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tv   Eco India  Deutsche Welle  October 22, 2019 6:30am-7:01am CEST

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big brands have committed to fair working conditions and sustainable production. but who is monitoring the subcontractors. and investigative documentary goes to italy and china and looks behind the glamorous facade of fashion houses of. luxury behind a member starts no membership on t.w. . the. water is a basic human need but the portable water depleting every day it's also becoming a part of big business bottled water chemical filters water purifiers are a part of everyday jogen in many parts of the word hello welcome to india i'm
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something of a group coming to you from mumbai to be a real deep dive into finding solutions to protect the most important resource children of water now according to the world health organization each of these 25 to 50 liters of water every day to day care for health and hygiene 3 in 10 people around the world lack safe ready available water at home and organization in delhi is trying something out of the books by converting sewage water into clean portable water can it really work let's take a closer look. at. every morning it is the same battle for voting for the residents of this district of south delhi with no reliable source of it from the party the residents of nothing.
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even camps have to line up every morning to get water from tankers like this one to their daily needs. it is a frantic scene every day i see people bush and joseph each other to fill their cans ahead of their lives sometimes for trigger. if they panic is almost out what only source some mornings there are so many people you would think there is a fear on everyone is struggling to feel cans not arguments fights even accidents what is one biggest problem we wish they would fix traps in all our houses just like they had installed electricity like it was an alkali. the tanker drives off leaving the people to make do with whatever water they have managed to collect for the rest of the day delhi jumbo the agency responsible for supplying water to the city struggles constantly to keep up the demand. on the new
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head of the subs are bringing this problem in the lead to day is there a litany of clean water a lot of work has gone into cleaning efforts etc but there is an urgent need to address the issue of making more the water level it would have been allison is taking place rapidly and with it their demand for water is rising just as fast as. these river may provide beyond the complex problem of water supply in the city. at the site invest daily the delhi jal boat installed an innovative plan that creates toxic seepage and transforms it into drinking water all using a natural process. the blonde is part of the n.y. . absolute water and the technology was created by the father daughter team of
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smith and to go. over. this whole idea came about is also because i have seen personally in my own home when the sewage line and the drinking water supply normally gets mixed up especially in that he seems so at that point of time it is you know it was it was crazy i mean you could smell it in your being you know you were having stomach issues you were having infections and all that kind of stuff so it was about what can one do about this and i've seen kids being installed what you know it's quite disheartening to watch so that's where we. came about. in 2015 delhi was round a list of the 20 largest cities in the world experiencing water stress where water resources are insufficient for the city's needs water access it remains
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a glaring problem for the government but an activist who has to spend a lifetime working to conserve the river insists the problem is not just availability. it's over the plate as far as water is guns. a city of duluth is anywhere in the world does not get the kind of water there delegates. but yes there is a crisis situation situation because not every part of delhi gets. enough water and that's again a management issue. this is the nudge of gerd drain it used to be known as the siberia of back in the days when it got it rain water into the yemenite of often called delis lifeline. today it contributes 60 percent of the total waste water discharge from daily into the young out of.
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delhi has 22 major grains that carry over 800000000 liters of untreated sea voyage and dump the waste directly into the yemenite every day causing high levels of water pollution. like water stress the amounts of braced water are likely to get worse over the coming decade. running on solar power and the absolute water facility generate 100000 liters of plain water every day providing safe drinking water and helping solve seawitch pollution injured. just collected from the surrounding districts into town containers and trash and plastic particles are removed from the waste water using different. liquid waste water is then a spray to 5 layers of biofuel the beds of. where do they work the brick the pollutants down into simple molecules the whole recycling process was developed and refined by the company's founder. who is
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a chemical engineer technically they think existed some people are some experiments for example using the. world me. but at this gale it had not been done and then the challenge was that it put it right from 50 degrees which india experiences to minus a couple of degrees there for example lake and approach. keep those. present in the swords because in india are. mixed with industrial storage so it's not just domestic which. technology the water this converted into water is classified as high quality drinking water which meets w.h.o. standards. the blond concrete. the
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technology is relatively expensive but in the long term. the most important thing is the operational cost which. we have the cheapest one that. the other most important is that being green we are not subject very heavy so therefore i look at the cost is the lowest so all in all it's a full sustainable. system and it is. astonishing to me the operation is having to use hundreds of meters of this water to wash public buses. the biggest challenge remains to convince delis residents of the idea . to recycle water is good enough to drink.
