. our lead sfoers this hour. world leaders gather in mexico on the first day of the g-20 summit meeting. eu leaders have pledged they will recover confidence in the credit of the euro zone countries. the countries. european commission president and the european council president spoke to reporters on monday. a political party in favor of austerity policies finished first in the greek election on sunday. they said greece needs to form a new government as soon as possible and implement austerity measures. >> we stand ready to continue to support greece in its endeavor.
>> he said that the eu believes that the g-20 countries will have more confidence in the eu if they know the details of measures the eu implemented in the past and its future plans. the eu leaders stress that they will address long-term issues by unifying ways to utilize euro zone banks. it will help to stop a negative spiral in which banks lose healthy business operations when government bonds they hold are downgraded due to poor fiscal policies. the winners of the parliamentary elections didn't spend a lot of times savoring their victory. they're working to support a coalition government. they need support to chip away at the country's debt by implementing the austerity measures will keep bailout funds flowing and secure the country's place in the euro zone. nhk world reports from athens.
>> reporter: the time for adventure is over. he told voters greece's place in europe should not be put in doubt. >> translator: this is a victory for all of europe. i call upon all political parties that share those objectives to join forces and form a stable, new government. >> reporter: they went into the elections divided over whether to implement austerity measures. officials from the european union and the international monetary fund demanded spending cuts in return for the billions of dollars in aid. the coalition of the radical left led those opposed to austerity. party leaders argued the package of spending and job cuts brought greeks more pain. the party finished a close
second with around 26% of the vote. >> translator: we'd like to play a major role as an opposition party. >> reporter: so now samaras faces another round of talks to form a coalition. he is expected to pick his former partner in the passive party once again. the two parties won a total of 162 seats of the 300-seat parliament. together they could have a majority. >> translator: if we really want greece to remain in the euro zone and get out of the crisis for the benefit of every greek family, we need a government by tomorrow. >> reporter: samaras chose the path of austerity.
the result should put them back on the road. >> translator: let us wish the new government the best of success. greece needs it. >> reporter: they're already discussing what happened here. they are gathering in los cabos, mexico. they share the notion that greece has to do austerity. now they share in another thing. a sense of relief. nhk world, athens. >> we'll take a closer look at the political path greeks took to get here and what the austerity measures mean for their lives moving forward. the austerity program centers on reducing government expenditures through spending cuts and tax increases. greek leaders would slash pensions by up to 20%. they would also cut 150,000 jobs in the public sector.
on top of that they would raise more tax revenue by increasing the value-added tax of that to 23% and implementing a new property tax. public on opposition to these austerity measures still persisting. opponents view them as too tough, especially in light of the country's current financial situation. greece's gdp shrank in 2011 for a fourth consecutive year. it's jobless rate marked an all-time high of 21.9% this past march, more than 50% of people under the age of 25 are out of work. >> translator: we greeks are suffering. our pensions have been cut and suicides are on the rise. >> it was an unpopular stance. still, the former ruling two-party coalition supported austerity measures. it it failed to win a majority in last month's parliamentary elections. the radical left won five times more seats than it had before the vote.
it's firmly against the austerity program. the parties that came in first, second and third in terms of each led coalition talks in succession but failed to narrow their differences on austerity. that sent greek voters back to the polls over the weekend. the muslim brotherhood has declared victory in the presidential election in egypt. morsi won the first freely contested vote for president. we report from cairo. >> reporter: vote counting continues following the poll on saturday and sunday. mostly the former prime minister and air force commander, local media say morsi is ahead. muslim brotherhood leaders say they base their claim of victory on their own count.
morsi says he's ready to serve all egyptians. >> members of the other camp said it would be absurd to believe that. they will announce their official results on thursday. meanwhile, the council of the country's armed forces issued new amendments to the country's interim constitution on monday. they stipulate that parliament's power to draw up legislation and approve process will be transferred to the army temporarily. they also say a committee to draft a new constitution will be organized by the army. the amendments forbid the president from interfering with the military personnel affairs.
the interim military administration says it will transfer power to a civilian administration this month. the move to strengthen the military authorities have angered the egyptians and muslim brotherhood. a large rally to protest the amendment has been called for tuesday. nhk world, cairo. iranian officials say their country will continue producing highly enriched uranium. they expressed their resolve in a new round of talks on irans nuclear program. the first day of' two-day meeting in moscow ended on monday. participants included the new negotiators and five u.n. security council members and germany. the foreign policy chief katherine ashton is also attending. they say it's impossible to discuss halting the uranium enrichment program. they added the country has the right to continue with the program for peaceful purposes.
