gloomy forecast. a fierce storm slams into durbin. as delegates in south africa try to find a way forward on climate change. welcome to "newsline." i'm catherine kobayashi in tokyo. negotiators in south africa are arguing over the details of climate change under stormy skies. torrential rains hit the host city. it waterlogged the conference
center, throwing the opening of meetings into disarray. we have a report from durban. >> reporter: they welcome participants from 119 countries. talks are taking place in africa where experts say impact of global warming can threaten lives of people. the day before, they suffered from the worst storm in years. local authorities say at least five people were killed. here the previous storm caused landslide when mud went into the houses. residents in eastern durban were hit especially hard. they were trying to repair their houses and remove mud from inside. >> translator: i am traumatized. i don't know where to start. even tonight, i don't know where
i'm going to sleep. >> i've never experienced this. i've seen it happening in other places, but not here. >> reporter: climate change can lead to more extreme conditions such as severe heat waves and rainfall. they are asking delegates to speed up negotiations in durban. >> to make the world climate safe and avoid climate change from spinning out of control, this meeting needs to take the next decisive steps in a global response to climate change. >> reporter: but on the opening day, there's still deep division between developing nations on what to do with the protocol. can they come up with april agreement in two weeks to prevent farther global warming? one thing is clear. climate change won't wait for negotiations to finish and the
stakes are getting higher. japan is looking for indicators of better economic times ahead. we have business news. the jobs data came in a short while ago. what do the numbers show? >> that's right, katherine. the news came in a half hour ago. it is not positive. we saw arise in japan's jobless rate. the country's unemployment rate worsened in october for the first time in three months. the internal affairs ministry said the seasonally adjusted jobless rate sfood at 4.5%. up 0.4 percentage points since september. unemployed, 2.88 million, while people with jobs stood at 62.64 million. now let's check the markets. overnight, the dow rebounded sharply on hopes of a stronger resolve by european leaders to
tackle eurozone debt issues. to see how things are kicking off in japan, we go to ramin mellegard at the tokyo stock exchange. good morning. unemployment numbers were out for japan. taking this and overseas markets into account, how are stocks reacting so far? >> very good morning to you. taking to the unemployment numbers into account, which worsened as you said, but looks like markets really taking more of a cue from european and u.s. markets. let's have a look at the opening levels here this tuesday morning. you can see what i'm talking about. up 87 points for the nikkei, up five point for topix. yesterday, let me remind you, nikkei snapped five sessions of losses and we could see further up side momentum today. that follows successful bond auction in belgium, despite credit rating being downgraded last week. and hopes of international monetary authority stepping in to help the likes of italy, which also had a successful bond auction yesterday as well.
all of this was also good news for the euro, which did gain a touch against the dollar and yen. if you bring up the currency levels this tuesday morning, you can see they're around 78 yen levels now, and at the upper 103 levels for euro yen, 103.85-88. we will see if there's a boun in stocks last week. also, we will keep track of the banking sector, one of the biggest gainers in new york trading session monday. still, japanese banks' exposure to eurozone has been less than european and u.s. counter parts, and in fact, a lot of financial institutions cut back their holdings of bonds from deficit ridden countries such as portugal, ireland, italy, greece, and spain. some of the brokers trying to
down size holdings of those bonds. i know you're gearing up for the christmas shopping season, but it looks like millions of shoppers in the u.s. were doing likewise over the weekend, and with better than expected retail sales figures and consumer spending figures there, a lot of main street shops and online retailers looking to cash in on positive sentiment. the likes of nintendo coming out with a 3d game, japanese tv makers and automakers really having a strong push in advertising and sales in the u.s. to regain some of the market share there. but for now, the nikkei and topix are trading higher this morning. back to you. >> solid gains for japanese shares. that was ramin mellegard reporting at the tokyo stock exchange. the organization for economic cooperation and development
said monday that the japan economy will grow by 2% next year. the organization said the growth is being driven by private sector spending following the march 11th disaster. the oecd said the gross domestic product is expected to grow by 0.3% next year. they say the economy was forced to temporarily reduce output after the disaster, but rebuilding work has reversed the trend. it says japan's growth may be hampered by the europe debt crisis. the oecd recommends that the government aims for a primary balance surplus by march 2021. analysts say the goal should be achieved by increasing tax revenue, including consumption tax. meanwhile for the eurozone,
oec expects negative growth through two quarters through march. an indicator it could be getting a recession. they said monday that gdp for 17 eurozone countries will likely shrink by 1% through december and another third percent january to march. government austerity measures are dampening consumer spending and unemployment. the oecd urged boosting of a bailout fund to prevent it from spreading. they remain a key risk to the world economy. a politician in india is trying to tackle poverty through the use of a small, high tech device. we will have that story and others a little later. for now, back to katherine. >> thanks very much. voters in egypt throw off their history and embrace democracy. they turned out in record
numbers the first day of parliamentary elections with no reports of violence. egyptians are pushing their country into a new era, following three decades of ought krat i can rule by hosni mubarak. they had long lines at polling stations in cairo. >> translator: i have been waiting three hours. how long do i have to wait? >> translator: i and other people here came to vote for the first time. i am very happy. >> but there's growing tension. protests against the military rulers spread across the country. thousands of demonstrators occupied tahrir square again monday. they're demanding the military hand over interim power immediately. >> translator: i will not move
from here, and i will not vote until the military gives up power. >> voting will be held in three stages in different regions until january. the first round ends tuesday. the focus is now on how many seats the muslim brotherhood will win. the group was outlawed under the former government. the syrian government reacted sharply to economic sanctions against the country. the arab league imposed sanctions for the first time on sunday. the move was to step up pressure on bashar al assad to the protests. it included sanctions with the syrian bank. syrian foreign minister said on monday, they will announce the sanctions. the syrian state television showed nationwide rallies protesting the sanctions.
