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tv   DW News  Deutsche Welle  July 4, 2019 8:00am-8:31am CEST

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b.t.w. . this is deja vu news live from berlin the struggle to rehabilitate fighters from one of the world's most violent militant groups they've terrorized somalia for years killing many innocent people but now some al-shabaab terrorists are being offered a chance to leave the group and rejoin society today we spoke exclusively to some former militants trying to come to terms with their file of the past also coming up pro-democracy activists in hong kong fear that their situation could get worse as police announce the arrest of dozens of people after demonstrators ransacked the
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parliament earlier this week. oh surprise for a breakthrough in the treatment of h. i.v. researchers in the u.s. say they have managed to eradicate the virus in infected mice. plus a drama and heartache as the netherlands and sweden go into extra time at the women's world cup will go live to the host city on france for highlight. i'm sumi so much got to thank you for joining us the somali terrorist group al-shabaab has been waging a campaign of violence in somalia for more than a decade there a mystery place the u.n. backed government to impose islamic law and african union force has managed to seize back control of many cities including the capital mogadishu but. still
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control around 20 percent of the country now to weaken the organization the government is offering amnesty to some militants who leave al-shabaab some of those defectors are in a rehabilitation center in southern somalia. got exclusive access. that they were part to fit killing machine terrorizing somalia's population but now they're asking for forgiveness this facility in juba land is home to 86 young man who used to fight for one of the deadliest islamist extremist groups in the world. here in southern somalia in a town once undeceived by al shabaab a program is being implemented to rehabilitate one extremist fighters with the hope of peacefully reintegrating them into society. the former fighters here mostly men aged between 24 and 29 have been granted amnesty and seeking a 2nd chance 2 of them are willing to share why they decided to defect. for their
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safety and security we have withheld the location and real identities by calling them and that he said was just 15 years old when he joined the group 5 years ago but the. first people join because the religion they say you are promoting religion but this is just a front actually they're killing innocent people for no reason or to fight in this could be. similarly who joined us at the age of 16 it took him 8 years to escape from the group to see. if they also killed muslims in their tank when i saw my people dying i decided i had to break away of the. many men growing up in disenfranchised and poor parts of the country into joining the financial reasons and to spend that belonging. to address this these men now received. occasional in training and hands on group classes. i
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did not know how to live within society i learned that here i've learned how to support myself. but many here still haunted by night as they struggle to pay them hyundai were capable of such violence. just 70 kilometers away from this now peaceful town peacekeepers mandated by the african union us to waging a war against the militant group. but. we have fought a lot and liberated several areas in the past 2 or 3 months. we are also working on a plan to liberate the areas still under the control of al-shabaab and hand them over to the somali army. to me. back at the rehabilitation facility these young men receive professional psychological
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support. but above all it's companionship and leisure time that are helping them to overcome the trauma. of what we can talk to each other about all the things we've done wrong and give each of us support about how not to fall back into our destructive winds. for somalia a hope for the birth of a united government and for my life i hope to work for the benefit of my country and for my people with their new skills he sent a comment intend to make a positive contribution to society again to help other young people than the stake of joining up in the 1st place. melanie reported that story for us from somalia she joins us for more from nairobi now hi melanie just put this into context for us how powerful is somalia right now. despite the long and ongoing comment operations by african union peacekeepers and
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some on the security forces still controls large swathes of the countries it has been flushed out of some strategic seduce including the capital but it still holds a lot of territory especially in rural areas is well known to be using indiscriminate violence against the somali population but it's also well known to be able to generate revenues to take good care financial kept its fighters and to provide services that many somalis have to turn to in the absence of strong state institutions so in many ways the group really draws its power from the absence of the state the weakness of the somali state for such a powerful militant group in somalia melanie how difficult is it for fighters to leave this group. the group makes it incredibly difficult to leave many al-shabaab fighters from al-shabaab as i spoke to at this facility told me that they were warned numerous times that if they did leave they would have lethal
