tv Global 3000 - The Globalization Program Deutsche Welle December 9, 2017 1:30pm-2:00pm CET
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this week on global three thousand we take you to a very special football match pursuing your passion we meet blindspots infusing in egypt. in rural senegal almost all decisions a still made by village elders many men but the demitra clubs a changing matts. first though we had to israel to the border with syria whose treating the young casualties of war. will this war ever end for nearly seven years syria has been a stage for suffering and violence not even children a spat the horrors of it all. over five million of them a noun dependent on humanitarian aid an entire generation is losing out on educate . many schools have been destroyed last year was possibly the worst so far for
syrian children six hundred fifty two were killed and that's just the official figure hospitals are in ruins a few injured children have found treatment in a neighboring country that's a traditional enemy. the syrian middleman as nervous we aren't allowed to show his face that could endanger his life and the lives of his entire family in more torn syria. the same goes for this group that's entering israel from syria through the border fence under the cover of night thirteen mothers and grandmothers together with their children and grandchildren the war has maimed them physically and psychologically they're coming to israel for medical treatment. the israelis refer to their help as a neighborly project the military doctor responsible for it says that beyond the
official positions of the two antagonistic countries israel has a humanitarian obligation to help neighbors in desperate need. of are there in syria medical care is now nonexistent it was systematically destroyed especially during the past months that's why there aren't any hospitals there anymore. nails so. but to get to the boss they have to cross through a military zone a so-called death strip anyone who enters this area an authorized will be met with gunfire. if we could show the faces of these women their exhaustion and fear would be evident but also their determination to make this journey. the women remain silent throughout the trip the children to eventually the sun
rises after yet another sleepless night. after about an hour's drive we reach the city of soft head. now outside in the daylight we can see some of the injuries this child's face is covered with burns his left eye is swollen obviously injured inside the hospital to contrast in worlds briefly intermingle israeli mothers on their way to the children's ward syrian mothers seeking care for their children whom did in war. the syrian women are quickly taken to a room of their own and given breakfast the tension in the air eases a pet when a clown comes to lighten the mood. the children respond with shy smiles and astonishment at the simple magic tricks finally they begin to relax a little and the israelis tell us that syrian doctors in the divided country decide which children will receive treatment here it's not clear how the injured are
selected. for the fetus and we're in constant dialogue with the doctors and medical teams there. they send us a list of the names of people who will receive treatment. we've already cared for eight hundred syrian children this way. by the end of the year will have treated one thousand sure nothing left in the women trust the social worker. who speaks arabic some tell their stories friends of the we just finished eating when a tank shell hit a house my nine month old baby was hit in the head and died on the spot my oldest daughter lost a leg my other daughter and her brother each lost an eye. on. the syrian mother isn't israel for the second time her first visit was to find a prosthesis for her daughter now her son's facial burns need care but time is
short and the doctors can only treat the most urgent injuries the deeper emotional wounds the war victims have all sustained are less obvious. theel all who come here deeply traumatized because their lives are in constant danger in syria that's life during more people gradually break. because of the constant fear of bombs the uncertainty about what will happen next and of course the constant fear of death. and only the syrian victims know what it feels like to have to return to their devastated country in the evening to leave the safety of the hospital again they travel in silence again under the safety of darkness and so when's their single day freo bore. violence is a huge problem in central america too for years the region has been terrorized by
the ruthless mass gangs involved in drug dealing prostitution and protection rackets. the problem started a few thousand kilometers further north in the u.s. many central american gangs were first formed in the one nine hundred ninety s. in cities like los angeles two of the most feared m r s of a true color and the eighteenth street gang better known as barrio d.s.e. or cho for years the u.s. authorities have deported fountains of gangsters back to countries like el salvador where they terrorize society the government there has tried for years to get the violence under control by locking gang members up but that hasn't proved too much of a deterrent and the gangs continue to recruit. zero zero at the start of the shift the young volunteers and the salvation commando pray for a safe night's work.
and. a moment later the first call comes in. the salvation commando is a volunteer rescue service that attracts young people who want to do good. the work also helps keep ryan and his friends from getting caught up in gang violence like so many other young people in el salvador. it's a unique feeling a very special and deep sense of satisfaction it's hard to put into words but helping others makes me happy. they've already been called out to two brutal attacks. two rival gangs are warring and el salvador is caught in the crossfire the gangs will do anything to win over new recruits. they've offered me money weapons women anything to get me to join.
