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tv   DW News  Deutsche Welle  November 18, 2019 3:00pm-3:31pm CET

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the big. this is news coming to you live from berlin a highly charged standoff in hong kong between police and protesters descends into chaos after a night of violence demonstrators lead a university under lockdown police use force to arrest those trying to escape. also coming up easing tensions russia returns true neighbor ships it sees from your creation in a territorial dispute over crimea. and with multi resistant bacteria killing more than half a 1000000 people globally every year i'll be losing the battle against superbugs.
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plus britain's colonial legacy and the tea plantations of kenya really need for workers some now and then ninety's was still traumatized by what they endured. i feel so much pain while the british dealing compensation for their suffering and not giving back to us the land they took away from us until there's no one left to testify. now they're taking the case to the united nations. to. put on of a wall but i'm on the. a tense standoff between pro-democracy activists and police at hong kong's polytechnic university is heading into another night protest as had earlier tried to escape all mosques only to face arrest by police surrounding the
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campus hong kong authorities say the activists are criminals but protesters have been handed once more victory by a court ruling really who live to our correspondent in hong kong in just a bit but 1st this report feel. the students are ready to go home camped out at hong kong's polytechnic university they are wary from increasingly violent clashes with police over the weekend. but having failed to dislodge the protesters for days the police are now preventing them from leaving. to a crowd exhausted because we've been up since 5 am yesterday we're desperate because the supplies are running low. anyone leaving the university risks a rest and a lengthy prison sentence the students are worried. you know. a little bit desperate. you can they can say. there's. no way we
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can get out in the 1st they say you know. the previous night protesters set fire to the entrance of the university to stop the police from storming the campus and they showered petrol bombs on advancing vehicles. but when they tried to break through the police cordon on monday they were met with a hail of tear gas canisters and rubber bullets forcing them to retreat. police arrested those that did not make it back into the building i was some protesters tried to run for it on a highway they have been blocking for the past week. stuck inside the university the rest are replenishing their arsenal of molotov cocktails. with the police in no mood to compromise the situation remains volatile. our
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correspondent shots hasn't been joins me now live from hong kong salvi been talking to you all day it seems to show is on the rise there where are you and what's happening i think the right i did. and tear gas at protesters who are on the front lines very near that you. the city where the standoff is taking place these people behind me slightly further away they've been forming human chains to try and get results is to those protesters on the front lines as quickly as possible as we're inching further and further into the evening tensions really are escalating and what's been an extremely violent extremely volatile week in this 5 month protest movement now a short time ago family members of those who were stuck inside the university at the moment how the citizen we spoke to
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a few of them who told us just how worried they are about the young people the students who are trapped inside the university at the moment they have been facing unrest if they come out of the university and surrender if that chance they face up to 10 years in prison we've also seen scenes of protesters being tackled by police tracked across the floor as they are arrested so as i'm sure you can imagine there are a lot of very concerned parents there waiting for news of their loved ones we spoke to one father whose son was inside the university a short time ago take a listen so very very. worried about his safety so. i like to. i like are the i'm on our request to the government don't hurt our child. don't hurt our case. so shirttails quite obviously extremely worried the students judging by the mood behind you seem defiant and determined at the same time beijing instruct him to use
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live ammunition are we heading towards a point of no return or can the 2 sides still pull back from the brink. well there's a question of course everybody is asking here for months now no one now no one has really known how this situation is going to end how it can be deescalate nazis said that the news that police had threatened last night's use live ammunition of protesters did not put their weapons down is really escalated the tension and the anger fell by the people who were on the streets here at the same time the process of the fellows are also becoming increasingly violent throughout the week we still are they started to use new tactics to fight against the police we've seen them using better than ours for the 1st time over the last week sometimes the highlight to be thrown at police sling shots as well it is becoming very dangerous for both sides and this standoff continues but as i'm sure you can tell from the atmosphere
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behind me the chance of the protesters they are clearly in no mood to back down that this is about supporting those students who are still trapped inside the university the quite clearly want to make themselves heard shallots but this is also be the courtroom today that's given the protesters a boost tell us about that. that's right i was a bit of a surprise decision here by hong kong by corporate offices here described it as a moment of light in what's been a very dark week now what the high court decided was that a ban on face model which was imposed by authorities here back in october was unconstitutional the high court said that it was excessive that it's an excess of what it deems to be necessary here now a lot of protest is one heating up facemask. i
