Skip to main content

tv   Doc Film - The Legend of Cape Horn  Deutsche Welle  December 8, 2018 7:15pm-8:01pm CET

7:15 pm
streets of paris says the full weekend of yellow vest protests hits problems dozens have been injured and at least a thousand protesters have fainted times but tests have also spilled over to belgium. and the new leader of germany's governing conservative party on a great prompt caraballo has started making her mock winning a vote to employ appoint an allied who came position she takes over from under the muckle as a chair of the c.d.u. although nothing remains chancellor. you know watching date over the news live from berlin wall coming at the top of the hour. nikos piece in germany to learn german. and polish been the reason why not learn with him online on the mobile and free to suffer from the w e learning course nicolosi. the to.
7:16 pm
play and. i'm speak first not to you don't want to hear is always a fact so we just hope that the sea will have mercy on us a little to make it through the snow and. sleet. it's more than just a rock in the sea i mean it is the going to lose his tourist it's the everest of sailing plain. plain to see most of visitors come to people sometimes call this state fear. to feel there's a lot of history in the mountains that you can see behind me the sooner she decides to change the.
7:17 pm
this is a harbor in southern denmark. adventure and expedition leader our good folks is having his historic wooden sailing ship the dock morrow and overhauled and repaired his ahead of his next big voyage folks and his crew are going to sail to antarctica . is their journey will take them around the southern tip of south america and the dreaded cape. it's a dangerous trip that will place huge demands on the crew. and pitch to make sure the ship is.
7:18 pm
in the lake nine hundred eighty folks had to rebuilt and sailed it through the northwest and northeast passages of the arctic ocean. he steals against the cold by bathing in ice. all spending time in cold storage warehouses. he's described as exhibitions in numerous books and has been the subject of several documentary films. in one nine hundred eighty nine folks became the first person to reach the north and south poles on foot in the same year. he made headlines in one nine hundred eighty four by sailing around cape horn in winter in a folding boat now he plans to return. in
7:19 pm
august twenty fifteen the dogma owen session off on its long journey south. its nine thousand nautical miles from here to cape horn. this journey will be an enormous challenge for the crew the bay of biscay provided the first real test of their sailing skills. from there the route leads via the canary islands to guinea bissau. next they turn west and head across the south atlantic. then down the south american coast past brazil and argentina. cape horn was discovered for the western world by dutch explorers in sixteen sixteen. this is the port town of horn in the netherlands the starting point of the sea voyage that will discover cape horn. a faithful replica of
7:20 pm
a ship from that era is stuck near the harbor museum. is director of the west friesian museum which acquired the ship in twenty fifteen. big yacht this type of ship is called the young. there are only small ships but they have three masts and a lot of sail area so they were all very fast and can maneuver well all bodies of water including rivers. maneuverability was a big advantage for explorers. western ships like these discovered australia japan . and cape horn river. in the seventeenth century couldn't process that because of the trade with dutch businesses in east asia and sixteen or two rival merchants joined forces to create the dutch east india company one of the pioneers of international trade. the
7:21 pm
government granted the company a monopoly on the lucrative dutch spice trade in south and south east asia. that in sixteen fifteen competitive appeared on the scene. so c'mon not to be experienced man called can a man organized an expedition. he had been a major shareholder in the dutch east india company but was expelled for fraud. after that he made it his business to cause as much trouble for the company as he could. one way to do that was to find a new sea route to asia you. knew were going to feel a man wanted to get back into the asian spice trade inspiration. and he sent his son jacobi and an experienced skipper vellum cornelius shout and to search for what he described as an undiscovered southern continent. bought off each year but their real mission was to find
7:22 pm
a new way to sail to asia. the expedition left course on june fourteenth sixteen fifteen with two ships the eintracht and the small no horn yet up in there and philip chosen and a crew of more than eighty began their journey into the unknown. on board those ships it was very hard. aiming the lower deck for example was just one point three metres high so the crew was always walking around bent over eight or they had to sleep on the bare floor. another big problem was food they had to fight malnutrition and scurvy falling and of course the crew was really nervous because they had no idea where they were headed. for the destination of the
7:23 pm
expedition was kept secret until the last minute or. two were so. they were literally sailing right off the map with the car drove. in december twenty fifth teen average folks and his crew left. the southernmost city in argentina on the final stage of their journey to cape horn. their next stop was porto williams in chile. jacques oberlé who works as a harbor master at lake constance has joined them for this part of the trip. he's traveling around the world by sea and his small ship is docked at porto williams he's grateful for the riot in a harsh environment like this everyone helps each other.
