welcome to "newsline." it's friday, july 5th. i'm catherine kobayashi in tokyo. egyptians are expecting another weekend of upheaval and worrying about the possibility of more violence. the muslim brotherhood is calling for nationwide protests against the army's decision to force mohamed morsi from office and install a new president.
top generals are spearheading the transition of power based on a road map they've designed. they made the chief justice of the supreme constitutional court adly mansour interim president. they also suspended the constitution. the muslim brotherhood is mohamed morsi's power base. members are calling on egyptians and foreign governments not to recognize the new administration. >> our full refusal and revokeness of the military coup that has happened against the president, against the constitution and against the legitimacy of the state. >> reporter: the brotherhood is urging people to rally on friday to reject the new lead are and show their anger over the removal of egypt's first democratically elected president. they've arrested many of the islamist group senior officials. they reacted to the yountdown by facing off against security forces leaving at least 15
people dead. egyptian prosecutors believe key muslim brotherhood members are responsible for some of the violence that flared up in cairo. the state-run news agency says prosecutors have issued arrest warrants for mohammed badei and khairat al shater. they barred him from being a candidate last year in the presidential election. shater and badei ordered their members to kill anti-morsi demonstrators. fighting outside the headquarters on sunday and monday left eight people dead. world leaders have urged egyptians to quickly hold elections and return power to democratically elected government. >> we never support in countries the intervention of the military. but what would need to happen now in egypt is for democracy to
flourish and for a genuine democratic transition to take place. >> britain's foreign secretary william hague says the leaders should agree on a constitution and election loss. they urged them to hold fair presidential elections and to improve the nation's economy. u.s. president barack obama says army commanders should quickly hand over authority to democratically elected civilian government. he says he's directed federal departments and agencies to review american assistance to egypt. german foreign minister criticized the de facto military coup in egypt. he described it as a major setback for democracy. he called on all sides to renounce violence and hold dialogue. he said it's urgent that egypt return to constitutional order as quickly as possible. japan's foreign minister fumio
kishida urged them not to use violence. he called for national reconciliation through a democratic process. the worsening violence in eyipt is having a severe impact on tourism. government officials in the u.s. and britain say their citizens should avoid visiting egypt. japanese agencies are canceling package tours. japanese foreign ministry officials raised their travel advisory by one notch on thursday. they recommend that people should reconsider plans to visit egypt. staff of travel agencies promptly reacted to the announcement. they've canceled tours scheduled for this month. about 60 japanese firms have offices in egypt. company officials say they've ordered some of their employees to return to japan. governments of the united states, britain and many other nations are warning their citizens to defer travel to the country. policymakers in europe are
doing some digging into the impact of covert activities by american intelligence agents. the european parliament has launched an in depth inquiry into u.s. surveillance programs including the alleged bugging of eu premises. lawmakers decided their civil liberties committee will conduct the inquiry and present conclusions by the end of the year. committee members will assess the impact of the surveillance on data protection among other issues and they'll put forth proposals to prevent cases in the future. edward snowden revealed last month the national security agency collects a vast amount of communication data at home and abroad. the german magazine "der spiegel" reported the nsa bugged eu offices in washington and new york and ilfinfiltrated e-mail phone networks. north and south korea have agreed to hold talks on saturday
to discuss restarting oons at the jointly run kaesong industrial complex. the talks will take place saturday morning in the true village of panmunjom in the borderland demilitarized zone. seoul proposed the talks earlier this week in response to pyongyang's announcement that it would leet south korean businessmen visit kaesong. the north finally accepted the proposal. operations there have been suspended since north korea withdrew its workers in april. the two workers agreed last month to hold min tearial talks about kaesong, but they canceled them after failing to agree who should represent each side. chinese and russian naval forces will be putting on a show of strength over the next week. they're holding joint exercises in the sea of japan. china's state-run xinhua news agency reports the eight-day drill will start off vladivostok. they will use 18 ships including
china's latest destroyer. they'll have submarines and aircraft on hand for the live fire drills. he quoted a top general with the chinese people's liberation army saying the exercises are designed to boost cooperation and capability. he said the two nations can play a positive role in regional security and stability. and he said the drills are not targeting any third party. however, media outlets in mainland china and hong kong speculate the two powers are hoping to keep japan in check over territorial issues. the chinese claim the japanese controlled senkaku islands in the east china sea while the russians hold a group of islands claimed by japan. four children have died in afghanistan when militants set off an explosive at a wedding. patchari raksawong in bangkok is following the story. >> officials have blamed the incident on the taliban. they say government employees attending the wedding were the real target.