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violence coming that way so of course bad terrified of retaliation this is why we had to hide their identities but they were also saying that they are hopeful that they can inspire us to do the same and to lead us in this facility a total of $300.00 man have been rehabilitated there are a few other programs like this one across the country but many somalis and especially fighters. is doubting they don't know about the current programs yet so the hope is really that those who have been rehabilitated who reintegrating into society that they are the ones who can inspire them to even swell melanie given that indiscriminate violence that you mentioned carried out against somali people how do somalis feel about an amnesty program given their experiences with al-shabaab. the people i've spoken to on the ground. really do believe that the amnesty program and rehabilitation centers like this one
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absolutely essential in order to pave the way for peace and to get rid of we went to a city which has been liberated from us above a few years ago and it's only coming back to life it's becoming home to returning refugees to internally displaced somalis settling in the area but listening to their stories to the stories of women who lost their husbands to us of women who have been on the run for years of people who cannot return to their villages just yet because the area is still controlled by al-shabaab it's impossible not to feel that fear and that pain that people are terrified still there is no such thing as feeling safe but there is hope and a program like this one is what is giving the people hope that right due to these melanie credible reporting for us thank you very much. the u.n. security council has held an emergency session after the bombing of
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a refugee center in libya killed at least 40 people but the council sale to agree on a joint statement in response to the attack some diplomats said the u.s. was to blame for the impasse but it was not immediately clear why washington could not support the statement earlier the u.n. said the airstrikes could amount to a war crime picking up the pieces this woman dreamed of a better life she couldn't have imagined she'd end up here in a shattered migrant detention center surrounded by the dead. and these people are the lucky ones the survivors of tuesday's bombing although they have little left to speak of and even now they're caught between warring armies far from their homes whether they be in sudan or somalia we. want. to do. meet the night a fighter plane dropped a bomb on
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a center filled with hundreds of people. amid the chaos people began recovering bodies the heavy death toll as grim as it was predictable. from people. on dead. to. even before the bombing the center at taj in a suburb of tripoli had been disaster in the making another bomb landed nearby in may rights group amnesty international said khalifa haftar tars forces carried out the attack as they moved on tripoli the migrants entire jura are among 3 and a half 1000 the un has warned are in detention centers located near libya's battle front weeks ago migrants at a different center protested an increasingly dangerous situation. yes and 2 out of
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no where over. the last year and the from today so we need a vocation now. arjun really we need to have a few issues. since the fighting in libya has only escalated meanwhile migrants continue to wait and hope not knowing what will happen next. let's catch up now some other stories making news around the world the german captain of the migrant rescue ship sea watch 3 has been moved to a secret location after she received threats on tuesday and italian court released . days after she was arrested for defying authorities and docking her ship on the island of lampedusa. and australian student has been released from detention in north korea alex simply flew to beijing airport where he told reporters he was feeling very good simply went missing more than a week ago in pyongyang where he was studying korean literature. residents in
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several northern german villages have started to return home after a large forest fire forced them to evacuate the blaze on a former military training ground was the biggest of region has ever seen firefighters had a hard time containing the flames they feared that the fire could trigger unexploded munitions. it took a joint effort by firefighters the police be army plus a little help from the went to finally get this forest fire in northern germany under control the situation is now calmer in the community of libertine thanks in large part to the firefighting helicopters battling this blaze has been particularly difficult because the fire broke out in the middle of a military training ground we know that there could be about 45 tons of munitions here on the ground for every square kilometer of forest and that of course gives us a pretty squeamish feeling. tanks have been. clearing wide paths through this
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forest they are heavily armored vehicles so the crews don't have to worry about unexploded munitions the tanks allowed fire engines to access the center of the forest so they could then put out the blaze. the emergency crews have now stopped the fire from spreading. to guys enjoy their work and it's clear when you see them in action they very aware how dangerous this work can be but they're very experienced. people are now returning to the area after several villages were evacuated in the last few days more than $1000.00 residents were forced to leave their homes this is the biggest forest fire this part of northeast in germany has ever seen. and did have used to has the latest on the situation in detain we are now in the middle of the forest where the military has put out these
