tv Andrew Jackson Hero Under Fire FOX News December 25, 2017 1:00am-2:01am PST
december 17. andrew jackson, here under fire, starts now. we're going to hear from both sides of that argue: i have been researching my new book miracle of new orleans. show you how important that battle was in shaping the america that we have today. we will travel to the will he general dear battlefield in new orleans, to the white house, and to jackson's home
and final resting place. the hermitage in beautiful nashville, tennessee. most people would recognize andrew jackson from the $20 bill and binnings like this one steve truly understanding who andrew jackson was. understand the moment that defined him which came at the end of america's second war of independence, so to speak. the war of 1812. so, we begin, perhaps, with his most impressive feat, forming, melding and motivating an army to stop the most fear some force force at the time the british infantry. the premier battle in the battle of new orleans. that what is in this is a cannon jackson used. what is the protection? that's the protection of jackson's troops. what was over there, the british. outnumbering us, two to one. what jackson did after that still has military historians befuddled. i will give it away. we gone. >> although the rev news lay war officially end in 1873.
never accepted the. resulted in another year the war of 1812. things were not looking good for the start for the united states. >> we were so weak we couldn't any other country. challenge the la via sons i 6000 became prisoners on british ships. brian: country doesn't have army shell of a navy. we declared war because we wanted to stand up for ourselvesstselves and send everybody a message. early on the message was weak. >> we start off very badly. we have the worst generals. we no plan. brian: washington is burned to p the ground while the president barely escapes. >> a blaze come out and race back to their ships and leave. brian: that seems to mobilize america, people thought. i might not have been for this war, but our country
could be destroyed right now. we have to rally. in december 1814, the treaty gen is signed officially ending the war. on paper that is nothing to stop the british troops in the battlefield. >> great britain really thought the louisiana purchase was bogus that we didn't own the louisiana territory that bonged to spain. that napoleon never had a right to sell it to us. brian: the british headed south toward louisiana. >> the stated goal of the british in their attack plan was to fledgling united states between the mississippi river and the east coast. >> line line if you lose the mississippi, america would be in their own country. this battle was all for wes west. some of them brought their wives. the british thought they were going to be able to have a christmas celebration in new orleans. they would be able to feast here. they would be able to take over the comforts.
take over the plantations. brian: the job of stopping them fell to the commander of the tennessee militia, major general andrew jackson. >> most everybody figures the war is lost. new orleans is in a panic. the government wants to surrender. the british aren't even p here. let's just surrender. brian: the people of new orleanss were unbelievably tense. why?y? because the british were just miles away. they didn't know if they were going to face oppression orti keep the freedom that america offered them just three weeks prior to the war. it was up to jackson to let them know he has got them covered. >> so he declares martial law. an he says no. heit says i'm here and they shall not pass except over my dead body. >> the historic french quarter. charters in st. louis. wife would i bring to you thisis interaction? because right here in this building it was right here in this building 200 plus years blnk
where andrew jackson met with his generals and they sketched out a battle plan to take on the british with nothing short of brilliant and yielded unparalleled success. >> we had no background. he had never led anything in combat, but he has this innate ability to see what's going on and see what needs to be done. >> jackson started doing recruitment. in his view, it was anyone who had a gun was welcome to serve in andrew jackson's army. >> his mismatch of truth who comes in, two units from the army, 62 united states marines. >> he treated and paid white and people of color the exact same. they said join us. we don't care what your past is. these were outlaws. >> he did not want the pirates to be at all involved. he called them the hellish. [inaudible] he said i'll have nothing to do with them until someone
told me look, they can provide you with rounds of ammunition and powdered go with them. >> your son was pulling everybody in. >> a little bit of everybody stood up to defend their city. >> jackson knew one thing would be the key to victory. this was all about the mississippi. >> when the british army wanted to attack jackson's line, he had to fit his army between the mississippi river and an impenetrable swamp about 800 yards away. they went north 7 - 9 miles. the british know if the waters get too shallow to bring the fleet in, they can't really come up river so they make a landing with their army and come down and sees this. >> but it's not their
defense. they anticipated exactly where they would land. they built the mud burned. >> he comes in along this line where he sets it behind him almost 800 yards. >> we come back, how that simple man-made berm may have saved the united states as we know it today. we will hear from the people who want to tear down the monuments of andrew jackson and get a behind-the-scenes to her. >> this is a front parlor of the mansion. if you are coming to visit, he would have been invited to come in here and wait for him. he would let you wait long enough to look at the things he had in this room that would tell you he is an important man. for example, it was him winning the battle of new orleans that really catapulted him to national fame. >> this is a british band that the cypress tree had grown up
around where the bottle was fal fought. >> wow. they were able to get that out of the tree and bring it here. >> this was his. he owned it. as a president, there were a lot of parallels to him and george washington. there are things around the house that have a washington connection like the riding crop you won't see these folks at the post office. they have businesses to run. they have passions to pursue. how do they avoid trips to the post office? stamps.com mail letters, ship packages, all the services of the post office right on your computer. get a 4 week trial, plus $100 in extras including postage and a digital scale. go to stamps.com/tv and never go to the post office again.