they said it targets the people rather than the government and said they would not back down. the government is expected to continue cracking down on protesters while maintaining its power by fanning public anger against the sanctions. is north korea has rationalized ballistics missiles. it released a document on monday. the document said all humans have a goal of pursuing space. and it says nobody can prevent the north from pursuing its own peaceful program. north korea launched the taepodong-1 missile in 1998 and the taepodong-two in 2009. some parts flew over japan into the pacific ocean. the document says the success of two launches demonstrate the north's advanced technology and determination. the paper said countries around
the world are developing programs. it referred to china's docking an unmanned sidewayscraft with aynor bitting module earlier this month. north korea wants to justify long-range missiles and reprisals from the united states or japan. "newsline" is the place to turn to for the latest on japan, post march 11th. we have two segments offering two unique perspectives on the fallout from the earthquake and tsunami. "nuclear watch" brings insight and information on the impact of the fukushima daiichi crisis. and "the road ahead" examines efforts to recover and rebuild. don't miss "nuclear watch" and "the road ahead" on "newsline." thousands of people have been working at fukushima daiichi trying to control the plant and get it ready for cold shut down. thousands of others will be needed to clean up the accident created. the process will take decades.
the japanese aren't just relying on their own experts, they're trying to learn valuable lessons from people that have gone through similar nuclear crises. people gathered for a symposium monday at the university of tokyo. japanese researchers were joined by american experts who studied the three mile island nuclear accident in the u.s. soon after it happened. >> processing and meeting all federal and state limits at the same time, that took a long time, about 15 years to get completed. >> experts say the task of cleaning up the fukushima daiichi accident will be even more difficult. radiation levels are high on site and in surrounding areas. >> take it very carefully, looking to make sure there's 100% certainty of excellence in the actions taken, and then schedule is secondary. >> people in fukushima are trying to move the process forward by getting informed.
a group from the prefecture visited chernobyl at the beginning of november. a mayor from a village went along. >> translator: the roof and wall collapsed and fell on the rafter. radiation is leaking even now. the chimney is installed for that reason. >> this village in belarus is around 30 kilometers from the abandoned chernobyl plant, about the same distance between fukushima daiichi and this village. they face a risk of radiation 25 years after the chernobyl accident. this device is installed at the village school. it measures radiation levels in food. people bring in samples, take their own readings. residents still need to take steps to protect themselves from radiation exposure. the situation shocked the mayor. despite challenges of people living there face, the village's
population returned to what it was before the 1986 accident. >> translator: local residents are provided with necessary information. 15 babies have been born in the past nine months and the population is increasing. >> the mayor hopes the decontamination of his village will encourage his citizens to come home. >> translator: people have been living in their village for 25 years, and they raised children there as well. we need to take action for the villagers to return. i am so determined to put into practice what we have learned here. >> the mayor is now back home and already informed his citizens of what he learned in belarus, hoping together they'll
be able to find solutions to their village's problems. curators created a somber memorial in geneva. it educates visitors about the bombings on hiroshima and nagasaki. the survivors helped make the exhibition happen. this story the first of two reports about people trying to rid the world of nuclear weapons. we have this report from geneva. >> reporter: this is the devastation caused by nuclear weapons. it will be seen by representatives from countries from around the world. >> one, two, three. [ applause ] >> reporter: more than 20 items convey the horrors of the atomic bomb. a photo of a woman burned in the
attack on hiroshima. a damaged statue from a cathedral in nagasaki. his parents survived that bombing. those beginnings prompted him to make radiation his vocation. he used to work for the world health organization in geneva. so last year, the mayor of nagasaki asked him to deliver a letter to his former colleagues, requested a permanent exodus. >> many people come to visit the u.n. from all over the world. the visitors, including children, are able to learn about hiroshima , nagasaki, and the dangers of nuclear weapons. i feel this exhibit has a similar effect as actually visiting there. >> he talked about the health effects of radiation at nagasaki university. he took a leave of absence after the march 11th earthquake to
lecture at fukushima medical university. the professor educates people in the area about the dangers of radiation. he draws a line between the effects of the atomic bombs and those of the accident at fukushima. the atomic bombs released high levels of radiation, killing thousands of people instantly. survivors struggle with severe health problems. he says the radiation from fukushima has been much lower. researchers still don't know the extent of health problems there. still, many parents worry about long term effects on their children. >> please assist and help
