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tv   DW News  Deutsche Welle  November 18, 2019 2:00pm-2:31pm CET

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the but.
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this is did of the news coming to you live from berlin a highly charged standoff in hong kong between police and protesters descends into chaos after a night of violence demonstrators leave a university under lockdown police use force to arrest those trying to escape. also coming up easing tensions russia return 3 neighbor ships it seized from ukraine in a territorial dispute over crimea. and with multi resistant bacteria killing more than half a 1000000 people globally a year i'll be losing the battle against the superbug. class britain's colonial legacy in the tooth on titian's of kenya we need former workers some now in their ninety's still crueler ties by what they endured i feel so much cream while the british dealing compensation for the suffering and not giving back to us still be
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took away from. until there's no one left to testify. now they're taking their case to the united nations. that shima does it to have a company a tense standoff between clear democracy activists and police at hong kong's polytechnic university is heading into another night but just as had only a tried to escape all mosques only to face arrest by police who are surrounding the university home go without he say the activists are criminals a protest says have been handed once more victory by a court ruling we'll go live to our correspondent in hong kong in just a bit but 1st this report. these students are ready to go home camped out at hong kong's polytechnic university they are wary from increasingly
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violent clashes with police over the weekend. but having failed to dislodge the protesters for days the police are now preventing them from leaving. to a crowd somewhere i exhausted because we've been up since 5 am yesterday we're desperate because a supplies are running low. anyone leaving the university risks arrest and a lengthy prison sentence the students are worried. you know. a little bit desperate. you can you can say you know there's. no way we can get out in the 1st they say you know. the previous night protesters set fire to the entrance of the university to stop the police from storming the campus and they showered petrol bombs on advancing vehicles. but when they tried to break through the police cordon on monday they were met with a hail of tear gas canisters and rubber bullets forcing them to retreat.
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police arrested those that did not make it back into the building. some protesters tried to run for it on a highway they have been blocking for the past week. stuck inside the university the rest are replenishing their arsenal of molotov cocktails. with the police in no mood to compromise the situation remains volatile. and fans of a mystical talk artist and shot a chance and she's in hong kong shot at the you think you'll see monitoring developments that today tell us where you are and what's happening around you. raise your the name and where a few 100 meters from that university where that standoff is still ongoing there are huge numbers of people out on the streets here at the. aymond protesters who
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are coming out to show their support for those who are still holed up inside the university as well but as the evening goes on tensions here really are ramping up you do get the sense that these protesters are planning on or no further clashes into the evening with police perhaps even trying to to help those protesters who are stuck inside the university from escaping now round us here at the moment other family members of a number of those who are trapped inside the university they've been here all day a very anxious nervous wait to see what will happen to their children who are inside the university at the moment is there is the potential that they'll be hurt as they try to escape or of course will be arrested as they attempt to leave so there is a lot of anxiety a lot of upsets among parents here tonight so we spoke to one father whose son was inside the university he said he entered the university campus yesterday and he
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still hasn't come out so let's take a listen to what he told me. so very very. worried about his safety so that's all right i like to think. through our our the mon our request to the government that don't hurt our child. probably hurt our case. so obviously parents getting very very volatile but the situation the schalit still we're hearing the big international calls for restraint on both sides are you seeing any sign of that or are things getting worse. certainly no this week amrita there's been a major escalation in violence on both sides over the last a week which was that has led to 2 fatalities a number of people critically injured as well in the last few days we've seen protesters hold up at the university using more advanced weapons to try and attack police we've seen them using bows and arrows sometimes with
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a. arey set on fire which then launched at the police who was surrounding the university on the police side have been huge amounts of tear gas on the streets and then last night came the warning from police officers that unless approaches protesters put down their weapons police were prepared to use live ammunition that is something that isn't shock waves through the protestors here many people now in fear for their lives simply by taking to the streets doesn't sound good it tore shall appear has been a core truly does has given a bit of a boost to the protesters what can you tell us about that. yes fires protesters are concerned they tell me that that is one small ray of light in what's been an extremely dark week here in hong kong the high court ruling that a ban on face mask was introduced by the authorities here back in october unconstitutional that basement ban was imposed as part of the merchant see through
