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tv   Journal  PBS  September 8, 2010 5:00pm-5:30pm PST

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>> welcome to the journal. but i met in this desk. >> i am here with the business news. our top stories at this hour. germany steps up efforts to integrate ethnic minorities and the heated debate. the danish journalist who drew cartoons of the profit mohammed gets a german word for demanding press freedom. a scaled-down edition of the music industry trade fair is in a completely new venue. captioned by the national captioning institute
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>> the german government has unveiled new measures aimed at integrating ethnic minorities. these include using more teachers in schools who have immigrant backgrounds. the latest move comes amid heated debate on immigration unleashed by a member of the bundesbank. he claims islam is to blame for the poor integration. germany's interior minister says these new measures aimed to improve the situation. >> he is a schoolteacher in essen. the kurd was fortunate to have a mentor who encouraged him to go into education. the government wants to encourage ethnic minorities to go into teaching. he would like to see more to encourage ethnic minorities. >> there are ghettos were many turks live among themselves.
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they are isolated and have no opportunities. there needs to be more investment so they can escape isolation. >> germany's interior minister agrees. he says education is the key to integration. it is also at the core of the government range of measures. 50% of children from immigrant backgrounds leave school without a qualification. >> the most important element is language, language, language -- the earlier the better. it begins with assessments in kindergarten, before primary school, and during school. >> as well as expanding language instruction for young children, the government plans to offer integration courses for adults. >> kurt wetergard spot -- sparked outrage with his cartoons of the most -- of the
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profit mohammed. he has received death threats and has been living under police protection. the danish cartoonish was honored in a ceremony dedicated to the freedom of the press. chancellor angela merkle spoke in defense of the controversial decision. >> his reinforced bathroom probably saved his life early this year. a radical muslim wielding an ax broke into his house. he has received several other death threats. the reason? cartoons he drew five years ago. in one of them, the profit mohammed is wearing a turban with a lit fuse. when a danish newspaper published them, it touched off violent protests throughout the muslim world. he remains under constant police protection. at the palace outside berlin, the 75-year-old artist received a media prize for his defense of freedom of speech and freedom of expression. chancellor clarke praised him for his steadfastness.
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-- chancellor merkel prison for his steadfastness. >> europe is a place were an artist can draw like this. europe is also a place where freedom of belief, religion, and respect are valuable. >> the cartoonist said the 2005 drawing was only one out of thousands. >> now this cartoon has its own life. it is rolling around the world. i have no influence on it anymore. and maybe they will try to kill me once and have success, but anyway, the cartoon they cannot kill. >> he returns to denmark and a life under constant threat. he still says he would do it all
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over again. >> for more on the story, i am joined in the studio by our parliamentary correspondent, peter craven. what else did angela merkle have to say? >> the thing we always have to bear in mind is that she grew up in that repressive state that was the former communist east germany. that is why at the heart of this address there was the statement "freedom is the happiest experience of my life." she was referring to france -- to press freedom of expression, which she views as for mental -- as fundamental european values. europe is a place where a caricaturist can draw cartoons like this. this is the point for angela marco, regardless of whether refined and tasteful, necessary, or helpful. the chancellor talks about another fundamental european freedom -- freedom of religion. she says this must always be practiced in the constitutional context.
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i have another quote from the chancellor. "freedom of religion should never mean that sharia law comes before the constitution." quite firm words. >> freedom of the press -- the ceremony comes among this debate right now, this book with his controversial comments on muslims and integration in germany. are we seeing a contradiction? >> that is an interesting question. a member of the central bank in germany, a man with a long track record as a political maverick -- he has claimed in a book that the turkish muslim population in germany is not pulling its weight and is disinclined to integrate. they are incendiary comments. it has led to a passionate debate. angela marco would defend his right to make those comments, --
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angela merkle would defend his right to make those comments. he is not fighting to make his voice heard. he is not oppressed by violence. he is in a prominent public position. and thus he should have argued his case more responsibly. >> she is making a clear distinction there. we thank you for your assessment, peter. on the other side of the atlantic, the leader of a religious community in florida plans to go ahead and burn copies of the koran, despite an international chorus of condemnation. pastor jerry jones said his dove outreach center had messages of support on the anniversary of september 11. a commander says the book burning endangers u.s. soldiers. there have been protests in places like indonesia. secretary of state hillary clinton has called the event disgraceful.
