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tv   Global 3000 - The Globalization Program  Deutsche Welle  February 19, 2019 11:30pm-12:00am CET

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social media is critical critical of the local. market on the streets of our rights are not a problem for discussion. they are women are changing the world already. digital. storage marchment on g.w. . a womb welcome to global three thousand ever heard of mexico's national drink put k. we visit farmers whose production methods are attracting the tourists. in india we
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meet people who were relocated to new homes following a slum demolition drawing from good life get better or worse. and across the globe young people are skipping school to campaign for their future. baby children and young people today have a good chance of living into the next century but what will life be like in the year twenty one hundred. average temperatures will be one and a half to two degrees celsius higher than they were before the industrial revolution possibly more. that will cause extreme drought thirty percent of the earth's surface will probably be dead set. many areas almost ten now coastlines will be underwater sea levels will have risen by half a meter and that's a conservative estimate so where will people live one focus. asked anticipates two
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billion people will become climate refugees the sobering outlook is driving young people to take to the streets demanding efforts be stepped up to secure their future then hit the wall there. was. thousands of schoolchildren rallied on the streets of berlin calling for a quick phase out of coal. among them fifteen year old lena steinmetz. good morning everybody. this. is a typical morning at leno says high school and getting an a four hour drive from berlin. but recently he's been skipping classes on fridays following the example of computer tuned the swedish schoolgirl became world famous last year for going on strike to protest against climate change. is for all she's showing that we can stand up for what we believe in and that we can try to influence how adults make
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policy and make a change in society to put it of excellence about on. this friday little is in berlin instead of at school he wrote his speech the night before and is now going to print it out at a copy shop. eighteen year old ronnie idealisation is graduating from high school this year to get out so the previous generation didn't do enough or nothing at all that's a huge problem and it's one they have to answer for it's part. of the group has a meeting with a journalist from german news magazine show down. the stand team is preparing a cover story about the young activists and their movement. what motivates them and how do they envisage their future the east coast us club is looking to stay in that so i believe there is a real transformation underway here we discuss notions like less is more a lot now on. five or six years ago i think it's become sexy it's more people want
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to go to the cell phone. and even the politicians seem to be taking an interest in the minister has invited the teenagers for a quick chat legals has been held up so the others have gone ahead. and i'm going to try to work on the minister and talk of his heart strings a little. people have said this is a big issue for us so we need to use emotions to hopefully store him into action or as a. high hopes indeed the kids also get to address words to the government's cole commission very lucky escape that's yours and we're not young and we are neglecting our duties at the moment by not attending school classes we're demanding that adults fulfill their moral duties by guaranteeing us a viable future. something that always does this is a first fourteen year olds taking their own political initiative instead of just
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following older people taking a proactive unimportance stunts and a political protest movement in the process breaking the rules by not being at school let's. go do it now not today or tomorrow but now. there's a surprise appearance minister for economic affairs paid to ike my eager to take to the protesters stage every night is to go back to your office and get to work out what needs to be done. i asked seems i'm happy with his associates from the ministry. and at pains to be all smiles for the crowd and the cameras here shortly afterwards about his so-called meeting with protestors complete with photos of himself and the crowd including a smiling girl. a photo op. route
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then peter that was nasty we didn't want him to come and he knew that we don't want to be instrumental laws do care and. some schools have been trying to blind eye to student absences but will they continue to do so if the rallies continue to grow and gets. very now start being penalized with older people telling them it's not on will they find the strength to carry on or c. . or they all become gratitude bags and have the stamina and guts to stick to their guns and it will be hugely important. the city this in charge mr a right to strike. if the adults continue this way there will be no chance of reaching the goals of the paris climate summit. teenagers protesting outside the chancellor's office calling for a radical and genuine energy revolution now and not several decades from now a generation that politics and society has underestimated the sophistical clearly
