tv DW News - News Deutsche Welle January 25, 2018 6:00pm-6:16pm CET
this is italy news live from berlin seeing double after sheep and dogs now researchers have successfully cloned a monkey decades after dolly the sheep or school scientists in china use the same technology to create the monkeys a scientific breakthrough that's raising many ethical question is could the climate . cloning possible one day also coming up no save haven any time she wanted to she says myanmar still cannot guarantee safety for work and are
refusing to return but minister says it is ready to start bringing persecuted muslim but if you call. that a hot thanks so much for your company everyone all right we begin our broadcast with a scientific breakthrough in china the baby monkeys that you see right here behind me they look alike but they are identical researchers created them using the same cloning method that produced dolly the sheep almost two decades ago but monkeys up primates just like us humans and now the question is being asked are we next me chills sean and while they might just look like two cute baby mechanics but they also represent a breakthrough that has excited scientists around the world the monkeys are clones the very first successful clones of a primate using the method to produce dolly. research is that the chinese academy
of sciences presented them to the public this week the purpose of doing it and the use of his experimental animals is really for the human health for the cure in a few meant izzy's there are many other animal models who told us you can use mice was widely used but there has been difficulty. in using the dose animal model for the human disease because mice are very far away from humans the process took over a year and one hundred twenty seven eggs almost eighty viable embryos and the bevy of host mothers to produce the two babies it's hoped the clones could be used to studying diseases like parkinson's and alzheimer's research is say clones like these could help them glean results that would be more pertinent to humans but this breakthrough also begs another question can we clone humans and should we the burial of cloning primate species is well over. in principle
any private including humans can be called but all purpose of produce will call months use is purely for human benefit for medical purposes we see no reason of color humans but despite the assurances it seems the debate around possible human cloning is once again on the agenda well it is considered a major bio medical breakthrough and raising also many many questions we're going to try to tackle a scientific angle with their aquariums our science editor and martin gak to get his correspondence for religious affairs and ethics will help navigate some of the ethical issues that have come up as well i want to start off with you if i may dare to give us the state of play before we start talking about the specific case about the the world of cloning because since dolly the sheep we had cloned monkeys cloned dogs dogs excuse me and many different mammals why. well there are there are
about twenty different species that we clone now want to regular basis and many of them have there's a variety of different reasons we clone mice for example for research study purposes we clone cowls because they can then we can get cows that deliver more milk and we can be certain that they'll deliver more milk so there are a wide range of reasons why we clone animals this is definitely this is definitely moving in the direction of medical research cloning monkeys we don't have any we don't raise monkeys for food so what exactly it was so what's talk to us live it more about the significance of this breakthrough but it's very highly significant because it's going to really smooth down medical testing it's going to make it happen more quickly and easily because if you're working with a group of genetically identical individuals that are actually very close to to human beings evolutionarily then you're going to end up in the end with products that are probably going to work a lot of the time with medical research you go in with mice testing and it works
and by the time you get to human testing it doesn't anymore because of the differences are just too great the differences between humans and monkeys are very small are very small is that already raising some ethical questions there for you martin well i mean you know grace is of course at the old questions i mean which is the production of subjects for experimentation i mean this obviously is a question journalese speaking we tend to think that. not only human beings but people i mean that you know all ninety miles understand this very well i mean we are not simply dealing with biological material one of the issues that we need to ask ourselves how we said that we're going to actually account for the way in which we're trading and the status of the school loan individuals this is obviously an ethical question that cannot be ready leanne's here but this is one of the things that is on the table there is also a question which was debated in the late ninety's and they're really not so i mean then it subsided about sort of the genetic makeup of the clones so there were issues concerning for instance aging aging. aging markers other genetic
a level that were found to be the fish and let's say i mean we can not go into a full explanation indulge in the famous. these things were somewhat put aside as concerns but sort of there is still a and or a box effect and i think we do not understand the full significance and significance and in fact these are things that will have to be discussed but we will we won't understand the significance and back until we don't really large scale studies and the question is is i think it's still up in the air how large scale we want those studies to be close are we realistically to be able to clone human beings to me for my opinion yeah a lot of men and i would say we're probably going to see it in the next ten to twenty years while this is for us are out there probably working on it right now but it's considered criminal martin in many countries and i'm going to as i don't know if in single case in which human cloning is actually permitted essentially goes there bioethical medical ethics protocols which in theory at least play