by late december 1814, nearly 15000 british troops outside new orleans with their eyes set on the city. control of the city and the entire mississippi river. his soldiers were heavily outnumbered but they plan to create a barrier out of mud to prove extremely effective. >> this berm, this protection, this wall was built in a matter of weeks. it was miles long to protect andrew jackson and the american troops. over there, with thousands of british troops. what they wanted was over there. that was new orleans. where they wanted control was
over there. what the state? the future the country. what did andrew jackson do? when. >> battlefield really was approximately 4 miles long. it was always the same the tween the river in the swamp. if you look at it, even with the scope, you can see that canal was there. you think you're just going over but when you get there, you have to go down and then up. it was 8 feet of water. at that point, you could just shoot him like fish in a barrel. he had created a giant booby-trap. >> there not to go out. he knows that would be suicidal. once he dug in, no one moved them out. >> i'm struck that after 200 years with berm still sit here. >> the spoil on top added
another 6 feet so the british coming across would have had to have negotiated this 12 to 15-foot wide and put ladders up to scale this to have any chance. there barrels stuck up. there's no target at all for the british to shoot at. >> it's an ancient kind of warfare that took place here. it's trench warfare. >> if this didn't work there was another line and another lot. >> january 8, 1850. then launched a massive assault. >> as we look out here, that's where the british came in. >> that's where they launched their attack. >> that's a killing filled. you had these sharpshooters taking them out like it's a
videogame. >> over 2000 are wounded or killed. >> 20 some people say where the whole casualty for the three-week campaign. they had bundles of sugarcane to throw in and then put the ladder up to skillet. >> that's a suicide mission. >> that's exactly what happened. it took too much time to go down or not. they were bound to get slaughtered. >> you don't just have riflemen shooting at you. you have these cannons firing into your ranks. >> there are a variety of cannons for the largest were 24 pounders. >> these came off after they had been attacked. the barrel was through the berm.
the captain set it off and boom. >> the british had to do this. they had to drag their own through the swamp. >> ammunition was certainly a problem. if you had horseshoes, anything that was metal, nails, doorknob, whatever they could put in here that would form a lethal projectile. >> just to show you, everyone in new orleans was in the fight. those doorknobs had to come off somebody's house. >> exactly. >> this became a bloodbath. it was the beginning of the end of britain and the birth of modern america. >> ♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ ♪
♪ >> why would i be outside a combat when i'm trying to tell the battle of new orleans? because this is in any competent, this is the home of the nuns. it dates back hundreds of years. they prayed for jackson success. among the people who think they brought him a miraculous victory, andrew jackson himself. >> we are standing at the convent it is the oldest in the mississippi valley. they arrived here in 1727 and started their mission to educate young women as well as to care for the men and soldiers that were at the hospital. >> three weeks before the war of 1812, louisiana became a state and the war is raging. it's going terribly. suddenly things turn around and the breaking point is the battle of new orleans. why would i be standing in a convent talking about a battle
of new orleans. >> so i'l while the man went to the battlefield, the women went to church to pray. >> andrew jackson loves the fact that the nuns were praying for victory. they gave their troops morale. they had a feeling that god was on their side. >> they are here praying all night long. at 6:00 o'clock in the morning they start mass. >> they were really going at it. the candles and prayers. >> it spread throughout the heavily catholic town of new orleans that the catholic church is praying for you. >> father says mass and during communion there's a runner that comes in and yells victory is ours. the entire church drops to their knees. >> they prayed for the victories and attribute a lot of the.
they sing the song of thanksgiving. >> after he went and paid homage to him and thanked him and also, they were extraordinary nurses so all of our wounded and some of the british wounded were taking care of by the nuns. >> from then on, for over the last 200 years they had kept that promise because they believe prayer is what won that battle. >> still the calm, the battle over the many statues and monument that some people wanted to tear down. plus we will head to the white house and see why other presidents have been influenced so heavily by america's seventh president including, by the way, our current commander-in-chief. will travel to nashville tennessee for behind-the-scenes tour of andrew jackson's beautiful home. >> we are going into the dining room of andrew jackson's home.