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our generation is far more political than adults believe there's an incredible amount of action and a lot of it just isn't being seen as he. and his local activist group have worked out that there are eight hundred thirty three fridays to go until the expected completion of germany's coal phase out in twenty thirty eight in their eyes that's far too many so they'll be repeating their demands and future protests. for these young activist sustainability is key they want politicians to think of the future and begin prioritizing climate protection now in many cities worldwide though that's a pipe dream in some there's no proper urban planning at all they're rapidly expanding populations urgently need living space in india also overseas regularly demolish illegal settlements and shift inhabitants to new develop. once but that
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doesn't mean an improvement in their quality of life. come on both sally lost her twenty four year old daughter last october. the young woman contracted tuberculosis a year after the family were moved to ma who'll once a small fishing village east of mumbai. when we came here from kuala my daughter was fine before she worked at a pharmacy. she had no health issues back then. the bull salazar one of thousands of families that have been relocated to the area under a slum demolition drive in the indian mega city. hundreds of them have either lost a family member or have seen them battle chronic health issues since the relocation . bobby that. had just gotten
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started experiencing all kinds of problems after we were brought here it's difficult to get food to areas filthy the air and water and clean. there are chemical factories all around us. the new residential estate is in the middle of a heavily industrialized landscape the residents call it toxic hell flanked on all sides by oil refineries and chemical factories the air here is full of smoke and fumes and foul smelling emissions. leaks and accidents in the factories are common. it's an environment hostile to habitation that people are being forced to live in. the buildings in the settlement were constructed just a few years ago but they were built cheaply and are already falling apart chemical runoff from the factories has poisoned the water the residents drink. footage from
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twenty seventeen shows the demolition of over one thousand homes in the slums of mumbai that so many residents on the road to my home. most arrived here that year looking forward to life in modern apartments away from the illegal settlements they once lived in and unaware of the high level of toxicity in my hooves air and water the residents feel they've been forgotten and that no one is interested in their problems they've asked authorities what steps are being taken to rectify the problems but have yet to receive an answer. i have been shifted off from since last we are as i am suffering from skin infection it's dark there as the night game yet it started off the global three months and then for us it's factored black what feet side and on the net and i started getting it genius in the night. then i visit there don't i don't and i walk on for mission
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from dad this is a don't know what but in fiction. ever since their arrival almost every family here has suffered from some combination of respiratory issues skin rashes stomach and. sections or heart problems and deteriorating health is not the only problem facing the residents of ma who. there's a lack of proper infrastructure and transport facilities. that's not uncommon in mumbai is so-called rehabilitation colonies and makes travelling a nightmare especially during an emergency the next train station is several kilometers away that then was a good idea when my daughter's condition worsened that night at around one thirty am we took her downstairs. we had to wait for two hours until we finally found a taxi but instead of taking a straight to the hospital he took us all over the place was there absolutely no facilities here if the woman has to give birth she could meet with the same fate as my daughter. the long and expensive commute has forced many families now living in
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ma who will to take their children out of schools. other residents who used to work as day laborers or domestic helpers in mumbai are now unemployed. the distances are just too great without some kind of reliable transport. i do but there was one but i doubt our children now have to travel twelve or thirteen kilometers to get to school we used to be able to reach our workplaces in five to ten minutes but now it takes two hours within one year of coming here we've lost what it means to live as a family i'm now. over the past year the new residents have protested repeatedly about the terrible conditions in the settlement. but no one is listening or trying to help solve the many problems they say we have a vision big what are you definition of. the idea of rehabilitation is understood in morrow state simply to shift
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a family from one place to another living for the definition of rehabilitation actually includes the right to livelihood to education and to healthy living in this case people have been moved to a place that has no educational facilities or hospitals. and crucially these people have lost their livelihoods. in reality they have simply been brought here and dumped. into we create sustainable living spaces for people animals and plants that's a huge global challenge right now and many people are stepping up to face it turning their ideas for change into reality in our global ideas series we meet some of these dedicated individuals. today we're off to mexico our reporter. and travelled to the small village of alexandra in the south of the country one