they're refused he hopes the paramedic uniform will protect him it's a risky decision life in the gangs is deadly but doing without their protection is dangerous to. the police accompany us to one of the city's more dangerous neighborhoods on a friday evening it's only a matter of time until the first murders called in. the two gangs. have divided up the city into rival territories if a gang member sets foot into the wrong neighborhood he usually pays with his life even living in the wrong area can be deadly the police are hunting for gang members looking for clues on the suspects hair and skin. one of the men has a tattoo the number eighteen that's a clear sign he's a member of. their game of cat and
mouse but eventually we always get them even if they run and hide. so. another call comes in the first death of the evening as a young man just eighteen years old gang members entered the restaurant and shot him it's a daily event in san salvador at the same time the volunteer medics are trying to save a life. a young woman and her child were hit by a car but apart from offering comfort to the family there's nothing they can do. we return to the station one of the young volunteers the n.c.a. is sitting by herself she tells us she's worried about her brother who's a gang member. i love my brother. i'm wished that he'd never chosen this life. so you're worried he might be working one day and
. one from my own brother. yes that's happened to people. the next morning the city seems busy vibrant routine but in san salvador the days are as dangerous as the nights. right in the center of the city we're able to get an interview with a gang member. but we say you have to kill to survive it's kill or be killed. these young members of. flash the gangs hand signs they live from extortion once you join a gang the only way to leave is in a coffin membership offers power respect and fun and. being a gangster that's it it's the coolest thing that can happen to you. it's in your blood from when you're a child the love you don't get from your family you find on the street and the gang
. and. they swagger drink take drugs and try to look cool but when they get an order to kill they do it no questions asked. you don't feel anything you just do the job afterwards chill out with your friends have a drink you can't think about it it's done finished. time for a break brian is a skilled soccer player but at twenty he has no job training he moved out of his parents' home after an argument young people like brian are often heard by the gangs promises of money and power but he isn't. they give you all of that but then what death prison i don't want that i'm fine the way things are now. sometimes the team is called out to dangerous situations such as shootings when
they're caught between warring gangs the volunteers often don't know whether they'll be created with guns or allowed to help aber has only been on the job for two months and still isn't used to it so in el salvador it's not everything is bad . there are also people who want to help. sure we don't make any money but we want to help with all our hearts. we want to help people. this. evening is approaching. the gang members are getting high. tonight like every night san salvador will not rest easy. and the young volunteers from the salvation commando will be ready to help. this week english ideas we're off to western africa all reported to last monday my i wanted to learn more about a development called demitra clubs these organizations give women and young people
in rural areas a voice by involving them in decision making processes which in turn provides an avenue for environmental activism. there are now demitra clubs in six african countries they were set up by the un says food and agriculture organization we went to senegal to find out more. it's a big day for these young residents of sorry booboo village. they're going on air for the first time at the community radio station in kusa nar so. they've been invited to take part in a chat show everyone here speaks to lar a regional language in eastern senegal. and her colleagues are the leaders of the village discussion group part of the demitra network of clubs quantity demi speaks about the brief rainy season and his dried up corn fields. a mother of four
explains how the rain swept garbage into their homes and how they had to clean everything in the village. she hopes that local radio stations will help spread their ideas and efforts to other villages with us in our discussion groups have carried out a lot of important projects most of them concerning climate change what we're doing affects the whole community but one person on their own can't solve the problems of these clubs have become a final part of how we put our plans into effect because we can mobilize and motivate so many residents. and then sat in the leader of sorry booboo village invited us to a meeting they now have for demitra clubs here and there are two thousand across africa set up and funded by the un's food and agriculture organization and other development agencies the clubs help to promote participation and initiative within
village communities. setting. encourages women to speak openly it's still unusual for them to have a say on anything. today they're discussing a proposal from the young men to erect stone dams in order to stop soil erosion. of the children always come along it's good practice for when they're older. see what i mean here we'll talk about everything that affects the village with younger and older men equally. and even more importantly how we present our point of view at the village assembly along with other demitra. where our opinion is taken into consideration for decisions about that village community i mean that's the biggest challenge to me before we had no say at all on matters in affiliation. i am going to. sorry bobo has around one hundred sixty residents and has some
distance away from the big cities many of the crops are ready for harvesting but once again there wasn't enough rain which means not enough corn when it does rain the water rushes over the barren soil and deforestation makes the soil loose and easily washed away that's the topic of discussion at this meeting opened by the village leader. the opinions and suggestions of the four demitra clubs are presented in turn. not all villages in the region are involved in the project. song village leaders are worried about their position and prefer traditional structures where the oldest members have the say. but young men like or not they demi have made a lot of progress young woman. one i'm cool wouldn't you. say you know the
environment has become an important issue in the village since the club started. we have to keep everything in and around our homes clean. without high job and there's no health. and it's become european we've made sure we keep our wells in better condition otherwise we have no water during periods of drought not for us nor for the communal gardens look we've already found solutions to these issues and. the next day they build small stone levees to retain the rain water that flows through. the aim is to make the ground around the village fertile again. all of. those supervises the sixty plus demitra clubs in the region he managed to enlist the local farmers association to help villagers build the system.