7:24 pm
one last look at it. from here it's only about twenty nautical miles to puerto williams the last time before cape horn. all of it folks knows that things are going to get serious soon. this is his office in bad palm stet in the german state of stress because when he planned the cape horn expedition down to the last detail. this map is a bit worn we used it on our last expedition to antarctica but it will give you a good overview this is america here's the southern tip of south america. and cape horn which is actually located on island yes this is the strait of mcgill and which ferdinand magellan crossed in fifteen nineteen about one hundred years before the cape was discovered. it's an extremely difficult trip because the currents are so
7:25 pm
strong. and there are two narrow passages. on top of that you and shout time powerful economic interests banned ships from sailing through here. so they looked for an alternative and found the cape in the process. sailed through this passage and promptly named it straight. he pressed on it and discovered cape horn on january twenty ninth sixteen sixteen. ending. in january sixteenth sixteen lemaire and shows and sailed through the straits of mckellen and continued along the coast. on january twenty ninth they sighted cape horn but didn't realize that it was located on an island they thought it was part of the mainland. they followed the coast north
7:26 pm
and then headed west across the pacific. during this part of their journey they discovered several islands not previously known to the west. they reached the island of java which was under the control of the dutch east india company. they'd been at sea for eighteen months and then found a new route to asia. but when they reached their destination yun peterson kuhn a company official ordered them to hand over the ship. yes so it was either join the dutch east india company or sail back home on the first available ship. the company was determined that there would not be able to trade on his own so they confiscated his ships and all his papers. and of keeping it out he was walking over a dutch court later ruled that the seizures were illegal but continued to ban him
7:27 pm
from trading in the region. lemaire and chosen never explored the other islands near the cape and for centuries afterward ships tried their best to stay in open water off the cape. but these areas were still extremely dangerous and many of the ships didn't make his. goal this. ship strike to sail around mackay particularly during the california
7:28 pm
gold rush an eight hundred fifty s. in california and all sorts of vessels tried to get through saw that they could make their way to california and other points further up the west coast of america . where does if many of the ships sank and a lot of the crew members drowned and go ships weren't very big even if they were made of wood and many have probably seen better days. they simply one equipped to deal with the hazards of a journey like that. as a disease so a lot of ships try to sail around the cape during the gold rush and many of them sank but we don't know how many because recordkeeping was poor yet there was a humanist who could make it.
7:29 pm
past better records are available from the late nineteenth and early twenties. century busy even some early film footage. starting in the eight hundred sixty s. a german shipping company owned by the nice family started building ships that were financed and sturdier. these vessels made their reputation by transporting nitrate from chile to hamburg. and all the company's founder ferdinand lice once said my ships can and should be able to sail quickly that was his top priority. but he also built ships that were designed to withstand even the strongest storms and. they probably cut back on things like supplies and amenities for the crew to save money. but those ships were very well built and that was if you like the high point of that chapter of shipping history.
7:30 pm
of the. year. in one nine hundred fifty s. and ninety's ship the p. value made the fastest ever west will trip by a commercial vessel through cape horn five days and fourteen alice the captain was out of holds. us by contrast in nine hundred five the german three masted ship suzanna says a record by taking ninety nine days to around the cape. for most of that time the area was hit by severe storms with wind speeds of more than ninety kilometers per hour. thirty other ships that were sailing near the cape at the time put into pause ten vessels either became stranded. a few ships turned around and sailed west towards australia and africa. one of the few early twentieth
7:31 pm
century sailing ships that are still in service. is the set up for mustard steel bark. it was launched by a german shipping company in braman in nineteen twenty one as the modeling of in its mine. at the end of world war two the ship was seized by the british and transferred to the soviet union as reparations. today the vessel is used to train russian navy cadets many of them find that sailing a ship like this is just as hard today as it was decades ago. average folks visiting hands. who went to work on the evil in one thousand nine hundred eighty nine at the age of sixteen. this is.