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particular crop is still found that using traditional methods that stroll in the tourists. every morning a one hundred. follows in her ancestors footsteps she goes to the governor plans behind her house. the juice they yield can be turned into public air a mexican drink that's been made in the country for centuries it's also her primary source of income. is the risk that bundle. here i'm rescuing the traditions my parents passed on to us as well but is answerable to get it over the border they only sold their polk in the local area. but i hope to bring it to the cities too. impossible people have heard of pull me a little but they don't really know much about it. and if i tell them about its
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benefits i'll be able to sell more look at it once a year in this. like a one hundred most of the nearly two hundred residents of. earn a living making poor care. it's hard work for not much money many dream of one day having a better life in the big cities of mexico or in the us most of the villages young people have already left. a one hundred three children no longer live here either she herself had moved to mexico city but had to return to look after her parents and continue their tradition of public a production. because of emigration many farms in the region are suffering from neglect. my son is located at an elevation of over two and a half thousand meters when it rains water runs into the valley as
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a result soil erosion has become an increasingly grave problem in recent years. when it was not us that mean little chanel yes if it makes it really hard to grow maize wheat and beans and these crops are essential to the diet of most people here . even if we lose the soil it will be really difficult to regenerate it with the president but i want to say at what i see it's a vicious circle as the erosion grows worse even more young people leave that's why bibiana about the guy turn set up the mohair is millionaire yes group their combat in a rose and by planting something that flourishes here for garvey. planted in rows the garvie roots form a network that helps keep water and nutrients in the soil. the hope is that fertile farmland will persuade the villages young people to come back. not that this is to get the pin up as it is done was simple son of
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a miss. we want to motivate the young people to take care of our homeland and our soil that me. the and above all we want to give them an incentive to stay here that. is the main one we don't want them to leave as one must get another. program has also been getting support from mexico city. a million know it today yaga is a born and bred city dweller his life is a world away from cern but he saw a lot of mexico's rural areas as a child on family vacations and wants to raise awareness of the problems facing people there. in twenty seventeen he founded a startup called root which organizes sustainable trips to the rural outback but many other eco tourism operators he says aren't a sustainable as they like to claim. it a tourism in mexico has to change because right now most of it it is still based on
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extractive system and this means that we are people are using the natural cultural capital of communities and more freedoms without giving back to the system as his company offers an alternative to trips that organizes aim to treat the rural population as equal partners most of the proceeds stay in those communities the money is reinvested on the ground for example in environmental protection projects like the one run by the mo here is millionaire yes. the fear of tourism system also takes group bookings these visitors are often as. today they were accompanied by a number of root top u.s. staff who serve as intermediaries between the tourists and local residents. here after a seven hour drive they finally arrive. within it
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communication is not as fluid as the visioning and this is because there's a huge hole trying sometimes or. language barriers if there is a true sense of being welcome to community then that gap goals fades away quickly. and that cultural gap is also closed by sharing a bowl of. the beverage made from fermented our gov in its production has a proud tradition in mexico going back more than a thousand years that's a refreshing slightly sour taste its viscous consistency also takes some getting used to in mexico garvie plants are also known as marg where they take five ten or more years to grow to maturity the poor ghettos then hold a ceremony in which they ask god for permission to open the plant every day for an entire year this market will now yield several leaders of agoa me add this honey
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water is then fermented for several days to produce its characteristic flavor and. the result this publication also known as the aztec drink of the gods. has the sunsets the visitors join the locals around a campfire. conversation flows and grows more relaxed. the reticence of this morning starts to melt away. i'm going to work on with you the next morning a one hundred offers a short class in the mystical language. the tourists are an asset for my son she says and not just in the financial sense you know you want the villagers are too poor to travel elsewhere but they're happy to meet young visitors from across mexico adam you see them in which what i mean and that's and this trip
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has made me ask myself a lot of new questions. when i talk to the people here they show me an area that is completely unknown if you come from the city. has. experience in my youth i loved it getting to know this other side of my country's culture it's been a life changing experience. the visitors will spend another two days here but before they leave the villagers invite them to come back in a few months the timing is no coincidence that's when locals will be hosting a big festival here. in late two thousand and fourteen pictures like these along the world the ebola virus was spreading in africa and it was the worst outbreak ever most people who contracted to deadly virus died a total of eleven thousand people lost their lives started in guinea spreading
