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conservation foundation park in lagos nigeria i am with me as my charming colleague in johannesburg. i'm felicia great to see you again national parks are not only the green law of the continents they're also so much more as we'll soon find out. here's what we've got in store for you today. we catch a rare glimpse of a mountain gorilla in the wild in the d.r. see. find out how a simple water filter changed the lives of schoolchildren in uganda. and we'll hear how scientists are finding to preserve coral reefs off the coast of south africa. have you ever wondered why countries need national parks and nature reserves why can't wild animals just roam free and why does the government have to spend so much money on protecting plants and animals all reporter breaks down for us just how
vital national parks are to african countries. it's one of the world's most amazing natural spectacles the great migration of wind based in east africa over a million of them follow the rains every year they traverse the soaring gayety of vast tracts of wilderness interns and kenya part of it is the famous serengeti national park interns any of the covers almost fifteen thousand square kilometers and protects countless animals from man came to their west for it. population growth threatens the wild in this region told the continent africa's population is projected to almost double by twenty fifty and reach two billion one of the most difficult challenges for africa's national parks is leaving enough land for both anyone's and humans. a major role in protecting a precious resource water and what lives in it one park in malawi consists mainly of water. it's this open part of like malawi and the surrounding area it's
estimated at around seven hundred species of fish inhabit the lake. that protects nature from two environmental challenges. pollution. and overfishing. africa's large let's have all been overfished the population of some of species have collapsed by eighty percent that makes protected areas even more important in the national park conservationists and local people want to give that to cleanup and help biodiversity. is a college in many parts of africa there are more than three hundred national parks and protected areas guarded by thousands of people many put their lives in danger to make sure the animals are safe about. the congo basin is a vast rain forest part of it is the national park in the central african republic the park is home to forest in france and lowland gorillas it's estimated the
vegetation in the congo basin stores as much as thirty billion tonnes of carbon dioxide that sequestering is crucial for the arts climate africa's national parks are not just important to the people living there. a vital role for the whole. cause a big national park is home to the world's largest gorilla species but still all of the borders of eastern and rwanda has decimated the population animal rights activists report that less than one hundred of these great apes remain in the region. a local environmental initiative has taken up the fight to stop purchasing and to protect the lowland gorillas still that people can also benefit from the conservation measures in the long term so that so a keen to protect this rare species.
the town of bukavu enjoys an idyllic location on lake kivu one of africa's great lakes the cathedral is an art deco masterpiece and close by is co who's a bigger national park with its tourist magnet guerrillas but the visitors aren't coming for the last twenty years of bloody conflict has been fourteen east congo a mineral resources into poverty plots to villages on the edge of the park tourism could create new jobs there right now one of the few sources of income is a mushroom farm set up by an environmental group. called money very much by the way these mushrooms help to protect the national park because the women don't need to go out there to scavenge from one of our food. it's not mass tourism which is damaging the environment of the locals themselves the cocoa foundation in cities
residents about the value of conservation the environmentalists are taking the most room girl was during the war ching. on the way to the national park we need some local farmers many of them use the national park land although this is illegal they graze their car to poach game scavenge and chop down trees. this form a forest ranger understands the farmers often have no alternative the community around here they're too poor very poor and a lot of the poverty level they were on was arrested in the park and be jailed and they were forced to pay fines. from the ranger explains the ground rules for visiting the gorillas always keep your distance as human james can prove fatal if transmitted to the animals and i can be a fanatic for me and what she might know for certain you're going to call the police and if you can fight it's the first time the growers have seen the great apes. so so most are more excited than afraid to like we'll
and then they're off into the heart of the rain forest there's a lot of money to be made from gorilla watching in rwanda and uganda. track as well as the gorillas dating movements it often takes hours to find them but today were enough for. a short walk takes us to a family of nineteen gorillas led by the silverback chima newquay. it's quite safe in this part of the park but in other areas rebel groups operate they can be more dangerous than the guerillas.
