tv Doc Film - Georgias Dream - All Eyes on Europe Deutsche Welle October 20, 2018 8:15pm-9:01pm CEST
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georgia a region coveted by russia and a country that wants to join europe. i definitely want to be a part of our culture of the game economically as well. georgia's objective is clear and most people that agree with. her georgia home to. entrepreneurs like that idea. person is not like says join some club and then improve life for me it's more gradually becoming like europe.
this is the to me georgia second largest city situated on the black sea coast. no other georgian says he better represents the country's aspirations to join europe. during the nearly ten years that president mikheil saakashvili was in office his administration invested heavily in development projects today but to me seems like a cross between dubai and me. when georgia was part of the soviet union these beaches true crowns of workers on vacation it was a chance to get some sun and forget their cares for a while. today the tourists include turks armenians and azerbaijanis. many of the
visitors especially the turks are drawn to the casinos which are banned in turkey. the owners many older georgians prefer to play dominoes card games or nobody a game that's like backgammon and dates back centuries. ago both more got a career on earth just due to they don't have much money to bet so they keep their wages low words. even i can afford to play or other low mert surely drive your own that's not georgia goes to attract a lot of russian tourists but tensions between russia and georgia have been strained since the two countries went to war in two thousand and eight. you know we should be able to go our own way and make our own decision as to how to
get out of that we should have good relations with both europe and russia russia is our neighbor europe is far away. but a lot of young people think differently it's not like they want us to turn towards europe but you can't ignore your neighbors as americans that we know that they also . talked we decided to talk to some young people about the. twenty three year old tamer walesa of is an artist who makes a little money drawing portraits of tourists. he specializes in caricature i think i'll have him do a picture of me with him. tamer has been drawing since he was a child. he grew up in moscow. timorous father used to paint portraits of tourists in the famous are but district.
relations between georgia and russia are still strained tamers father says and that's why people here want to join europe. georgia must be european absolutely there is no other choice for us. in the continuing crisis in ukraine is also a focus of attention here and has contributed to georgians desire to move closer to europe. these other famous lakeside dancing fountains of but to me of water and light show set to pop rock and classical music. it's like a french park or street here everything's lit up we've got fountains to. timar and his brother say that president saakashvili made sure that a lot of historic buildings and other sites were restored to their former glory.
and he made a lot of other improvements as well. on the ground. before saakashvili we had only three hours of electricity here during the day. now everything looks great. in. some georgians cause that has really the kennedy of the caucasus. he brought new life to this former soviet republic and especially cities like but to me. really would eventually be accused of corruption abuse of power and the intimidation of political opponents. but without him georgia would look very different today. the next day we drive to a region that is contested by both georgia and russia south as. we
passed the settlement where ethnic georgians who were displaced from the region now live we can approach the border area only with georgian police protection. this is part of the border fortifications that the russians put up after the two thousand and eight rule georgian troops say that russian soldiers keep moving the fence into georgian territory a few centimeters at a time. journalist really has been reporting on this conflict for years not on one occasion as she was doing a live report she and her crew were threatened by russian soldiers. a russian occupation troops installed closed circuit cameras in the trees they saw that we were here without police protection you come here to be done but i told my cameraman that if you took pictures in that direction they'd open fire i mean.