it's the largest room in the house but it would be a very important place for the jackson's to meet with their friends and political colleagues in this room. the interesting thing is that jackson didn't sit at the end of the table where you would think the president would fit. he liked to sit in the middle of the table. he could talk to people at
stegall. the president of guatemala now saying the country will also move its embassy in israel to jerusalem. this comes after president trump's decision to do the same and recognize jerusalem as israel's capital. guatemala was also one of the nine nations to vote with the u.s. when the u.n. voted in favor of a resolution denouncing the united states decision. democrats gearing up to blast republicans in the 2018 midterm campaign over tax reform. leaders saying it cuts taxes for most americans but still gives the most generous benefits to corporations and the wealthy. many democrats hoping it will help in their fight to retake control of congress. the g.o.p. tax reform plan was passed without a single democratic vote. i'm casey stegall. that's a look at your headlines. now back to andrew jackson. hero under fire. ♪ >> andrew jackson's
interaction with the nuns is just one of the remarkable things that happen in his life. his whole life was just full of obstacles. think about the spread he was a kid that grew up in the backwoods of the carolinas. he ends up in a mansion like this after being a two-term president. what did he overcome? a lot and a lot early. >> tell me about this general jackson. he wants revenge on the british. why. >> yes, he's a young boy and he gets slashed by a british officer and he's taken prisoner. his mother bailed him out but then she eventually dies of smallpox and his older brother loses his life. his family is wiped out in the revolutionary war. he never ever forgive the british. he hates them for the rest of his life. >> by 1796, tennessee becomes a state and he puts it into a
positive in the state of tennessee. >> when he first bought it in 1804, he was a rising political star. he was head of the tennessee militia. he had already been a u.s. congressman, here are ready been a u.s. senator, he had been on what we would consider the tennessee court. >> he goes on and works and is able to take control over florida. we probably wouldn't have florida it wasn't for andrew jackson. >> he was the first military governor of florida when florida became a territory of the united states when we acquired it from spain. he was only governor for a few months and basically was sent there by president monroe to impose american law on what had been a standard. >> that's how we got jacksonville, jackson
mississippi, jackson tennessee, you start going to the south, andrew jackson was considered a must like a founding father in the south. how did he do this? >> he had intimidation, but i think a more by example and he could be exceedingly funny and kind if you are performing well, he could throw the compliments on you. >> he knew, like any good general that right mixture of control but also of fatherly caring. he thought the people that were really serving with him were his brothers in arms. >> the portraits on the walls, these are officers that served under jackson who are very loyal to him. if you are loyal to him, you were in a good position. >> we can't overestimate what a phenomenon he became overnight. he gave our new republic a sustainable hero, one that wasn't part of the revolutionary war, but a new generation coming forward. we call the war of 1812 the
second american revolution and the one pure hero of that was andrew jackson. >> when andrew jackson passed away at the age of 78, this is his tomb, they put closure on the remarkable life, a life that wasn't without controversy. two things stand out most of all, the fact that this plantation was powered by slave laborers, as many as a hundred 50. this lady was closest to was buried by the general. he passed away at the age of 98. there was also the year 1830 when he signed the indian removal act pushing five tribes west word. >> andrew jackson used to be ranked around number seven on the polls. he has dropped way down now. part of it is what we call the first peoples native american history because of the trail of tears. [inaudible] >> the removal act called for
the removal of the five tribes from the southeast united states to move to what is modern-day oklahoma. the trail of tears actually happen later after jackson's presidency. it is somewhat become the term for all indians but the trail of tears happened after his presidency as a result of another treaty that was signed while he was president. it was a horrible experience for all of the native americans involved because they were held in holding areas in 1838 until they were removed and they left so late they were caught in the winter and people were sick and starved and it was a horrible experience. it was jackson but was also the federal government. we don't excuse him in any way. he was part and parcel of it. >> he gets very low marks on human rights. then, after the fact that he was a slave owner. >> there is nothing that would
suggest he was morally troubled by the idea of slavery. it was part of the system he was raised in. it enabled him to be a general, to be a president, to do the things he did because they are basically running the plantation and generating revenue. >> the white house, where history is made, when we come back. how many presidents look to andrew jackson for inspiration on how one president is most like and are jackson. that story when andrew jackson, a hero under fire, continues. >> this is jackson's library to me this is the beating heart of the house spread this is where he spent most of the time in the last eight years of his life. he was in constant medication with the other president that came after him and members of congress. he still wanted to be president even though we were 900 miles away. >> this was, it was kind of a