7:32 pm
you can see is germany's last surviving cape horn veteran. arrived involve paraiso chile in september nine hundred thirty nine just as world war two broke out . the vessel was seized by a british crew and the crew was interned. after the war you can continue to work in the shipping industry and in one nine hundred fifty three was promoted to captain. it may sound strange but you learn on the job. and do the best you can. takes a while to get used to it. may be rude of. me. to.
7:33 pm
look at this on the set of finding out about that first hand. one of the more difficult tasks involves climbing up the musts which are nearly sixty meters tall. the crew members wear safety belts. when hundreds. of nearly seventy years ago that kind of equipment was in short supply. for. all of us were responsible for road safety. that became second nature which was. learned pretty quickly where you could. but i didn't have a single accident the whole time i worked on ships. and i remember one case in particular where a crew member lost his grip. and fell off the yard. but two of the guys called him
7:34 pm
. is notorious for bad weather. but when you're young you don't notice it. you just assume it's normal to stand around in water up to your neck. but i didn't get any. care on the yard it's cold wet and windy. the cadets are working nearly sixty metres about. the deck this is part of a training program. one of the toughest jobs involves gathering the sales no small task in weather like this. today it's even more so you have says it's an all inspiring experience to work up
7:35 pm
that. when i climbed up on the last two to really try somebody to date me despite i'm really afraid and i'm experienced i'm second time here but i'm still afraid but it's nice. to phrase it's not a bad feeling in so they still for sale feel it's a part of it so i feel i feel a change to see it so i don't walk on the ground. i'm on fire fires on everyone. and they can bring so i am full of emotions it's obvious nobody thought so all the time. but. he says it's really good really good also i brought up a problem. to. find out what my mother's partner sailed around cape horn as
7:36 pm
a cabin boy when he was sixteen. when i was a child i love to listen to his stories for your king that we're going to go now physio minds the cabin boys at that time were just children but like the rest of the crew they had to work really hard. you mean like the cabin boys was tough. sometimes during a storm they'd see a man fall off the rigging because he hadn't secured him selfe properly. and the crew were scams instead of moving close to a port the wall is a great material but it's not waterproof he says but even with oil scams you were always so. through plus the weather was cold and the food was terrible man had a kind machine and pushups didn't have engines so they had to rely exclusively on wind. i think it took a special kind of captain to sail vessels like those. they managed to sail the
7:37 pm
ships around the cape with speed and precision faster than a steam occurred in fact. i know i know the city down there was a lot of competition among the various ships and it was a remarkable achievement for the captains and their crews to do what they did. good i said. after the panama canal was built the research around the cape became much less important. basque acorn is still a major destination in many international sailing rekha says ballast helen has
7:38 pm
travelled around the cape three times. in one auction the store one was sailing around the world we focus on speed and performance not romantic things like the legend of cake on top of him but it does have a certain attraction. and then competitive racing there's a definite spirit of adventure of do you know every time you go to sea it's a leap into the unknown. and. you never know what's going to happen and you can't rely on weather forecast so you have to deal with the forces of nature as they can't. and that tape on it can get really wild as the weather can change suddenly you see the air masses and contrast in the air temperature are stronger down there than anywhere else. into felix three miles of.
7:39 pm
where in the middle of a storm the wind speed is forty five knots or using just the small sails. were close to cape horn the highlights of this race. were probably passed by soon welcome to the antarctic ocean we've got a cold front behind us and the seas are rough. below deck the crew are mostly protected from the elements and can enjoy a few conveniences nothing that serious of course but the food is better than it was on the nineteenth century ships there's no time for cooking so they just pour hot water on these ready to eat meals.
7:40 pm
the coastal area around cape horn off is no protection the ships have to cope with stormy seas on their own and if something goes wrong help is a long way off. as i'm speaking for it's not really on on me it's when we're sailing from australia to cape horn fear is always a factor and we know that eventually we're going to have to turn south and head for the cape i do we have to deal with the weather no matter what we just hope that the sea will have mercy on us and let a sail through the rocks communities line and you know new things and honest. boy. here we are at cape horn. yes the more. the sun just coming up and you can see the outline of the rocks. they seem strange and mysterious. this may be the most remote place in the world.