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emergency regulations it was designed to try and cut down on protests people here so often having to take to the streets wearing masks either to protect themselves from take gasol just to stop them from being identified in fact it turned out that the opposite happened more people came to the streets to protest against that ban now we've had it is unconstitutional and police here have said that they no longer will in that band. sean are chosen reporting from a very tense situation in hong kong thank you very much. not to look at some of the stories making news around the world websites remain in accessible in iran after the government imposed an internet blackout authorities there are hoping to put a damper on protests against a recent gasoline price hike president hasan rouhani just to find a crackdown saying the protests have turned into riots. she dunkers new president performed a controversial swearing in ceremony that could threaten to further divide the
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country by had rajapaksa held his inauguration in a buddhist shrine revered by his single east with this followers he credits his victory to his buddhist voter base but he says he will work for or sri lankans. chile's president sebastian pinera has admitted that police used excessive force against protesters it is the 1st time he's criticized police brutality since anti-government demonstrations began a month ago more than 20 people have been killed and thousands injured in the clashes. russia has returned back 3 naval ships it captured from ukraine last year the handover took place off the coast of disputed tri mia region at the time of the seizure russia accuses your pretty navy of illegally entering its waters this move is the latest effort to ease tensions between the 2 countries before a peace summit next month they've been locked in conflict since russia annexed
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crimea in 2014. along the story let me join our correspondents nick connelly in kiev and your leadership to moscow welcome to both the fields let me start with you u.t. why has moscow given the warships back to ukraine now. well we can assume that as the russian authorities decided to return the ships as a sign of good to go before the so-called common decent which is a scheduled for december night in paris france that's at least how russian media outlets are reading this at the summit will bring together the leaders of russia ukraine france germany and aims to resolve the conflict in eastern ukraine or at least achieve some progress in these issues for the 1st time in 3 years so that these kind of face to face meeting it will happen at the top level so hopes really are high that something may be achieved at the same time w. spoke to the spokesperson of the russian foreign ministry money as a car with
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a day earlier she didn't officer the associate as the return of ships with the upcoming normandy summit the russian foreign ministry in moscow in its official statement emphasized that these ships and material evidence on the in the ongoing criminal case here in russia on the alleged illegal crossing of the russian border and kremlin spokespersons mr pissed off repeated to the russian line that if these ukrainian ships violate that of the state border of the russian federation next telling to you in kiev a gesture of goodwill from moscow to what extent is this a victory for kids it's been pushing to get these ships that for quite a while. i'm not sure this is a victory in terms of military significance these ships are pretty worthless they are largely glorified coast guard ships but this is definitely a sign of goodwill this is a step towards creating greater openness at these talks as yuri mentioned the plan
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for early december i think the biggest step in terms of ukrainian public awareness of the she was the return of the sailors who had been taken into custody at the time the ships were impounded november last year and that really was a real moment here in ukraine huge public attention huge emotion riding high as those people touched down here so this is part of the steps to really change the tone discussion between kiev and moscow but in terms of. the military balance it's not really as you can step this is all about the atmospherics ok talking about atmospherics and what is the situation like in the donbass region after 5 years of conflict nick. well this is a frozen conflict geographically but that doesn't mean that the shooting doesn't continue every day soldiers die regularly i have believe severely wounded civilians are still dying will be less than was the case a few years ago there have been supportive signs in recent weeks and months there's
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been partial troop withdrawals in very small parts of a 400 kilometer long front line where troops that maybe were a couple 100 meters away from each other now a kilometer apart but this is still 1st steps but there is a seemingly willingness to engage the other side and to try to trust each other after these years of conflict and you see in moscow do you get the sense that that is the political will in moscow to find a way to end the conflict in eastern ukraine perhaps at that summit next month that you mentioned. well considering the positive dynamics of development. mentioned in russian ukrainian relations there are grounds to be cautiously optimistic i think russia emphasizes again and again that they don't bust conflict is an internal ukrainian issue and that russia is just an observer at the same time however moscow complains that the ukraine at least in the past has done nothing to
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resolve the problem that was especially true in petro poroshenko was president in ukraine now that ukraine has a new president mr lensky perhaps moscow too could move towards ukraine and really show some willingness to end the conflict. right here in moscow and nick connelly in kiev thank you both very much for your perspectives you're watching the news coming up ahead these television moment on britain's colonial era states in kenya saw thousands of people driven from their homes now survivors of that period are calling for compensation and taking their case to the united nations. but 1st the danger of supervisor something researchers have shed light on for years bacteria that are resistant to antibiotics nicknamed super bugs are getting better and better at resisting the effects of medication the answer the world health organization kicks off its annual world antibiotic
