most important industrial cities shows that it's possible to cut pollution for years pittsburgh pennsylvania was the hub of the steel making industry but it is undergoing a thorough transformation as our correspondent carson phone number reports. this is the old image of pittsburgh a city of steel and coal where the chimney stacks never stop belching smoke and rest read lights had to be left on twenty four hours a day because the smoke blocked out the sun but today's reality is a different one the city has cleaned up its act and instead of heavy industry banks and high tech companies are now providing jobs for a growing population more than thirteen thousand pittsburghers are employed in the
clean energy sector alone in companies such as ever power which operates wind farms in pennsylvania new york and is developing projects and other stuff. it's true for co-founder and regarding best ski pittsburgh is the perfect place for innovative businesses i think it's the people you know it's great town pool here young people from some of the best universities in the country. also from a cultural standpoint you know there's a lot to offer we have three professional teams we have the ballet we have to symphony we have the opera so many things that can draw great talent for. pittsburgh's transformation as the result of a concerted effort by the city government to attract startups and other businesses while at the same time keeping an eye on environmental and social issues one of the people working on pittsburgh's turnaround is development analyst sarah yeager. we take
a holistic approach as how can we improve pittsburgh whether this is creating more jobs more low income housing access to public transportation fossil fuel free vehicles so electrifying our fleet access to more bike lanes i really how can we improve the quality of life for everybody and pittsburgh. another key factor in the city's formula for success is pittsburgh's colleges like carnegie mellon university many who started here at cmu have established themselves in the new economy founding startups in the vicinity of the campus and turning them into vibrant enterprises professor jean yang a specialist for programming languages is full of praise for the almost symbiotic relationship between scientists and tech companies here for instance do a lingo was started by lease on and he had this actual office for a long time before he left for doing go all together and so a lot of the tooling of people involved with cmu they come back here to listen to
talks to speak. and everything is quite close so the people are companies they'll show up to talks here people here they'll spend some time at the company's jean yang grew up in pittsburgh when it was still a by word for the american rust belt as soon as she finished school she moved away like so many other talented young people at the time and expected never to return now she's back in her hometown and enjoys not only great working conditions but also a new quality of life in her old neighborhood these are places where it was pretty sketchy to walk outside there after dark and i was just way inside for my parents to pick me up i wouldn't go outside on my own and when i came back i realize that wow there are all these bars there are now there are restaurants the buildings are outside they still look pretty much the same but what's going on inside really it's like night and day so pittsburgh clearly is on the. up again with young people
flocking to the city of the prospect of even better times ahead for the next generation. and we're going to head now from pittsburgh to have an i.q. above monica jones has a story and indeed i do sarah and relations there and the way they should be tensions between the u.s. and cuba are worth following under president barack obama but that is history now donald trump pledged to roll back his predecessor's move towards wall much eyes with her banner and on thursday his government made good on that promise by imposing sanctions against cuban firms but in the end those sanctions will hit both sides. it's never been easy for americans to travel to cuba since fidel castro led the communists to power there in one nine hundred fifty nine. the caribbean island was accessible only via specialized to a company's kind of supervised tourism. but the new u.s. sanctions make it even more difficult for american tourists in cuba now they're
banned from using a whole range of hotels restaurants and businesses a total of one hundred eighty companies have been blacklisted. washington wants to prevent certain cuban companies from cashing in on the tourist boom. a lot of u.s. visitors so the nearest directions are wrong. as i'm concerned most of what i've seen so far in cuba i think we have or not you know if you have a person in the city i just guy who is it was a cuban he didn't actually die and he really helped us understand you know what's going on this country and that's that's i think going to be done more open to specially to americans cubans like to of god ricardo stores are also critical or i'm only going to tell me you know everyone has family here in the u.s. . it makes no sense to complicate the normal things of the world like this. year. last year over half a million americans visited cuba not least as a result of the warming of relations between the two countries the sector's
