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tv   Journal  PBS  September 19, 2012 6:30pm-7:00pm PDT

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>> live from berlin, this is "the journal." >> here is what is coming up next half-hour. >> cartoons of the muslim prophet muhammed in a french magazine -- france said is is closing 20 embassies fearing a backlash. >> human-rights activist condemn the syrian army crackdown. >> a secret stash of photographs and the late american actor, dennis hopper, goes on display in berlin. >> will this unleash another wave of violence in the muslim
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world? a french satirical magazine has published cartoons of the prophet mohammed. >> there is already action from the arab league, calling the publication provocative and outrageous. the league has pleaded to muslims not to turn to violence to express their disapproval. >> but france is not counting on the arab league. france says it will close and disease and schools in 20 countries on friday as a precaution. >> extra police have been posted outside the offices of the french magazine that printed the cartoons. the same offices were firebombed last year after a satire on conservative islam was published. the magazine's publisher says he understands the concerns of muslims but not all -- but also defends his right to print what he pleases. >> in france, religion is like a philosophy, so i can make a caricature of muhammed or karl marx. we deal with the news just as other journalists do.
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these cameras are computers, we use paper and pen. the pen is not a weapon, is just a means of expression. >> the cartoons have brought a lot of readers to charlie hebdo, but it has left the government with a sensitive problem -- defending free speech but appealing to common sense. >> freedom of speech is a fundamental right. the freedom to caricature is part of that. that can shock some people. the courts are there for those who want to use them. everyone, as the prime minister said this morning, should show responsibility. >> every individual act, everything that is written, every drawing, every statement can provoke confrontations. >> of france has strengthened security said its foreign embassies. diplomatic missions and french
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schools in muslim countries will be shut on friday. >> the publication of the cartoons comes as tensions are already running high over derogatory -- a derogatory film about the profit mohammed made in the united states. attacks in the past weeks have left dozens dead. >> there were more rallies in pakistan -- protesters took to the street, some demanding all americans leave the country. the government in pakistan has declared this friday a national holiday in honor of the profit on it. the government is calling for peaceful protests against the film. the protests in the muslim world -- how representative are they a of the opinions among all muslims? i talked to that with our middle east analyst. >> it is only a small minority that is really going violent, that is for sure. on the other hand, it's very clear that most muslims do feel
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offended by this badly made pseudo movie about the profit muhammed, which was meant to be a provocation and it surely was. we have a very unfortunate situation. we have radicals who hate islam and try to instigate a public or in the middle east, quite successfully, unfortunately. on the other hand, we have violent forces in the middle east, radical preachers to hate anything that is close to the west and try to abuse public opinion for their own personal needs. it is a power struggle going on. radicals trying to gain -- tried to game the public sphere. they just had a revolution. new governments have been elected, but these governments are very weak, especially in libya, where the central government barely controls more than the capital, tripoli. >> are you saying this is less about the content of the video
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at more about power? >> i would think so. people do feel offended, there is no doubt. i think many muslims, especially those living in the west are tired of being addressed, being insulted by people who did not look for a peaceful means of that dialogue, but you are simply trying to provoke. but when we look at the middle east, we have to see the whole region is very volatile. radical creatures seem to be waiting for any pretext in order to instigate public opinion against the west to weaken it democratically elected governments as to say we are really representing popular opinion. they are not. it's only a small minority. the middle-class for instance prefers to stay at home. they do not participate in these demonstrations. most of those who do demonstrate our members of the poor people,
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the proletariat, those with no future for themselves. >> how can western democracies try to start -- try to strike a balance, defending the free- speech and maintaining safety at home? >> we should be upholding our values implies defending liberty to say whenever you wish to say and whenever you wish to print. nevertheless, there's a limit to the extent that once other people are being heard in such a way that a violent actions are the result, we should think twice about what we do. was it really necessary for a french newspaper to publish further caricatures of the prophet mohammed in this situation? in my view, this is an act of irresponsibility. >> thank you very much. >> germany has set up a new centralized database to help track suspected right-wing extremists. >> the government is describing
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the move as a milestone, but it's important the database was created after came to light the police ignored intelligence and failed to stop a neo-nazi game for 10 years. >> the german interior minister wants to avoid any more intelligence tobaccos. the new database is intended to make sure investigators across germany have access to the same information on nonviolent criminals so authorities are better able to track down the perpetrators of neo-nazi crimes. >> the point is we can bring together available information when we need it. a single mouse click is enough to track down a particular person or organization. >> until now, investigators have -- investigators that state and federal levers did not have a platform to share that has been blamed on the
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failure to link together a string of neo-nazi attacks. the measure is meant to help stop crime before it spreads. >> one way to put it is that we're fighting terrorists and extremists networks with networks of security services in the areas of information, analysis, and procedure. >> a special committee of the german parliament continues to investigate why agents were not able to connect the dots suitor to stop the murder spree. the latest revelation -- one of the terrorists suspected helpers' was an informant for the berlin police. >> it was one of the biggest bankruptcy in japanese history -- in 2010, japan airlines went broke. >> since then, the company has cut costs. on wednesday, they returned to the tokyo stock market. >> the president rang in the relaunch on the tokyo stock exchange.