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passages these fire breaks separating the villages from the flames still several 100 hectares of land a burning here in looked in but the situation seems to be under control however that is not the only place that is contaminated with ammunition a total of $30000.00 hectares of forest than a set to have explosives in the ground the call for action is getting louder the pulitzer sions have yet to react. all right let's get some other headlines now in italy a fresh eruption on one of the country's most active volcanoes has killed one person and injured several others the victims were hiking towards the summit of mt stromboli one direction struck local media say some tourists jumped into the sea to escape the blast. a massive tornado was swept through northeastern china killing at least 6 people and injuring 200 others the twister knocked out power and damaged
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thousands of buildings city officials say hundreds have been rescued from damage structures and more than 1000000 people have been ordered to leave their homes in southern japan due to flooding and mudslides caused by torrential rains more rain is expected to hit wider regions of the country including tokyo. in hong kong approached him ocracy lawmaker has warned there could be more violent demonstrations in the territory after police announced more than a dozen arrests authorities have vowed to hunt down protesters who stormed hong kong's legislative council on monday over an extradition that could see suspects sent to mainland china for trial police have also arrested pro-democracy protesters who tried to disrupt a ceremony marking the anniversary of hong kong's return from britain to china now ahead of another demonstration planned for sunday met some young hong kong hours who are documenting the protest movement. some some is looking for the last traces
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of the protest as demonstrators retrieve their messages the disappearing as well considers himself an archivist of the movement. i find it. the 1st special way to look at the. 2 weeks protesters used this wall adjacent to the hong kong government's offices to leave messages for each other shortly before authorities started to clear the area wong and some fellow demonstrators stepped in to retrieve the messages. a large portion of their message is about solidarity of our citizens that the facts. are there is a kind of wall and community spirit that the protest is. one of the most of vocative remnants a memorial corner for a number of demonstrators who killed themselves during the movement news that shook
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many hong kong residents. the protests are subsiding leaving many despondent several suicide threats online have alarmed firefighters and volunteers who have been out all day to prevent further attempts by a lot of people participating in the political movement like most. of us if i think. that. samson wong has been walking around the scene of monday's clashes police have sealed off the entrance to the legislative council several people have been arrested. i think it's ironic to. the creativity of the people seem to treat that there are evidence for prosecuting them now. much more than glass of the government building was shattered the hopes of protesters
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are in a similar state. scientists in the u.s. could be on the brink of a breakthrough in finding a cure for hiv they've managed to completely remove the virus from the d.n.a. of infected mice they're hoping it's a big step towards developing a cure for humans. until now it was impossible to remove h i v completely from someone infected with the virus but to us scientists come and how it again dillman pursuing a new approach that combines 2 methods 1st they treat mice with antiviral drugs over a sustained period of time although these drugs repress the virus they don't reach what's already settled in the animal cells so the researches use the so-called crisper cats method also known as gene says which enables the removal of genes from the genome this spelled success for the scientists attempts to destroy the inactive
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viruses as well the results are promising a 3rd of the mice treated stop showing signs of h. i.v. but if the research is used only one of the 2 methods the hiv indicators remained in the body how would kendall men says the study is an important step to advance treatment of h.i.v. . from for this observation the science is that we generate the ability to eliminate hiv. infected human. gives us that 1st step that the potential for your is within our grasp the new method will next be tested on monkeys if those experiments show signs of success the 1st human clinical studies could be carried out as early as next summer . to the women's soccer world cup now and the netherlands have secured their spot
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in sunday's final against defending champs the u.s. now the european champions were pushed to the limit by sweden but prevailed thanks to a goal in extra time. the 2nd semifinal in 2 days in leone started with more crunching tackles than clear cut chances. say go quick to close down vienna medium are here. both sides could have scored in the 2nd half but both keepers fiercely defended their goals sweden's neela fischer was denied by a fingertip save from sorry 51 and before a bullet header from media was met by an equally impressive stop from heydrich lindahl the other. ultimately neither team was able to break through in 90 minutes in extra time though a superhero from distance shot of the day i jackie gruner with her 1st ever world cup goal sending the netherlands into their 1st ever world cup final. no chance for
