tv Doc Film - The Black Heart of America Deutsche Welle November 18, 2018 4:15am-5:00am CET
for generations this was the stuff that fueled america's rise to become a world power. cove much of it mined in central appalachia in the state of west virginia. the southwestern part of the state has fallen largely off the map it's a place that feel americans have visited for know much about. this is the haas of the appalachian mountains a place where tradition has deep roots.
long the economic bedrock of the region today coal is an impassioned industry the mine is here are threats and great. they are the heroes of west virginia miss the men who keep calls black hearts beating. every morning they descend deep into the minds of several kilometers underground it is a duck and dangerous place to what. i .
the tunnels in the sally and mine are barely a metre high. a can be he'll shoot. up probably one of the fraud only going level short burning bank account more plainly study people. or colleagues a sudden shift to shift not just make them shut. for three years now scott lockhart has won the black hot head of experience minus like his father and grandfather before him. and the apple bit go round in house so that's how it. looks more but in the past. life. here. is. nothing new for me
after. promising. for ten years of the. money he's really good short of. going off first or didn't oh man. it was me and bush for all time. since it opened in one nine hundred eighty one this sunday and mine has been dug nearly two kilometers into the mountainside. it supplies valuable metallurgical coal twist virginia's black gold to the steel industry. accidents many of them fatal a frequent. you get scared who will. i fear. for the round i'm sure if you think about everybody you drive yourself in something just keep it to myself we're scared. it is will be going to work and work into. place i'm trying to keep her in
a room. that no drama. mainly coal mine off in spatial field self-confident not everybody can do the job that we do because much we feel pressured. to scott's older brother stephen has been a mine in full fifteen yes. to we watch each other but you know trying to help each other which is why again he's coughing a lot to. me and to me you know we're here by law in our hands now we're the one supports the other can't manage to do the rap to make up a place were born some are not like they were. you know mom they took me like you mean how much you.
know. for the subsequent health. care to have it right. not to have lunch but now. you know mom you know more. now on this you know the production stuff absolutely can stop a lot of sleep and you know i'm. right and you know. it's about from what i hear i hear that like at a dinner out i'll be it would get together search out throughout the day but very cold like it. is that that it was like you know that's you know this is a. try to do away with it they. all are good together the right should be out for all the what it takes to survive out west end of year it is the last hour and go out about work so about a word about it you get nothing like it i just want to work here day oh. i'm sorry
you don't. want to give free your. help it won't make you so much muscle from our new. president donald trump promised to revive coal and has rolled back environmental regulations that the industry hates. in some parts of the country coal mines began hiring again . but the glory days of coal still not least because natural gas is both cleaner and cheaper. aboveground much of west virginia still untamed nature forests covered the steep
slopes of the central appalachians once home to the cherokee and other native american tribes it was later settled by mainly scots and irish immigrants hundreds of narrow valleys crisscross the region the hollows or hollis as they called in the appalachian dialect. the rural region is home to many small religious communities time often seems to be standing still here and tradition holds sway. you. leave it to you here. it is also the world of bluegrass and mountain music. it was the one in his ballads and in cat's head johnston tells of the hard life in the mountains like when a flood washed over the hollers and swept away what the locals had worked so hard for. with his door to stacy crab and foreman mine attorney davis johnston recorded
his song muddy water which became a local hate. pulling the cold. never. ending for you holding you. in anything. in the manual recount. what. i mean i can still laugh about it making a. good day good to see the big. news story a new flow there's music in my own music mogul program so the people who. were my own i had so many people come back downtown and they just don't say why would you still leave here if gars have all let me pick where i would go be born or out of here and if all were. and had to give your sense of belonging to that
particular group you know all of the moon you can take from. the families and none of hardship from drugs your life with them as a way of in your old the other house burnt down and. you know that's we've also everything we did have a whole lot of events it was gone in minutes you know and. that night just a few hours later you know we had one bands that were sleeping our given over to outsell dollars in kind of movie. called my house we will come together i'll be walking down great triumph like come here i've been going. you know when i'm shaking they stick your hand out for me to say cameras on them and when after i can't do it or maybe put them in my room and you know their name date may put me on back for yardwork and just keep going on when they bumped off i'd look man a hundred dollar bill. because they no matter how smart. and if to count people
live around for. a. religion has long been a powerful force in these mountain communities. the pentecostal church called house of lords jesus still practices a form of worship that is officially banned by you outside west virginia. at every sunday service pasta chris wolfe it risks his life. over the
years the ritual has claimed the lives of preaches and worshipping. that we've got a team around him we've got a couple copper here and here we've got a eastern time about. this chapter in any movie i give you've heard a trip on schoolkids and so you know i challenge you it's just a come i am there's a scripture c. is perfect. they all feel. we handled the matter with the collar temporary that's what killed my baby but it's an honor to me that god can work if god would want me to lay my lap they are then away i would consider him how he gave us not for us. to say if you drink you need daily
i don't do day because of good sayings and i do that because our you see. that our. eyes play oh i don't. know i say i'm not going to do it oh i do not deal with this. but as soon as i did you dollars your mouth cause you know i don't. think i'm gonna. say all right. go with her my ears go she just a little bit o. our students will be able to hear and rather what happens. now. when i begin your heart. oh. i don't harm her. or not you know we. have an average i'm.