7:41 pm
this is a magical moment. and look there's an albatross out there. but what . when the ship has passed the cape it's traditional for the crew to pour a little rum into the sea and onto the deck and to take a shot themselves. even though boris is an experienced sailor this is a very special moment for him. just as bowlers have been is crossing cape horn are fit folks and his ship the dogma and sail into porto williams the two men take a completely different approach to sailing. as. the boat that boris is using is like a formula one racer. but we use
7:42 pm
a traditional ship one that was built in one nine hundred thirty one right there couldn't it when we couldn't be more different when it comes to sailing and the way we approach it. still i think that what boris does is incredibly exciting i have a lot of respect for what he's done and i wish him and his crew all the best. you know i mean. two hundred metres away from the dock with a duck moylan is tied up it's a lay in navy boats just getting ready to set off ok. chile has a naval station there and the crew will inspect and resupply it. they turned their departure. so that they'll arrive at dawn when the weather is supposed to be good. the route leads south from pressure williams then through the beagle channel and finally across nestle bay towards.
7:43 pm
the boat arrives at its destination precisely at seven in the morning. to make resupply trips like this every three months or so from here they'll use inflatable boats to get to the station if the weather holds up. if it doesn't the crew won't risk. the crew unload supplies of food and construction materials if the weather's bad for extended periods the naval station will be supplied by air. these are prefabricated buildings there's not enough time between storms to put up proper structures. the naval station and lighthouse are built on a peach bed that's thirty meters deep when the wind is really high you can actually
7:44 pm
see the buildings sway kid by steel cables so that they don't play the way. average folks took this picture when he first visited there in the winter of nine hundred eighty four. folks and a friend paddled to the cape enfolding all the way from. the boats are made of wood and fabric. they look like they wouldn't stand a chance in the treacherous seas around cape horn. on the day that the two adventurous finally reached the cape the waves were up to full fees high it was a roller coaster ride. then they went ashore where they were welcomed by chilean military personnel who were stationed there.
7:45 pm
at the chapel mostly of driftwood the chaplain blessed folks and his friend perhaps he thought it was necessary. ok corn is famous for its weather extremes including ferocious winds. the naval station commander is on an inspection tour right now preparations are underway for a celebration to mark the anniversary of the capes discovery. these wooden walkways are designed to keep people from trampling on the fragile vegetation. this monument on his sailors have drowned at cape horn. it was built to withstand winds of two hundred kilometers per
7:46 pm
hour. but it was damaged in a recent storm and then repaired. an estimated ten thousand people have died trying to sail around the cape and eight hundred ships have been lost. to. the acquire family moved to the naval station just two weeks ago they'll be stationed here for a year but they're used to extreme weather. as you. would have you. point to i mean ask doug does off even. when we knew that that's how it's back it is that was noise but even. the ones that i'm going. as a schlecht unfinished. so the last employer gave you my family and i are here because we're serving our country. on the ships and boats that sail
7:47 pm
to or from antarctica from the pacific or the atlantic all of them pass through here. are. looking we're here to stand guard over the cape. it's a very dangerous place particularly with the high winds. so it's our duty to protect people and to serve our fatherland. you do not want to hear us so by the. now the navy on its way back to port said williams the weather is unusually good right now on. the benches outfitted with a satellite navigation system but the crew still use traditional equipment to get their bearings. on the go.
7:48 pm
to go on captain jaime hill has been stationed at porto williams for five years and he has experienced all kinds of weather. the moment. it's really nice today. compared to the last few days. the conditions including heavy swells and high winds. were very dangerous for carrying out operations. they're going to be sort of them out. all in just a few weeks ago we went out an emergency call him lord one of two crew members had disappeared from a fishing boat. you know more than in the wind speed at the time was eighty five knots. or about one hundred fifty kilometers per hour.
7:49 pm
and the way they were about two to three meters high. at all then all of that made our work very difficult. but today the crews lucky and the weather is quite pleasant. in this region one of the navy's most important missions is to defend our national sovereignty. you know we're right on the border with argentina. thank god there have been no disputes between the two countries in the last four decades. mary responsibility is to keep the peace and show the flag here some personnel might not enjoy being assigned to this area but for us as a naval combat unit it's perfect.
