tv Eco Africa Deutsche Welle October 11, 2019 9:30pm-10:00pm CEST
terror. until now the syrian army my city is to yourself. an exclusive report from a destroyed city. philippines in the sciences i guess it starts october 24th on t.w. . hello and welcome to this week's edition of africa your environment magazine co-produced by d.w. in germany china stephen knights area and n.t.v. uganda i am stunned at a no deal coming to you from kampala here in uganda i'm now it's a me here in lagos we are really in a element today we had to get me and we visited a school garden in uganda but that's not all. find out how shepherds to join the
our country greeting to biodiversity and here how amanda here in nigeria is steady getting his life to wildlife conservation. in ingle fishing is common in west africa's coastal waters there are a number of reasons for that either there are no regulations all fishel is turn a blind eye in some places gigantic to all this on europe and china are decreasing the fish stocks one country in the region is taking steps to control illegal fishing and its waters namely like baby we have company the activists on the nile in conservation and geo sea shepherd on patrol. this is robots part comes to town in the area nearly everyone here leaves from fishing but in the past few decades now the traumas have decimated fish stocks.
local fishermen were getting desperate and 2 the national coast guard started patrolling together with ocean conservation and geo sea shepherd before the start of the corporation few vessels had been arrested since january 27th in 14 fishing vessels have been reported for you now fish populations are slowly returning to the area i used tons for illegal unreported or under glittered fishing. we were like just by choice 40 to 45 percent off our coast but it coming our sea shepherd have given us that opportunity to extend our posture as far as almost 90 percent of our water my share of the boats that have been arrested for are you have been chinese or asian vessel sea shepherd provides there have been coast guard with ships small boats and crew they're going to ascension also carries out groups on how to board suspicious vessels at the partners in form and train the coast guard
on how to carry out security inspections during this exercise captain until bird food from sea shepherd plays the role of the captain of a ship that's in violation of the low. threshold. it's demented that 20 percent of the fish from west africa is caught illegally liason the vessels that are fishing illegally are from china all the european union . china has the largest water fishing fleet in the world and they was a country that of the 2nd largest. a lot of these vessels maybe flags to somewhere like a variant somewhere in the caribbean or nigeria somewhere like that and the beneficial light is actually in europe. even though some coastal areas that is netted for subsistence fishing big international tollers catch there illegally liberia's government does not have the. for initial means to enforce the regulations that
results in overfishing which is a huge problem for the coastal communities and the terms of thousands of fishermen who live in them the main courses are controversial quality standards and you subsidies that distort the market so he's brought feared the consequences of subsidise fishing is that fishing vessels will fish until the last fish is taken out of the water the care of your pain subsidised plate this fish in 2 and a half percent times dried up this is stable. the likelihood of sharks turtles and other large marine mammal surviving in the nets is extremely slim resisted net closes up as no more over and fish or turtles shots will suffocate $100000000.00 sharks every year mostly court is by catch all for their fins last year on a vessel flying the spanish flag the neighbor and coast guard and the city shepherd crew discovered more than $180.00 blue sharks have had already had their fins cut
off destined for engine market the un's world food program fears that would be fish stocks could collapse by 2048 if the situation doesn't change. a major problem with the person fishing vessels is their deadly efficiency they can circle with a school of children anything else in it up to a mile these nets are huge. the legal vessels off offload they catch onto refrigerated cargo vessels illegal vessels are also flooding that catches on to these great to ships so when it catches it can blind and enter the market as label fish and you cannot keep track of the super trolls and protecting the traditional fishing communities their livelihood and that of many marine species is what is at stake. i need the situation doesn't change for fishing communities soon it will.