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iran has suspended the sentence of death by stoning for a woman convicted of adultery. the foreign ministry spokesman told state television the verdict would now be reconsidered, but did not say what had prompted the review. in 2006, the woman was convicted of adultery, a capital crime in iran. her sentence sparked global outrage. the european commission condemned it as brick. an investigation by bp and has attempted to spread the blame for the gulf oil spill. bp said it was partially at fault in a report published on the company's website. it did not admit grows link -- gross negligence. the oil giant said a series of human and technical players by contractors caused the oil platform to explode and sank in april, killing 11 people. analysts estimate potential cost from upbraiding to the spill
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could exceed $50 billion. more news coming out of the u.s. >> obama in ohio with a big speech. the u.s. president has unveiled a new plan for the next two years. speaking in cleveland, obama push for $200 million in combined tax cuts for businesses, as well as highlighting $50 billion infrastructure programs. he said the u.s. cannot afford to extend bush-era tax cuts for the rich. his latest measures are intended to spur the economy. a modest recovery and high unemployment are causing concern for democrats facing a midterm election in november. >> a short while ago i spoke with our washington correspondent. i asked if president obama's latest measures add up to serious economic policy, or if he is just campaigning for the election. >> there was definitely a lot of campaigning.
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for obama, it was important to show "i have understood that the most important topic for the average american is not the middle east peace talks, is not pulling out of iraq, but is the economy and unemployment." many americans felt he did not take that topic too seriously, or not seriously enough. today in cleveland, he had to show "i have understood the message. even if the measures i have proposed will not do anything before the election, i know this is the most important topic to americans." >> the government has already spent a lot of money boosting the economy. what can these latest measures achieve? >> nobody knows how much success those measures up until now had. nevertheless, the first question is will he be able -- will the administration be able to attack what he is proposing today? they may not have enough time left up until the election.
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if they do enact them, probably the success and the effect they will have will be long term. the main question that democrats have to ask themselves, and that they are asking themselves, is will they be able to kickstart the private sector of the economy with those measures? that is what they need to achieve. the obama administration controls as much money as they want -- can throw as much money as they want at infrastructure and tax cuts. if it does not kick start the economy it will be useless. >> thanks for joining us. here in europe, the irish government says it is splitting its troubled lender into separate institutions. the move is designed to appease e.u. lawmakers and reassure international lenders. the first half will be a so- called funding bank, holding deposits. the second will be a bang for non-performing assets which will eventually be sold off.
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the finance ministry says this represents the least costly outcome for taxpayers, who have already pumped almost 23 billion year rose into the bank. >> financial stocks were under pressure in europe this wednesday, but other factors were supporting markets. we have a wrap of the day's trading in frankfurt. >> trading this wednesday started on the low side when there was news that exports from germany slightly decreased. reassuring signals came to the markets. for example, news that industrial production in germany continue to increase. the portuguese government successfully placed to new government bonds on the market. still, -- steel and the rise again, a sign that many investors are insecure about the direction the economy will take. >> let us take a look at some
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closing market figures. we stay in frankfurt, where the dax index closed at 6154. it ended wednesday at 2752. the dow industrials closed up at 10,387. the euro is trading for $1.2719. after taking a break last year, the music trade fair has opened up its doors again, under the umbrella of berlin music week. it brings together thousands from the industry, including musicians, producers, and agents. with music sales down, it is smaller than usual this year, but is in an innovative location -- berlin's old city's journal -- old city airport terminals. >> the trade fair is smaller this time around. low sales continue to plague the industry. the economic downturn is to blame. so our music lovers who refuse
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to pay for their passion. >> we are still trying to develop business models for digital content. there have been several attempts, but the situation has not improved substantially. we have not had a breakthrough. >> around 40 legal music download services exist worldwide, and sales rose in 2010 by 40 percent. that does not make up for huge losses caused by illegal downloading. the german government is counting on tougher laws. >> we will propose a concrete bill by next year at the latest for copyright reform. it will give us the power to do more about breeches. the fight against piracy has to be sped up. >> ♪ >> right now, the party is under way for this year, with hundreds of labels, music companies, and
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bairns getting in on the act. >> from music to sports. >> serbia has ended spain's dream of winning back-to-back world basketball championships. this quarterfinal matchup was a no butter. 92-89 was the final score. spain claude its way back, and the lead changed hands throughout the game. then eight deep three-pointer put serbia and head and put three seconds on the top. serbia faces turkey or slovenia in the semifinals. formula one pick racing governing body has upheld a $1,000 fine against ferrari for using a band tactic known as team orders. the fia will impose no further penalties. it came to light ferrari
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ordered one team member to allow another to pass him. they want on to win and collect valuable world championship points. a giant panda has given birth to two cubs at a zoo in madrid. the pair of cubs were conceived through artificial insemination and only weighed 150 grams. they were so small that veterinarians were not able to determine their sex right away. the births of the pandas in captivity in europe is rare. these are the first to be born in madrid in 28 years. estimates have put the number of animals living in the wild at 3000. very cute. >> makes you melt. >> animal pictures always do. we will be back after a short break with the in depth. we will be looking at our
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beethoven project. don't go away.