her need for my new trains to go her thinking may leave your head man he had come he got stuck in his little you know those places we. say we mean he killed issue most of those mean head fifteen twenty years he's been . told not to reveal. it was all black a. minute i was going. to keep the. team here first place six nights a week there's always that one. can think about it. you know if it. took a long time. caitlin and scott lockhart have been married for three years.
until the first child was born paikin worked as a nurse and well regarded jump in the struggling region after nearly forty years in the mines scott's father jimmy has just taken early retirement. being married to a coal miner you know you get up every morning and there's always that question in your mind is this going to be the last time i want to see you. and then you know when the phone rings and you're like you say it's a monster thing the first reaction is something's happening. i knew beforehand that there's a choice that we may because my dad was a previous coal miner and he got crushed in the mines and he doesn't work anymore because you can't ever want to marry scott i would probably still have been with a coal miner i mean i was i was crazy but you know that's all of there is around here it's either you're a doctor or polar bear i mean there's a fear for him and play like mcdonalds and stuff but you know you can live on that
. i pray that the monster i open getting laid off with a monster it can happen any time. without them arms we have nothing in west virginia but i can't really leave the mountains. i would never change my life no money it would change our boy will your right here . only thing that would change who we might could get closer together is the way i want finished. right here. this lawyer. demi works in the coal mines for thirty nine years and i honor him for that because that's a hard job to work that long and here has been diagnosed with black or placeholder
. likely is just something mom or have to face with her mom our friends and all the guys i want you in the long room and you close your time. may not like it might feel like she's featured in a film. just a white guy really my brother in law and he's got it i'll be a good legal case in the us. the utility is. very he. will be for some time so making sure that. anything inside the. building.
has laid out for about a year now with the company that i work for. right now. there is a stroke. give a was a war on coal. since meaning of the year i'll be more every single night don't try to escape is worthy. we're not going to tell marcella how to work. that's all took from my. face down to earth person the people force me. to start all over again if you can even walk into a bar and just have a beer with him and said damn top cow they nomination spline jane he's the mayor you have. a lot to think days last. thing gets rid of all somethings and he steps up to go live now he's other people stay home he's backing up now while he
criticizing for now really know much about it. i work six days a week the man for the day asked me more town under green without a little smile me. i don't have time to watch a social media. they even davey so i don't really know what's going on up in the world out of the know. in the winter town. has a cow manners not my. neighbor your shift or it's going to come out sad discovery. sundays now in town we get to enjoy sunshine in the sunshine. in the winter shut. the. scott's mother licia and his grandmother and his mother and father in law have come for a visit and the. mormon family is very much at the center of life here. tobar
twenty he is going to be my brother's sick to stick up for her and he was killed in the car and i can say when you see seventy six a would it be he was not doing yours i would hate back a tractor over into a man who. asked still mama overaged. and my father he got crippled in a man's and forty c. x. and i had enough of that peeled into my hands. so say you say you've been in scott in their mountain clothes and koran just really hurt me you know so i wouldn't know man's act or really what me and life relate movie i'm go in there and you know i don't exempt from being manners but you know that's the way they will make they really have and so i have to accept it you know ever buy sell family oriented here you know everybody likes to bring next i'm on the next day. and you know we're always a phone call away i was. counting the time he spends commuting scott's
works a seventy hour week the wrong hands about five thousand dollars a month. it can fly just as every mary kom are only about half a tailor as one of the one of the hardest decisions she'll have to make. you but nice boys now get she hands yeah they're going. to have. a family and you know i could never reply should. do you. or the brain her. power of your words are right we're following limits not only. her original. trouble must she charge what people are into big and then i came back here to fight
leaving home you know. my neighbor traveled the world and got on a plane you know that feeling you need to travel you know. maybe i'm . being told you off inch. here in your bins out at or near co he will now cross the world in your help and build bridges build be able and skyscraper or even for a robot. arm. i would want to be the fish were to. be able to get on aus this will be. lethal actually that i have been with my friend
i really don't want it popping much about. so i just gotta keep that off my mind. and even try to talk about nobody you know follow her mom while not anymore. i think you know it's. you know you get a free ensures in only votes which was say you can buy the. new flick. more could really have. been. you know just. coal has claimed thousands of lives in west virginia a single disaster in one thousand and seven killed three hundred and sixty one mine is until the one nine hundred fifty s. many families lived in towns built and owned by the coal companies workers were paid in script that was good only in company stalls strikes were ruthlessly put