potential is huge after several decades in which it was almost impossible for u.s. citizens to travel to the communist led country. the jet i'm nights off science fiction blockbuster star wars have been granted a new mission after saving civilization from imminent destruction in space and now tasked with boosting business profits star wars us the most lucrative movie franchise all full time and disney is planning a brand new trilogy of a saga the entertainment giant hopes that what intergalactic battles will calm the nerves about its own moderate quarter. the earnings profits were lower than expected in its cable and film divisions disney blames competition from streaming service netflix it's now planning its own streaming service exactly when the new star wars trilogy go begins is not clear. and this is just come in the japanese prime minister shinzo obvious says that he welcomes
a broad agreement reached at a ministerial meeting on that t p p the trans-pacific partnership trade deal of course we'll keep you posted on what exactly that entails but first sarah's got a whole bunch of news for you thank you so much for sharing that information from the japanese prime minister there monica and we also want to get you up to date on some other stories making news around the world because in washington hundreds of students have rallied to demand congress act to protect immigrants brought to the country illegally as children an estimated eight hundred thousand of those so-called dreamers face deportation under the trumpet ministration democrats in congress have threatened to shut the government down if an upcoming budget bill does not include legislative action on this issue. pardon me for go down the former castle on parliament president has been sent to jail a spanish judge has set her bail at one hundred fifty thousand euros she's expected
to pay the bell and to be released by friday. well her together with other former catalan officials they are charged with sedition and rebellion following the catalan independence referendum back in october. when five hundred asylum seekers remain stranded in the decommissioned australian migrant camp in poplin gainey the camp had been cut off from power food and water and was officially declared closed on october thirty first but most of the camp residents have refused to relocate due to safety concerns and threats from local residents. and sports news the playoffs to fill the final european slots for next summer's football world cup in russia there was high drama in belfast as underdogs northern ireland hosted switzerland and it took a contentious penalty for a hand ball in the fifty eighth minute to give the swiss the edge in the two like match up they converted the penalty kick for
a one nil one but by the way there were no uses a videos there to replay the world cup playoffs and a second playoff match last night in zagreb saw croatia overwhelmed greece four one in the first leg the second legs of both match ups take place on sunday australia have flown halfway across the world to us for the first leg of their world cup playoffs on friday the two nations then head to sydney for the second leg less than five days later the overall winner will secure their place in russia. after three flights thirty hours and more than eighteen thousand kilometers a stroll you have finally a climatized leading into the match in san pedro sula the asian champions face a tricky test against on jurors in what will be a hostile atmosphere come friday night. security is on high alert in a city known for its high crime rate but the socceroos will make no excuses they
only have one thing on their mind. from some of the people. we are tame that has big goals and there is no bigger goal than reaching a world cup before us forgot it was part of the movie or. conjurers will i'm to make use of the local conditions including an expected forty thousand sellout crowd going into the second leg in a struggle with a lady could prove priceless. yet we knew that we had a chance to make it to the world cup and now we have this big possibility we're only one small step away from breaching our dream but. a small step on the pitch but a giant leap to get there both teams have to kick off again in sydney a mere one hundred seven hours after the final whistle blows in san pedro sula. there's a lot less on the line when germany face england in
a friendly tonight while champions travel to wembley stadium in london in what many consider a testing face germany breezed through the world cup qualifications winning all ten of their games but there's always room for improvement. they say friendly he's on the ideal testing ground in football fans already used to the tinkering raise of this man but germany coach you are him you have hasn't had enough he had to try out some fresh ideas against england. in the four provides a one from tie he still has a few games to prepare until the. world cup i think even for me it's a bit of a test phase this year with salt players. with the tournaments in mind i want to see not only those players who play regularly but also prepare the other players speedin for them even if the under them speed of thought that i can and he's not the only one adamant about experimenting in it may have to do without attacking
midfielder del a ality and strike a harry cain both out due to injury but coach gareth southgate wants to take this chance to try something different. this period between qualification and finals has to be one of an element of experimentation if we don't try things in these games when are we going to try things when are we going to let us. take off like we take football personally. i do when. strangers are just friends you haven't met yet and that's about to change we meet three young people from iceland. nigeria. and china to find out