that's about what's new been in both of them and. we approached the fence a company by george and border guards. here comes here often to visit dartle a georgian farmer who refused russian orders to leave his home. since the border went up he hasn't been able to tend his fields on the georgian side. ward. you know if. two women came to visit us the other day. my wife and i shared a meal with. the russians found out about it i have no idea how they did but later they came by the house late at night. one of them and sat down on my bed. under the bat. datos grandchildren are not allowed to visit him he says the situation is literally
making his wife ill the couple feels isolated. they just one things to return to normal here. my daughter lives on the georgian side. she somehow managed to visit us once. on the second day some people showed up and said that if she came back better arrest her i said that's ridiculous she's my daughter. we are pulled out so i am a dummy and he's my god they're all more with these people are georgian citizens. out of the us are one of us they can't even come like their pensions or you hear the news article about if you know closely at the situation you'll come to the conclusion that this is occupied territory you know. data has not yet given up hope he still looks forward to the day when things will go back to the way they were. but he says that every day he looks at his fields
through the barbed wire and it makes him sad. not far away about eight thousand people most of them ethnic georgians have lived in this settlement camp since they were displaced in two thousand and eight good he used to be a prosperous farmer today he lives and works on learned that doesn't belong to him he has just one cow. compares the russians occupation of this area with the intervention in eastern ukraine. and. the russians destroyed my house right down to the foundation you can even tell there was a house there. and i saw a picture of the sign on the internet it would be read. now seasons and russians live in that area who took office in. need a few. says he would fight for his country if he could but he knows that this
conflict cannot be won with weapons. he realizes that his old way of life is probably gone for good still his wife continues to hope. america macmaster the world god willing we'll return to our land one day there's nothing better than having your own land it's your futures and hope keeps us going maybe i won't live to see us get our land back but she might. so she'll continue to remember her life as it once was and to share her memories with her grandchildren. here in the settlement the houses all look the same but the people are trying to make the best of things. the people in the settlement come from all over south ossetia.
mena has finally come to terms with her situation so much. the hardest part was to leave home and start all over again some who are else. raised. mino hopes to return to her home region one day because here even after all these years she still feels like a refugee but she's not going to give up and always tries to look on the bright side. you can grow all kinds of crops here apples corn and beans. if you work hard you make it would you know. the people here were simply in the wrong place at the wrong time so they were forced to leave their homes. of about this georgian troops are simulating an enemy attack on the capital tbilisi
and preparing their defense strategy and tactics. these may be small scale war games but many georgians believe that the threat is very real on walmart's about what is the world about they're well aware of the conflict in eastern ukraine and russian troops are still deployed in south ossetia about fifty kilometers away. for years georgian troops have taken part in nato exercises three thousand of them are taking part in these maneuvers. an estimated eight hundred and seventy georgian troops are taking part in the current nato mission in afghanistan many georgians are proud of that. some of the georgian soldiers were trained in germany. and they're going to be doing we enjoy working with them it's an interesting and important mission where working together in the name terrain under extreme weather conditions thirty
nations are involved and we all communicate in english not on an exam and on board . in two thousand and eight nato promised that georgia would eventually be allowed to join the organization but that process is on hold in part because of nature's complicated relations with russia. still most georgians believe that a military alliance with the west is the best way to protect themselves against aggressive neighbors young people want to see closer ties between georgia nato and europe. the german public by at least that would prevent a direct conflict between russia and georgia. gritty with the polish it would be useful to join nato but i don't think it'll happen they'll never keep their promise . parliament member severe cuts are over is working to move georgia closer to nato and the european union. when we
say we will already be forces about democracy about paris about security. of our national interests and our national interest directly arlene we need to win situation. most georgians especially young people believe that their country has always been part of europe and that's where their future lies. now are on patrol with a tbilisi police unit they're going to investigate a traffic accident levon and tomorrow are part of the new generation of georgian police officers when president saakashvili took office georgian police had a reputation for corruption an estimated thirty thousand were fired in short order today the police are here to protect and so. you know. we're proud of that
mission it's an important step forward for our country. we don't take bribes that's a source of pride for us we serve our country. in the past traffic police often pulled over motorists for no reason and demanded bribes. that may still be the case in other former soviet republics they say but not in georgia. or thought about both of them both public servants who take bribes should be fired. and charged with a criminal offense this is some of. the reform of the police force is a massive project and there's still a lot of work to do. but at least the offices have new equipment to work with their especially pleased with their patrol cars.
while the old school does these are brand new vehicles i'm not like the ones we're used to as they must share wishes and their own food with the latest technology chetry in new delhi so that we can do our jobs properly. that's the onboard computer. a good watch decision that's the radio which lets us communicate with headquarters and talk shop their culture to want to study saved i don't want to start on the bus. but there aren't any more calls tonight from the dispatch center everything's quiet. since the police reforms began there's been a big drop in the crime rate. police is especially beautiful at night.
