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tv   Doc Film - Air Corridor to Italy - Helping Refugees in the Popes Name  Deutsche Welle  March 6, 2019 2:15am-3:01am CET

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our social media for the whole it's critical to the bill and thousands of which cost online. on the streets they are winning the war changing the want to read. digital. starts marching off to w. a. i was. a warm welcome for people in desperate need. a terrible and tragic fate for others. thousands of refugees have died in the mediterranean. but some are fortunate enough to travel
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to italy via a humanitarian corridor either risking their lives nor paying human smugglers sums they can't afford. while politicians seek to turn europe into a fortress christians are building bridges. these people are welcome in their new home and have settled in well they are among a group of only eighteen hundred from syria eritrea somalia and south sudan. who are they. how did they get here what is the humanitarian corridor that pope francis has praised as a project that unites solidarity and security. our
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journey takes us to ethiopia many refugees from syria eritrea somalia and south sudan across the border near the town of she writes. if you know p.r. is home to africa's second largest refugee population. the humanitarian corridor established by the catholic community center and current us italy is designed to help refugees languishing in camps here often in very poor conditions. a safe and legal pathway to europe the program grants visas to people in acute need of help and flies them to italy where they are assigned mentors bodies and if you were in ethiopia it was a country that's taken in a million refugees. it's opened its doors and done what it can to take care of the refugees in camps and to give them a future where they got free justice thing that should be a lesson to european countries which do none of that even though they have far greater wealth and resources than
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a country like ethiopia to be resolved to replace a woman if you will be a condition to deal with some of our. by chance we meet a group of eritreans they fled their homes and managed to cross the border to ethiopia they've been travelling for nine days i thought they were the only way to bring them all to the laurels and you think i thought something was the whole theme as long obviously lots of people are paying to cross the border but not all of them do because some of them know the region quite well. on the bus they pay the passer someone who allows them to cross. it's dangerous of course they have to take care not to be picked up by the eritrean army. that is there to do it if i only didn't commit the.
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tickly and his family live in one of the many camps along the border they've heard about the humanitarian corridor and hope to be chosen for the program. he. doesn't know what the criteria are he his wife and their two children oh nothing. from the completely constrained in what we can do we get a bit of money that's all we have sometimes i find work but it's hard labor i'd like to get away life here is meaningless italy would certainly not be better there's no hope for us here. is on his way to an interview. he knows he'll be one of many candidates. many eritreans are desperate to leave. the humanitarian corridor initiative is financed by. community. their
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representatives decide who is most in need of help. john carlo danielle and olivia listen to everyone stories. tells them his brother is missing. he could be dead or in jail he doesn't know. should you simply be fishing selecting candidates is always hard the stories we hear are all very different because all these people are marked by their experiences of untold suffering the pain of having to leave their homes or torture they've lived through unimaginably distressing situation. both in this group. and those that help the team select candidates who needs medical assistance who has experienced persecution or torture for their women in particular need of support candidates have family they can join in italy. maybe they will stick by him or if
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we do three rounds of interviews with them in the third b ask them if they really want to go to get really fully describe conditions there and what awaits them because a it takes a heavy toll see we're often very moved by the stories we hear or sense that i was up about and so but ultimately we have a clear conscience because you're doing what we can to the best of our abilities as we try to make the best possible decision. but today nothing is finalized the best can hope for is that he'll be invited back for a second interview. ladley. pretty much he will remain there will always keep in mind the words of jesus in the book of matthew about the last judgment. and this is where he identifies completely with
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the poor and needy saying for i was hungry and you gave me food i was thirsty and you gave me drink i was a stranger and you welcomed me i was naked and you closed me this is always been the basis of our work with the poor and now with refugees people who have no home and have had to flee. the turret and her family have lived in a border camp for seven years. they've made it into the next round of interviews and a new life is starting to feel within reach. she and her husband have two children. they both have health problems which is why the family have been deemed in need of help. when we arrived in the refugee home in twenty eleven daughter was born there around the time that president. he died my wife doesn't
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hear very well and has psychological problems we'll have to retract because i oppose the government's military service is compulsory meanwhile under a lot of pressure it's not a democratic country we couldn't lead a normal life that. all they have left to remind them of home is a coffee pot. for fifty years the center g.t.o. catholic community has been working to help people in need refugees the homeless the elderly prisoners or street children. it was founded in rome in one nine hundred sixty eight by eighteen year old underage ricardi and some of his school friends. in one thousand nine hundred one pope john paul the second gave the community a home in the basilica of sentiment interest a very. thankful. it's