the comments were an official response to a proposal by the western countries at the previous meeting in baghdad last month. the western delegates at that time suggested they would ease some economic sanctions on iran if the country stopped enriching uranium to levels used in weapons. iaea spokespersons told reporters that iran is simply repeating old statements. a high-ranking iranian official said the western countries need to win talks to make progress in the dialogue. they will resume on tuesday. a u.n. conference opens on wednesday in rio de janeiro on how to meet human needs while protecting the planet. the main focus is sustainability development. how to strike a balance between economic growth and preserving the environment. nhk world reports on a town in brazil that has embraced the promise of sustainable agriculture. >>acai trees are wide grown in
brazil's amazon basin. this tree is cultivated for its fruit. to revive the rich forest of the amazonbanananananananana in one. acai is one crop grown in a town founded by japanese imt granmig. the crew now ships about $5 million u.s. dollars worth of the fruit every year. 30% goes to japan. acai juice is for tea and has become popular in other countries recently. farmers have developed new cultivation methods. instead of only growing acai palms, they cultivate a variety
of crops on their land. this is known as horticulture. they adopted this approach after other methods failed. japanese immigrants arrived in 1929. initially they grew black pepper. it came to be known as black diamond for the price it commanded. however, in the 1970s disease hit the pepper plantations devastating the crop. the town faced a crisis. he remembers how serious it was. >> translator: we lost our purpose crops and were left with debt to repay. for the farmers the future looked bleak. >> the farmers realized it was too risky to depend on a single
crop, so they turned to horticulture focusing on crops resistant to disease and bugs. they created plantations almost as diverse as forests with a wide range of plants. having many different crops gives the farmers a constant reliable source of income. it also helps to improve the quality. the shade from the trees means that it will grow, so they use far fewer. they hold regular meetings to develop and improve their cultivation methods. >> translator: as well as revitalizing the soil, horticulture gives farmers ideal crops. it also regenerates the forest
and this helps to reduce global warming. >> this community turned to horticulture ach years of trial and error. the same approach is going in countries such as bolivia. it was introduced as an eco-friendly method of farming. nhk world, brazil. 50,000 people are expected to attend the conference including the leaders of the 130 countries and representatives of ngos and the private sector. people in japan's northeast are focused on overcoming the challenges of the 2011 disaster, but it won't be easy. they have to rebuild homes, businesses, entire communities. we'll show you their struggles
and their successes on "the road ahead" every wednesday at 1:00 p.m. japan time here on "newsline." the japanese government has admitted to another case of withholding reliable data about the fukushima accident. the u.s. government offered the japanese government a map showing the spread of radiation soon after the nuclear accident occurred at fukushima daiichi. however, the japanese authorities did not release the data to the public. the u.s. energy department created the map using data collected by u.s. aircraft from march 17th to 19th last year. the map shows radiation spreading northwest from the accident site. the energy department provided the map to the japanese foreign ministry on march 18th and 20th. probably after that the ministry passed on the data to the science ministry on the nuclear and industrial safety agency. however, neither body released the information. they also did not notify the prime minister's office of the data.
a senior science ministry official says it's not the u.s. government that should release the information. the added that the japanese government publicized the results of their own radiation surveys from data gathered at 180 locations. a japanese media executive has been forced to resign in a scandal over plagiarism. the president says he's taking responsibility for the actions of his staff. he admitted that a reporter at the washington bureau of the wire service copied an article by rival kyoto news. he reported the name kyoto washington into the new version. they distributed the content last week. he apologized to subscribers. he said the act broke people's trust in the service, and he said that's unforgivable. the computer world has a new champion. the ibm sequoia has been named
the world's fastest computer. the semi annual top 500 super computer list says the sequoia is about 1.5 times faster than the k. it uses more than 1.5 million processors. the u.s. energy department uses a sequoia for simulations. fujitsu goes into second place after topping the list twice in a row. >> economic growth in vietnam is catching the eyes of the world. another key factor attracting foreign investigators is dwofts of valuable minerals. japan is reaching out to vietnam to help it step up productions and also secure its own future supplies. nhk world has more. japan has high hopes for vietnam as they supply rare earth elements. with this institute in hanoi,
they went to study the minerals. officials from both countries expressed the hopes for the opening ceremony on saturday. >> translator: the completion of this center is a testament to the cooperation of japan and vietnam in the fields of science and technology. it ril lead to bilateral, collaborative relations. >> reporter: the institute researches the minerals from ore. the data is put to practical use. two japanese trading houses and the vietnamese company will use the research to begin refining where our minerals are next year in the northwestern province of licho. >> translator: this project is crucial because it enables vietnam to develop as a rare earth producer and also enables japan to acquire important minerals.