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. >> 1500 pennsylvania avenue and the white house. a statue of andrew jackson seventh president of united state arguably the most impact full think of what he accomplisaccomplis hed. balance the budget and pay off our debt nobody has done that since. and keep in mind with controversy the indian removal act however so many presidents look at a interjects and for inspiration. -- andrew jackson for inspiration. >> to go back into misery to see the daughter margaret unveiled a statue. of life-size bronze of historic can -- historic american just to characterize truman were shipped him and even abraham
lincoln. why?. >> he was the leader. >> fdr identified with andrew jackson taking on the new york special interest on the other side of the statue fdr 1937 was with the inaugural parade was a replica because from the time jackson lived here we had 15 presidents roosevelt visited and made some wonderful statements about jackson. >> the roosevelts were shipped andrew jackson and from the battle from the spanish-american war. >> but the worse case scenario would be a died. >> jackson represented put your life on the line. abraham lincoln when he was elected president he asked for andrew jackson paper said he could study them to
draw from them to read his inaugural address. >> that is on the foot of his statue even harry truman identified from the new york washington society did not approve of him. there is a wonderful quotation trump and said he is for the little guy who had no pole and that is what a president is supposed to do. treatment commissioned to statues of jackson won independence missouri and another in kansas city. truman came here to measure jackson's close to make sure the statues were the right size. reagan was here in 1981 to put a wreath on jackson's to on his birthday. in many ways i see parallels between reagan and jackson. they were both outsiders to washington. but reagan came to the presidency with a very determined agenda that he got through during his two
terms. >> how many presidents lockout that portico window looking at jackson for erasion? one in particular with their right now president donald trump there are a lot of similarities between the two and we went on the oval office to were. >> they say he is campaign was like mine that was interesting 1828. but that is a great and jackson was a great general and a great president. >> so he sees those similarities but what about the historians? he used the technology like he uses twitter jackson pioneered the use of the lithograph which is the artist rendering that is
mass-produced and transformed politics because most of america was illiterate but they would handle a color picture that is the man running for president. his opponent was short and bald and stout and stern looking. that was john quincy adams then here's jackson with flowing hair with the battle love new orleans. he won that. so everybody got their old lithograph of jackson he was into the latest technology. ♪ >> they are similar with their temperamental issues. how jackson could be volatile aisle but there were different types. but jackson was the geographic outsider he was
not one of the virginia aristocrats. >> very much against the elite right down the western front they knew the people of boston did not know what it was like. >> with the first celebrity american history big crowds followed him in just like the senate. >> just by erroneous what we call fake news today by even more than that his reputation was smeared in print he would just rage he spent a lot of his public career making amends. >> he led his wife rachel she went to root negative fell to buy a dress with her
girlfriends she found old stacks of newspapers and they called her a bigamist and a and adulterer and a broken heart and she went back to the hermitage and she died. and bailey became known as the jackson papers. they were vicious. >> it is fascinating looking at the news articles to write comments in the of margins it was good or bad that one in particular and donald trump talks about the counterpunch but so did jackson. you write about that in politics but andrew jackson had a deal with a perfect shot.
he opened his chest and the perfect shot and apparently missed he didn't even flinch and then shot the man dead. >> it was 2 inches from his heart he would have died. >> up next set of the most influential founding fathers have been written out of history and he with most airline credit cards, you only earn double miles when you buy stuff from that airline. is this where you typically shop? is this where anyone typically shops? it's time to switch to the capital one venture card. with venture, you earn unlimited double miles on every purchase, everywhere, every day... not just airline purchases. seriously... double miles... everywhere! what's in your wallet?
. >> welcome back to you "andrew jackson: hero under fire" i am brian kilmeade. senator lee says many important historic figures are whitewash with politically correct times. he said that with me to discuss his new book the forgotten founders who fought big government. >> did your book written out of history remarkably go over the main things when andrew jackson is experiencing right now to take one of these great american characters presidents and generals. does that bother you?. >> sure. anytime retake somebody in history especially an important historical figure like andrew jackson, we tried to denigrate them as all bad or even take
somebody that we're setting them up for disappointment. but the fact is andrew jackson like so many other people in history was not perfect but was a great man and did a lot of things with a deep impact on the american people. when he died he was considered a great president. what happened now that did not happen then?. >> so many people today want to put our modern stempel and historical figures that is why they were written out of history people dismiss aaron burr he just shot alexander hamilton but in fact, he did a lot to stand up for the rights of the individuals and you have to know the whole story also with andrew jackson. literally has physically impacted the footprint of washington d.c. the treasury building was built to obstruct the view from the white house of the capital. he was a to american.