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a tale of completely normal men and women who understand the meaning of the words of jesus in the acts of the apostles it's more blessed to give than to receive. material of santa g.t.o. is by all means a turbulent one but it's a tale of service to the poor it's a mission it's also more joyful tale the joy of giving into working for others. the out. the biggest diplomatic success in the fifty year history of center g.t.o. came in one thousand nine hundred two. it played a key role in brokering the mozambique general peace agreement which put an end to a fifteen year civil war that had claimed up to nine hundred thousand lives. that center g.t.o. is perhaps best known for its aids program in africa the into religious meetings it organizes and its tireless campaigning. once the death penalty. the humanitarian
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corridor initiative is a logical step in its work to promote peace in that meeting and over cento say in one thousand nine hundred six there were many christians in turkey who had fled the iran iraq war because to me either for g.t. got to where they came into contact with our community. and explained how much they wanted to escape the region and emigrate to the west. being sold nor the tell you the interior minister of the time was luigi scarfo if you get out if you don't and crucially he came to their assistance for you. then minister really mean there are no we just got a photo. of the community of santa g.t.o. is built on a dedication to prayer service to the poor and peace. pope
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francis himself took part in the celebrations marking the fiftieth anniversary of scented. he was vocal in his praise for the humanitarian corridor initiated by santa g.t.o. together with the wild indian church and curry to us. so that you could imagine. my current is not a one off gesture but a daily effort was here and in the world one that requires patience. it is a mission of overcoming walls and borders and uniting going to open more humanitarian corridors for people fleeing war and hunger. but that is sound. pope francis under a riccardi refugees and helpers they're all lobbying for more humanitarian corridors around the world oh my god. there are particular to you but political support is needed to know how to be a most updated that. you're going to go to do many thank you so much i think the humanitarian corridor. ours are model because we have two kinds of reactions
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towards refugees there's the idea of a wall we have no room the boat is full sort of attitude but then the way is paid for the brokers of death illegals. the most open the safe passage is for people for people in the order of protection so that they can come to our countries but if we need anything else to be pays. it's. a start has been made france belgium and dora and san marino have already adopted the italian model will germany follow suit by its own estimates the center g.t.o. community numbers over sixty thousand members worldwide including german branches in berlin munich and mention god but. back in ethiopia we leave the border to eritrea and drive to the region around and the border to south sudan .
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refugees from somalia and south sudan are fleeing war terror and hunger. this young mother of four has lived here for five years. on the run for our lives we couldn't stay there one of my children died on the way here we couldn't save him. there watching only. many children don't survive the journey. and in the camps there's not enough to eat . only be over four to is a father himself his encounters and experiences put his own life into a different perspective. and then turning to the man because i see these children here. like my own children and i
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would give them the same opportunities i give my children. but what i experience here helps me when i go to see all the things that seem so important to us on the west and in a different life and. knowing that it makes me realize how fortunate we are. and that's something i also want my children to understand they got it done with. and if you. start trust contributes four million euros to fund the humanitarian corridor the italian bishops conference and the italian government are also supporting the initiative. that. the two into a family has lived in the slums of addis ababa for seven years the couple shares the cramped space with a single mother and a total of eight children who. were never going to come teaming up as the only way they can afford it here to work is hard to come by. when you get pulled over you know you go on it for yourself for months. about
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the not inability to. be ditched the eldest son wants to learn study and make a better life for himself and maybe one day return home he offers to show us around . my homeland country and i love them but. in this way to me put me in another country by the willing even my country being. the source again because i'm looking for. an. immediate i. seek you the music you keep the kitchen is next door but it's shared with the whole neighborhood. kitchen for everyone to see so it's for the whole area here beats families about to say goodbye to their life here a life without schooling or gainful him. well i meant and with inadequate housing
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soon they'll move to italy via the humanitarian corridor and only one thing. when we talk to south sudanese here in the camps and ask them if they would like to go to europe they say they have no intention of going to italy to europe and they want to go home. so if we really want to invest in their future we need to bring peace to their country. i. come from refugees has long been a top priority for pope francis it's been the cornerstone of his pontificate. my home office. his first trip as pope was to lampedusa a small italian island which is to many a symbol of europe's misguided refugee policy. thousands of migrants who made the perilous journey across the mediterranean have reached its shores. countless others have lost their lives somewhere between north africa and europe.