to listen to you were the first i was afraid they would bite but now i'm happy to have seen them i didn't realize the park was so important to be cool then you. should make the former ranger strategy of holding back seems to be working. on. them in the future i will help to protect the park and make sure no one comes scavenging so the gorillas can stay safe in my. study she. whether the growers are able to keep their promises will depend on how the regional economy develops everyone is hoping plenty of tourists will come to see the gorillas that should help to bring change for the better. play some entered you can see how we're protecting this world heritage site and the part of you here in the park and that's no problem with the monster when you see a park and it's not because we'd like more tourists to come here so there's
a future for us rangers and our families. to restrain. the gorillas seem relaxed and low level tourism can help this certain species. border tourists are in any case unlikely until this piece. just one example of the kind of pressure national parks face and it's primarily we humans are causing problems even when the animals are left in peace there's still plenty to do to protect an area like that's a good point felicia it's important to be aware of the challenges part management face and that's why we went to south africa to talk to an expert about it we met with john mark karr park manager of pulling that national park.
is a very serious problem in felines but. almost every two three days there's an incident where i was killed we now in a situation way be. that i put off i know killings exceeds their reproduction he wants more dinosaur killer than one was being born. you need to give. the guy who's walking into that example of
a gun provide him with a note tell it a source of income or that to minimize poaching i believe that for as long as people see people underground see money in poaching it will continue but in time. with with with improved intelligence gathering we'll be able to know and i dissipate when these guys are coming their modus operandi and we would be in the position to have been quite a big impact and thus reduce the accident. to believe we need to open not has it for everybody and make sure that even those people of lower with low income can access these reserves for self intertainment and also for educational purposes so i don't think that would be something that
would concede in the short term but again it depends on what you know what the board system what government regulates in the future. then deserves national party important in africa because they can serve a wide net and i have to take maybe sustained jobs from which people. can come read while i eat sauce off. sort of part of the time jeanette ation there for people to see to enjoy and they say if we need to conserve them to protect them into the future. i believe a pepperton this new pug is where. major us
brits have been protected need to seize the felt the animals both the small and the big ones. a deal where the people surrounding that reserve have access have of course benefits deny you one area where people are happy to visit people are happy to see flooded and that accommodates all people who wants to play with lice. now a lot of work and certainly planning goes into maintaining our beautiful national parks and not just on land but also i've see they are marine protected areas too like the coral reefs of south africa's coast the former unique ecosystem in many
functions from what appears for cation to coast line protection they also provide habitats for all kinds of animals and plants all that makes to refinance durban well worth protecting but it also gives scientists valuable insight into how such a sensitive system can be protected from the long term effects of climate change. this is how good or scripture deals and spread for hundreds or millions of vs they've been building washing reefs and ensuring their own survival. in dublin marine biologists are collecting the six else gold. to study the identity of potential most course living woman typical waters. in this part of the ocean natural selection has lived only species that can cope with the rough when we found in the seas around south africa so that's a lot of our research is just trying to figure out one of what is the genetic
basis of the system for susceptibility to our race connected on a genetic level how how what sort of movement of blogging and. of getting and. how does that inform. plans to protect. our reefs out of a virus because systems that produce an important habitat and breeding ground for fish and other marine species in the last few years global warming has ghost good reefs to bleach and die around the world. and animals that live in symbiosis with an alligator. when ocean temperatures get too warm this relationship breaks down. the next pilled turning the corner white and effectively studied like here in the sea shells reefs in south africa have mostly been spared at least so far dr pearson
and his colleagues believe that's down to a unity disposition that makes them less vulnerable to change in the environment. our environment is very turbulent and therefore the water mixing is very good so you don't get a layer of water. sitting at the surface and i think the shallow water corals added to this the are called seem to be the deeper the tropical least grow to the surface so this this all assists the corals to cope better with with global warming climate change and coral bleaching just as important as the special environmental conditions in south africa the strict protection of the country's not eastern coastline the hope is that this area might provide a breeding lift for course that can survive in woman to people regions. here to be done in the monger lisa whitlock park james wood is in charge of marine protection
. one of the thinking man's father scientific a search and it is possible they. are corals in south africa is among the least predicted benefit of a warming just as the. water temperatures rise being here to. try to area for the coral stick stand for the south. but what temperatures aren't the only factor affecting coral reefs and other major problem in ocean spall over the world is marine pollution in dublin one man is thinking ahead. to get that with colleagues from around the world dr pearson is working on kyle preserving coral guinea pigs. for him they had an insurance policy for battle but city if worst comes to worst what's called under such immediate threat. with me on ways to preserve. the diversity i have. the situation
is inside in many areas. we have. something like. it's a race against time experts say around half of the planet's coral reefs could die by twenty fifty taking with them much of the diversity and beauty in the wild beneath the waves. so you see the world would be a poorer place without our national parks and the dedication of the people who work in them and it also reminds us once again that we all must do our bit in other to preserve this beautiful planet how about turning waste into something wonderful. did you know that worldwide more than two billion cups of coffee are
consumed every day that generate mountains of used grounds that simply get tossed into the bin let's see what some people in europe are making out of it. did you know that you can promo shrooms on coffee grounds. germans love their coffee. twenty three hundred cups are consumed every second in the country. but only point two percent of the beans actually end up in the cup. the rest lands in the garbage as coffee grounds. entrepreneur ralph title is turning this waste into a resource. he collects coffee grounds from cafes and uses them to grow gore may mushrooms.