their connections to the german bundesliga. in sixty minutes. and does that obviously that's why do i think it's really important to give a bit of time and love back to the fans who make so much effort. the lists are on the rise the world wide and here. i am taking a more straight to highlights different shades of nationalism and to find out what does nation me to you. to share your story join the conversation here on to dublin you on twitter i don't facebook. when i'm traveling to be
comfortable. but i also want to stay up to date on the latest news events. and v.w. makes that part of traveling easy because it's available and thousands of hotels resorts and cruise ships worldwide. have you found you don't sign on the subject your pictures d.w. in your room you could win a prize. travel quiz. welcome back you're with news i'm sarah kelly in berlin our top stories u.s. president donald trump has arrived in vietnam where he will be speaking to asia pacific leaders at a regional economic summit the u.s. leader has just wrapped up a visit to china for talks on trade and north korean nuclear threats with president
xi. you're looking at live pictures there from saudi arabia and kuwait have ordered their citizens to leave levanon and discouraged future travel there meanwhile officials in beirut have to mandate the return from saudi arabia of lebanon's former prime minister it believed that he is being held there after his surprise resignation last week. germany's general election in september yielded no outright winner chancellor angela merkel's conservative c.d.u. c.s.u. bloc the market friendly f.t.p. and the environmentalist greens have been holding exploratory talks on potentially forming a coalition together if those talks proved successful it would be the first time that germany would have this type of coalition at the national level and it's those talks that have dominated the findings of a new public opinion survey. so the talks going on right now they are aimed at ironing out differences before the party leaders approve or reject the
negotiators results the talks have been protracted and that has led to a fall in approval for the proposed coalition only forty five percent of german voters are in favor of that coalition that's a drop of twelve percent compared to last month's now for the comparison we have included a theoretical grand coalition as an option but of course the social democrats they have ruled out forming another one they have said that they will not do so instead they're going into the opposition that thirty seven percent of germans said that they wanted a return to that grand coalition in other words governing from the center here in this country let's put that all into perspective for us we are joined here in the studio by reinhard lingered from the in for test d. map the polling institute that conducted that survey and what interesting findings you have come up with here gauging the public opinion here in the country what do
you think is causing this fall in approval is this just down to voters feeling talks fatigue are they just not optimistic about it what's going on but anyway we have to remember this if you ation is a time when we had. a national elections here yesterday was somewhere twenty percent the leader of the s.p.d. mr shows was very very unpopular there was no hope for the s.p.d. to gain to come to power again ever. so haven't the party fellows of the s.p.d. so it's pretty announced they will not go into a new coalition they will not go into government again but will stay in a position and they got a lot of approval for that from the from their own from their own electorate we see here is that the rest of the population thought it would be much much easier than. three winning parties winning parties in france this is your last quote about that
they would be able to form a coalition and govern germany. would not not even start a coalition talks nearly two months after the elections in september and it's quite interesting because actually the three that are now entering talks you know they're not the three majority as you mentioned don and they're also unlikely bedfellows they have relatively divergent and polarized policies so so tell us i mean we're just an exploratory talks the official talks have not begun do you think that this survey what you're gauging here from public opinion does this bode poorly for the feasibility of this coalition for a. beauty posed to take the pose that is the special moment the interesting thing is we have never had a coalition out of three parties on a national level and the longer people are talking the more differences are to be seen. as you said that's why the longer these extraterritorial if
we're going to talk with a trace the mall the mall approval or a three hundred for the old coalition for the green probably should between the one that's pretty. another aspect of your survey which i found quite interesting because it appears to be a contradiction actually that the majority of voters they approve of the proposed coalition they don't approve of it rather and yet they think that it will happen how can that be that doesn't really go together. when it comes to the question do you like this coalition or don't you like the coalition which is going to be formed of course you have the opposition parties this is the social democratic party the alternative for germany the only position parties left of course they don't like that idea that they will be part of that possible government new government in germany where when it comes to the question what do you think they will they will form a government then even the party the followers of the s.p.d.m.