fukushima. thank you very much for your attention. >> he wants to help train radiation experts so that they can work in other countries. >> translator: how can we temper the power of science? i think that the nuclear accident in fukushima will help the cause to eradicate nuclear weapons. >> he says he is committed to that cause. he wants to create an organization that connects communities in hiroshima and nagasaki with the one in fukushima. he hopes education will teach people to avoid the dangers. nana yamada, nhk world, geneva. now we turn to our special series, an indian's india. in the second edition, we meet a man with a dream. he wants to give children of the
world access to technology through an ultra low cost tablet computer. nhk world has this world. >> it is often said india has too conflicting, one a leading it nation and the other in poverty. "newsline" asked the indian people what the true face of their country is. this is india's minister of human resource development. he says a key to ending poverty is to improve access to education. >> we are moving away from the colonial system of rote learning, which is what we inherited from the british, and moving towards more creative processes of learning for chirp. and there we have to use technology in a big way. so that's one thing that's happening that we are now
thinking in terms of and in fact moving forward through the national knowledge network to connect about 6 or 800 universities in years to come, 31,000 colleges in years to come, let information and educational information flow throughout the university system. so that's going to change the way we learn and change the way we teach. >> one of his pet projects is the development of this. a simple tablet computer that anyone can use. how will this inexpensive computer raise the level of education to india's poorest children? >> so that's the new transformation that's going to take place. transformation in terms of skill development, transformation ip terms of how you learn, and over and above that because we know in the ultimate analysis, it is
high quality research which employed solutions that we in india want, not just for india but for the rest of the world. an example of that, the tablet we have been able to launch, aakash, which will be available for $35. like the private sector launched the nano, so what the nano is to the automobile sector, aakash is to the it sector. you know, this is the question people asked when we tried to develop the aakash. will india be able to develop it, is it possible to produce it for $35. we produced it in five years. let the doubting toms doubt. we shall do what we have to do. >> are you going to give to every children? >> this is our effort. i capital say we will be able to deliver to every child in the next one, two, three years, but the ultimate aim is yes, every child must have, aakast.
>> that's it for this edition of an indian's india. in the next edition, we'll find out what's on the mind of the chairman of one of india's oldest and largest industrial conglomerates. and here is a recap of the latest market figures. we'll have more business news in the next hour. for now, back to katherine. >> thanks very much. you may have noticed tokyo is quite warmth tuesday morning. let's take a look at the global
weather forecast with saki ochi. let's look at weather conditions across the globe. start in east asia and for japan, still looking at clouds covering a lot of the country, but actually looks like the precipitation is going to be staying well away for much of main land japan. we have a frontal system to the south, and the rain is going to stay well out at sea. maybe the coastal areas of the pacific side of japan may see a couple of showers, but it should stay mostly dry for the country. in northern areas, it will be a different story. this low is crossing hokkaido area. that will bring in more showers this morning. behind it, more rain spreading across inland china, central sections, and aimed for the korean peninsula today.
for the northern end of this precipitation area we could see a changeover into snow. there's more colder air to be found here. for southeast asia, scatter showers for areas like the philippines as well as towards vietnam. this northern area will continue to look unsettled throughout today. as for highs tuesday, expecting 19 degrees here, and 3 in beijing. 14 degrees for seoul, 17 in tokyo. overcast skies today, but temperatures should stay relatively mild. over towards the americas, eastern end of the u.s. has been looking at a lot of wet activity the past couple days. we have a stubborn low producing a lot of rainfall. and for the hours tonight, still looking at the chances of heavy rain, especially in areas like the carolinas, with a couple of thunderstorms in the mix as well. then all of this precipitation is heading northward. as it does, it is going to be a lot colder here.
we are going to see a changeover into freezing rain, snow mix. things are going to get icier for you. you want to watch out for that. otherwise, not bad, calm picture for the rest of the u.s. and much of canada. british columbia is looking wet, again, coastal areas are expected to pick up heavy amounts of rainfall, then mountain areas will be looking at another round of snowfall. highs tuesday will look like this. only 9 in denver. 0 in winnipeg. and colder here in the eastern section. 6 in chicago, 11 in oklahoma city, and only 7 in atlanta. the northeast corner here warmer with 18 in d.c. new york expecting to get up to 17 degrees. and finally a look at europe. northern areas of europe have been looking at very gusty conditions the past couple days. that is looking to continue again tonight. you can see the pressure lines spaced very close together all across northern europe. we have just been hearing of very strong gusts reported
across a wide area. along with that, there's more precipitation coming in. areas like the british isles looking at heavy rain, that starts to change to snow for the scandinavian peninsula. as for temperatures on tuesday, 5 in stockholm, 7 in berlin. colder in vienna at 2 degrees. all right. that's a look at your weather conditions for now. up next is the three day outlook.