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rapidly to liberia and sierra leone cases were also recorded in senegal mali and one thousand the world health organization only declared the epidemic over in march of two thousand and sixteen but now ebola is back in the democratic republic of congo it's killed more than five hundred people that since last summer was. josefina e-coli has every reason to smile the fact that she's holding a healthy daughter in her arms is a minor miracle josephine was in the last stages of pregnancy when she caught the ebola virus. i thank god for giving me a safe birth and helping me survive on but i'm especially thankful that my daughter was born healthy. enough line. little sylvana is the first documented case of a healthy baby born to a mother who had ebola during the current outbreak the two were lucky enough to be taken into
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a well equipped treatment center here in the east congolese city of bam he. also survived but his wife and five year old daughter were both killed by the virus like hundreds of others. every month for us to come here for follow up appointments. he receives both medical and psychological care. i would like to thank the ebola treatment center and all of those who keep everything clean as well as the psychologists who help us understand the disease and help us find our way back into daily life. survivors are struggling to cope they're often abandoned by friends and acquaintances who are afraid they could still be contagious as far as experts can tell it's extremely rare for ebola survivors to transmit the virus but most people in eastern congo don't know that
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and adopt the stance of better safe than sorry. for decades this region has suffered under a brutal conflict raging between rebels and government soldiers this made controlling the disease extremely difficult in addition most congolese have little faith in their government which poses a serious obstacle to education campaigns ebola is yet another burden in what is one of the continent's most dangerous regions in neighboring south sudan fear is growing that the disease could soon cross the border possibly by way of infected refugees with the support of the world health organization its ministry of health has launched a vaccination campaign the ebola vaccine has not yet been officially approved but it's the best hope of preventing the viruses spread. the serum is only effective if continuously cooled which makes it even more difficult to distribute in conflict
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zones the country plans to vaccinate health workers first doctors and nurses are most at risk we also supported a lot of work i'll. get to the. what it does is all about how what it is to do to protect themselves in. other disease what did what it is to do. in the eastern part of the democratic republic of congo fighting the spread of the virus is not the only battle the ongoing conflict poor infrastructure and traditional beliefs are making it even harder for medical personnel to do their jobs countless children have been orphaned by the disease. success stories like that of josefina and silvana are few and far between. and next week we had to indonesia to me tell you and social entrepreneur. is
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a very busy woman and mission is to inspire young people to learn more about traditional indonesian cuisine and encourage them to choose a career in farming sector that's gradually dying out so how are things going. over that and more next week until then send us your views in comments we love hearing from you and you can e-mail us global three thousand d.w. dot com and it forget we're also on facebook d.w. global society by finale. good. luck.
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mega-cities these concrete jungles are often posting up to see. their economic powerhouses get me people within the limits of the book out of the most population already lives in urban centers living planners with a huge challenge how can these monstrous cities be tape. made in
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germany in ninety minutes on d w. more dream go international talk show it's been a tumultuous week in german politics in europe resolved bitter divisions over migration the government it is said stead into the abyss could friendly fire from president trump defeat one of the strongest military alliances in history one of my guests have to say on puerto rico. margarita on d w. it's all happening coach of british african. tour link to news from africa and the world of. your link to inception stories and
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discussions can you and will come student news after going program tonight from funny to me from my own use of easy now i would say d. debited close match africa join us andris book at t w africa. deep sea org five keys to sea for food. police to prevent contamination. draw and cook foods to avoid cross comes out. third to kill microorganisms. keep food safe temperatures. to prevent back to prove.
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you safe water and safe from the tiriel to avoid content. producers are the ones primarily responsible for the safety of the food. but you can protect yourself and your family from diseases in the home by plying the five keys to sea for food use them but you also have a role to play. legendary design the collagen felt has died lagerfeld who was creative director at chanel is reported to have been unwell for weeks born in germany he forged a successful career in the paris fashion houses eventually launching his own brand he was eighty five years old.

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