down today miners know that joining the union means risking their job. since the one nine hundred ninety s. hundreds of mountains have been ravaged by blast mining. it's cheap and requires fuel work has been drilling the rubble which often contains toxic waste piles up in the valleys and contaminate streams rivers and ground. his place. in order for them to continue the mining here they'll have to depopulate our communities and they've done it before they've done a lot. the real gun it has lived in west virginia all her life the cherokee native is fighting against the environmentally devastating mountaintop mining communities here and it's sort of the end of nowhere. mine company people's homes and. eventually they tear down most homes they poison the water the air is laden with
coal dust and chemicals from the blasting they make life here impossible so people are willing to stow out they want to get out for the people that refuse to sell their home all the stuff. he's in the middle of a mining operations and the coke of new solar catchy and say you you'll wish you so . and i've been told that yeah they put me through hail but i still don't take their bio there's more than forty communities now across the southern part of the state that are no longer existing community the bomb coa industry they gate mountain people al the there are mountains. if this is really about jobs what about we just turn the dozers around and fix what we've torah that's another hundred years worth of employment it's not a bad job it's about profit they're called companies and the department of
environmental protection work together and the politicians b.n.f. it from a through me anyway. came paying contributions parks here in ny or. maybe a gun whose home is protected by a chain link fence the activist has enemies. years ago her home was nearly destroyed by flash flood a growing problem as coal companies stripped the night and bed to property was buried in toxic coal sludge the environmental coalition she founded father joe sued to stop mountaintop mining near by and one. of six years out been threatened. people threaten to burn my house they've been threatened people threatened to kill me. they've done things to my children my daughter was moved to buffalo grown me and when she was twelve years old they've
killed her dogs well i was angry because their bosses told them that it was my fault that they were going to lose their jobs and there's no truth to it. was testifying to stop an illegal permit. water and air is absolutely more and important than a paycheck. i've had a major pit right to my nose i'd have had to shoot above people's heads yes to put them off my property and this was one i slept with right there on must reign. and it was fully loaded as safety was on i had one in a chamber it was ready to far. my daughters lost four friends to cancer. at twenty three. we have a lot of children here that have heart problems that have liver problems kidney problems you've watched people of all ages died of cancer so i have hand delivered
. thirty peer reviewed scientific studies to congress they know they know what's happening here and they choose to do nothing they choose to lead our people. it's a very slow genocide a very quiet genocide and it's not just any people to have i mean this is some of the poorest people in our country they have no good health care they don't have healthy food they ate they're completely defenseless they have no loan a line of lawyers waiting to prosecute these cases for them the cohen industry says wall street owes us they owe all of appalachia the steel that built this country came from here why are we so poor we built all these big cities our men in these mines mom the kawi
now why is it that we are so dirt poor why is it that we are so unhealthy. it's because everything that mattered left they leave nothing not even a retirement not a pension they took that they take it all and there's people here that will uphold them because they're waiting on crumbs. over eighty percent of the land in the south the state belongs to mining companies so it's hard to diversify the local economy and leave coal behind. have always gone they worked his whole life for security should just make sure we have good hearing and shuffle transit provision told by a geologist. i'm proud to be a well the mountains we use amounts to
a lot of times a year where after the inside out so rabbit night snakes will take and it's a good belt. and connects well great coral but mean it when you get a couple good schools we can we can get them back. and don't really big could make you can make dampened last year that killed three deer yeah when they were about money from a store for yeah and i know when if we shoot it we're more. and less at the bottom. there's a lot of stuff that a lot that i can't on my account of my own. bourses walking. as far from a doors my father down. on. the. leaving
the. grill for gas will when i do bread and blow it underground and it makes cracks through the whole surface and that what. i would say was that if they could get that know what that amount. i will call him up on this target store you know the whole rung the guy was you know that's how close they were saying they're just the coal miners or soccer. the southwestern corner of west virginia is one of the poorest regions in the country the jobless rate is over fifty percent men's life expectancy is just sixty four years among the lowest in the nation. in welsh the country seat view thirty
teams are powerless to stop the decline in coal companies take their profits out of states a long legacy of backroom deals between politicians and coal barons means they barely pay taxes. in the nine hundred forty s. well it was dubbed little new york. it boasted the country's first municipal talking building. then mechanization led to the first mining crisis since the end of the cold boom the county's population has declined by some eighty percent and. many of those who still live here seem to try to escape the dreary reality by other means mcdowell county has. the epicenter of the country's ovulate epidemic it began when pharmaceutical companies doctors and pharmacies pushed the pain medication oxycontin. are.
