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tv   Faith Matters - Mediaeval Beauty - The World of Uta of Naumburg  Deutsche Welle  August 5, 2018 1:30am-2:00am CEST

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download to see is the come from soup but. did you do to try. and varied causes kind of into active exercises i don't know about that d w don't come slashdot just landed on facebook in the uk still. jammin for free with w. in july this year you know sco declared number cathedral a world heritage site. since the reformation this thirteenth century cathedral in germany's protestant heartland has been a lutheran church. you know sco calls it a masterpiece of human creativity. one of the most significant witnesses to the
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high middle ages in germany non-book at the girl has been the landmark church of the central german town presumption eight hundred years. but even more famous than the building itself is the face of one of its founders inside the cathedral. and the cathedrals fame is due mostly to the work of a remarkable sculptor his name is not known but historians refer to him as the known borg master he created the choir screen with its extraordinarily realistic figures and the twelve donor figures called the founders including the most famous of them all of non-book. little is known about this beautiful woman apart from the fact that she was margravine of mice and and one of the kids. the
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girl's principal donors. in the one nine hundred thirty s. she was a venerated as the noble idea of the german woman who took the property and the graceful a medieval beauty. would have been all borg officially looted of mellberg is the icon of now there cathedral she's the most prominent symbol of the medieval courtly tradition. and in particular a symbol of the german nation that you would like because her special gracefulness was so fascinating they put her on a pedestal i've often says the best at will. in the late one nine hundred twenty s. the known book photographer invited to hagar shot the statues like stars of the silent screen with great success. especially it was admired as the most captivating the most graceful the corresponded to the popular idea of feminine beauty at the
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time a medieval marlina dettori or read a garbo. but the german angle wasn't always to her advantage when walt disney was developing his snow white movie in one nine hundred thirty seven he allegedly chose as the model for his evil queen. the nazis took the wood or coal to absurd lengths they staged ethno nationalistic pilgrimages to non-book bhutto was misused to justify the genocidal war against the slavic peoples and to glorify a thousand years of german culture. the abuse of a beautiful and egg matic image held up for adoration as the quintessential german woman. nazi art historians claimed that only a german could have created such a work of genius but today we know that the unknown artist was in fact a friend. early examples of his work can be found in the gothic cathedrals of
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france specifically in runner's the cathedral where the french kings were crowned. the faces of these demons conformed to the number of masters done. his work can also be seen in minds decorating this southern german cathedral unfortunately the choir screen is badly damaged but the master his hand is still recognisable. from mind see came to non-book around twelve forty two a setting defined by the rivers on a and orange torch a landscape of impressive castles and vineyards of churches and monasteries. stone carvers were valued craftsmen in medieval society but they weren't considered
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important enough for their names to be known. their work on churches was for the glory of god and for the glory of those who provided the money. needed these in dorms yeah i really love this cathedral it's great to be here and i think there are lots of places that require our attention that need to be discovered. and will then reveal the depth that they have the teeth of pious giving is a hobby. for me i fully appreciate it as an artistic work of author to both in terms of its aka texture and the art that's held within it and yet i'm also aware that working in a place which is still an active church which is still used in that manner and not just a museum. i think that gives it an extra energy. christ
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as the victor over death is large eyes wide open. although it looks curiously modern this crucifix is the oldest work of art in the cathedral and was made around eleven sixty. for christians the cross promises eternal life to those who follow in christ's footsteps people in the middle ages were terribly worried about failing to achieve that goal as sinners they were obsessed with the question of salvation the cathedral is an answer to their existential question written in stone. numbered cathedral is a masterpiece of late romanesque and early gothic architecture today it's a major tourist attraction boasting one hundred fifty thousand visitors each year.
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history i should know as the church intimately. she explains its historical significance to visitors and points out its treasures. here and then looking at once had a cup that here in the middle section of the crypt where in the oldest part of number cathedral here noble this story begins in one thousand a.d. margrave eckhart of mice and moved his main residence from klein you know to the other side of the river sala and built a new castle. that's where number derives its name i had signed the nominee. it was a period of economic prosperity all over europe the margrave of meissen was the most powerful man on the eastern border of the german empire like many medieval rulers employed monks they handled his correspondence decided court cases and organized farming. when the bishop also decided
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to move to a non bog it became necessary to build a cathedral. the first one was very small. impressive churches were being built everywhere and in twelve hundred it was decided that a larger cathedral would be more appropriate with a great deal of energy and substantial cost a new building rose on the foundations of the old one. building began on the east side. sixty meter high round towers of the oldest section of the cathedral by medieval standards the work progressed rapidly. visitors have been passing through this story into the cathedral for eight hundred years.
