tv DW News - News Deutsche Welle August 8, 2018 10:00am-10:30am CEST
this is deja vu news live from berlin drought and wildfires across the globe what's causing these extreme weather conditions. this view from space shows parched regions that are normally a lot of green was a climatologist what the future may hold for planet earth also coming out of discord at the united nations agency for palestinian refugees is having to cut costs after president from slashed america's aid for palestinians. and heroes to some criminals to others pussy riot talk exclusively to d.w.
about their recent world cup protest and the latest in jail. i'm brian thomas great to have you with us japan is in the grip of a heat wave right now that has set new temperature records wildfires have killed people in greece and there have been massive forest fires in spain and portugal so what's behind this unusually hot weather in a moment i'll be talking to a climatologist but first we have this report on the high temperatures as some experts fear could irreversibly disrupt earth's ecosystems. central europe from space to halt and to dry this is commander of the international space station alexander guest just had a chance to take my first photos of dried out central europe in germany since a few weeks. and was shocked or should have been green is now brown never seen it
like this before. farmers across the continent are worried about crops the french version mountains a simply too dry about half of this farmers corn crop has already died. and rivers are also drawing up this is in brandenburg in northern germany shocking scenes like this are likely to become the new normal according to an international research team's latest study the name for this new normal hothouse earth i said what i said it is when the earth when the climate is much warmer than it is today three to four degrees warmer than it already is four to five degrees warmer than in the pre-industrial climate yankee. climate targets him to limit the earth's warming to two degrees celsius but scientists now think that that is even too high setting in motion processes that are both more extreme and irreversible such as glacial melting once they're gone the sun's heat stops getting reflected and starts getting
absorbed speeding up global warming the potsdam institute which specializes in climate research argues that without putting in place this afic human made climate protections the seas could rise by up to sixty metres. and that's you know this is something long term but of course in the next few decades and by the end of the century these effects will have significantly negative impact on cities which are often on the coastlines. climate scientists say we need to address clean cut industrial greenhouse gas emissions traveling less by plane or by car and eating less meat as well. in the short term however both humans and animals are finding more immediate ways to cool down. and in the united states those record temperatures are fueling the worst while far in the state of california history the mendocino complex fire has now killed eleven people and scorched an area the size
of los angeles more than ten thousand firefighters are battling the blazes in the northern part of the state now these flames have destroyed hundreds of homes since igniting just two weeks ago the mendocino fire is one of over the team blazes raging across california. so are we entering the era of hot house earth to talk about that now i'm joined by clarifies and she's a researcher from climate analytics an organization that supports what they call science based policy to prevent dangerous climate change welcome to the show it has been a savage summer here in europe elsewhere as well australia the united states what's behind this extreme heat wave well if you need to persuading that climate change is going to influence this over to already and sure thing and joining us all and i think this heat wave provides an excellent example as you said it's had across the great globe in particular the northern hemisphere we've seen high temperatures in
speed in forest fires in greece and portugal and it's not just the high temperatures that are an issue it's also a lack of rain so germany have seen better percent less main than it would have done in the same month last century so it's really a double whammy for people on the farm and now it's not rocket science that such high temperatures are linked to climate change or woman climate will lead to higher temperatures there's also an impact from climate change on atmospheric circulation so in the northern hemisphere the jet stream is influenced by the temperature gradient across the world and changes in this jet streams activity can lead to prolonged climate events such as this heat wave and drought and twenty thousand is an excellent. ok you mentioned this double whammy i think there's a good way to do describe it and our report cited earlier this international study that a hot house period is upon us if you see as headed into are we headed into a protracted period of drought and extreme temperatures so we're not yet in this
hot house harriet may still have time to prevent that and really what this study is doing is a call to arms to say let's keep to the paris agreement temperature limit of one point five degrees which keeps us out of the risk of shifting into a hothouse type climate and as it stands the policies that we put in place take us to about three and a half degrees of warming and that's also something that we do not want to get near me we need to stay below well below two degrees keep it to one point five ok the scientists writing about harthouse urse the trend there said quote that this trend would quote be propelled by strong bio geophysical feedbacks difficult to influence by human action does that mean we could reach a trigger point where if not enough is done and temperatures continue increasing that there's no way back. and the scientists the talking about tipping points in the climate system which are very complex parts of the climate system such as ice