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i want to show. the men we as a society have forgotten how to cry it's not my fault it's nothing to do with me someone else will take care of things. but today nobody in the world feels responsible anymore. he said and that response. that will do the culture of prosperity is to blame it for the fact that we think only of ourselves see a grain they didn't see it makes us insensitive to the cries of others it allows us to live in a bubble all of the support gets thrown around a bit meaningless on fleeting distractions and too much of everything it did lead to indifference towards others get bored of that in the fit inside but. worse even lead to a globalization of indifference he said to ordinary daily in the face. on
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holy thursday the pope knelt and washed the feet of refugees demonstratively caring for them and listening to them. his actions have raised awareness of the plight of the millions of refugees around the world. he has also visited the aegean island of lesbos home to the biggest refugee camp in greece. today pope francis frequently refers to the parable of the good samaritan and urges politicians to do everything in their power to stop the mediterranean from becoming a graveyard. a europe is the homeland of human rights. whether sets foot on european soil or to sense this guy course he says and
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i'm just become more aware of the jew t. to respect and defend those rights he said to me a different. when he left lesbos pope francis spontaneously brought twelve syrian refugees back with him to rome. there the community of santa didio immediately offered them a home and a future. in recent years the pope has repeatedly appealed to heads of state and governments for help. five years after his visit to the island of lampedusa he celebrated mass with refugees and volunteers in st peter's basilica. stake with a fan policy some human being so everyone who is suffering. policy seeks appropriate. solutions that protect the integrity of human rights and
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human dignity the. many welcome such appeals made by pope francis but all too often they go unheard. the last leg of our journey in ethiopia takes us to addis ababa after months of anti-government protests a new prime minister took office in april twenty eighth and in november the government signed a peace agreement with eritrea. if you'll be aware the last all out war was years ago remains a destination for thousands of refugees from neighboring countries many of them are christians as are two thirds of ethiopians. the next step in the humanitarian corridor initiative is underway. so
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it's only a few hours until the departure for italy. of the refugees are leaving everything behind with no idea what to expect. from you're going to leave it alone he called the thought i. already. saw playing golf so i know he does it all in the south of the study people not a special day. which is closed to make clothes and all of the people even though i don't normally have any hope and that is the sound. you know it's important for us to tell you once more the end of this year you you have to walk with your legs but after one year we are sure that if you know italian you will find it. but even after the limited time you are you will be allowed to work. without waiting for the
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recognizing of the video. but the important thing and we repeat is. the faster you learn italian the faster you will get a jump. on the center of the battle. credo. general the italy that is generous and united is the one that i want to represent and not just me i and many others in italy and daniel are here. want to pave the way into a new life for these new arrivals. i mean. politicians make no humanitarian effort there is nothing we can say why the we can't make up for a lack of national action if i'm going to stop. everyone can take along two suitcases ticked lesbian his wife for it already the excitement is mounting. and.
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you know cause. you know what awaits them in italy the family has no idea but they pray that things will get better. i feel. that to ease are also ready final instructions on how to cope with their new life in italy a logistical challenge for a family of ten. they can't imagine how they would cope without the team from the humanitarian corridor initiatives between not be easy to get into. because life for israel is not to put a foot in nobody in it. is a toy to his will also be settling in sort until you meet your eluding you can sort of danielle and john carlo explain once again that the visas they receive are only valid for italy. ok no i just need to sign you. as and that we will meet
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you in the us so we make aware of the danger and make you actually come to. that later. what was. the program that we have established in italy. helps to prevent hatred. when refugees have no worldly possessions no roof over their heads bills. if they're not listen to it and have no prospects for the future. then there's a greater likelihood that they will mourn their pasts and the decisions they've made who somehow that doesn't happen with our program. we're company of them during the integration process to get through it was struck by here hey go to. the fate of thirty three families one hundred thirteen individuals is being decided.