even more problems earning a living in our next report we see that the same holds true in guinea where fishing is a major source of income but unfortunately the cost or mongrel forest service breeding grounds for many fish are being cut down to burn wood so dry catch leaving the area is abominable to flood yes it is a vicious cycle also sold is traditionally found by hitting seawater over fire but in the move to save the mongols one organization is coming up with more eco friendly have vesting methods. here north of guinea's capital can achree the smell of smoke fills the air many families have left their villages to set up makeshift camps along the coast it's the dry season the sun is hot these are the only months that it's possible to make salt. but i want you say we shouldn't cook the
saltwater using wood anymore. but how else should we do it. if you want us to stop burning wood you have to come and help us. we're just here to evaluate the situation but we'll be back we activists from the canadian ngo adam are trying to develop alternatives to the traditional salt producing methods. needs to burn 3 kilos of wood to get one kilo of salt and among great forests on the coast are disappearing. why does it look like the brine in this basin has to cook for 24 hours to do that the wood has to be constantly replenished you can see how much would they use but these are only dry branches the thick tree trunks they used to have no longer exist. but salt making it's not the only threat to the forest. it's all been eaten away it's terrible. cows are responsible
nomadic cattle herders have set up camp here. in the dry season there is not enough for their animals to eat inland so they've come to the coast. and the herds came from over 50 kilometers away to reach the coast. that's how it works with pastoral farming and then they graze on the mangroves. the animals love the leaves because of all the salt in them. a few 100 metres further along lies the port of candiotti 10 years ago the ngo planted mangroves together with the community here since then a thick forest has grown around the village protecting the coast from erosion the village has set up a special forest protection committee now the activists have come to tell the committee about the damage being caused by the nomads cowls. thank you very much for letting us know 1st thing in the morning we'll go to the nomads and talk to
them we'll make it clear that the mangroves must be protected we'll tell them that from now on they have to make up for any damage their animals cause. the village takes care to ensure that not even a single tree is felled here adam representative mohammed says anyone who does chop down a tree must pay a fine of the equivalent of about 10 year rose that's a lot of money here or there the mangrove forest has been restored here it had been completely stripped this is how we want it we want to protect our environment. in its efforts to preserve the forest the n.g.o.'s been able to convince the scylla family one of the largest farmers in the region of its innovative method as before all the salty soil is scraped together and then mixed with seawater and filtered. but now the brine is not cooked over
a fire but instead placed into shallow pool and dried by the sun. with. the concentrated say line solution is distributed among the basins using a hose system then the farmers wait until the water evaporates leaving the salt behind because they tried it on their own for a bit then we formed squads and train them properly in the method today you can hardly find anyone cooking salt with a wood fire most of the producers here want to use this technique. on the cilla family is continuing to expand the salt production areas after all the business is very lucrative. they can harvest the salt after 24 hours of evaporation in the sun $15.00 to $25.00 kilos per day per basin that's a lot more than they could cook in a trough. profitable and environmentally friendly that's was
convince the salt farmers to switch to the evaporation method and leave the mangroves alone. i also have just seen a few adjustments concept a lot of trees bunning would isn't the only way to generate heat some children here in uganda learning how to make none want to shovel as part of the core curriculum that project and others are intended to raise their children awareness about environmental issues. chuckle break it settle to dry inside attend the soon as here at citizens to high school in the uganda make them feel paper and considered plans fiber. i watch a great fluster compared to the chuckle that is being read on the decks and say the chocolate will take 5 days under the extension on deck about 3 days here the students use the briquettes for kuki and bake in the projects was initiated by the
headmaster before they had to chuckle the school had to buy firewood and that's expensive nearly $1000.00 euros a month we can read to about $21.00 about that in the thought of $130000.00 that was the cost. and so it was it is a lot. it's cut the cost of cooking here in home and also benefits the schools boarding with produces growth. we use we use our actions from the because when you give us a we use them as our fatah lasers and in our school good in that safe they are getting is so clean and smart as smart as sin considers climate smart a culture project dame's to encourage environmental friendly cultivation and production we don't just factor is as you know a guy dems which came with chemicals manufactured from their industries but when