7:50 pm
pusha williams is the last pool its people kate hoey. the crew are now stocking up on fuel for the ship's engine and the heat is. that. the tanks hold four thousand five hundred leases a field. it's summer here right now so the marina is full and the dogma owen has to drop anchor in the. steam ship that used to travel up and down the rhine river has been converted into a jet ski. as part of the dogma or unscrew. the. i'm down here to sail around cape horn. most of them are from europe it's a difficult trip. to the cape there's about one thousand miles of unprotected
7:51 pm
coastline the conditions can be really rough you have to earn the right to sail around cape horn. are two. other visitors are happy to spend a few weeks here on vacation and travel around the cape uncharted yachts for many it's a dream come true. the devil on is now tied up at the jetty right next to a family of sailors from britain. nick and jill she knows have been travelling around the world on their yacht the money more fully three decades daughter roxanne eighteen and son cesar twenty four named after a hurricane were born during these trips. jill met her future husband when the two of them were hired to transfer
7:52 pm
a yacht from europe to the caribbean nick planned to buy his own boat and travel the world. he said would you like to come with me i'll take you to the straits and again and cape so i said yeah great and it's taken us twenty seven years to get down here so it's kind of been like a loadstone for us so it's pretty good to actually finally just last week achieved our objective of actually seeing cape horn and going around cape horn. it's more than just a rock in the sea. it's what it represents really. but i don't i mean it represents the fact that i mean in the past it was the only way around from. the atlantic to the pacific and to australia and so forth and to that from one side of america to the other. but i don't think we would have come here specifically for that i mean it is that you know the most notorious it's the ever rest of sailing. there are
7:53 pm
people who on the ground well trips of a day off in this direction and not been seen again of couldn't travel a lot of people get into trouble so there are stories of people getting there's a boat here that was just most of it just sounds like a home and was totally new to to do repairs which it's still going on the moment. so that does happen and how much motive because. after several days the weather improves. it's time for the dogma owen to head out to cape horn.
7:54 pm
and albatross circles above ship. that's said to be a good omen many sailors believe that the souls of their dead calm rains live on in these beds.
7:55 pm
there's a stranded freighter at this end of the beagle channel another reminder of the dangers of rounding cape corn. but the seas are relatively calm today the crew of the demo and unfold the sails and get to work . they can hardly believe their luck. and little a test some don't and survive to accompany the ship as it sails through ness all day. the crew takes a few minutes to enjoy the sight. finally the dogma ansel's past kay poing. i think i'll be right up but i don't think any other cape has
7:56 pm
captured the imagination of sailors like this one does by you feel it so many ships have sunk here and so many men have died in vain but the weather is good today just it you're obviously that's not always the case but we've got a lot of them because of the bad weather people sometimes call this cape fear you know get out of here. there's a lot of history in the mountains that you can see behind me yeah yeah and i mean i don't want to stay in one sense it's just a cape like any other but it's the history of this place that sets it apart on. its own double been kind of as a small it's a special moment for us it's a. i don't know how to describe it. but it's a great achievement to actually make it past the cape. look over the thank you don't forget we sailed more than nine thousand miles to get here from hamburg the
7:57 pm
big sister and we did it in a small wooden ship that spoke for its just eighteen metres long by me and now we've done it yeah it feels like you know at the front of this it's an important occasion there will be other expeditions of course but we're going to remember this one and. there's just this is going to how would you say i'm overcome with emotion right now in the name i'm just thoughtful i did the best of it all to make up enough thankfully and all of us and. i think i'm here do you think about the history of this place and everything that's happened here over the years. and just to hear it is i'm also coming here. illegally and average folks and his crew achieved their goal for one hundred years after the cake was discovered and became part of the legend of kay korn.
7:58 pm
last. movie. anxiously waiting. for a lifeline to syria. the war continues to haunt those who fled from syria. i'm trying to reach them but nobody hansen's. the war on my phone. and it's on t.w. .
7:59 pm
natural riches. precious resources. and a room warning investment. of farmland has been called easy opium is a great goal to the country has an abundant supply and leases it to international giants. the government is after high export revenues and the corporations high profit margins but not everyone benefits from the booming business of. expropriation environmental destruction starvation. the price the government down to corporate greed and.
8:00 pm
the selling out of a country dead donkeys fear no hyena. starts december twenty ninth on d w. this is the w. news live from but it any surprise has his face off once again in paris and go on the streets of the french capital is the fourth we can do yellow vests protests rock the country dozens have been injured and at least a thousand protests this after aborted meetin to take anything using tear gas to moved.


info Stream Only

Uploaded by TV Archive on