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think we seem to have lost the line to charlotte she was speaking to us from hong kong in a very tense situation surrounded by protesters determined to make themselves heard and she just told us they had been a small victory for the protest says it was a constitutional ruling saying that wearing of mosques was not. that and the reading of mosques was unconstitutional so you saw a lot of people around there was still wearing their mosques of course we'll go back to charlotte in our next bulletin but for now that we bring you up to date with some other stories making news around the world. a group of performance artists has been given a 2nd jail sentence for insulting the military the satirical poets call themselves the peacock generation under men must judicial system the group can face the same challenges in every township where they performed. many websites remain in accessible in iran after the government imposed an internet blackout authorities are hoping to put an end to protests against
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a recent gas alliance price hike president hassan rouhani says the demonstrations have descended into rioting. shouldn't cause the president has held a controversial sparing in ceremony and that threatens to widen divisions in the country. had his inauguration in a buddhist shrine which is revered by his single these buddhist followers he could it's his victory to his buddhist voter support but he says he will work or sri lankans. russia has returned 3 naval ships that captured from the ukraine last year the handover took place off the coast of the disputed crimea region at the time of the seizure russia accuse the ukrainian navy of illegally entering its waters this is the latest effort to ease tensions between the 2 countries before a peace summit next month they've been locked in conflict since russia annexed
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crimea in 2014. for longer so you let me join our correspondents nick connelly in kiev and your leadership in moscow welcome to both the future let me start with you unity why has moscow given the warships back to ukraine now. well we can assume that is the russian authorities decided to return the ships as a sign of good to go before the so-called common decent which is a scheduled for december night in paris france that's at least how russian media outlets are reading this at the summit will bring together the leaders of russia ukraine france germany and aims to resolve the conflict in eastern ukraine or at least achieve some progress in these issues the 1st time in 3 years so that these kind of face to face meeting will happen at the top level so hopes really are high that something may be achieved at the same time w. spoke to the spokesperson of the russian foreign ministry money is a horrible today oh yeah she didn't officer that associate the return of ships with
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the upcoming normandy summit russian foreign ministry in moscow in its official statement emphasized that these ships and material evidence on the in the ongoing criminal case here in russia on the alleged illegal crossing of the russian border and kremlin spokespersons mr pissed off repeated to the russian line that these ukraine and ships violate that of the state border of the russian federation next chilling to you in kiev a gesture of goodwill from moscow to what extent is this a victory for kim it's been pushing to get these ships that for quite a while. i'm not sure this is a victory in terms of military significance these ships are pretty worthless they are largely glorified coast guard ships but this is definitely a sign of goodwill this is a step towards creating greater openness at these talks as yuri mentioned that planned for early december i think the biggest step in terms of ukrainian public
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awareness of the issue was the return of the sailors who had been taken into custody at the time the ships were impounded november last year and that really was a real moment here in ukraine huge public attention huge emotion riding high as those people touched so this is part of the steps to really change the tone. but in terms of. the military balance its needs not releasing you can step this is all about the atmospherics ok talking about atmospherics what is the situation like in the donbass region after 5 years of conflict nic. well this is a frozen conflict geographically but that doesn't mean that the shooting doesn't continue every day soldiers die regularly severely wounded civilians are still dying albeit less often than was the case a few years ago there have been supportive signs in recent weeks and months there's been partial troop withdrawals in very small parts of
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a 400 kilometer long front line where troops that maybe were a couple 100 meters away from each other now. but this is still 1st steps but there is a seemingly a willingness to engage those sides and to try to trust each other after these years of conflict and unity in moscow do you get the sense that that is the political will in moscow to find a way to end the conflict in eastern ukraine perhaps at that summit next month that you mentioned. well considering the positive dynamics or development. mentioned in russian ukrainian relations as there are grounds to be cautiously optimistic i think russia emphasizes again and again that they don't bust conflict is an internal ukrainian issue and that russia is just an observer at the same time however moscow or complains that the ukraine at least in the past has done nothing to resolve the problem that was especially true when pets are approaching the president in ukraine now that ukraine has
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a new president mr selenski perhaps moscow too could move towards ukraine and really show some willingness to end the conflict. right here in moscow and an economy in kiev thank you both very much for your perspectives you're watching the news coming up ahead the establishment of britain's colonial iraq states in kenya thousands of people driven from their homes now survivors of that period according for compensation and taking their case to the united nations. but 1st the danger of superbugs is something researches have shed light on for here as bacteria that are resistant to antibiotics nicknamed super bugs are getting better and better at resisting the effects of medication as the world health organization kicks off its annual wild biotechs bennis week look at a problem scientists say poses