to mix as the grounds with spawn. puts them into banks and ships them to customers. they add a little bit of water and after a few days the mushroom start to sprout. every box produces up to three harvests around five hundred grams of yummy mushrooms and all . the you like that. if you are also doing your bit tell us about. visit our website or send us a tweet. hash tag doing your bit share your story. just as in many other parts of africa direct access to clean drinking water is
a luxury in uganda especially in the rule areas more than twenty three million ugandans are still without it while there was plenty of swamp land open water this is on fit for drinking and that's why the social business called impact water is looking into providing filters to schools in kenya nigeria and uganda felicia while and believe me schools operate only place where the public water system doesn't always work the way it should but the filters are a good alternative to using file it to boil water all reports from uganda is about encouraging schools to change their ways for the sake of the environment. for three weeks now. has had to chop up more wood than usual. she's the kitchen helper at st paul's catholic seminary in fort portal in western
uganda. she needs a lot of firewood to boil fifteen hundred leaders of drinking water every day. so we boil the water for different purposes to cook and drink so i don't know how much weight we need to burn for each thing but i know we need a lot of work we need. more than two hundred know this year it's live and study in the seminary along with teachers and staff and they all need drinking water. but tests showed the facilities water purification system isn't working properly this time. it would worked out for drinking and if we how sick and some people we see it has few duties as you can see it
does long tours through commended for drinking and we begin to that sample from the still it which is. quite clean but still going to commended for drinking. the problem is that the poly filters for the water purification system are clogged up technician sanju piazzi has to replace them he shows health officer vincent can a mater how the system has to be serviced in the future vincent will have to perform regular maintenance. this is how the poly filter looks after half a year of use the system is used so much that a clean new filter will have to be inserted every other month in. a system like this costs four and a half million ugandan shillings about two. hundred u.s. dollars linda negi one works in sales. san paulo nationalising there is quite a unique school because there were deco such an easy to talk highway so that means
that we were using the few tears and that also means that we have to replace them quite regularly. this is the capital of uganda population one of the half million a number of companies here now offer water purification systems by the end of twenty eighteen london iggy ones firm plans to quadruple the number of schoolchildren it provides with drinking water to two point eight million we believe with the support from the chair to the government and different organization we can reach the speed. purifying tap or well water with one of these systems is not only a lot cheaper than boiling out it's also better for the environment. back in the small town of fort portal and western uganda impact water has contracts with more than three hundred schools. since the beginning of the year one of them
is new york a sewer a school with over a thousand students. i'm using a very big difference cause what i was in the mood to ted johns and it was some sickness but this time dilatation so we have time to time it so people are going. and in the nearby seminarians won't there's no clean drinking water from the purification system for the midday meal for the region the seminarians use an immense amount fifteen hundred liters a day in the future they'll just have to change the filter more often. and we've come to the end of a special edition featuring national parks you've been watching in court africa a joint environmental magazine production by channels t.v. on quest say on behalf of the entire team thanks for joining us on bye bye for this week from the national conservation park in lagos nigeria how we got some curly
stories and discussions hello and welcome to news actually from me from the new gemini from the news of museums and while it's a damn good close match africa join us on facebook at g.w. africa. hello ladies on the jury listening to. the fight against illegal logging. david. against goliath. time for me to tell everyone what's going on to fight courageous activists against the mighty oak ornament. boxes because this is nothing. but who will move the borneo case starts october ninth on the c.w. . an unusual friendship. this is the
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when paul came over the seat from coming to berlin and starts october fourth on d w . this is d.w. news live from berlin a diplomatic reception here in the german capital turkish president russian tire aired a wanted for better relations with the german government today turkey's president is on a state visit to germany that's being overshadowed by strained relations between the two countries we will have extensive live coverage of this controversy all those.