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awareness week we look at a problem scientists say poses a huge threat to global health and development. before the mid 20th century contracting a bacterial infection could easily kill you the age of antibiotics was ushered in by alexander fleming who discovered penicillin back in the late 1920 s. and was later awarded the nobel prize for his work antibiotics at the scene for a paradigm shift in medicine they've saved countless lives but bacteria evolve and a few of them always survive the encounter with the medicine pathogens eventually acquired resistance 1st to one then to more and more antibiotics then they multiply and pass it on they can even share their resistance with other microbes some multi resistant super bugs are no impervious to practically the entire arsenal of antibiotics that are disposal. and research on antibiotics has advanced nearly as
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much as in other fields of medical research big pharma is interest in them evaporated around 20 new major classes of antimicrobials were discovered between the 1940 s. and sixty's but over the last 60 years just 2 new classes of the drugs have been approved. meanwhile the problem of multi resistance has grown increasingly acute experts estimate multi resistant pathogens killed around $700000.00 people worldwide last year but there's still no comprehensive global plan for dealing with them. that a 4th id w. science correspondent a quill him so now joins me in the studio let him get it that's a huge gamble almost 3 quarters of a 1000000 people killed by jones resistance to antibiotics last have alone what's driving this increase well there are
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a couple of different things as we saw all germs will eventually become resistant to antibiotics that's the nature of evolution but where we're accelerating this evolution in a couple of different ways 1st of all one of the big problem. as over prescription of the antibiotics that we have we've been prescribing some of these drugs for 60 years now and often were prescribing them in situations where they're not medically necessary all of us have taken courses of antibiotics particularly in the seventy's eighty's ninety's before this became a big problem that weren't really necessary the doctor you would go to the doctor with an infection in your throat the doctor would say we don't know if it's a virus which isn't affected by an antibiotic or a bacteria we're going to go ahead and give you and i buy addicts anyway it's estimated that about a 3rd of all prescriptions are completely unnecessary and they are accelerating the evolution of these bugs the other aspect of it is in intensive animal farming now often the only way to really create a sustainable ad mystere within these massive farms that they have with within the
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livestock industry is is to preempt any possible medical problems by feeding the animals prophylactic plague and of course by doing that you're also speeding up the evolution of the bugs that cause these diseases because you're putting them in the sort of hothouse environment where they're forced to evolve ok so you're giving actually did batiks to animals as well as what you're saying which is getting into the food chain not another issue that you mentioned in your report was the boss 60 years the pharmaceutical industries have they come up with any major new drugs in terms of this what lies behind that slowdown well this is actually one of the most interesting aspects of this debate for me i mean you would think that it would be kind of a no brainer something that's so vital to our actual in the to medicine that you would think that it would be actually very profitable as well but unfortunately antibiotics are drugs that that in a best case scenario you're only going to be taking for 10 days to 2 weeks and then you're done the core of the problem is that it's incredibly expensive to develop new drugs the the industry says it cost $2500000000.00 per drug just to develop
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a new drug so they want to read that investment and if with antibiotics because it's a short term try. and it's not going to give them the chance to recoup that investment on development now the the the thing is is that this is such a vital aspect that governments have gotten involved separately governments have gotten involved in public and private partnerships trying to kick started but the business model actually in the pharmaceutical industry is broken when it comes to antibiotics and we really need to fix it because this is a very very pressing problem and given it is such a pressing problem debt equiv lot of the implications for humankind if we don't take urgent action on this well you don't even want to think about a post antibiotic world i mean if as as i said in my piece if you look at the pre antibiotic world it used to be that you could get harmed the infections that we would think of nowadays as harmless and they would kill you that's happening more
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and more with these multi resistant bugs 700000 people killed last year now by these these diseases these conditions that couldn't be treated that a few decades ago would have been easily treated with with antibiotics so it is a very very major problem the thing is though that i don't want to end and say on it on a dark note there are drugs in the pipelines we are doing something but we need to desperately raise awareness and this is and make people aware of the urgency of this global problem derek williams thank you very much for all that information on that they pressing issue as you described it that thousands of kenyans who say they were driven from their homes under british colonial rule demanding compensation have taken the case to the united nations the litigants say they have a victims of systematic violent crimes designs to displace them d.w. travel to get each a county which is known as kenya's tea capital. the 4 hardship and