they have to yes they said you know all these three parties want to form a government want to get the power to change things here in germany and somehow they will find a compromise and form a coalition that's why we have a big. big approval of the we asked the question do you think they will really be able to perform to form this coalition what fascinating stuff and i want to turn to another surprising aspect of your survey and we actually have a graph to illustrate it so i'm going to throw it up on the screen and get your take on it that's because the dramatic drop in approval for a coalition among green party supporters check this out fifty five percent of the green voters support the coalition that's a very large drop of twenty one percent compared to october and far behind conservative and f d p voters. so a big drop in support among the greens there i mean why do you think so many greens
are reconsidering going into this coalition i think this is a question more or less which you can explain with the politics the immigration politics of the of the old government and the idea of a new government when we had elections in september the greens the green party follow is at the biggest approval rates of marvels. immigration refugee politics nobody have been talking about maximum influx of refugees in germany but a few weeks after the election the c.d.u. and this yes you they had conversation on the limit of a limit of immigration not asylum seekers but immigration refugees of one of thousands of fear and of course that was a price too many green voters and now they have the big problem they have to solve
that that. difficult situation but we have two parties or three parties the c.d.u. c.s.u. and the liberals fifty feet who say yes we want to control immigration we don't want that the present refugees in germany will be able to have their families coming to germany as well to reunite them and sort of the green party who says yes we do want refugees here in germany can also have their families coming to germany and of course there's a big problem within the question how can we form this coalition and this is one of the most important questions for green party followers because they say no we cannot give up they gave up into other fields the greens they gave up the idea that we have to get out immediately from. you stop selling all in haifa's no one costs we have to go electric as quickly as possible. after. all burning
of fossil energy like coal and using to use for. producing electrical power here in germany they said no ok we don't need this immediately but we have to have an idea this is going to happen in germany so that's a dynamic among you know some of the biggest issues that these things coercion this potential coalition negotiations has ahead of them. however you know i want to talk a bit more about the dynamics between the parties because if we look for example at the greens and the f.d.p. the greens very much sort of the odd man out here right and in this three party negotiation what do you think that that will mean now going forward for these negotiations and also just the general mindset of of the leaders of these parties as well or you see the two different parties you know the f.t.p. has been out of parliament for the last four years so for them it's a big success to be back and they did with stronger even they are come of them was
it with stronger than the outcome of the of the of the green party. so for the fifty people it's enough they're back in power they're not for go in they say ok we want to form labor politics in the new parliament for the reason part is much more difficult because then law is is such a united broke the left wing party full of his right wing party photos it's for them it's always much more difficult and it's the only party of these four parties who say even before we start policing talks we have to have the approval. in the party congress and ask our delegates if they really want to go into a coalition job so they have a very difficult situation to handle so many challenges so many questions as to the viability of this potential coalition and i want to now then go into some potential scenarios what's going to perhaps what is the worst case scenario for german
chancellor angela merkel what if these options fail i mean to get your take on it in just a second because germany social democrats meanwhile which we know are going into the opposition they have ruled out going back into a grand coalition with the conservatives chancellor angela merkel c.d.u. c.s.u. so that leaves only two scenarios a minority government or going to the polls look at the german voters they were asked which option they wanted the most the vast majority seventy five percent said that they wanted fresh elections only twenty percent said that they wanted a minority conservative block in government. really fascinating stuff there i mean why do you think that there is such a clear majority in favor of going to the polls again what does this say about german voters and you know the state of affairs in german politics for another very much at the moment because you have a have about seventy percent of the population is that yes for sure this coalition
will come and you know germs they have to get you. used to the idea that they have the green party in national government we never had that in germany b. before in this form of coalition you know we had yes pretty green greens governing and it's not yet to the point that we really have to talk what's going to happen if what should be or should be happening if they don't to manage to form a new government. and of course you minority government for a country like germany nobody can expect that it will be successful germany is the strongest industrial company country within europe it's more and more people are strongly to lead politically this can't be done of new elections and that's the s.p.d. . we've seen oppositions of most probably would gain again and if they if the other parties are not successful in forming a government the f.t.