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a huge threat to global health and development. before the mid 20th century contracting a bacterial infection could easily kill you the age of antibiotics was ushered in by alexander fleming who discovered penicillin back in the late 1920 s. and was later awarded the nobel prize for his work antibiotics at the scene for a paradigm shift in medicine they've saved countless lives but bacteria evolve and a few of them always survive the encounter with the medicine pathogens eventually acquired resistance 1st to one then to more and more antibiotics then they multiply and pass it on they can even share their resistance with other microbes some multi resistant super bugs are no impervious to practically the entire arsenal of antibiotics that are disposal. and research and antibiotics hasn't advanced nearly as much as and other fields of medical research big pharma is interest in them
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evaporated around 20 new major classes of anti-microbial were discovered between the 1940 s. and sixty's but over the last 60 years just 2 new classes of the drugs have been approved. meanwhile the problem of multi resistance has grown increasingly acute experts estimate multi resistant pathogens killed around $700000.00 people worldwide last year but there's still no comprehensive global plan for dealing with them. and that's the 4th id science correspondent rick williams who now joins me in the studio welcome derrick that's a huge down but almost 3 quarters of a 1000000 people killed by jones resistance to antibiotics last have alone what's driving this increase well there are a couple of different things as we saw all germs will eventually become resistant to antibiotics that's the nature of evolution but where we're accelerating this evolution in
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a couple of different ways 1st of all one of the big problems is over press. scription of the antibiotics that we have we've been prescribing some of these drugs for 60 years now and often were prescribing them in situations where they're not medically necessary all of us have taken courses of antibiotics particularly in the seventy's eighty's ninety's before this became a big problem that weren't really necessary the doctor you would go to the doctor with an infection in your throat the doctor would say we don't know if it's a virus which isn't affected by an antibiotic or of bacteria we're going to go ahead and give you antibiotics anyway it's estimated that about a 3rd of all prescriptions are completely unnecessary and they are accelerating the evolution of these bugs the other aspect of it is in intensive animal farming now often the only way to really create a sustainable added miss fear within these massive farms that they have with within the livestock industry is is to preempt any possible medical problems by feeding the animals prophylactic plague and of course by doing that you're also speeding up
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the evolution of the bugs that cause these diseases because you're putting them in the sort of hothouse environment where they're forced to evolve ok so you're giving actually antibiotics to animals as well is what you're saying just getting into the food chain now another issue that you mentioned in your report was that in the boss 60 years the pharmaceutical industry has hardly come up with any major new drugs in terms of this what lies behind that slowdown well this is actually one of the most interesting aspects of this debate for me i mean you would think that it would be kind of a no brainer something that's so vital to our actual in the to medicine that you would think that it would be actually very profitable as well but unfortunately antibiotics are drugs that that in a best case scenario you're only going to be taking for 10 days to 2 weeks and then you're done the core of the problem is that it's incredibly expensive to develop new drugs the the industry says it cost $2500000000.00 per drug just to develop a new drug so they want to recruit that investment and if with antibiotics because
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it's a short term treatment. it's not going to give them the chance to recoup that investment in development now the the the thing is is that this is such a vital aspect that governments have gotten involved separately governments have gotten involved in public and private partnerships trying to kick started but the business model actually in the pharmaceutical industry is broken when it comes to antibiotics and we really need to fix it because this is a very very pressing problem and given it is such a pressing problem a debt equiv lot of the implications for humankind if we don't take urgent action on this well you don't even want to think about a post antibiotic world i mean if as as i said in my piece if you look at the time i had a cold it used to be that you could get harmed infections that we would think of nowadays as harmless and they would kill you that's happening more and more with these multi resistant bugs 700000 people killed last year now by these these diseases these conditions that couldn't be treated that
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a few decades ago would have been easily treated with antibiotics so it is a very very major problem the thing is though that i don't want to end and say on it on a dark note there are drugs in the pipelines we are doing something but we need to desperately raise awareness and this is and make people aware of the urgency of this global problem derek williams thank you very much for all that information on that day pressing issue as you described it thousands of kenyans who say they were driven from their homes under british colonial rule are demanding compensation and they're taking the case of the united nations the kenyan say the victims of systematic violent crimes in the displacing them did use melanie and edith to monny travel to kenya country county which is known as kenya capital. i'm hours before hardship and suffering has followed through dear tutor teach her entire life when she was just