thursday's blast happened in the southern province of helmand, a hotbed of the islamist insurgency. afp reports the children who died were aged between 7 and 12. they were apparently collecting water from a river during the celebration when an improvised explosive device or ied detonated on a foot path. the united nations estimates that 21% of civilians killed or wounded by ieds in afghanistan in first half of 2013 were children preventing militants from making ieds is especially difficult because they often use chemicals that are readily available in this nation of farmers. nhk world has more details. >> reporter: a bomb detonated remotely. afghans are dying every day from explosives like this. they kill more than 1,000 people
last year. this is a bomb confiscated by afghan forces. the main ingredients of white powder is ammonium nitrate. mixed with oil and set on fire, it becomes explosive. three years ago the afghan government banned auld chemical ammonium nitrate. but the ban has had little effect. many smuggle it across the boarder from pakistan. 70% of the bombs used in afghanistan are said to be made using fertilizer from pakistan. >> ammonium nitrate that was coming from pakistan, the ammonium nitrate is still a considerable risk to the
coalition forces. >> reporter: this shop outside the pakistani capital islamabad sells fertilizers containing ammonium nitrate. a 50 kilogram bag ksts abocosts. the shop will sell to anybody with money. >> translator: we just sell fertilizer. it's not our fault if our products are put to bad use. >> reporter: fertilizer is widely used in pakistan. it will rapidly enhance the growth of wheat and cotton. many farmers couldn't survive without it. the u.s. government has demanded that pakistan prevent fertilizer containing ammonium nitrate from crossing into afghanistan. this year the pakistani government banned the movement of the chemicals into northwest regions near the border with
afghanistan. it also pressed to introduce a system to monitor fertilizer sales in other regions. pakistan invited high ranking officials from governments in u.s. and europe in may to discuss countermeasures. they agreed to crack down on smugglers near the border. but the illegal trade will contin continue. >> they have clamped down and closed roads, but still we have various ways to get around that. >> reporter: usage of other sorts of fertilizer bombs are also on the rise such as ones that use potassium chloride, a material used in some chemical fertilizers as well as matches. these weapons are made from
substances almost anyone can get their hands on. to keeping them out of the hands of terrorists seems like an almost impossible task. hideki yue, nhk world, islamabad. philippine troops have clashed with communist rebels on the island of lausanne leaving eight guerrilla fighters dead. communist rebels have intensi intensified after peace talks collapsed in april. ap says fighting broke out in sorsogon province. authorities later recovered firearms, explosives and grenade launchers. the rebel group accuses the philippine government of failing to improve the lives of the poor and being subservient to the united states. the new people's army has around 4,000 active fighters. the u.s. and the european union have labeled it a terrorist organization. the 44-year insurgency has
resulted in at least 30,000 deaths. the philippine government suspended peace talks in april after the rebels rejected an immediate cease-fire. manila seems increasingly unlikely to achieve its goal of ending the violence by 2016. and that will wrap up our bulletin. i'm patchari raksawong in bangkok. south korea's tourist industry is undergoing a change. since last autumn, the number of visitors from japan has been dropping following the yen's depreciation against the yuan. instead there are more visitors in china. the south korean government is now thinking up new ways to boost tourism. >> reporter: 80% of all the foreign tourists visiting south korea come to seoul. these days there are many more signs in chinese around the city
center. >> translator: i see more chinese people these days than japanese. >> translator: the japanese seem to have stopped traveling. >> reporter: since the yen began to drop against the yuan, fewer japanese tourists have been visiting south korea. compared to this time last year, the yen's value has dropped around 30%. at the same time, the number of chinese visitors continues to rise. one attraction is cosmetic surgery. south korea's plastic surgeons are pulling out the stops to attract chinese customers. some clinics have begun employing chinese-speaking staff members. this one has drawn more chinese customers and it is up 10%.
there's no language barrier for xhi chinese customers at this clinic. >> reporter: meanwhile, many companies that used to specialize in tours for japanese are being forced to change their strategies. since the start of this year, this travel agency has had to cancel many of its tours geared for japanese tourists as not enough people were signing up for them. the number of tours needed by the agency has dropped by half whereas the number of chinese language guides has already doubled. the agency now recommends that its employees study chinese rather than japanese.