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until the very last moment there are bureaucratic problems with faeces. no one is taking much with them so the little they have matters all the more. sad. and overnight flight to italy none of them have ever been on a plane before. the first of many new experiences. and memories i'm not afraid i'm just grateful to everyone for a new life in. the nose and names and so. you don't believe that i don't know anything about the lives telling you now
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usually on the. the first humanitarian corridor that opened was to lebanon with an estimated population of seven million the country has taken in millions of refugees including most recently many from syria. some two point five million palestinians have also built a new life here. sanjay. didio and the church have been working here since twenty sixteen. s l j these live in beirut palestinian quarter the family of six pays two hundred dollars a month for what is essentially a windowless hovel. the rents are very high here everyone knows that the palestinians who are refugees themselves make a profit on. his work as a baker but his children can't go to school. his wife rarely ventures out she's too
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afraid and yet they don't want to risk their lives on the mediterranean. there's no future for them in lebanon. but they don't believe that they can ever go home to syria even though that is their dream the. lebanese initiative has classified the muslim family as being in need of support and they've been selected for the humanitarian corridor program said. that they believe their children will have a better future in italy. i don't really know anything about it but i know that europeans live in dignity that for us that's the most important thing that. every child can go to school and need a normal life. to be in the us so it's not just barely two thousand refugees have arrived in italy via the humanitarian corridor. a negligible figure some might say given there are almost seventy million refugees worldwide.
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but for the the initiative is a godsend they've placed their full trust in the italians. francesco p.o.v. he works for italy's protestant church after a two thousand and thirteen shipwreck off lampedusa claimed four hundred lives the church resolved to bring their fiji's legally and safely to europe the humanitarian corridor that politicians were failing to provide the process they're working on building walls and that won't solve the problem it's a pity that they support governments that do not respect human rights. christian groups have already been able to organize one thousand to tell you visas for refugees in lebanon and the italian government has approved another one thousand. it's possible that further humanitarian corridors will open up but with the n.t. immigration league party now in government that seems unlikely i say money to make it safe and see the issue of refugees is often instrumentalist in europe.
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it's used to scaremonger money don't use it as a bundle coalfield but our experience with the humanitarian corridor has been positive. faculty more he also noticed the fact that many people open up their homes to refugees is both astonishing and positive and as it was he even said the journey from beirut to their destination reaction in southern italy will take twenty four hours despite some apprehension the mood is happy and excited. it's wonderful and dream come true i hope that the children will forget that traumatic experiences and sadness. leave. the arrival in rio at the southernmost tip of italy these are welcome here the town
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has taken in hundreds of refugees and become known as a model town for integration. before they came reactor was a ghost town. on the road i'm just the mayor of a small town with a population of fifteen hundred for me it's tremendously gratifying to were founded the town that welcomes refugees which has become known around the world for its humanitarian message you want a job. these have been given a far better apartment than the one they lived in in beirut once the father finds a job and begins to earn a living. the family will start to feel like they have really arrived. do you know what when we first got here i wanted to go right back i told them take me back to lebanon the very first night i was so tired but then i was able to rest people treated as well italians are good warm hearted people. but he must have changed his mind from one day to the next the l.j.b.f.
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disappeared say the locals to this day there is no trace of them. approximately fifteen percent of the participants in the humanitarian corridor initiative end up going underground. bunker. but oh well even swiss watches sometimes don't work for me. these are people who have gone to find family members in other european countries. they didn't just give up this employee took a different path. the majority of people integrate in italy. in germany political debate has been dominated for several years now by the refugee issue and questions concerning transit centers repatriation and fortress europe. the government in berlin is familiar with legal migration options. like their one
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day be a humanitarian corridor to germany. the chancellor has repeatedly expressed her approval for such projects. including at the center g.t.o. international peace meeting in minster in september twenty seventeen. that. you helped to prevent refugees from forming into the clutches of human trafficking and from taking life threatening journeys across the mediterranean and for the help that i'm deeply grateful that's a given dhamma the one you are also a wonderful example of the role that civil society in general can and should play in making the world more humane and mentioning his. religious communities demonstrate humane creativity which politics in many parts of the world is there unfortunately often lachine in time and of it it's often.
