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tv   Eco-at- Africa - The Environment Magazine  Deutsche Welle  November 18, 2017 9:30pm-10:00pm CET

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dot com. football made in germany. crime fighter the new season of radio crime thrillers. to miss violence. for investigative cases that you want your. crime fighters series at the base idea ever so every young person needs to listen to crime fighters and share tell a friend tell a friend to. fighters don't miss it. hello and welcome to the new edition of it could africa the environment magazine my
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name is now a ta it b. and i'm here in lagos nigeria i'm happy that you have joined us this week for some exciting stories my colleagues sounds here. and i'm sure on my new wife from the hearts of nairobi city and this very beautiful and the green welcome to today's show well we have new and fresh environmental topics from around africa and you. on today's show we have a look at bio diesel made out of west pound in syria us to see how people in uganda are using the backyard of their school for farming. and we learn how to make terra cotta a very fine that's good for the environment. when we think of farming many times we never really considered the different components and how they could work together i mean we should have in port harcourt actually decided to look at how to
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ensure that the entire component of the farm animal husbandry farming and all of that can depend on each other and help to grow so that the waste from one is used. or is used as feed for the other let's go to river state. and see how this initiative is working on the plans to deploy. to other farmstead. at first blush it looks like at all the reform well the shanghai rivers initiative is far from its land covering an area of over three hundred hectares is cultivated using shanghai principles in other words crop production husbandry bio energy and fishing pole depend on each other. settle economy time you judge your
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coordinates the is the zero emission research initiative and the zero with system is a system that works on recycling recycling of byproducts and with products so what you have from one production center that's a waste that. is been channels to another production center it is being put into effective and efficient use. this on my farm has three important branches first that's husbandry with all searches cattle pigs donkeys poultry and even snails then there's a fish farm featuring a hatchery and several homes. and of course crop production but a mystery link the different branches an organized them in a sustainable and environmentally friendly way nothing is considered waste. the
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manure from the chickens is used to fertilize the fields and the waste water from the fish ponds is used for irrigation shanghai philosophy trivets all forms of chemical fertilizers and pesticides which are considered harmful this system here is a system that worked with a lot of cultural practices one what the of mentioning is the mulch in. the dry grass is there more which will suppress the wheat so you do not you do not need to bring they have decides to to spray here the farm also has installed a by a gas plant where crop residue and organic waste are collected when the material decomposes it produces methane gas it's odorless and can be used for good king. we try as much as possible not to with some of this by produced. by
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product now this effort to know you are seeing itself is useful. in this form sets us our liquid organic fertilizer. agriculture makes up over half of nigeria's g.d.p. conventional farming methods can harm the environment and the soil and in some cases even decrease yields in the long run the organic system protects the soil and increases yields gradually. well not just looking at the they would have to learn we are also looking at the environment because this chemical that with. the pesticides the insecticides they have besides devoted to sites all of them. poison to the environment some of them over the period that becomes that becomes a buildup did they build up and then the country even when you try to infiltrate
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down down down to the aquifer the water and then pollute the water the farmer also serves as a training center where young people can learn about sustainable production techniques it's hope that this will help spread the ideals and the values associated with the shanghai system and eventually allow sustainable businesses throughout africa to thrive. as the world's population grows the quality of the soil is rapidly decreasing approximately thirty percent of the globe's land area is affected and around three point two billion people depend on the slide the area most affected is the region south of the sorrow what's causing all of us. well for example soil loss but also climate change and industrial agriculture which damages the soil with artificial fertilizers and heavy machinery but there are ways
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to stop this process and what on court cures six oil the solution is a very special type of that's called a teleprompter and can be med anywhere in the world we had to look into. it's harvest time in this experimental garden entrepreneur. is pleased with the yield because of these crops haven't been watered or artificially fertilized for ten years they've been kept alive soley through natural rainfall and yet they're thriving the secret behind this apparent miracle is a layer of terra prater on the ground the highly fertile soil mixture is based on an old indigenous formula from the amazon region the votes and some roots need more than just moisture they transport the nutrients and need very porous earth if there's not enough air down there and because the soil is too compressed or dense they don't grow well with taro prieto the soil is loose area and moist and it
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contains nutrients and beneficial microorganisms. tera prater portuguese for black earth can be made almost anywhere in the world. here it's makes from locally sourced materials in this village in the frankfurt region it's made with mown grass dried leaves the remains of mushroom cultivation and manure the ingredients are then combined with a special mixture of charcoal bacteria and fungus this is covered and stored for four weeks to allow the mixture to ferment converting the organic waste into fertile soil. the claim that we can use a wide range of biomass types for our charcoal production and it doesn't have to be worked on and we can also use things like straw or leftovers from the harvest even bones a whole array of carbon containing products can be turned into high grade charcoal
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and this charcoal is the basic ingredient of terror. a look into the microscope shows why charcoal is highly porous so it can store water and nutrients the pores offer a breeding ground for microorganisms which help the plants to absorb the nutrients others transform plant remains into humus and bind carbon in the soil helping to protect the climate as well then one will have to feed over nine billion people by twenty fifty and that means we'll have to tweak the soil differently tara prater average as the chance to at least help farmers conserve and prove their soil at a locally sustainable level. these agricultural experts from morocco share the same goals agriculture plays a fundamental role where they come from. here they can see first hand how soil improvement functions in detail that helps them find solutions for their own
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environmental problems. and very dark you see. in general our main problem is the intensification of agriculture because it also leaves us with fewer organic waste products for the money as you know was it if they want to use the charcoal rich terror prater in morocco as well let's bring it also into the material. once the ground is contaminated or depleted it takes many years to recover so we have to find a solution to tackle that problem. and the soil we've been shown here. is an excellent solution. these riesling vines when growing well anymore many of them were small and spindly. with. the ground was dry and depleted so the vintner added terra prater to the soil.