k.g.b. still watching you. this is a trendy club that's popular with local young people and tourists. is a reference to georgia's much larger and more powerful neighbor. in europe you have missed go through the pockets of the club's name isn't. avocation it's a joke. we don't want to forget our past decisions those were difficult times of the world and we don't want to go through anything like that ever again as three. new country was shot. through. the club's policy is to poke fun at the soviet era as we can see in this post is today's young georgians have no idea what life was like back then. they are supposed to trust i believe that georgia is a part of europe. we've always dreamed of joining the european union.
i did understand and i hope that this dream will come true one day the more. of your system going to the phases for the first. these young georgians are discussing their country's future relationship with europe they all learned russian in school but many of them speak english as well and i definitely want to be part of your up culturally and economically as well that and not because of the benefits but because of the way of life you walk past and. the south way of life is very close to me. she says that russia will simply have to accept that. downturn to police is popular with backpackers and other young people from all over the world.
they're tracked it to the relaxed atmosphere in the clubs and cafes the music and the delicious georgian food. the next day i meet georgian poet. it's righty i'm a globe ailie at europe square. in twenty fourteen there were celebrations here to mark the signing of the association agreement between georgia and the e.u. . he says georgians want their country to become a full member. and that hasn't happened yet mostly because the e.u. doesn't want to stir up trouble with russia in this region rutty says the problem is not with the russian people themselves but with the leaders in the kremlin. i love russia very much
a lot of the russian people and the russian culture i mean but i have a problem with the people who run the country they have to learn to respect other cultures. this soviet era statue was intended to symbolize the georgian character the figure holds a bowl of wine to welcome friends and a sword to ward off enemies. reality says that in today's independent georgia artistic and intellectual life is thriving georgians love to read most homes are filled with books and even the smallest village has a library right he says that georgians respect their literary heritage and this allowed them to preserve their national language in soviet times. statues just grotesque. it's an expression of soviet fantasy. georgians don't like it it is no femininity whatsoever. and that sword shows just how far apart
georgia in the soviet union wore the time. that it points out a big white building near the river. that's the city's public service hole. we visit the building the next morning it's about as far removed from soviet era structures as you could imagine. there's a lot of open space and the staff are committed to providing fast and efficient customer service. and it's like checking in at a luxury hotel and the clerks are courteous also break with salvia tradition. this is meg because it tugs a an attorney who meets a new passport she doesn't have a lot of time but that shouldn't be a problem the clock asks her to come back into alice.
yorkie to b.j. is the director of the agency that runs the service hall he predicts that soon every city in georgia will have one. these are all new public service all of which were opening during the next one year these are the architecture should be income why else would the architecture of the scene here or in the architecture of this region for example pieces of gold join me on this one is. not because people would be similar to the old. railway station of boardroom it was the first railway station which was built in georgia during the nineteenth century we created a new bridge and we created new britain because we wanted to make it totally different from the past for the different because the past. civil service delivery was. associated to the bribery associated to the corruption a source if in many other things. back then citizens had to stand in line and
rundown offices and deal with surly bureaucrats. and now make his passport. it's ready in just ninety minutes. the takes care of the details on a laptop computer she sent make a text message saying that she could come by and pick up her documents they meet at the service halls cafe. and slowly i think this service hall reflects our new democracy you can get all your documents in one place it's fast and easy on it and yes that shows that the government actually cares about its citizens. in the old days it was really difficult to get those documents there were long lines at the office apps and you
had to pay bribes you a lot of cripes. most number of like to see him you know. and for those in a hurry there's even a drive through window. one at them a good lot of people i mean i'm. used to cost all that for plus all unsure printer constantine vick who us says george's new transparency has helped him to expand his business. constantine didn't have to pay bribes all way through red tape to get started and he quickly managed to develop a thriving crew from. just compared to other soviet republics. except the politics of course which we already have the us compared to others georgia is great they're really big change and they put their
logs into all this stuff it's going to be called your story associated with the rest of sort of your journey and there is still a lot to be done. constantine's says georgia is still finding its way in the world . has provided his workers with bicycles as you might find on an organic farm in europe. people said he was crazy for trying to grow kiwi fruit here but constantine ignored the critics. the climbers in this region between the black sea and the caucasus mountains is ideal for growing fruit his kiwis are sweet rich in vitamin c. and have a robust color he's put a lot of work into this project here at the very. first let me tell you that rangers they grow very fast but they are also very fragile so what now our one of our employees is doing is very he's tying them to wire with
a special tool which is called top and then if you doesn't do it the wind will break. constantine was able to find a market for his favorite treat a german partner helped him with evacuations that apply to treat imports. many people think that it's better to in all stay with the russian market and the soviet former soviet countries this is easier to search for there are many pessimists like there it's not that we. paid any attention to them we just we had this many times that we just didn't care what they said and we just relentlessly pursue with our dream we knew that we can make it and we proved it in general in two thousand and fifteen then our q four although q four does not traditional for georgia it became first fourth airlie or than any other georgian traditional route to go to europe. constantine believes that georgia will succeed if it follows the path of western
democracy. he says georgians have always considered themselves europeans. when we are part of europe or real integrity part of you out of bed time europe was . in the roman and we were like integral part of death europe all over centuries center of europe moved from roman constantinople to berlin are still down london and then we sort. constantine like many georgians hopes that one day georgia will become a full member of the european union it with a georgian lerton is not like first join some club and improve life for me it's more gradually becoming like europe and constantine's business is thriving and he is planning to expand his fun.