internationally known the lists part of a promise of regulatory frameworks are of course stronger in some countries not in others and many of the countries i mean the translation countries are doing it already we don't know if they're doing it already but countries like china which have a lot of might in technology i mean these are enormously powerful technological bolz . which have a lot of means at their disposal how much weaker regulatory frameworks and there's another interesting aspect to this which is that a lot of a lot of of the research that's being done is very very closely related to this for example for example research into embryonic stem cells which have really a huge could have a huge medical impact so it's very you know drawing those lines that clearly is really not a simple or easy task give me one really compelling or so compelling reason in favor of human cloning. i'm not in favor of human cloning so it's hard for me to gain in his age in a situation where it would be called for to continue with this type of research i
think that this is one for the assist well i think that the strongest arguments are no i mean take this one i think that the strongest arguments are really concerning the amount of genetic fitness to solve to solve essentially or to cure or to cure in this is i have very strong reservations about human cloning very strong reservations but i think it's very obvious that the potential for medical cures are just enormous i mean really beyond beyond the imaginable these are very strong arguments because we are still committed to the health of her populations we still won't be beneath your nose or ration where you are critically ill absolute that how absolutely so that it's a very very strong argument that this should be said which is this is a wonderful gift that does have small print and we have not read through the small print yet and this has to happen all right on that note of brave new world for all
of us thank you so much for breaking it down as our science editor and i think back our ethics at it my pleasure so much talk to you both. all right now to some of the other stories making news around the world. a delegation of north korean officials and athletes has crossed the heavily guarded border into south korea for joint olympics training has conquered all cooee and to seek unification of the divided korean peninsula the north and south korean women's ice hockey teams will join forces at next month's winter olympics and john chang in the south. authorities and france have issued flood alerts across the country after heavy rains in the capital paris authorities have shut train stations and a whale lines due to the rising river waters and some areas in the suburbs have been flooded the region has had twice as much rainfall as normal in recent months.
a train derailment in milan italy has killed three people and injured more than one hundred many passengers were trapped and had to be freed by rescue services the cause of the crash has not yet been established. or a senior u.s. diplomat has quit an international panel dealing with the ribbon or refugee crisis bill richardson said he feared the panel would whitewash the role of mia mars government and he criticized what he called an absence of leadership by me and my leader and sons who cheat her office said richardson had been terminated for having his own agenda. on meanwhile a top u.n. official has warned against me and maurice plas to repatriate the nearly seven hundred thousand ranger refugees living currently in bangladesh unicef a director just in the four sites that says it's still not safe for them to return home and that members of mia mars' military are still attacking were injured villages but me and mara says it wants to begin bringing their work and access.
for those traumatized by ethnic violence this may prove a forbidding prospect it's one of the holding camps myanmar is building just across its border with bangladesh the site will serve as a reception area for returning ranger refugees before they're sent to camps in other parts of wreck and state. the bangladesh side will send back the forms of those who want to return to us we will check whether these people are the people who stayed in myanmar or not by cross-checking with the evidence we have for now though most of the rangers around willing to return over six hundred fifty thousand of them fled to bangladesh last year after myanmar's armed forces targeted their villages this man has fled persecution three times now in one thousand nine hundred eighty one thousand nine hundred ninety one and last year he now has a small shop in the could have a long refugee camp. i kept going back because i still have love for my country and
my heart they take us back saying they will give us everything but they don't give us anything they say they will beat our demands but they don't the government is a fraud and they cheat us after taking us back so i have no intention of going back this time. the united nations is calling on myanmar to give it a date and seize full access to the camps it's building for ranger return knees the u.n. says necessary safeguards are still missing the. families i've met today but particularly the children tell me that they do want to eventually go back but not right now because it's not secure and safe and. we can't force them to go back into a violent situation i spoke to one on the young woman who had been on the phone to her aren't in a car and in mind and they were attacking villages even today so the situation isn't safe for their returns to begin. in the meantime many rangers are busy
improving their living conditions in bangladesh until they receive credible safety guarantees for a return to myanmar that may well be their best bet. in asia were scientists watching mount mayon in the philippines so your violent eruption could happen at any moment this it a volcano is welling with model up under the surface and it may not be able to withstand the pressure of all that molten iraq all about seventy five thousand people have been evacuated from the area officials fear a full bore eruption could become a humanitarian emergency at last for months balmy out is the most active volcano in the philippines the current eruptions started about. art to tennis now and that simona halep will face a carolina was an iraqi and saturday's australian open final in melbourne that's after the top seeded romanian got the better of germany's actually cared for in
a three marathon sets in the other semi and number two seed was the at the over came a second set wobble to defeat a belgium's a nice the dane is a former world number one but like a look as yet to win a grand slam title meanwhile marion shelter which is through to the men's final on sunday the croat dispatch britain's col edmund in straight sets will play either defending champ roger federer or the unseeded chang haye on for the title are you watching the news we still have a lot more to tell you about here's what's coming up a dump truck arrives at the world economic forum in davos can he convince the meeting of globalists that his america first agenda is good for the world economy. all right that a whole lot more coming up in the business block but gary hart alferez and i'll see you again at the top of the out.