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this thing is we're here in an area where vineyards have existed for almost two thousand years without crop rotation in principle an extensive period of monoculture. that will definitely leave some areas a bit worn out the soil has to be reactivated we can't continue like this for another two thousand years. and most of. the initial results are very promising this ancient farming technique clearly has a bright future. we now have to zimbabwe where we met with. she has learned to produce an innovation that will keep the environment cleaner by cutting down on energy consumption it's a bug that keeps your food warm and it's made from crush see how this inventive lady and her family from zimbabwe are doing their bit for the environment.
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did you know you can save energy but cooking in a temperature bag. styrofoam litter has become a huge problem worldwide. cleanup is expensive and once broken up into pieces the plastic can clog the digestive systems of animals. in zimbabwe has found a way to help a temperature back. if you use a styrofoam granules as insulation. produces the bags in her family business. here's how. you cook your food for a few minutes then put the parts in the back the temperature takes over until the food is ready using the traps heat.
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depending on this the bags cost between fifteen and forty u.s. dollars in the end you save both money and energy. and joy. like that. if you are also doing your best to tell us about it. this is our website or send us a tweet. hashtag doing more then we hear your stories. when i go to the ugandan capital kampala where there's a lack of land to grow crops like in many other cities around the world people are starting to do album farming now even schools are getting in on the act they are encouraging the vast students to use the limited space in school yards for farming the five lambing important lessons it's also
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a lot of our report us still. ajume luciferian is harvesting spinach and mangold she is a student of grey as a high school in the ugandan capital kampala linked to the school is an area of land just a hundred square metres in size where the students can grow vegetables angel uses old plastic containers for plant pots as a way of recycling waste so most of these and anybody pretty but they don't know you can poise so instead old either binding them and producing smoke on you that you must via or maybe buying them in the ground but isn't mr the shell of that museums cutting cycle then you can use them to grow crops which you're going to be which. angel and her classmates mostly grow cabbage spinach and spring on. the boarding school on the outskirts of compiler is a pioneer in urban farming and encourages students to take their schools home with
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them. got the lessons take place once a week. where. find a placement by. the judges all consumed at screening also to members of the public on visits india he's the head teacher says the project is a huge success maybe ninety percent of the girls i have raised in the urban area and this is critical for us because they have to be active somebody on money in. a small place and money regardless of how small a place can be. the initiative is paying off angel has even inspired the parents to grow vegetables with whom they retired so they have enough time to take care of the plants. because they the farm preparing my breakfast i think if you will if your lives and then i cut and put in my ford. a lot. you find that
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every day i spend our own toso then three seller that you are very good but if you have them around whole. lot. farming is still in its infancy in uganda the students hope to get financial support from the government as the initiative is rolled out to other schools the minister of education is already full of praise for the project. feeding the children would not become a problem saving the environment would be very important i mean it would be very we would be done because we have seen the way they are using the polythene and the old teens and so on so. you think the environment there will be a two lazing those very things that it is on the verandah. whatever they don't consume the students on visiting days one large cabbage and the school around one us dollar for monies pulled together and used to help pay for food
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a boarding school. on a larger scale urban farming has the potential circles seem to insecurity and unemployment but for the students growing their own crops is first and foremost and that's a fun. if you think of england what's the typical dish that first comes to your mind when i think of fish and chips and preparing this national dish requires quite a bit of cooking oil in london flat above and restaurants the use of millions of litters of cooking oil every year and most of that used oil ends up in the sewer system which clogged things up and cause a serious blockages how disgusting right mt oh most definitely sharon or believe it or not these so-called birds can be used as a resource now a british company is turning them into green bio diesel let's have
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a look at how they're doing it. if you're going to venture down into london soon as you don't want to be too squeamish sewage for millions of homes flows through these tunnels restaurants and snack bars also flush millions of liters of cooking oil down the city's drains every year this discarded fat has led to a festering problem in the sewage system liquid grease congeals into a tough slimy mass these so-called fat burks can cause serious blockages british company arjen energy is transforming this waste fat into bio diesel dickon pozen it is the company's director of corporate affairs is the only one in the world that can handle such degraded horrible smelly raw materials including some birds the fire dug out of sewers and out of water treatment works the flattened scum that comes out of that we can deal with that we can turn it into an