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a miracle of stone and light conceived as a monumental image of the heavenly jerusalem. originally the walls were lavishly decorated every available space was painted with ornament and images of saints. for the altars allowed the priests of the cathedral to say their masses. the diocese was abolished in the sixteenth century the cathedral was no longer a bishop's church but services continued to be held here. today it belongs to a foundation headed by the art historian hall a good. number. in the first place number cathedral as a church it was built as the cathedral of the diocese and every diocese had in addition to the bishop a group of clergy who administered it called the cathedral chapter that. this group of clergy was based at the cathedral and i originally lived alongside the church
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back to say in the cloister and the rooms leading off it when i was working in. the cathedral cloister isn't always says of peace in rooms that were once the living quarters and dormitories of the cathedral clergy the archives and administration are now just. as early as the thirteenth century some clergy moved down and built houses around the cathedral with their own chapels. and even today administrative buildings surround the cathedral. like the church these houses belong to the cathedral chapter.
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desist on capitol hill it is all with the cathedral chapter was responsible for the liturgy for ensuring order in the procession of the clergy into the cathedral with who and what could be the praying of the divine office and the celebration of masses that is hanged by the hadn't distorted dean was the one in charge of the cathedral because the bishop only in a limited way when he was actually present and in fact he was often incites his secondary residence in the cathedral really belong to the chapter even in the middle ages. i. know most cathedral has a seven second echo says carl conductor young martine but i think. that's why the sound is so special. and offering tours with the chamber choir throughout europe but he especially likes to sing in the cathedral. the.
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the the am. the there was there or there the. the. the there the the old. the. was the air.
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the east choir is the oldest part of the building. this is where the high altar is placed. in the middle ages only clergy were allowed in this section to say mass pray the divine office and conduct other services. as it gets in to talk to help what is normal but don't miss this is the main choir of now mirka theatre which is dedicated to the apostles or peter and paul here i find the choir you see the fourteenth century extension with the crucifix or and then the main liturgical area the choir stalls which also date back mainly to the fourteenth century i think. that's where the cathedral canon said
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levin on each side is it is twenty two in all its violence which shows the size of the chapter because of this capital itself and. this is as well this would if he never thing was clearly defined there was a distinct hierarchy and we have wonderful items that give us a sense of the liturgy of the late middle ages this. goodness in de coeur choir books like this one in. the large book set up in front of the choir stalls could easily be read at a distance. some of those in the cathedral archives date from about fifteen hundred . a month this in these books take you back to the middle ages in this book this one for example is one of our choir books. and we have eight of them all together. i know as you can see it's a very large book. eighty centimeters tall and sixty centimeters wide height or.
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parchment manuscripts of this size are relatively rare. each page is splendidly eliminated. traditionally the catholic liturgy is sung so the books contain musical scores. these approaches on these books were originally in the east choir where the cathedral clergy sang the divine office. the canons came together seven times a day for prayer it provided the structure of their day. that. but the life of the cathedral clergy wasn't entirely spiritual. the prince bishop was not only a cleric but also an imperial prince of the realm which is a secular responsibilities he was expected to give other taxes and his diocese
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ended minister justice. to medieval populations because he'd ruled was much more than a church. at the choir screen the cathedral chapter passed judgment the grills served to separate the judge from the accused during a set separated the priests from the laity as well as old as. the cathedral canon sat in the east choir and then the priests came down the steps to this side door these are all the peter and paul door. to the common people who participated in the mass from here. on three types and this is where they dispensed holy communion to the common folk i mention all this of course that changed during the reformation. the distinction between clergy and laity fell away and for that reason the choir screen was dismantled and many churches sunk but thank goodness not and now burke
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however since the reformation the main service has been held down in the name and and that's where we currently have our altar i. was mature. branch is the senior pastor and nominal. cathedral preacher is his official title. it's pentecost sunday. raj says he feels proud of the fact that his church as such a long history. but he hopes that people will come here not only because it is a cathedral is past but to see something relevant to their own lives that the cathedral will live on into the future.