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in fact germany was widely praised for its humanitarian response when the flood of refugees reached its peak in the summer of two thousand and fifteen. many people found a new home here refugee helpers and volunteers worked around the clock. to german bishops conference appointed a special representative for refugee issues the archbishop of hamburg stephan has said would like to establish a humanitarian corridor in germany he says and. now. we face major challenges on the government level and so far as the interior ministry is not on board with the plans liked. it fears the initiative could bring about a shift in thinking. and that's why we as a church are in conversation at the state level. there are possibilities. we have
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to see now whether there is scope for cooperation between state governments and churches and church groups won't be easy for us on. the number of refugees arriving in germany is now considerably lower than it was in two thousand and fifteen. many refugee homes are now empty. but the german government's new policy is to regulate refugee numbers with border controls and deportations and limited applications for family reunification. germany's churches would like to see a different approach were over german law does not grant faeces on humanitarian grounds but i think i was getting to before i think it would overwhelm our missions abroad if it were possible to apply for visas or asylum that something. in the interior ministry do some. is that a private sponsorship program for a total of five hundred refugees. and people at this book i mean cooperate on this with the evangelical church of germany your mom was combined. for the program to
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carry tass and the catholic church. on march into its money is the representative of the council of the even jellicoe church in berlin and brussels he welcomes the interior ministries offer under this program those in need of protection will also be selected according to the criteria of the un refugee relief organization un each c r n be assigned mentors. in a city looking for. the initiative was proposed by the interior ministry and it's a food from the men from the pilot project allows up to five hundred people to come to europe safely and legally. of. people of their own have residence permits for three years. so it's a good solution. because it factors integration into their lives from the outside.
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goes well the private partnership program will launch in twenty nineteen and state programs might follow. it's an initiative that has much in common with the humanitarian corridor. twenty refugees have now been in sorrento for about six months. it's a picturesque town west of the coast about an hour's drive south of naples. two families from southern sudan and eritrea live in a card house run shared house in the middle of town. initially upright and her husband struggled to settle in at first the couple and their two children lived with a host family but that didn't work out. a pirate has difficulties with her hearing
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and is often depressed. but slowly they're starting to feel at home. by one another. we have understood that we are guests here and as such we are treated in a very special way. lives are very different now. we'll eventually become part of the community but there will always be challenges. but the difference between the refugee camp in ethiopia and life here in sorrento it's like the difference between heaven and hell in terms of climate and quality of life the life. the children have learnt the language. they will grow up here and that's very important they are the lucky ones. i
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don't name only and it is responsible for the current us project in sorrento together with his team he wants the refugees to feel at home here. the budget to meet their daily needs is fifteen euro's a day per person. you know. there is a schedule for household chores. nobody wanted to use the dishwasher at first the kitchen appliance was unfamiliar to them as was italian cuisine. now everyone likes pasta. and that. i was surprised and happy when i first arrived there have been rainy days since we got here but it's never rained inside the house in august the roof leaked out everything was drenched when it rained. here the roof doesn't leak there's
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a. tricity running water. twice a week the adults have italian lessons where the children have picked up the new language easily the grown ups are struggling not know what was. there any of this. after years of hardship settling into their new lives is a challenge it can't happen overnight but time isn't on their side that he was. it was a little full integration can only work in a year for those who were very very motivated if you look at our group two to three percent of them are is the more the the others will need a long time that he will be the number of children is a challenge with the family from southern sudan has eight children of course the children are learning and tell him quickly but managing to provide for
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a family with eight children would be a challenge for italians to they put on a daily i don't. know what i'm going to get for. the refugees in sorrento will be mentored for a year. here scarred by their experience of war and refugee camps. the wounds take time to heal. was. a theme. for all since we got here we've had medical treatment i have problems with my needs very painful i'm waiting for an operation my wife is hard of hearing and she's also been treated. doing so well here but people in south sudan a suffering so much. more like a big big big. after
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seven. difficulties locals have grown used to the new arrivals and gotten to know them. you manage tarion corridor program has helped put a human face on a controversial issue in italy. the simpleness will really find here we still don't speak much italian about enough to make ourselves understood it's a hospitable city we appreciate god's. self the people are so cordial friendly and warm hearted. but also guts we're incredibly glad to have been welcomed here on the bomb and the focus of. good. me. but the question remains will the governing coalition made up of the five
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star movement and the far right league party continue to support the humanitarian corridor. it's not out of the question. of always praised the humanitarian corridor it's a good thing it's a form of immigration that is safe legal comfortable and orderly for people who have the right to come to italy. good news for the one thousand eight hundred or so refugees who have already arrived in italy bere the humanitarian corridor and for others desperately hoping for a chance to reach europe without risking their lives. above.
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