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oil and put it through the body's a process. bio diesel can be produced from a range of oil based materials with most of the world's supply made from soybean oil producing bio diesel from waste fat isn't new but arjun says their facility can transform even the most rotten of raw materials like animal fat food waste and sewer grease into bio diesel. urgent sourcing manager heather sweyn bank is responsible for gathering the putrid wrong material. my will with an ounce of energy is actually to go out there speaks the world's companies to feed manufacturers and different people who are putting this stuff down. and bring it to make biodiesel out of it so i guess you call me a fat hunt. and this is how it works first the sewer grease is saved and filtered to remove any solid materials. in a second stage another system renew huge the water. then the
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oil is processed through a chemical reaction and turned into raw bio diesel after cleaning the bio diesel it's blended with conventional diesel and supplied to bus companies around the country there's a sustainable fuel this facility near liverpool cost eighty five million euros but arjun says it was worth it the carbon savings that we get out of this plant alone is just under a quarter of a million tons of carbon every year which is the same as one hundred twenty thousand cars off the road in. the company believes there's enough fat in britain's to as to keep them in ready supply the hope is that in the long run the bio diesel produced from london's fats oils and grease could be used to power buses in the capital and chances are good that the plan might work a few years ago the biggest ever fat was found in the sewage it weighs about one
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hundred thirty tonnes the company estimates that could provide enough raw material for up to ten thousand liters of bio diesel. now let's head to the children national park in northern botswana to visit a special wildlife project to always come to the area to see animals but even left unprotected the wildlife will die out and so world tourism luckily there's a large in the park that is more than just a police officer to stay it's a pound in were billeted on its staff members how was rational policing their hard drives let's go take a look. the chhobi river in northern botswana forms the country's natural border with namibia while fishing and agriculture dominate on the namibian side botswana has put its side of the river under protection that was fifty years ago and made chhobi botswana's first national park. early morning is
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perfect for watching wildlife. that might live in the sky you know. seventy thousand jobs in botswana depend on the tourists to visit the countries wildlife reserves but for gold the much is easy working as a park ranger is much more than just a way to earn money. together with the i mean los means everything in means everything to what some of us toward so close everything is the most important thing we have to level and you have to protect the environment and i'm happy to be one of those people that do that in our country. the high pitched whine of an electric motor this game viewer is one of the first electric safari vehicles on the african continent and besides he cars show became large also boasts a fleet of silent solar powered boats and besides that it's also managed
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to cut down on ninety five percent of its waste and garbage. running it tourism and focusing on it. is going to be paramount you're crevel of these days are becoming also more responsible and they would like to make sure that if they do go on holiday that they do support sustainable holiday destinations and operators. with two million visitors every year botswana's tourist industry ranks second after diamond mining conservationists around the world commend its complete ban on hunting and fierce stance against poaching. across africa hunting and the growing human population are forcing wildlife out of their natural habitats. many of the most fabled species have been driven to the brink of extinction conservationist robert sutcliffe who collaborates with the
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chubby game large is worried. even in botswana road construction poses a serious threat to wildlife. one of the main reasons is habitat loss. i don't. think there is being. and. there is. a question these animals out of the areas that have. been twenty twelve chhobi river and its national park became the center of the b.c. trans from t. a conservation area this is the home of one quarter of the global population of endangered african wild dogs and. it's africa's largest reserve and spans five countries the aim to enable animals to migrate naturally and freely.
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the effort is paid off while giraffe numbers are dwindling in other parts of africa here bestival numerous. that it's so important that we work to try to conserve this population that this could be as the stronghold for forty years and it's amazing to see them moving into zimbabwe moving back into botswana and. there's no barrier to that and they can stay which is it's wonderful to see. that roughly five percent of g.d.p. eco tourism is still in its early stages in botswana but the sector is growing fast providing a steadily increasing contribution to the wellbeing of the country and its people. what inspiring luck less of that a lot more projects like this well that's it for this edition of africa the environment a magazine my name is thank you so much for watching and see you again next week.
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to find out more about pan african and european and vironment program check out our website media channels will be seeing on your screen. with thanks for watching bye bye from nigeria.
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twenty fifth on g.w. . they're black and living in germany. she's reminded what that means on a daily basis presenter john up like this not being able to blend in and i was. taking a holiday a group and you know different than the way. she travelled across germany to meet other black people and to hear their stories. it seems that. i grew up in a white family in a white neighborhood it was definitely a challenge. she decided to put me up for adoption. so the main thing was to keep your head down the conveyor mouth shut of course of the face like this i could never completely disappear if you see all of these stereotypes about africa it's good to see you. do something for your country but you're still
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the black and white. afro germany starting december tenth d.w. . this is d.w. news live from berlin zimbabweans turn out in the tens of thousands to demand president robert mugabe's resignation the streets of the capital harare.


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