sheets the rainforest oceans that you lation and it's thought that if these reached a certain if we reached a certain temperature level we could see very rapid and some sometimes thereabouts the pull changes in these systems now we're not yet at the temperature where that would happen we cannot really pinpoint a number where the risk of these events happening lies and science is not ready to do that but what the science can tell us is that if we limit temperature wise to one point five degrees we stay out of there if there are seventy ways to keep below the one point five degree limit. experts have shown him up multiple different pathways through which he can keep our missions down we need to act rapidly though so we need to reduce our emissions by about half in the next decade in order to keep to that one point five degree limit but yes it's possible clarifies and from climate analytics thanks so much for being with us this morning clunky. now for some of the other stories making the news this hour indonesian officials say the death toll from sunday's devastating earthquake in lombok province has now risen to
one hundred thirty one aid workers have been struggling to reach victims in remote areas many are still to be believed to be buried beneath the rubble some one hundred fifty thousand people have been displaced by the quake. in peru at least ten people have died after eating contaminated food at a funeral in a remote village in the andes dozens more who fell ill had to be airlifted to hospital health officials are saying the sick religious may have consumed food polluted by a pesticide. archaeologists in mexico have discovered human remains from the ancient mayan solve a civilization that could be up to seven thousand years old the bones were on earth in a cave of talk we're told but in the south of the country they're now on display in mexico city the capital the maya were once one of central america's most dominant civilizations before mysteriously abandoning their cities at about nine hundred eighty. while at the beginning of this year president trump slashed u.s.
funding for the united nations agency for palestinian refugees he was held at aid after questioning its value and after the state department said the u.n. agency needed to be reformed the agency known as an rov the relief and works agency today supports about five million palestinian refugees a reporter tanya kramer went to the gaza strip where agency employees are now on strike. a sit in on bus headquarters in gaza city a few employees have even started a hunger strike all of them fear for their jobs among them the psychologists who were shot she would have to work part time for the next six months and they have to deliver senator frank throwing us out in the street and thirty eight clissold my husband doesn't work i have full kids we don't have any other source of a new town or where should i apply for in this job i want to get them back most of the anger is directed at the agency one hundred and thirteen people who lose their jobs with unemployment at more than forty percent in gaza work with the agency had
been highly sought after the funding crisis is starting to bite after the u.s. lest it supports her own back in january there is a ninety million dollars shortfall in its emergency fund which supports food distribution mental health and cash for work programs we're trying the best we can to prioritize the food distribution and that means we have to borrow some money and do less of the other two programs a number of our stocks. after roughly a thousand staff are affected by this some of them will continue full time their job some of them will have to move to part time so that we can fit into the budget the food distribution in how must control gaza the crisis over the agency which provides services normally supplied by state comes amid a tense political situation a ceasefire between hamas and israel remains elusive. people here are very that the
cuts in u.s. funding are only the beginning of a wider come pain to take the refugee issue off the agenda israel and the u.s. accuse the u.n. organization of perpetuating the refugee problem but people here say that without a little support they get this situation would be even worse. at the distribution center at the refugee camp people come for their basic items with the gaza strip seared off by israel and egypt over eighty percent of the population are dependent on eight one way or another. every three months or even mohamed in the picks up his family's ration of oil lentils floor and other items he's a tailor but hardly finds work is a little agency has reduced its own stuff so what will happen to people like me if i cut even slightly it will hurt. today i'm getting seven backs but if they cut it by heart the quantity will not be enough. to have
a million of the food. like for him and his fellow two million gazans remains deeply uncertain. well ten years ago today europe's first war of the twenty first century broke out between russia and georgia erupted over the russian backed breakaway provinces of south ossetia and abkhazia which most of the international community do not recognize as independent states the short lived conflict killed. several hundred people displaced thousands of others it only lasted a few days but ten years on locals on the boundary line still live in uncertainty a reporter emily sure one took a closer look in the georgian town of dede see just over the administrative boundary line from south ossetia. better vashti's landfalls on the fault lines of a frozen conflict some maps show the boundary line to the russian backed breakaway region of south of setia running straight through his farm. signs in the distance
read state border a line most of the international community doesn't recognize it says russian border guards patrol the end of his cornfield finish on them or. if you cross the line they can seize you fine you put you in prison. for animals across they take them. they walk around here and indicate what belongs where they walk around with dogs with weapons and puts you in a certain psychological state all the time. during the war several bombs fell on you he has land his eighty four year old mother vanessa says she lost one of her three sons in. that night i sometimes long sleep because i'm afraid for my son but to my use don't seem afraid that they will come back. right.