>> translator: the situation is very serious. of course, we will still need to take care of our japanese customers, but we need to focus on tourists from china now. >> reporter: the south korean government is keen to lure back visitors from japan and has come up with ideas for new tourists. it has hosted japanese journalists, all of them women. because many are repeat visitors, the program focused on new kinds of activities. ♪ the journalists were taken to a studio that teaches the moves for dance. >> translator: we did a lot more
than just eat and go shopping. it was a lot of fun. >> translator: looking to the future, i think the number of tourists from china is going to be limitless. even though japan remains an extremely important market for us. >> reporter: for a long time, south korea's tourist industry has been dependent on visitors from japan. now the south korean government is looking further afield to draw tourists from all around the world. reporting for nhk world, seoul. newspaper reporters around the world face an uncertain future in the digital age. many are losing their job, but one smalltown journalist in northeastern japan is bucking the trend. he has covered stories big and
small in his home town for more than half a century. now, 88, he shows no sign of slowing down. toshiro is the only reporter at the newspaper. he's been filling its pages for 64 years. he has gotten a call from a group of residents. they have a story for him about a local cleanup project. he's on the case. he's pleased to see so many people are taking part. >> translator: a cleanup is obviously news worthy, isn't it? don't you think so? >> reporter: joining him is his
son. he arrives with a camera. hiroyuki takes photos of the locals who want to make a good impression of all the visitors who arrive by train. >> translator: i want to inform people in town what local groups are doing. every story counts. yes. that's it. that's what keeps my newspaper going. >> reporter: the newspaper covers the oshika peninsular region that was devastated by the 2011 tsunami. it took his family six months to get the paper back on its feet. these days he runs the operation out of a small prefab house. he started the newspaper with a friend in 1949. at the time there were almost a dozen competitors in ishinomaki. what makes the oshika newspaper
unique is that it's produced entirely by one family. his wife edits the copy for mistakes and type poe his daughter-in-law types up the articles that he writes. hiroyuki and his wife are in charge of layout. he only gives them advice when he has an idea. it's time for one last check. as the boss takes a breather. the story about the cleanup gets a good run his grandson handles the deliveries. he's still in high school. a subscription costs about $4 a
month for four issues. the paper has 2,000 subscribers. >> translator: it's a real local paper. that's why i subscribe. >> translator: he writes in great detail. we all depend on it. the paper reports how the area has been changing. >> reporter: after they put out an issue, the family gathers for a meal. they get together every thursday to toast the latest edition. >> translator: ah, so good. for my reader's sake, i'll carry on doing this as long as my old bones allow. it's been 64 years. this is what we write about,
local things. it's like a calling. >> reporter: he heads off to find the news again. because every story counts. time now for a check on the weather with meteorologist sayaka mori. good morning. it seems people in portugal and spain are dealing with hot weather. can you tell us more about that? >> it is causing days of sunshine. to see how people are dealing with the heat, take a look at that video. spanish people in 15 provinces have the taste of desert heat. more winds from the sahara pu pushed some temperatures close to 40 degrees celsius.
residents of madrid took to the streets in beach mode. the highs will remain over 36 degrees into your monday. in spain up to 38 degrees. that will couldn't to sunday. paris not too hot but 29 on your sunday. london 27 on the same day and looks like the southeastern corner of the uk may see the hottest temperature of the year so far on your sunday. now, across the east we may see some afternoon and evening thundershowers here and temperatures are not going to be too high. across japan, a seasonal frontal line is lingering over here producing days of heavy rain and strong winds. yesterday about 65 millimeters of rain fell in one hour and gusts of nearly 95 kilometers per half hour were observed. the system will lift towards the north of the tohoku region will get a quite heavy rain today. an additional 200 millimeter is likely. the ground is already very well
saturated. flooding and landslides will be a big issue. but this area has been contending with a minor drought. hopefully that will improve the situation. wet across the southern half of the peninsula as well as the yangtze river basin. the ground is already soaked. but still 250 millimeters are likely. showers for the southwest coast of the indo china peninsula. 36 in bangkok. and quite hot in shanghai. heat warnings in place. 36 degrees for the high on friday, but that could go down by about 5 degrees as we go into your saturday and go up to 28 degrees in seoul. in north america a pooling of moisture is in the south. up to the ohio river valley with quite heavy rain and a risk of hail and thunderstorms and tornadoes but back in the
northeast coast, it's dry. and on your independence day, that's on your thursday. looking quite dry across the northeast coast. nice conditions to enjoy fireworks tonight. across the west we could see patches of thunder but mostly dry across the west coast. speaking of the heavy rain across the east, the ground is already saturated. however, still, an additional 100 millimeters or more is possible into friday. flooding, particularly a flash flood is going to be a quite major risk across the southeast coast. temperatures are going to be quite high across the northeast coast. boston amazingly 37 degrees for you. but across the west, the heat is easing, 32 in sacramento. that's about ten degrees lower than what we saw on thursday. here's the extended forecast.
the monument has been closed for repairs since a hurricane damaged it last year. the iconic statue opened its doors for the first time in about eight months. last october, hurricane sandy damaged the electrical systems on the statue's island. crowds of tourists arrived to snap photos and enjoy the view of manhattan. >> i think it's wonderful that they finally opened it, and took this opportunity to see it on the opening day. >> it's huge. yeah. i hadn't realized it was quite so big from a distance. so yeah, it's really amazing to be here and looking up. >> thank god they all came here. >> a ceremony was also held to celebrate the reopening. >> our freedoms are self-evident but they're not self-fulfilling. lady liberty is welcome to all, to all who yearn to breathe free is just, i think, like the