reagan manua we should get from our own plants like green plants we put them in our gardens to make them better and you see the very mean to the area is very small but we make it more productive. by greeks metabolic rate of the good in a geisha in the system is key the students set up water channels to provide the field with drip irrigation they also grow plants in small containers in on shelves to use space more effectively and even. all of these using knowledge learned in school they are young people we need to train them to find a solution to their environment because we are having a problem of environment under some of these environmental problems are caused by human since because it is reputation has spread throughout the surrounding neighborhoods the school set up a shop where locals can buy produce the interest is growing we are now treated for
the youth were trained in them in these projects that we have been in school and also some more not on the day youth even other communities like we many groups have benefited a lot since because it doesn't restrict itself teaching fiore it also gives students the chance to develop voluble practical skills skills that will help them to good can see environment in the future. those kids are not only learning a lot of useful skills but this is not the only god and we'll be looking at today in this week we got to niger along looks country that is vulnerable to climate change but there is a grain or wasit that is there to take a look. childhood polio has left so hard or with some physical limitations. this garden in dos so has
changed her life completely in this arid region of new share she's been growing produce organically for 2 years now. and i suffered a lot before the garden i didn't have anything i lived in misery but now it's better i make money with a garden i have food and can buy clothes i can even help others. what i know i won't. find. this gardening project for people with disabilities is run by the new gerry an ngo. and funded by international n.g.o.s. each participant is providing a plot of land and help to build a well. every plant also comes with a manual water pump seen some livestock and a cotton donkey. a fence protects the plants
from animals. 5 years ago this land was dry and bad but mohamedou is so who is doing so well he could buy a motorized water pump some of his produce is now sold in the capital niamey 120 kilometers away. the project lets people with disabilities earn an income and it seeks to integrate them into their village communities and the plants they grow help protect the land from the hot sun haro winds. and how about you. if you're also doing your bit tell us about it visit our website or send us a tweet hash tag doing your bit. we share your story. the role of putting him puzzling long standing tradition in germany it may sound
from much to the can be a tough life to. play any content for in the by day busty because they're hard grade thieves on poland but in germany the roots robust by the ship. is under threat what is that empty well because of increasing industry lies ation in i would call just the areas it can walk across are disappearing and that's why scientists are working on a computer program to help shepherd in the future see how it works. shepherdson germany have had enough of the revenues the need to wool and milk production are declining while production costs continue to rise they're struggling to survive so they've organized a nationwide protest outside all the state parliaments like here in potsdam nearby when. prices for grazing land are far too high and supplies are far too expensive 22 other countries in europe want to help their shepherds only germany says no more
darker and darker. more and more shepherds are giving up we've come to the area of maryland off on the border with luxembourg. is one of only 900 to dish no shepherds left in germany who roam free with their sheep he says his sheep provide an important ecological service which most people are unaware of the animals play a key role in preserving grasslands as a unique grazing habit stimulates better plant growth. it's real scream just take the syria here if we didn't let our sheep graze here it would quickly degrade. we would have holes everywhere. and the meadow were no longer be able to fulfill its ecological role of. intensive agriculture in the construction of roads or residential areas has meant many
grasslands and forests have been cut through. flocks of sheep however help to connect the isolated bio tapes. like a sponge she takes in insects in seeds but it brushes over the ground. just a single flock of sheep spreads tens of thousands of insects and seeds but it moves from one pasture to another. very viewed as. if we no longer keep these areas open if we no longer allow seeds and sects to be transported from one area to another the populations in these isolated habitats will completely collapse due to genetic impoverishment. computer experts in the nearby town of noise under vines have recognised the ecological importance of sheep. with data from aerial photographs satellites radar and legal language histories they have
developed a software that identifies optimal routes for flocks and the computer system works a lot like a navigation system but in google you just have a car or pedestrian option we on the other hand have 20 to 25 different parameters that tell the software what's important for sheep with this geo information system you can then autonomy create routes for shepherds you could call it intelligent routing. the shepherds have welcomed the new computer program it's good news for the sheep too as they now have more to eat the software has already helped to identify many new pastures and grasslands back over on the other side of the country the protesters hope that this scientific development will also trigger a political rethink. the shepherds are confident their work is far from being obsolete. there will be