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at the time of the reformation non-book at the drill played a short but significant role. in fifteen forty two a scandal occurred in the cathedral that quickly became the talk of europe right here martin luther ordained the world's first even john local bishop nicholas from . the image of luther on the pulpit commemorates this event. however in that time all of those times are off was soon deposed and replaced by a catholic bishop then in fifteen sixty four the diocese was abolished the cathedral became the parish church of the lutheran community.
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the stained glass windows are among the most stunning and important design elements in medieval churches. in the middle ages stain close was used in many ways to convey stories of faith to lay people who were unable to read or did not have access to biblical texts this particular set of windows conveys the the victory of christie and morality over pagan ways and vices the iconography is is quite bold and quite strong in order to convey these stories. for the past year the british stained glass conservatory sara john has been working with an international team restoring the monumental window in the west choir of get the drill. and dry mental factors have damaged the window over the centuries now it
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is being cleaned and restored before being returned to the cathedral. this window dates from twelve fifteen and this was created at the same time that the numbered meister was creating the choir there would have been a separate team of places but they worked quite closely with the number that musters team and we can see similarity is in the iconography between the church found a statues and the address in the us in the closing and in the way that they sound with their swords so in their spears. to complete the building on the west side the cathedral chapter engaged a new workshop in twelve forty one of the best. it was headed by the artist who came to be known as the known borg master. his team of architects sculptors and stone carvers provided the final touch of brilliance they separated the west choir
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from the nave with a spectacular new screen. the achievement of the novel the master made the cathedral world famous today this anonymous stone carver is viewed as the greatest medieval sculptor to have worked on german soil. his challenge was to fit into an existing cathedral which was complete up to that stage and contrive a brilliant theological scheme incorporating the founders. so far that has designed it gives us an overview of the most important elements of christian teaching for shaft woods and in. six because they fear that. the suffering of christ known as the passion is depicted on the choir screen today
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that realistic ornaments on the capitals are even more striking than the human figures the filigree leaves and blossoms chiseled into the stone look like illustrations from a botany manual. they are an anthem of god's creation. when you pass through the archway under the crucified christ you enter the west choir and find yourself confronted by a larger than life statues famous for their expressiveness. these are not stylized statues of saints as you might expect but images of historical figures the founders of the cathedral it was common in the middle ages for the rich to donate money to build churches as reparation for their sins if he would then and these figures are depicted with an almost incredible realisation tate's. they look like portraits of living people. but we must remember that the personalities depicted here had died
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between one hundred fifty and two hundred twenty years previously and flushed what was it as the medieval courtly tradition has been brought back to life here quick to you just to tie all the detail which shields jewelry and crowns even the hair and corresponds to real objects from that period had its office ha that's it's quite exceptional the way these figures have been created in stone it's an artistic achievement which is unsurpassed in this form that is that of quinn's he's a form that's he wouldn't i guess. as a hit here in the northwest tower of number cathedral you can get very close to the gargoyle highlights here that these are also attributed to the number of master
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miles an hour and what's special about these gargoyles is that they have human faces and you. mentioned on the one side we have another. and on the other side a monk i know none of that i know that i once. nuns and monks the peasant and the prince they all had one thing in common in the thirteenth century they feared they would be condemned when they appeared before god on the day of judgment. but no more master depicts the cathedral founders waiting for that fateful day. their expressions reflect the state of their souls it is evident that they still need the prayers of the known clergy. some of them gaze at the cathedral window on which virtues are conquering vices and
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goodness triumphing over evil the victorious church can be seen there at the top christ is returning to earth to preside over the last judgment. because it's here daddy stiffy what of the positions in which the founder figures are placed in the west choir as explained by the stained glass windows and the scheme of the west choir screen or here we see the major themes of christianity the redemptive death of jesus christ and his return at the last judgment. architecture sculpture and stained glass form a unity that represents a high point in the history of many evil art and architecture. eight hundred years later numbered cathedral is honored to be recognized as a world heritage site.
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