his babies are and usually vigorous pollinators they come from the caucasus mountains and are healthier than most european bees because they've been exposed to less pesticides. over. my. when they are traveling through the caucasus mountains in winter time some villages here are snowed in for months. this is the lady region is located in a remote corner of northwestern georgia. the region was first mentioned in the writings of ancient greek and roman scholars feel in modern times this fantasy became a popular destination for severe tourists especially high finance.
in the middle ages these towers provided protection against invading they used to be thousands of them but many were destroyed during the soviet era today there are only four hundred. in the town of mysterious some towers have been converted into hotels. these technicians are planning an expansion of the local power grid they've come all the way from tbilisi the project includes putting up new transmission lines actually look at how the city where right here on the map. which would. be new is she get beat by going to build a new ski resort here. so they'll need a lot of electricity. all they need be they're expecting
a big increase in the number of tourists people. and that's why we have to put in a new power grid. in it. over until it's right those and we hope to have the new great finish before the ski area opens and then we'll get a lot of tourists here. not only not met with in. this area is popular with backpackers from europe. that. a lot of russians used to visit the mountain god so we're chata lanny says they simply cross the caucuses on hiking trails and thank you very much muslim wouldn't be back in the two thousand and eight war the number of russian tourists has declined sharply but not all of the much needed we are extending the hiking trails
into the smaller villages. we've built guest houses and that creates construction jobs for local residents. were also training new guides in the market will be used to just what does the word think about the current state of relations between georgia and russia as. well as the hostility between our two countries has got to stop and that will make life easier for both georgians and russians us but our main goal is to move closer to europe. and to embrace european style democratic values. on chip which. my even people who live in remote mountain villages one closer ties between georgia and europe. my digital.
this is closure on me as far resort known as the pull of the caucasus germany's mineral water springs are said to have medicinal powers. the springs were found by russian troops after the russian empire and next the region in the early eighteen hundreds pleasure only is a popular tourist destination. and these days there are more and more russian visitors. for many of them a trip to brazil me is like making a pilgrimage. but. the fact that. tatiana riyad of our lives in siberia his daughter suffers from asthma. because they clean my i come here because i love the climate the mineral water the natural surroundings the food
and the people there are very hospitable which it is to be reviewed it is my husband is thirty and her hopes that the mineral water treatments will help her daughter when. you're done with that it because you know it's like a dream for us russians to be able to travel to georgia again i was a boy less of him and there are a lot of us come down here now and we visit often. everything i've talked to many russians here. once they've seen this part of georgia they want to come back again and again because that book i mean that's how much they like georgia yeah they're in truth out of the screaming of. this reason was popular with russian zionists and later as such it was prominent visit is included tchaikovsky checkoff and go ok but these days most of the visitors are young russians. on a way to cut kitty region in eastern georgia the area is famous for its minions. this
road leads through many small villages and each produces its own variety of wine. georgia is one of the world's oldest wine growing regions. wine stored in these earthenware vessels is drunk only on special occasions. the today they're celebrating the opening of zura sees new wine factory artificer. syrup used to export wine to russia but after the war wine sales were suspended until twenty thirteen home on. the the air.