a future for traditional shepherding in germany and in the world that's certain we're the world's oldest profession and we've survived many crises before but we should rather ask ourselves what future would nature have without us but we're not or. what is true for germany is also true for other parts of the world where traditional shepherds often held in low regard and in conflict with said a tree farm is their flocks help keep grass and areas green and healthy. our next report comes on right here in lagos nigeria concerned about the suffering people inflicts on many wild animals one man has made it his mission to rescue as many of them i think cat he set up a sanctuary to help them where he also works to raise awareness about wildlife protection i mean more welfare there's no happiness in these. illegal hunters
quote this creature in the with the nigeria it's been a captivity in this latest market for weeks now waiting for by. she has been visiting this market for over 15 years his father has brought him here when he was just 9 years old sure sure. sure. i'm a soft brakes is hot. so you've rescued as many as you can afford this pool a pint costs 60009. o'clock such as no other commission that actually many was an old fart and get out of the situation into a more formal college profitable or not and of course you know little issue don't try to be the use of one of them right in this location. this is where chinedu brings the animals he rescues the green fingers conservation
garden the young nigerian starts of the century back in 2012 using his own money and any donations he can attract he already has an impressive write c. of animals in a sanctuary in some cases some of the animals are badly one did their recovery sometimes complex and i wanted to fish in the rice is really lacking in the u.s. it's good to know i'm in the pit but never met 6 not it's because of the need has been now to another focus to dogs where there's no such thing as invasive surgery for even some animals think about having a dog the vet always a good one to guess i mean it's a drug but surgery or one of what's the right kind of the animal needs that and that's what one of the birds you have that's when i want it that's what what it needs and we need. to come for the opportunity so i can help this bird regain its wings has lost its confidence it doesn't really you don't see it's it's only idle so i'm looking for the opportunity to. get it back to its financial shape.
or. some of the animals in china to sanctuary our friends in species from rubles to extinction. like the black crowned crane. really wanted to. play shana in nigeria larry run run run run just recognize as a national day or have coming she'll say just up here in your easy jewels people kill them because of your houses and this is just like the landing on your teeth if you seen them before and there were no people so i don't see them genetically wants to create an environment where anyone especially children could learn to appreciate the value of all wildlife another reason why i decided to continue to attack them was because yes i'm initially asked i wanted to have
a 3 day project where i could actually breed these animals and have them you know more to plan because yes but i unindigent animal means that very soon i need at which it's going to be used that way and diesel habits have lost on them a few other things these animals would soon be extinct so. having them here and breeding them gives room for a lot of people to come and see them ok i had never seen the crane before had never seen the patio eagle before and seen them like ok i don't know many 2nd seed is in the wind most suz i don't even see them but having them here gives that option it's a sheen it is autumn the goal is to establish conservation areas play can release his animals into a protected environment. so be sure to join us next week when now they fighting edition of offical your environment program i am sound out you know via signing up from kampala here in uganda and thanks some me to mel tigray in lagos nigeria join
alma cream. milk and i gave him the brand new w. from bottom this post it's personal device it's about topics that affect us all the solution for climate change and return. only $0.03 kept. on what's the connection between bread flour and the european union dinos guild motto d.w. correspondent at the tablet bakery can stretch those who can live with the rules set by the team and tots. sniffing recipes for success strategies that make a difference. baking bread on d.w.
. the world population is increasing the climate is changing it's getting warmer and there are going to be more and more places where you cannot grow predicts no problems we have to fix that some the white to do that is to use the modern genetic modification methods to make better crawl it is a gulag sipho than anything we've done by traditional dramatic modification you take one to me you know exactly what it is you put it into without a plan to come out exactly where it's gone i think we will be able to provide enough food for people by 2050 if we can make crops that will grow one does semi arid conditions this will achieve. a much greater stability in the food supply that we have at the moment.
this is g.w. news from berlin tonight turkey's steps up its offensive in northeast syria against the kurds despite a call from the u.s. into gone to stop. we have pows and are greatly disappointed by turkey's decision to launch a unilateral military incursion into northern syria we are not abandoning our courage part.