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>> welcome back. hundreds of musicians are gathering in the western german city of obhn for the annual -- of bohn for the annual beethoven festival. good the beethoven was born there in 1770. every year, the celebrate with concerts', exhibitions, films, and lectures. in the lead up to the festival, deutsche welle is preparing a new documentary, the beethoven project. it features one of germany's most unusual ensemble orchestras. last year, under the leadership
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of their artistic director, the orchestra took up the challenge of playing all of beethoven's nine symphonies in just four days. here is an exclusive inside look at the project. ♪ ♪ >> the orchestra and their conductor. musical allies on a mission to create a new beethoven. they want their version of the beethoven symphonies to suit the 21st century. they call it "the beethoven project." >> y another cycle? who needs another cycle? we will always need another cycle of beethoven symphonies. >> in summer 2009, dw tv follow the orchestra for two months. the result was the documentary
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film "the beethoven project." >> the film can only be as good as its main protagonists. the musicians may not the actors, but that our main characters, together with the conductor. having him on board was a great stroke of luck for us because of his interesting and informative interviews. we were able to get very close to him with the camera. ♪ >> the estonian-american conductor is the central figure. filming for the documentary put him in an unusual situation, and not just musically speaking. >> he knows that a film like this can only be good if he, as one of the main protagonists, is willing to open up for the
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camera. he realized that from the outset. the chemistry was right between us, and i was always careful not to pushing further than he wanted to go. for example, he said he did not want to talk about his family, and so we did not. apart from that, he was open to anything. that was great. >> with their interpretations of beethoven symphonies, the ensembles have gained the respect of the classical music world in recent years. ♪ >> to be able to actually prepare the nine symphonies and have physical stamina to play all these big pieces in a row is a major challenge.
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every piece has its own completely different character, so you have to be kind of a chameleon, like an actor. you have to go from the classical symphony to a more profound symphony, go back to a different character in the next symphony. it requires a very quick ability to adjust. >> much of the film takes place in bohn and the orchestra's home town of brehmen. these orchestras base is a school in a residential area. the orchestra rehearses in the school assembly hall. it was here that some of the key themes of the documentary or caught on camera. the film team spent four days document in the rehearsal for the whole beethoven symphony cycle.
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♪ as well as the conductor, the documentary feature some of the members of the orchestra. ♪ one of the unusual features of the documentary is that it not only shows the day-to-day life of the orchestra and its rehearsals. it also uses special studio lighting in the episodes portraying the lives of the musicians. >> this is what takes it away from the level of an ordinary documentary film. it is something very different. you have five protagonists in a white studio and a conductor in a white studio. you know immediately you are now going to learn something about music. it is not about the
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personalities. it is about beethoven, his symphonies, the music, and his compositions. ♪ >> there is this moment of complete trepidation. nobody hears anything. you have this quiet music beginning. [singing] ♪ it is an unusual beginning. it is one of those moments when you start feeling that out of nothing something great can
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come. ♪ >> the film works on several different levels, always returning to the documentary style when the focus is on the day to day life of the musicians. it gives insight into private lives of orchestra members -- different personalities, different circumstances, a different family lives. ♪ >> it developed into a personal relationship, and that is a nice thing, i think. it helps you lose your fear of the camera, or what you might call stage fright. it all happens on a personal level. that adds extra and helps the project come alive. >> the film climaxes with the beethoven festival in obhn in
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september -- bohn in september 2009. the film crew and all nine symphonies. this is not our first foray into classical formats. >> we started with the german symphony orchestra, and then moved on to the similar boulevard youth orchestra of venezuela. -- to the simon volivabolivar orchestra of venezuela. ["ode to joy," beethoven] >> the project ends with the famous ninth symphony. it is a piece which always touches something deep within those who hear it. the same is true for the
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thousands who listen to the performance on a giant screen in bohn's market square. >> that is all we have time for. thanks for joining us.
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