but the wine embargo turned out to be a blessing in disguise the reviews that time to improve his wine production methods so he could start exporting to europe. this high tech equipment was imported from france and italy. europe now makes better wine and. he's expanded his export market. very happy with the way things have turned out and the russian market is open again with. the rich articles we've bought a lot of money into this new facility. the wind meets russian standards but more importantly it meets european standards as well. we produce a quality product here. ali part of. the european market is important but europe also knows that russians love george and
why. he believes that his country should have good relations with both russia and the e.u. . all of the bitter little by belief that georgians were the first europeans. our geographical location dictates that we should be part of europe begin to rebuild europe but we also have to be able to get along with the russians. if you will resume their force. almost everyone in the village now works at this factory. it provides young people with job training under steady income. but before they built a factory there were no full time jobs here just part time. and some of the appeal with job i don't like to see georgia move closer to europe because in europe they value knowledge and education how did they see it we don't miss our you know that was the more you know little card that more all of us come from this village.
when the factory opened we all came to work here it's great to have a full time job. and to have a world filled with that. we georgians have preserved our independence even in soviet times. the results received the inspectors would come down from moscow and the georgians would serve them lots of wine real the russians would go back home in a good mood and say everything here was fine and. zero says his grandparents considered themselves european. we're going to be richer is that they were very modern people and felt close to europe for a while but they also respected georgian traditions who will be. the georgians are famous for their toasts zurab doesn't want to talk on camera about georgia's
relations with russia after all he has a lot of russian business partners but he does say that moscow should do more to improve trade relations with neighboring countries rather than engaging in aggressive military behavior. russia can no longer dictate policy to the states on its borders and of. cigarettes wife put it like this. mean that the only thing that i want is the stuff in the georgian people have always fought for freedom. now we've achieved that freedom that we are a free people. that we would like all post soviet states to live in freedom like we do the ruger still not we hope that we will become part of europe. we've always belonged to european civilization anyway the. the and the.
the. we're on our way to visit the other verdi monastery and cathedral. cherice seem tense the vignettes here. parts of the monastery date back to the sixth century. father terry scene is proud of george's wine tradition in general and of the wine produced at the monastery in particular. was grapevines from georgia have been exported all over the world and that includes europe although was. georges the traditional home of wine making was his father and our wine culture can now be found everywhere you know as it's called the. georgian
monks played a key role in developing that culture by blending in various varieties and vintages . says the georgians have done a splendid job of preserving them on histories and churches despite repeated invasions by the persians the ottoman empire and the bolsheviks. in europe has always been christian and we've always been part of that culture. there was a time when our ties to christianity was caught off by the atheists. but many people in their hearts maintained that faith even though they did not have the
opportunity to practice it openly. in. the georgian people are returning to their roots. to the origins whole world this is you know why of course post this was remember that christianity has been part of georgia for two thousand years with the hope of a good little girl realtor's it's a little now we are trying to rebuild what was taken from us by force years ago started to model to move to malta in the hope killed all the world to. the people of georgia are doing all they can to move closer to the west. but at this point europe doesn't seem to take them seriously. the ongoing crisis in the ukraine
appears to have strengthened the georgians resolve but they are concerned for their future and about current developments in europe. still even during soviet times the georgians have always charted their own costs. the armed forces on the russian battling your current problems a lack of equipment limited budgets the notion of tanks we have tended to patients that don't have tanks outsourcing and privatization of border today but those things every day i don't want those on private sector businesses make more money in
functions or firms are infiltrating beyond forces military to just fill contracts in fifteen. form. enter the conflict zones with tim sebastian. i'll be challenging those in call asking tough questions demanding answers. as comforts intensify i'll be meeting with key players on the ground in the sons of. rushing through the rhetoric holding the powerful to account for the conflict zone. conflict zone with jim sebastian on t.w. . how about taking a few risks you could even take a chance on love. don't
expect a happy ending. don't literature list on streets. total shut. player. playing . this is deja news live from berlin saudi arabia admits jamal khashoggi is stand up to two weeks of denials the saudi state t.v. say the dissident journalist was killed in a fistfight inside its istanbul consulate the full western allies of the saudi government find their explanation convincing also on the program. hundreds of thousands approach each person has just.