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absolute water has installed recycling. is used. at the end it's like beef that. and if they were to look at the pipeline distribution it's coming from the exact same we're trying to tell them that you know it doesn't matter how it comes to you when you don't have water the water whatever you want to do. recycled water is only drunken finger pool and california overcoming acceptance barriers is possible. the demand for water in india is expected to double over the next decade and to move this demand effective and targeted water management solutions are the need of the un estimates that globally 2000000000 people live in countries that are
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experiencing high water stress this could increase to more than 5000000000 people in 2050 let's see what exactly that means. mortar is one of the most abundant resources on the planet but most of it is salty and not usable by humans so water makes up around $97.00 and a half percent of all available water just 2.5 percent is freshwater and most of that is bound up in glaciers and ice caps. less than a 3rd of that fresh water is actually available to us for our everyday needs farming and industry. though clean water is essential more than 800000000 people still don't have access to a continuous all reliable supply. and safe water causes more deaths than disasters and conflicts that kills nearly $800000.00 people per year. in parts of
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africa asia and the americas water scarcity is already a serious problem. the gap between supply and demand is increasing this leaves countries vulnerable to drought. global water consumption has risen 6 fold since 1930 the population has soared and average consumption per person. has done so as well. industry and farming use large amounts of water according to the un food and agriculture organization it's just 10 countries led by india china and the united states that consume 2 thirds of the water used each year but resources are limited so many countries especially industrialized ones have started to treat waste water before they release it and to nature yet about 80 percent of waste water worldwide is not treated at all. on
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average the u.s. and other high income countries treat 70 percent of their waste water. middle income countries such as india and china treat between 28 and 38 percent while low income countries treat just 8 percent. much more waste water needs to be treated if the world has to meet the growing demand and protect the quality and supply of our fresh water. on average 6 liters of water is used to flush a toilet every single time and that means many a time portable water that could be used for drinking a washing up is new to me going down the toilet 2 sisters from frankfurt quit their jobs to change this they developed temporary toilets which work with no chemicals and don't use a single drop of water. they're loading portable toilets onto
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trailers for each it's hard work. they're not standard sanitary facilities these are compost or no water toilets novato for short and that's the name of this company that's based in frankfurt germany and the only water needed is for washing your hands. we're preparing for a corporate event tomorrow friday night they need 3 wash basins a toilets and 3 or and also type as well sisters 17 and elizabeth fellows set up novato 8 years ago they're both former i t professionals who are looking for a career change this. we wanted to do something that involves natural cycles and isn't too monotonous. we decided to give it a go so we built our 1st toilets we took them to music festivals to see if this was what we really wanted to be doing. just the answer turned out to be
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yes and the company is still going strong. one of their clients is a camp for school students. the whole idea behind the camp is to be climate neutral and eco friendly so of course we wanted eco friendly toilets meaning ones that don't use water if possible. and these ones don't use any atoll and no chemicals i've got what remains is biomass that's in no way harmful. upset with me. for big events and long term rentals the company stops by regularly to maintain the toilets exchanging the containers and cleaning the surfaces the company also sells its toilets to homeowners and somewhat larger models for public spaces to local authorities. the principle is always the same as you have been doing the here we have the container there's
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a layer of wood shavings in the toilet already well after each use you throw your paper into the toilet. it's also can possible it contains organic material that's come in so that goes in. and then you take some more shavings and throw them in. that's your that's what it looks clean and that binds the odor so it doesn't smell or rather it smells like wood shavings. and that's it. look at she never runs a cafe in frankfurt. a compost trial it was the answer to all his problems because the cafe isn't connected to the sewage system he's been renting a toilet for 18 months. we once saw one at a festival in downtown frankfurt and thought that could be really useful under certain conditions interesting approach to waste management it's great and people
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seem to like it and. what they retrieved from the various rental toilets ends up in a big container on the company premises which is taking to the composting plant every 2 weeks 17 says this system makes much more sense than flush toilets. the problem with flush toilets is that they use water to transport the waste that's a very bad idea the water becomes permanently polluted and the treatment plants can't fully purify it again that's why the. novato still operates on a small scale compost toilets and other water free alternatives don't get work in dense urban settings 17 thanks and that's very unfortunate what morning media got hormones and drug residues end up in our rivers and lakes along with plant nutrients that's a problem because resources like phosphates are needed for agriculture. even if all that goes into the sewage plants and the residue gets burnt it's gone forever.