coming back so will. the sheriff mountain west has joined county administrators to file a lawsuit against three major pharmaceutical companies. west again if i can is in a survival mode. going in the house and the situation or there's no food to eat nothing to claim the house he'd sleep on chairs cigarette smoke possibly being breeze the ball they are just like animals living out in the wild children living with their parents because parents are in jail sometimes or over the lead. but every family in this county has been affected by someone in their family with a drug problem and fix the middle the higher and lower class you have companies that make in the thirteen billion dollars and that period of
time they will have a big blow. this law also being on the sale for years but doesn't stop the people from dying until we get a judgment against me as far as you know. we're always begging for help the more sinister. sure of mormon and it causes you to feel helpless. we've been neglected for so long the last five days of these last two to three years they were laid off because there was money there to pay him with ten police officers right now we cannot cover this county anytime a police officer go there they don't know if they don't come by. so you could still ahead of us in fact after. we found people on savile row under the wheel over this every day somebody is affected in this county buried three people out of one family that overdosed on drugs these are not statistics these are people i know personally
he's a lot of people have grown up with went to school with and they're dying and nobody's taken note of it we don't have the first made here that's the reason i wrote the letter to the guy and i said you don't know the situation and you give him money at all around us and yet we leave the state and overdosed this. and i said shame on you blood is on your blood is on your honey and for not coming to help us really mean for. every holiday is an occasion for the family to come together. it's already have a large family the house drought ways over was going to be your turn your help and yet the oil. will love it it's wonderful helping and taking for my grandkids on sunday i have my kids that says are west virginia are great. and i know the only
way for my kids to my family of and stay at home if i want to live was for a time to become president because he supported. trump wants people to work hard and work for what they have and we're believe in worth nothing if we don't believe in handouts it's that a strong back and a hard thing and around here that's what we believe and try it's a hard worker look where he's gotten the night he's raised them well she was well thing to begin with but. he won big war years if we sat on his butt you know bicycle like you do. triumph is really not a politician and paid yet have no support so he has nobody net then i don't think he's in it for the money or to rob because he got laid them and. he is for the working class and i think if president trapped chi to my house
that he would come in and check our hand and not make us feel very little because he's i mean your narrow bill you know you are. hillary clinton's rather story she called painful and quest for. advice. get out of the office and educated and always smart people before. i. feel i would actually like you would enjoy being around so you could say. i would give you some cornbread and pinto things and grain and yes. ok. this cantonese name or the pain for tends to come in here in the nike hard on everybody it was want to name the union and nato do it was shoot they but what will have fun i worked in munich for day there's a lay five days when i work and. t.n.t. and high for she is you know sometimes labeled you're really no bully the tao.
extravert underground takes all that it looks good on a plate. it's not exactly following for my kids to beguile minors that's a reference for compile she could ever work now in the water out of the miami dolphins eve was hailed there at scotland's very last. just one on our rock in the mountains can kill you can smash into the top you like lord i want my brother i used to i'm actually all stored that was i wish i would about the store that way i could head stephen and she could work it was michael and we are alive it was right there says only regret i ever have. you here.
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