nearly all the small channels that collect rainwater from the surroundings and up here it's like a delta. at this point the water has enough force to wash away the fertile soil from the cultivated land. old used oil stops termites from eating the wooden constructions so the dams last longer. it'll take them for five days to prepare the trenches and fill them in stone when you are going. well soon they'll plant trees here to restore the areas around the village and make them farmable again. the leader of the demitra project in senegal says that would be ideal not all project villages managed to generate a profit from their communal garden. the two biggest challenges are getting local
organizations to help and sourcing materials. yeah. and the but by before in the long term there has to be a direct exchange of information between the village communities and the authorities so that they can also find out what's happening on the ground. that's also a challenge for the dimitrov clubs and making themselves known to authorities and pushing their ideas and plans without us coordinators. this isn't anything that could in the dark take. them and. then bringing traditional village life into the modern world is also the vision of rapper nager do tomba from the nearby provincial capital into. this rap is about the new ideas coming from demitra clubs and their service to the entire village community. for the young men and women from sorry these discussion groups are
a step towards independence and autonomy that it will not. then i declare. independence and autonomy what people with physical disabilities around the world want to include in the visually impaired and for many sports from skateboarding to baseball is both a form of self-expression and a way of coping with limitations we went to egypt to meet one man in particular who won't let his condition stop him enjoying his. i'm not the. only gun toters delighted the new balls have arrived and they're even easier to hear than the old ones. i played soccer while i could still see with the regular ball of course with no bells later at school after i'd gone blind we put the ball in a plastic bag so that we could hear it. i went out without even then locating
a ball using only your ears is no easy feat. the players here are either completely blind or have severely impaired eyesight. and those who do have limited vision are required to wear a blindfold. but some cheat. like. oh the only people here who can see everything are the goalkeepers and the coach after graduating in sports management. in the us or worked as an agent marketing professional egyptian soccer players to clubs in europe but he wanted to do something more fulfilling three years ago he our friend set up the country's first team with blind players. but the idea was the coach pays for the blindfolds customised balls and picks rental from his own pocket his search for a sponsor has not borne fruit so far out of gondor went blind gradually he compares
it to putting on weight at first you don't notice it then suddenly you have a paunch blindness was triggered by an illness by the age of ten he had lost his eyesight completely he copes pretty well with his disability the only thing he can do is cook something he was never keen on anyway his wife we had met after he had gone blind is a huge help here and elsewhere is there anything you miss is seen. my wife and my kids. it would be lovely to see my family although i can picture them so my wife tells me what my children look like what color their skin is for example. something that you. he's down on his way to work he has a chauffeur something most people with disabilities in egypt can't afford. there are no special provisions for blind people on the road there are no specially
equipped cars or taxis or passes for them when i'm waiting at the bus stop i don't know which bus is coming or where it's going so i'm dependent on what other people tell me. yes ali teaches english at the hill one university in cairo he's one of just five blind lecturers in the entire country it's an achievement he had to fight very hard for. the dean was at first reluctant to give me the job despite me being the best in my graduating class . but then some other lecturers put pressure on him they insisted they needed me because i would be very good. and i've been you know any. takes a lot of interest and. the other lecturers just give us instructions and if we don't understand they don't help us see that it's not clear but dr ali knows that
whenever one of us speaks up he recognizes us from our voices. before kickoff it's time to check the ball. i don't. know. why. i'm. playing soccer is a real challenge. because we want to play like sighted people running passing and scoring. we want to feel like normal people and not like we are somehow worth less than others. after a game i feel as if nothing could stop me from achieving what i want. well nothing. of which i hope. the market or.
our colleague on board doesn't get one this time but to enjoy football you have to put up with bad calls and keep pressing ahead. that's all for today don't forget though to send us your views write to us at global three thousand to come and visit us on facebook. back next week see if. prosperity optimism that's the power of global trite global three thousand.
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