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it's expensive to recover phosphates from waste water in sewage treatment plants novato is one of several small companies in germany that manufacture compost toilets they might not yet be able to compete with conventional toilets but 17 feds is certain that we won't be able to use drinking water to flush toilets forever. now many communities depend on water extensively for their livelihood take for example the bottle makers from. their dejan is witnessing the worst drought in 30 years their dilemma is to choose between producing heaps synthetic fabric that will harm the environment and producing their traditional fabric which is cleaner and cleaner but consumes more water. the state of gujarat is known for being colorful this reputation comes from its traditional textile
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industry and the vibrant fabrics and prints used to make the garments. a signature textile here is bought dick a method of dying cloth using vax in patent areas the most famous practitioners of this craft cutlery community. 38 year old shockey is the 5th generation of his family to continue this elegant tradition. who are dzhokhar never incest or splitted creams they would use fruits from the blue tree the are from the seeds of these roots is what they used for printing all the colors were natural. like indigo black from iron rust or yellow from. there did not have too many colors to choose from back then limited. use now a days where everything is done using by reffin. we have been using it because
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of market demand we have to work with many more colors and designs. but if god has been struggling to survive in today's complicated market but a few artisans are keen to revive the art in its original form they're choosing to go organic a decision that's meeting the very real and persistent problem in the state it's water resources almost 52 percent of good drought is turning into desert the 3rd highest rate in the country. the local water resources are rapidly shrinking. well but it printing with natural dyes is less polluting for the remaining water resources it consumes even more water and enjoy in the catch region has been working closely with the artisan community and has provided solutions to this dilemma and the water crisis. or water is to
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the dismay home water not very long ago conducted own water study where we wanted to find out how much water was being used in the textile crafts so we wanted to promote the technique of using natural dice you know what technique would only technique. can be revived in the water can be used so the consumption of motor will be reduced substantially and that can also help turn this into an environmentally friendly craft again. or were environment friendly. the reason for the shift to synthetic dyes took place decades ago and can be traced back to the sixty's the time of the hippie movement and with it a soaring rise in the popularity of the body print meeting rising demands in foreign markets meant switching to chemical colors which were faster and easier but
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also toxic today the artisans are experiencing higher demand for natural prints customers are keen on organic variants and colors made from flowers and plants. and their children ever since we started using natural dies there has been a growing respect for them when if. anything that is argument is a little more expensive because it is liver cancer but i feel that the future is brighter for natural are going to. save the other natural levels other than. it isn't such a king a 1st. step using good water resources carefully can help future generations to stick to their home and traditions. what does stress has not been a relevant issue for most northern european countries but climate change is causing huge changes in the hydrological balance present evaporation and groundwater
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formation are expected to follow a new order them in the future the german. is preparing for the worst testing the water management methods the keeps it and to stock up the ground water levels. ready ready for years there hasn't been enough rainfall here even when a downpour drenched the soil the damaged brain could no longer recover its normal. you can see the plants are suffering from drought stress. they're shutting their lateral shoots because these leaves are drying out. normally the plants here would be 4 times as tall as. the grain field supporter on a nature reserve which is monitored by park rangers this area used to be a marshland full of animals like cranes and frogs. over the past few years the
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average temperature in the capital berlin and the surrounding region has risen by 1.3 degrees celsius that's another reason why groundwater levels are falling. in recent years we've normally see a level of 50 centimeters in may. so it would reach up to hit. just a few years ago water still flowed in this ditch now it's dry this area has countless touches like these with sluices that help drain the land after frequent heavy rains these days there's hardly any rain at all. this doesn't look good. for the rangers and local farmers are looking for a solution they're planning to turn the drainage ditch into an irrigation ditch the idea is being tested 20 kilometers away. this nature reserve has 7 interconnected bodies of water the whole foods a lake is right in the middle. it's where the brandenburg ranger association has
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been testing a water management system to combat drought. ranger month monitors and adjusts the water supply. these streams allow water to flow from one like to the next like a string of pearls. a network of sluices allows the rangers to block the water so that it can't flow out of the lakes is easily. here we've raised the water level here by 20 centimeters in other words the water level in the lake is 20 centimeters harder than it was before. because the lake water level in the ground. water levels are interconnected the groundwater level has also increased by 20 centimeters. once he said to me talk. the lakes now supply the surrounding fields and meadows with water. that's also helping revive a marsh that had run dry. the groundwater level here is rising again.
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the results of this test are being used by rangers and farmers to devise ways to replenish the water table. in the future this list will be used to be tane water rather than to about to flow that also requires cooperation from local farmers. in coal thousands of merino that in some years the meadow will be too wet and get water logged but we want to cooperate with the ranger association to help preserve life here and we do need the water eventually to. otherwise there won't be enough grass on this meadow for our animals to graze on their views of. the rain today is very welcome retaining water in ditches instead of allowing it to drain away will help plants and animals thrive here in the coming years. exports clean the waters of the future will be fought over one thing water often looking at
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today's episode doesn't seem surprising does it protecting water means protecting ourselves i hope you'll be mindful of this the next time you see a leaky tap or have a long shot what we'll be back next week with yet another car provoking episode until then good bye.
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to. climate change by a single catastrophic over. the option of some boring in tunisia in 1815 was the largest ever recorded the following. whether europe was suddenly very different now scientists are a searching how the tune what connects it. amounts to the volcano that changed the
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was. 15 minutes on d w. 13 years after the fall of the berlin wall nov 9th d.w. . city in ruins. of a long conflict in the philippines. between the muslims and the christian population
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. fighters occupied the city center in 2017 president to churches response was. to. gain football games. during conquest turned into tragedy is not the kind of freedom that we want. how did morality become a gateway to islamist turd. an exclusive report from a destroyed city. philippines in the sights of our u.s. starts october 24th on d w. d a france dear antonio there's a scene here and when your mother was born in 1969 the world was already 80 years old you know my grandchildren were born after the wall fell morning. i'm sure. 3 generations one family on a journey through recent german history. look at the.
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stars who number 6 on t.w. . this is the dublin news live from berlin what lies ahead for northern syria germany says it may just have a plan in an exclusive interview with germany's defense minister calls for an international presence in a safe zone between turkey and cut his forces and she tells you that turkish troops in syria cannot stay there indefinitely also coming up. demonstrators in chile
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clash with security forces in the capital santiago after days of unrest president pinera says the country is now at.

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