and wins one of the key battles of american history then becomes president a senator and congressman what is so bad?. >> people cannot handle that because they cannot handle certain things about his life that don't coincide or measure well with the way we approach things today. the fact that people committed sin back then that our no longer around today it is easy to pass judgment but remember the things that he did do for example, he would review legislation for constitutionality and would veto if it exceeded congress's power that doesn't happen to dave yet it leads to. and a jackson got the founders were forgotten he thought it was too much about virginia and washington and massachusetts what about everybody else? day forget that he helped a
lot of people feel more connected to their government that there is somebody in washington standing up for them. >> lukowski with is the key battle with the future of the country are there other things that we look at?. >> we certainly cannot discount what he did it was heroic to this day there are lasting reminders and in the majority leader's office in the senate there is a crack in a fireplace it originated from a fire started during the war of 1812. it he did the stone to the point that lost structural integrity it is still there today it is the reason that llord did not end differently it has a lot to do with andrew jackson. >> what concerns you most?. >> when we sanitize history
we take those figures to denigrate them and write them out of history will this part of our herridge we're destined to repeat that portion of history. if we write people off simply because their story or certain aspects of their life do not agree with us we run the risk of avoiding some of the same mistakes. brian: every time we identify someone as having made a mistake and because that makes them unworthy then we forget about a lot of people so we would be writing a lot of presidents off, basically all of them out of history. brian: up next al can one of the most revered president in his day be so controversial in our day? controversial in our day? here why some
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brian: welcome back i am brian kilmeade to the past few months we have seen controversy and debate break out all over america as fast as activist tried to convince local governments to remove statues better controversial to historical figures with confederate leaders with the plan to remove rubber e the statue in virginia that is a flashpoint that set off violent clashes between the neo-nazi groups in the anti-fascist protesters back in august. >> even before the chaos erupted when to look at the controversy surrounding the statue of the man credited with saving the war's more than two centuries ago major-general andrew jackson it is mind-boggling still to put together an army in a matter of weeks to hold off of fighting finest force of
that time the british army to save the city and the country in the big picture because some say not impress me want to diminish jackson and start by taking the statue down. >> as we approached the 300th year in new orleans we cannot go forward and tell the erase the negative past. >> a group called take them down is fighting for the removal of the statues across the city. he now has his sights set on andrew jackson. >> we took down four of those confederate statues but opposition from the very beginning has ben that use slave holding. >> the delicate him as a hero?. >> he is probably the most hated statue is that we have because andrew jackson was a
slaveholder but also the architect of the trail of tears that murdered more than 10,000 native people and for those reasons. brian: is it proper to put today's values on people from 200 years ago?. >> of course. we wouldn't be here today otherwise. >> slavery is despicable and the cases are indisputably bad with the indians but if you look back at history to try to cleanse the we have no history. >> we say that in the space that weontrol today we can say what goes on our public spaces that is not those that put that up. brian: you don't see any positive with andrew jackson?. >> i don't. i don't see anything other
than in balloting he was the seventh president and an adequate general but a despicable human being and we don't honor despicable human beings. brian: as the statues come down across the south including new orleans some are residents are trying to keep jackson inside jackson square. they have monuments. >> andrew jackson was a fantastic he wrote to save new orleans and though the world owes him a lot this is of this country of freedom. brian: why do they want to take it down? very people don't understand that 450 men fought under andrew jackson. here you have people saying take him down because he owned slaves bread this opened up america. new orleans was a city that thrived.
>> you don't erase history that is what everybody wants to read in books you don't burn books. >> andrew jackson figured out how to build the brigade 9 miles south of new orleans to keep 15,000 british soldiers out with a ragtag group from new orleans. really you are honoring everybody. brian: howdy you get to the point to fight to keep history?. >> we ask the same question is is 100 years of history. >> the battle that save the country to be honored for that and honored in other parts of the country to recognize how important that bottle what - - how that battle was but but in 1815 now grew one to judge him by today but they are forgetting what he contributed to the country. brian: that's all the time we have. thanks for joining us don't forget to check out my new
book "andrew jackson and the miracle of new orleans" also go to hermitage relived and >> from the white house and the office of the president of the united states, we present an address by dwight d. eisenhower. this is the farewell address for president eisenhower, whose eight years as chief executive come to an end at noon friday. mr. eisenhower has chosen this time for his final speech. ladies and gentlemen, the president of the united states. >> good evening, my fellow americans. [ dramatic music plays ] in the councils of government, we must guard against the acquisition of unwarranted influence, whether sought or unsought, by the military-industrial complex. >> the military-industrial complex -- it's one of the most famous phrases ever spoken by a u