the so-called eternity for germany will say we've always been telling you the old party is no longer capable to govern our country the way it's needed so i think all these three parties which are now discussing what's going to happen we do. use that what ever they can the most efforts to form a government i don't think it will even come back that we would come back to new elections in twenty eighty if you nobody of the possible government government parties is interested in some fascinating scenarios here in german politics a fascinating reading from your study from in for testing a map as we mentioned and as you also mentioned very much here in europe and in the world's people looking to see what does happen here in germany politics why harsh like that we thank you very much for joining us right in early here i think it's been a pleasure thank you. first and before we wrap up the show let's take
a look at the monthly survey of voter intentions if an election was to happen next on it the survey participants were asked who they would vote for the conservative see the u.s. yes you block is on thirty down two percent from october social democrats are on twenty one up one percent the far right a.f.d.c. gained two percent and are on thirteen the f.t.p. are up one to twelve the greens up one point on eleven and the left party lost a point and is on nine well now we're going to turn back the clock to one of the defining moments of the twentieth century one hundred years ago communist revolutionaries seized power in russia the bolshevik takeover of nov seventh one thousand nine hundred seventeen was masterminded by vladimir ilitch you know nova now on known of of course excuse me as lenin the communist leader began preparing for revolution during his years in exile in western europe the russian monarchy was
eventually replaced by the soviet union of money and vision of a classless society soon gave way to a repressive state and one century on what is the left you see of the communist drain that is the focus of our series on the legacy of the russian revolution. now many russian neighbors they were absorbed into the soviet union after the revolution among them ukraine after the breakup of the soviet empire in one thousand nine hundred one ukraine and the other former republics became independent countries today relations between kiev and moscow are highly strained due to moscow support for the pro russian separatists in eastern ukraine perhaps not surprisingly few ukrainians identify with the communist past. this square and metro station are both named arsenal after this form the initials factory which was at the center of a revolt by both civic revolutionaries a century ago. today many ukrainians question the legacy of the revolution
and the communist system that followed. that quest seventy years behind the rest of the world because of communism europe is flourishing but we are at a standstill all because we took a step backwards that day. i forgotten about the revolution even though we celebrated it every year during soviet times we were always herded to rallies and demonstrations. it was the start of socialism it didn't exist before then which is why i think it was good there was a step forward for the world. this used to be the lenin museum now it's a memorial to the first ukrainian peoples republic it was founded in one thousand nine hundred seventeen when the russian empire was crumbling. its leaders wanted nothing to do with the revolution in russia. a large part of the history of the
ukrainian people's republic was spent fighting the russian empire and russian imperialism. this strengthened our sense of who we are as a people under nation. this is storable footage shows the first days of the fledgling people's republic the political turmoil of the time and the costly war with the bolsheviks are only hinted at in these shaky images when the conflict was over the bolsheviks emerged victorious and ukraine was incorporated into the soviet union the dream of democracy and autonomy was over for decades now the statues of lenin are gone and ukraine wants to shed its communist past by law. it is the grandson of a former ukrainian communist party leader he'd like to see the revolution officially celebrated in kiev once again. the october revolution gave
the world a new form of civilization that is one thing second the october revolution created the state of ukraine. it did not exist before october one thousand nine hundred seventeen. that's a view of history not shared at the museum. historians place a different emphasis on the events that took place one hundred years ago. society now understands that the russian revolution was just one event in the reorganization of the russian empire but that it was carried out under a different flag that of communism. ukraine was not able to accept that on any level. today the october revolution is a distant event for the people of kiev they have more pressing issues on their minds at the end of this past october hundreds of demonstrators camped outside
parliament demanding long overdue reforms in twenty seventeen confronting the government is considered part of democracy in contrast to a century ago. and for a closer look at this story we are joined by our correspondents in the field nick connelly and trucks orange and moscow welcome to you both nick i want to begin with you there in kiev we heard some diametrically opposed views on the revolution and the soviet period bear from ordinary ukrainians we'd like to have you elaborate a little bit more on that and how would you say that the ukrainian government has been marking this antennae ari. well good morning sara the short answer is not at all you can really blink and you miss it there hasn't been any real official commemoration of this interior here the thing is that the modern ukrainian state sees itself in the tradition of a very short lived ukrainian republic that existed between the break up of the terrorist empire and then the reestablishment of control central control from