>> there are minerals that are essential in high-tech industries. they are used for applications such as enhancing the performance of electric vehicle motors and camera lenses. china accounts for more than 90% of global production of rare earth. it is tightening control of production and exports. the country says it is taking steps to protect its development. analysis points out china's intention to use the regulation as a bargaining chip in negotiations in other nations. top officials of rare elements are being developed, but demand is high and the supply of rare earth is heating up to rapid growth in emerging economies. both countries are likely to make relationships with
potential suppliers. nhk world, hanoi. chinese astronauts took another small step forward in their country's missions to build its own space station. the capsule carrying a crew of three docked with an orbiting space laboratory. the event marked a couple of firsts for china. it linked up monday with the modu module. it happened 340 kilometers above earth. engineers at a ground base carried it out by remote control, adjusting the spacecraft orbit since its lift-off saturday. they went inside the space lab and two are men and the third is a woman. she's a first female chinese astronaut to go into orbit to perform a manual docking and carry out experiments during the 13-day mission. this is china's first manned docking. it's the third country to do
forecast. you've been keeping an eye on the powerful typhoon in southwestern japan. what's the latest? >> that is right, cat lien. the typhoon is now affects the amami islands producing lots of heavy rain and strong winds. here's the details of the sform. sustaining winds are 144 kilometers with nearly 200 kilometers per hour. it will likely make landfall anywhere from tokai by late this afternoon or this evening as a strong typhoon. after hitting the coast it will likely cross japan into the northeasterly direction and reach the tohuku region on wednesday before heading out to thursday anywhere between this red line you see winds of over 90 kilometers per hour. usually on the eastern half of the typhoon we'll see -- we'll have very strong winds, so areas across the eastern half of japan will see very strong winds. for example, in tokai gusts
could exceed 160 kilometers per hour this evening, and waves could be a concern up to 7 to 10 meters could be possible along the coast in terms of a rainfall, as much as 400 millimeters is across here and 500 in tokai, very heavy rain is on the cart. landslides and flooding are highly likely. heavy rain will impact northern japan on wednesday even after it leaves the japan we have another system aiming for japan. this is tropical storm talon packing sustained winds of 72 kilometers per hour situated to the south of japan. they're bringing lots of heavy rain in hundred nan and southeast coast of china over the next 24 hours, as much as 250 millimeters in possible and as it moves towards the east, it will intensify and create 250 millimeters in fujon and taiwan.
very heavy rain as many of you know, this area has been contending with a lot of flooding situations, so any additional rain could worsen the situation. all right. heading over to the americas, we've got an active low pressure system still producing stormy weather in the western half of the great lakes region. tornadoes are not out of the question as stormy weather continues into tuesday. it could certainly raise the risks of flooding and landslides. to the south, dry and we have fire weather in and around the four corners region as well as the great basin on your tuesday. temperature-wise getting up to 42 phoenix and 32 in oklahoma city and up to 36 in chicago. finally let's go over to europe. we are looking at stormy conditions in the southern scandinavian peninsula, northern poland as well as the iberian peninsula in contrast, dry and hot in much of the eastern sections of europe.
. our lead sfoers this hour. world leaders gather in mexico on the first day of the g-20 summit meeting. eu leaders have pledged they will recover confidence in the credit of the euro zone countries. the european commission president and european council president spoke to reporters on monday. a political party in favor of austerity policy finished first in the greek election on sunday. he said greece needs to form a new government as soon as possible and implement austerity measures. >> we stand ready to continue it to support greece in its endeavor. >> they say the eu believes that the g-20 countries will have more confidence in the eu if
they know the details and measures the eu implemented in the past and its future plans. the eu leaders stressed that the eu will address mid to long-term issues by unifying ways to supervise euro zone banks. they said the move will help stop a negative sfirl in which banks lose healthy business operations when government bonds they hold are downgraded due to poor fiscal policies. iranian officials say their country will continue producing highly enriched uranium. the officials expressed their resolve in a new round of talks on iran's nuclear program. the first day of a two-day meeting in moscow ended on monday. it had the negotiator and delegates from five u.n. security council permanent members and germany. the eu foreign policy chief katherine ashton is attending. the delegate says it's impossible to discuss halting the uranium enrichment program.
they added the country has the right to continue with the program for peaceful purposes. the comments were an official response to a proposal by the western countries at the previous meeting in baghdad last month. the western delegates at that time suggested they would ease some economic sanctions on iran if the country stopped enriching uranium to levels that can be used in weapons. the spokesperson told reporters that iran is simply repeating old statements. a high-ranking iranian official says the western countries need to win iran's trust to make progress in the dialogue. the talks will resume on tuesdayle. that wraps up this edition of "newsline." do stay with us. we'll be back with more updates at the top of the hour.