in august two thousand and eight tensions between russia and georgia escalated into a war over the breakaway regions of south. georgia move to take back control of. russia responded with tanks and airstrikes it said it was defending russian citizens in the region. today there are russian bases in both breakaways including in south the city is de facto capital tskhinvali the e.u. monitoring mission acts as a mediator and it patrols the de facto border but the e.u. calls the administrative boundary line. the fact that. big number of personnel are relatively close to each other and being middle of course is something that you have to monitor closely especially where there's no common agreement on where the a.b.l. is running and. something that has to be watch carefully and that's
why we on the ground with two hundred monitors twenty four seven for russia and south of said this is a state border while for georgia this is a temporary occupation line but for the people who live here this is a source of uncertainty even ten years after the war here in many places the border simply and. the moving boundary line has swallowed some of property in the past now he's determined to stand his ground this farm has been in his family for generations. i have nowhere else to go this is my part of georgia this is my. country i won't even. draw anyone. for the younger generation living on the border the war is a distant memory but with the conflict still unresolved the threat of tensions boiling over again is an ever present reality. is staying in the region russia's protest group made an appearance during the world cup final there are. going to
jail. now members of the group of the pitch stresses police officers interrupting the match that their nemesis president putin was said to be watching the correspondent met the recently released activists and sent us this exclusive report . they are heroes to some to others just criminals pussy riot or russia's most divisive group we meet in a traditional old moscow apartment. in the police chief. says an artistic and political collective we don't have a fixed number of members of the different people come together from various factions you were just two actions like the recent protest at the football world cup final in moscow the aim was to highlight police violence play stopped as pussy riot activists stormed the pitch wearing police uniforms they were arrested and
sentenced to fifteen days in jail the protesters were freed only a few days ago. don't you know people don't understand what we're about we have to explain it to them that's part of our job and we've seen a day he's just at the not quite normal for people not to understand our artistic approach but they do get our political engagement. when pat you serve a joint pussy riot she lost her job as a bar manager the running can the caution it does modeling and wants to be an actress p.r. to fast enough is involved with independent websites together a breath of fresh air in russian politics even if not everyone approves of. most people don't like what we do. but that doesn't make any difference to us what you. can text in radiator next monday labor even translate papers claim that i'm not a model. they imply that i'm a prostitute but i don't care i know what i'm doing and i'm happy with it. yes now
stage. that there are states at the russian pussy riot are aware of police surveillance and they don't expect fair treatment by the state controlled media i mean about the nasty attack us because they have to because pussy riot don't do what they want that's just the way it is the state media always attack opposition groups but that by itself. i'm. pushing right won't let that spoil the party for them to struggle to. colombia's youngest elected president has been sworn into office promising to make corrections to a peace deal with leftist rebels that has divided the country forty two year old even duquesne now faces the task of implementing the historic accord with the revolutionary armed forces of colombia known as for now this accord ended a bloody conflict lasting more than half
a century but he remains very much on shaky ground who will. young. even if it becomes colombia's new president he's the country's youngest elected laeta a conservative who won a divisive election against a left wing rival during the ceremony he struck a conciliatory tone. but is not yet over that acquittal i want to govern colombia with values and principles and overcoming left right divisions and avoiding the acrimony that fractures society and. you get the seeds root those game be done i laugh at the russians i want to govern colombia constructively and not destructively because through reading. this truly bringing together a fragmented country isn't going to be aisy. thessaly has to work out what to do about the country's peace treaty with the left wing fox. he's vowed to rewrite the
treaty to punish some form of gorillas that's controversial. a decades long fight between the government and the guerrillas means that colombia has the most displaced people in the world seven point seven million according to the u.n. working out where they'll go is a huge challenge for the new president. has also promised to tackle corruption and reinvigorate a struggling economy. but his critics say he's a puppet of the former president alviro read a read a he now faces corruption charges hand-picked u.k. and some fear that the former president might pull the strings in this new administration today celebrations but healing deep divisions developed over decades time. we have some sports now and in tennis to multiple grand slam winners showed signs of their best form at the toronto masters stand were inca overcame nick