russia by the bolsheviks a few years later so for them this legacy of the bullshit revolution is something very foreign it's something that is seen here is going to russia not really owned by the people here on the other hand it hasn't been marked as some kind of tragic date for ukraine it's really been swept under the carpet yes speaking of that i will turn to you now because you're standing there in moscow how do people in russia which you say feel about the loss of former soviet republics particularly ukraine i mean the two countries they share a closely linked history down. so to the feel sad about the loss of ukraine when you think that russians and ukrainians ukraine's ukrainians are basically if you want people but politically separated he was the first capital of the russians state the so-called cuban whose that's where the name russia key vote was comes from and russians became christians not in some beatles
bogart in moscow but in here and there are jokes here in moscow that you won't find a russian family that doesn't has a new crimean grandmother you will hear people saying well the ukraine is mine second motherland all i finished my studies in kiev so many russians would like to see a better relationship with between kiev and moscow at the same time and this is to some extent contra contradicting everything that i said before approximately eighty to ninety percent of russians to port the annexation of crimea. well absolutely and given that memory given that those those conflicting views between ukraine and russia there nic is the memory of the revolution you say and and also those issues i mean i just mentioned. are there particular burden for ukraine's relations with russia. was there i would say this is
an episode is part of a bigger story i think lots of people here in kiev would disagree with that opinion the ukrainians and russians are one people. this memory of the revolution it yes there is definitely lots of things that ukrainian historians criticize the soviet period for particular in the one nine hundred thirty s. they say the soviet government provoked an artificial famine and say that this was basically genocide aimed at the ukrainian people but as we heard from this story in that piece. for them this is an episode in a big story of russian imperialism russian control of ukraine and they would argue that for all their progressive all revolutionary ideology the bolsheviks the communists were just as much russian nationalists in their behavior was ukraine as the terrorist government they'd overthrown fascinating stuff and i mean i want to i want to turn back to you because you were mentioning crimea there aside from crimea and more broadly speaking how do ordinary people there and russia view the political situation in ukraine especially the government in kiev is there pro
western anti moscow course well two thirds of ukrainians but only a quarter russians and this and the conflict as a russian ukrainian woman you think that there is a civil war in the eastern part of ukraine and that there are no russian troops basically in the eastern ukraine they blame the government in kiev call for the better relationship and to some extent also the west particularly the us that there is somehow interested in this russian ukrainian conflict drugs or into the latest from moscow an economy in kenya thank you to both of you we appreciate it. quick reminder now the top stories that we have been following for you here in t.w. u.s. president donald trump is speaking in vietnam at this moment at a regional economic summit you are looking at live pictures there the u.s. leader says that his country is willing to make bilateral free trade agreements with asian partners but he said that the u.s.
cannot tolerate what he calls its chronic trade abuses. saudi arabia and kuwait have ordered their citizens to leave lebanon and discourage future travel there meanwhile officials in beirut have demanded the return from saudi arabia of lebanon's former prime minister they believed that he is being held there after his surprise resignation last week. you're watching d.w. don't forget you can always get the w. news on the go you can download our app from google play or from the apple store it will give you access to all of the latest news from around the world as well as push notifications for any breaking news you can also use the app to send us photos and videos you can watch this program on live stream. and of course we're also on social media do connect the conversation always continues it is at d w news my handle is at sarah kelly you're watching from berlin more coming
kickoff life we take football personally. i do it with strangers i just friends you haven't met yet and that's about to change we meet three young people from iceland. nigeria. and china to find out their connections to the german bundesliga. thirty. health. hearings to law. solidarity. they fall by the wayside when the gap between rich and poor grows. in an equal society. the divide starting november fifteenth on d w.
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