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a child she was separated from her family together with thousands of to lie and keep ciggies people she was expelled from her incest for lands at 96 years old she still vividly recalls the trauma of that experience. i don't remember the deal. but the hour we were chased away was 4 in the afternoon . i was so frightened my stomach started aching and i started vomiting. lydia's parents were forcibly removed to so-called national reserves making way for acres and acres of profitable tea plantation today they are owned by multinational companies. stayed behind to work on one of the british tea estates that she was repeatedly raped by her employer who got her pregnant. when the white man as she calls him a tech took for the 1st time she was only 13 years old. and there
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was nothing i could do used a lot of force to overpower me. i didn't understand what was going on i was in a lot of pain and i was crying a lot. when kenya became independent in the 1960 s. video was left to fend for herself as an outcast with 3 biracial children and no money or land to live on to date she is one of more than 100000 victims who are demanding that a united nations special investigator open an inquiry into their plight. british soldiers expelled families from their homes stole land and livestock and committed gross human rights violations all for the sake of planting this crop the victims of this land appropriation say there is blood in it to here they want reparations for them about treatment and above all an apology for the crime of
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committed under the crowd. rodney dixon a lawyer from the u.k. representing this complaint says it's time for redress though is also a very opportune time because around the world states and various bodies or looking at past abuses colonial abuses and harbor can be addressed that they call be swept under the carpet and forgotten. you know 94 year old kid still lives in can reach the last survivor of one of the biggest mass deportations to kwesi that was 934 many members of his family died he still hopes the complaint lodged with the u.n. will compel the u.k. to answer for its colonial crimes or calls their one god. i feel so much pain while the british delaying compensation for the suffering and not giving back to us the land they took away from us until there's no one left to testify.
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the other old man have died i'm the only one left to tell the suffering what of quasi. like you bought in the dia and her daughter hope she'll be able to witness an apology. if they ask for forgiveness we will not refuse to accept. we will not refuse. lydia doesn't know whether she will experience the return of her ancestry lands but she will make sure that the story of the tell life and keep ciggies will live on until justice is served. turning now to some sport and tennis stefan this city bus has been crowned the a.t.p. finals champion after a tight win over domini in london the greek 21 year old who was making his debut at
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the prestigious tournament he looks well placed to challenge the order of god in the grand slams next year. men's tennis has a new sheriff in town 21 year old greek stefano city pass was looking to end a breakthrough year as the youngest winner of the a.t.p. finals since 2001 dominant team took the 1st set but city pass quickly bounced back the. a tale to tease because title to date considered the 5th major of men's tennis received a boost when he seized the 2nd set 6 to. 6 a pass took the next gen title for young players this time last year and has made big progress this season's the athens native beat roger federer in the semifinals and we fellow aging jewel rafa nadal and novak djokovic also falling by the wayside the chance for glory was there for the taking. team a 26 year old who was flattered to deceive in recent seasons puts a fight in the decisive set but 6 acoss would not be denied.
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he eventually prevailed on another close tie break. those rules you know almost feels like i want to go slow i don't know very close to that emotions are tremendous a few very proud and very happy with the approach of their the entire week. to revamp davis cup team event begins on monday to test the men's singles based new sheriff hopes to shoot for the stars. well to the bundesliga and with struggling minds have appointed former cologne coach came by a lot to place the fact coach sundra shots by alonso has swapped one delegation threatened team for another having been fired as cologne coach earlier this month he takes over from mines cut from bottom 2 points better off than. he
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watching the news coming up next sunday news these cartoons offering an artist's view of the hong kong protest unwelcome in china ask the artist what he thinks of the demonstrations. that in all coming up on the news is just a bit deja vu if you can.
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the blueprint for every living thing on this planet in my new commission comes. natural cause it's the most effective way to see vast amounts of data scientists in syria now want to use this code for technology they're developing artificial d.n.a. to see digital information to our world today in 60 minutes on d w. e takes good personally i already
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with all the wonderful people and stories that make the game so special. for all true fans. the break up more than football online soon to come and now come get me a fictional asian but as affectionately as you can. bloody near put him in the middle of his election campaign in the year 2000 a documentary was filmed for russian television but director vitali munson a capture of much more than just to turn the camera back on the moon of course. the film secretly chronicled a power grab actually everything was seriously planted instruction. featuring thompson pouring rolls. to the freedom of russia. featuring
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a lead role like you've never seen before let me be clear with you. for the mayor's let me out of it to the ends justify the means. to tim's witnesses starts december 13th on d w. this is the dump the news coming up the political news all top teams love to hate dissident offers to. call tunes on the hong kong protests slam the government and support the protesters and ask him if that's completely fair. plus he's accused of human rights abuses and freedom caused by not to use viewers with suspicion but go top it out of the truck has just been sworn in as the island's 7th president can he be a president for all sri lankans.

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