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suffering has swallowed her dear tutor teach her entire life when she was just a child she was separated from her family together with thousands of to live in keep ciggies people she was expelled from her own stuff to land at 96 years old she still vividly recalls the trauma of that experience. i don't remember the date. but the hour we were chased by was 4 in the afternoon. i was so frightened my stomach started aching and i started vomiting. lydia's parents were forcibly removed to so-called national reserves making way for acres and acres of profitable tea plantation today they are owned by multinational companies video stayed behind to work on one of the british tea estates that she was repeatedly raped by her employer who got her pregnant. when the white man as
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she calls him a tech took for the 1st time she was only 13 years old. and there was nothing i could do used a lot of force to overpower me. i didn't understand what was going on i was in a lot of pain and i was crying a lot. when kenya became independent in the 1960 s. video was left to fend for herself as an outcast with 3 biracial children and no money or land to live on to date she is one of more than 100000 victims who are demanding that a united nations special investigator open an inquiry into the plight of. british soldiers expelled families from their homes stole land and livestock and committed gross human rights violations all for the sake of planting this crop the victims of this land appropriation say there is blood in it to here they want
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reparations for them about treatment and above all an apology for the crime of committed under the crown. right may dixon a lawyer from the u.k. representing this complaint says it's time for redress though it's also a very opportune time because around the world states and various bodies or looking at past abuses colonial group uses and how they can be addressed that they call be swept under the carpet for both of. you know 94 year old keyboard still lives in can reach the last survivor of one of the biggest mass deportations to kwesi that was 934 many members of his family died he still hopes the complaint lodged with the u.n. will compel the u.k. to answer for its colonial crimes or calls their one. i feel so much pain while the british delaying compensation for those suffering and not giving back to
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us the land they took away from us until there's no one left to testify. the other old man have died i'm the only one left to tell the suffering of quasi. like you brought in and her daughter hope she'll be able to witness an apology. if they ask for forgiveness we will not refuse to accept. we will not refuse. lydia doesn't know whether she will experience the return of her ancestry or lands but she will make sure that the story of the teller and keep ciggies will live on until justice is served. now for some stuart and to tennis stefan this city boss has been crowned the a.t.p. finals champagne after a tight win over dominic in london the greek 21 year old was making his debut at
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the prestigious tournament he looks well placed now to challenge the order of god in the grand slams next year. i men's tennis has a new sheriff in town 21 year old greg stefano city pass was looking to end a breakthrough year as the youngest winner of the a.t.p. finals since 2001 dominant team to the 1st set but city pass quickly bounced back be a tilted his biggest title to date considered the 5th major of men's tennis received a boost when he seized the 2nd set 6 to. 6 a pass took the next gen title for young players this time last year and has made big progress this season's the athens native beat roger federer in the semifinals and we fellow aging jewel rafa nadal and novak djokovic also falling by the wayside the chance for glory was there for the taking. team 26 year old who was flattered
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to deceive in recent seasons political fight in the decisive set but 6 of us would not be denied. he eventually prevailed in another close tie break i. always feel you know almost feels like i want to go slow i don't know very close to the emotions right now are tremendous i feel very proud and very happy with the approach of the entire week. the revamp davis cup team event begins on monday to test the men's singles this new sheriff hopes to shoot for the stars. and congratulations to him he was in need of good news coming to you live from berlin coming up next on did you have the news. there. ring in artist view of the hong kong protests and their unwelcome in china you don't get is a show us the artist was keep things on the demonstrations. and
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can sri lanka's new president leave his devices boss to be kind and govern for sri lankans. all that and more coming up on the news asia and don't forget lots want to website that's due to the dot com and you can also follow us on twitter as well as on facebook i'm on the touch of my pleasure to have you with us . good.
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3 princes. who dream of the arab world. they're there for power and boundless ambition close to the middle east into a great crisis such. as the life principles of the cold starts nov 27th on t.w. . this is the dr news coming up the political ops trying is all part of his love to hate dissident authors to sales call to arms on the hong kong protest slam the government and support the protesters and ask him if that's completely fair. plus he's accused of human rights abuses and chewed on caused by not a tuesday suspicion but go top it out of our truck has just been sworn in as the
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island's 7th president can he be a president for all true long guns.

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