curios and three sets and meanwhile the reigning wimbledon champion over talk of edge had a slightly easier path into the second round. stand in orange must have been fearing the worst against it carry us at full steam the australian it's hard to keep up with. the curiosities form can change dramatically from one set to another in the second to the initiative aided by an injury to his heavily strapped opponent . fabric you will know how that feels his ranking has slumped after two new york aeration zakia. but he's getting back to his best the majestic backhand flowing again the swiss went through in three sets. novak djokovic is another veteran big name who's had his share of injury problems in recent years too good for the relatively young bosnian mr passé touch. but even the best get bogged down in frustration joke of it trended of breaking
a second set. and then took his anger out on the ball. the bad moods didn't last long he completed his way in on a tie break after matches a white. there is here now intensity if you long mask as a new another unconventional idea it's been great for share prices aren't as indeed . says search by eleven percent before trading was halted late on tuesday for more than an hour that followed a tweet by its c.e.o. in unmask saying the plans to take the electric car make a private and has secured the funds to purchase it. if musk can succeed in taking tesla private it would be the largest leveraged buyout in history. musk tweeted on tuesday that he was considering taking tesla private at four hundred twenty dollars a share saying that he'd secured funding ideal at that price would represent
a price tag of about seventy two billion dollars he didn't say where the funding was coming from shortly after his tweet musk published a letter to tesla employees on the company's blog where he said that going private would be the best path forward and would allow tesla to operate at its best free from distraction and short term thinking going private would also be one way to avoid close scrutiny by the public market because few did publicly with regulators critics short sellers and reporters some analysts believe he would prefer to have less transparency the company is still trying to overcome production challenges which have held up its new model three sedan on which tesla's profitability rests that hasn't stopped musk from announcing major projects like a multibillion dollar facilities in china and europe analysts have expressed skepticism at those plans must statements about taking the company private are facing similar doubts but if followed through this could be
a make or break moment for the silicon valley company as competition from european automakers is poised to intensify with new electric vehicles from our d. and jag you are with more rivals to follow suit next year. this coming friday ryanair will cancel one hundred forty six flights to destinations all over europe affecting more than twenty five thousand is the reason a strike by pilots from sweden belgium and. germany's four hundred ryanair pilots will also announce today whether they'll join their colleagues for friday's euro why it's like pilots want to higher base salary ryanair says pilots salaries are not too low pilots all sufficing the airline over base transfers the maximum number of flying hours for motions and the early. morn. story let's go to our correspondent on the business standing by frankfurt airport ryanair has always been
hard to beat on tries did they it seems that on the back of the pilots. yes on the back of the pilots on the back of the cabin crew on the back of everything basically that costs money. analysts estimated has personnel stuff cost less than half that of its direct competitors easy jet and always and of course much much lower even than compared to move tons of the company systematically bypassed national labor laws by choosing the one job jurisdiction in the european union which was most favorable of course most favorable to the company and not to the individual workers this is a practice called regulatory arbitrage that way ryanair has managed for decades to keep the unions out it has also managed to become a company with a reputation of having a high burnout rate among staff and high fluctuation many people they're being hired but many people are leaving the company as well o'connor. run it being the
cheapest option is that going to be a thing of the past. yes definitely costs are rising at ryanair because stuff cost is going to rise due to the actions of the unions see up until recently the pilots here in germany all were contractors they were not able to unionize which has been ended by the authorities here in germany which considers this illegal now about eighty percent of the pilots of ryanair have the right to form a union and go for collective bargaining. and this means that of course the costs will get higher at ryan and not only here in germany you know the fact that we have unions coming from germany belgium island and sweden get together and fight for their rights is a first as well in frankfurt thank you. the tribe or between the u.s.
and china as such to enter a new round washington has announced further tariffs on of twenty five percent on sixteen billion dollars worth of chinese products take effect in two weeks and you duties target industrial products like metals chemicals and electronics trump administration already imposed charges on chinese imports last month but china's foreign trade has so far shrugged off the dispute exports shows surprising growth in july more than twelve percent compared to the same period last year. that's all your business you're watching the news from berlin wall coming out the top of the hour thank you very much for joining in love on.
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