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keeper lindahl and no way back for her side only the mighty us now stand in the netherlands way. oliver moody founded of new sports is in the over he's been following the women's world cup for us good morning ali what did you think of the 2nd time semifinal. well we were really spoiled with the 1st semifinal between the u.s. and england you know that was a game that really had everything in it the 2nd semifinal did not live up to those standards really it was quite a drab 90 minutes before we went to actual time by teams were playing quite defensive football and that didn't really give the the quality attacking players a chance to shine and also i think many of them just went on form because that's all aside from the goal itself that was a moment of real quality jackie going in there latching on to a loose ball outside the box and firing home i thought it was a really well taken strike and actually it was
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a moment that sitting there in the stands watching it made me think why couldn't we have seen more moments like this and in this game there are quality players on both sides and that if anything kind of made the the rest of the match look worse but ultimately the novel is what got them into the final and that's all that counts and now the dutch have to face the defending champions the u.s. do they have a chance in their 1st world cup final. they do have a chance but you would have to think it's going to be a slim chance certainly they're going to have to play a whole lot better than they did against sweden in the semifinal and particular an attack they're going to have to be the much better much quicker at playing the ball forward than they were gets when if they go in if they're going to trouble the u.s. back line they're going to be sweating i think on the fitness of matson's the formal player of the year now she has been struggling with a tough injury throughout this tournament she had to go off half time in the game against weighted so presidents and her fitness for the final could be could make
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a big difference but of course while i don't think the netherlands have a particularly good chance of winning the final the dutch fans i'm sure see things differently let's hear what they think about the upcoming final. where china 31 we are in the final no super a super credible group of course we're going to beat you is a preschooler no pro it is good that they achieved the finals and yeah i really didn't expect that to happen in the beginning of this. we deserve it i don't know we won it's all that counts no the only thing that we beat the american right. ali what about from the americans perspective would they rather face to sweden and the netherlands. to be honest with you i don't think they cared really who they faced i think the u.s. have already played better teams than both netherlands on sweden at this tournament
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i think the game has france was one example of that again gets england as well you know france and england or 2 of the best sides in the world at the moment the u.s. has overcome by for them you could say that they've already beaten sweden at this tournament in the group stage so perhaps that would have been one where they knew their opponents a little better but to be honest from what i saw last night and i'm sure the u.s. players were watching as well i don't really see a whole lot to watch the u.s. comp i think they look at favorites for a 4th title all right album will be for us in leone for the world cup thank you. now while the women's world cup has been a while going fans around the globe a darker side of football has also been making headlines last month ban the former head of the afghanistan football federation from all football related activities for life after allegations that he and others sexually abused female players now the afghanistan coach is telling she is not impressed with how fifa handled the
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case and thinks that president gianni infantino should not be in his posts with the gaze of the footballing world is on france and on the sidelines of the women's world cup a campaign has been launched to eliminate abuse harassment and exploitation and women's football. in attendance at the launch was afghanistan's coach kelly lindsay who told d.w. how difficult it was for her players to get the help they needed from feet following reports of abuse the dialogue went on but it didn't feel like anything was progressing it didn't feel like our players were receiving the concern and care that they needed many of them were getting death threats many of them were being abused at the time we needed to get make sure they were safe we needed to get them out of the country so that they could speak the truth and help us understand what was really going on and it just felt like 8 months of a tennis match where nobody wanted to be held accountable and nobody wanted to really talk about the details and sort it out. back in november it was former players. who 1st went public with allegations that key figures in the afghan
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football federation had sexually abused players. in june for my a.f.f. president carter moved in karim was banned for life by fever and fines 900000 euros . a lawyer representing him has said he will seek to appeal the ruling. and. clearly lindsay disagrees but has also lost fate. in feet for president giani and from tino. he's not my president of football he did not hold up the gold standard that should be held up by fifa on human rights and women's rights and i don't believe he should be the president after the way this case was handled the women's world cup has been a big success but the afghan abuse scandal is a reminder of the long road ahead. coming up next d w business
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expenses along will be looking into whether the protests in hong kong have put the territory status as a global financial hub at worst that's in just a few minutes hardy w.
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