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has released a japan airlines just three years after the company went bust. but their journey back to the black has been a bumpy one. the company sacked a third of its work force. it shocked unprofitable routes, retired old jets and cut back on staff pensions. japan air lines was never courteous flight attendants and punctual planes before it went broke. the airline wants to build on the reputation. the help customers will pay a premium price for full-service flights. the japanese state will be hoping so also. they bailed out the carrier after the financial crash. so far, the government has made back twice as much as it invested in the stricken airline. >> japan's central bank announced an aggressive policy of bond buying following a similar steps by the european central bank and the u.s. that it. >> the bank of japan says it
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will pump extra 120 billion euros into the economy and its asset-buying program. hopes that the move will help to boost japan's recovery which has been slow down by weakening exports. >> the japanese central bank's monetary move helped to boost european markets. our markets correspondent sent us this report from the fink -- from the frankfurt stock exchange. >> japan was often the main driver of the german stock market and the massive bond buying program approved the move. the cheap money should help bring the economy back on track and this is good news for traders. the german dax closed with gains. the fact that the main central banks are providing money as cheap as ever is feeling the fear of inflation. the price of gold is seen as a protection against inflation. the price rose to its highest levels in six months and analysts expect new record
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highs. >> it's a defeat for investors in porsche who say the car maker lied to them. a german court has recommended porsche paid up over its lying about its merger with volkswagen. they claim porsche is engaged in that market manipulation by stating it had no plans to merge with volkswagen before announcing a takeover bid. >> its one of the most important unanswered questions tied to the eurozone crisis -- will spain asked for a bailout? >> public debt in spain has been soaring. the nation's 17's autonomous regions have around 140 billion euros of debt. >> several areas have requested bailout from madrid. the mediterranean region of valencia has been called spain's greece.
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>> it's 1:00 in the afternoon and parents are picking up their children from school. if you could actually call this school. this elementary school in one of the best neighborhoods in valencia consists of welded together sheet metal containers. the heavily indebted government cannot afford to construct a proper building. parents are outraged. >> our children are suffering from the bad conditions here. toilets are overflowing because the pipes were poorly laid. it gets hotter in here that a normal building and it's cold in winter. they are even planning to bring in more containers. >> this the's brand new museum and cultural complex is only a few steps away from the sheet metal school. these spectacular buildings cost more than a billion euros.
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the parents criticized politicians for not investing more in education and health care. instead, the region ran up more than 20 billion euros in debt constructing prestige projects. >> a huge amount was wasted in valencia on a formula one race track. the america's cup, the new airport, these are unnecessary things. now there is no money for education. >> receipt -- the seat of the regional government is in the middle of valencia. it's almost broke and no longer able to tap the bond market. regional politicians are demanding a bailout from madrid. but the central government is itself dependent on european union funding. >> spain's biggest problem is financial accountability. the regions have to take responsibility for their own
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expenditures. anyone can spend money, but the regions should take control of their own revenues as well, such as increasing the social security contributions or sales tax. >> municipal tax revenues overflowed during spain's real- estate boom. the valencia region just spent and spent. despite citizens protests, politicians are trying to slash costs where possible and education and health care are easy pickings. >> and australian filmmaker has captured footage of an extremely rare natural phenomenon and he did almost by accident. >> he was searching for film locations in northwest australia when he came across a fire tornado. they occur when a twister sweeps over a bushfire and picks up the flames. >> it looks like the elevator to hades. fire tornados were previously thought to last only two minutes, but this would reportedly went on for over half an hour.
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i wonder if they have fire tornado chasers there like they do in the u.s. will be back in two minutes.
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>> welcome back. clashes between the syrian government and rebel forces are continuing in several parts of the country. >> rebels have taken control of a third border crossing into turkey and they pulled down the syrian government flight to show their power. >> refugees are hoping to use the checkpoint to escape the violence in their country. >> rebels teardown the regime's flag at this border crossing to turkey. opposition forces won the battle they have been fighting here since monday. several refugees attempted to get out of syria through that captured border crossing. they were stopped by turkish police, but for them, it's still a victory. >> it's the beginning of the
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end, god willing. game over. >> but assad is not giving up and he still has some allies. the syrian president met with the foreign minister of iran, who pledged his support. but human-rights groups have renewed their condemnation of the campaign. they accused government forces of indiscriminately attacking residential areas to punish civilians. many have been left homeless. >> they shot three missiles into our house. we had to leave our homes and now we don't have enough to eat. i pray god will help us. >> even hospital has been bombed. many children can go to school because the buildings are damaged. but people are trying to carry on. a quick meal is a chance to forget the war for a minute or
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two. >> a german writer his return from syria where he was on assignment for a german newspaper. we asked him about his impression. >> in the center of the town, there is an astonishing normality. life goes on. people are at the restaurants and they do their jobs. do you see checkpoints all over the city and you hear rockets. but if you don't mention that, it is a normality. but if you go outside the center into the suburbs, you see the destruction and you see fighting and you see people in a very different mood. >> you have talked with other intellectuals and academics. how do they view the situation? >> most of them support the cause of freedom and democracy. they see that people have to defend themselves because for
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eight months, it was a civic protest, a non-violent protests. but finally it turned into violent protests. but some see the role of the free army is quite critical. the ability to go into cities which they can't hold, they can't stay there because the national army comes with tanks or even now with airplanes. the civilians of course have died. although they support the cause of the resistance, they see the tactic critically. >> syria is not an easy place to be right now, especially with the military action. why did you decide to go? >> this protest was a non- violent protest and there were
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lots of actions and student activists, women activists, academics, writers. i knew some colleagues of mine who lived there, so i wanted to see what happened with that big movement. not all of them, the soldiers and the army, are still there. at the moment, it's difficult to act because it is very difficult to formulate and articulate oneself in a peaceful mood. >> we have to wrap it up there. thank you. >> the united states is calling a russian decision to expel eight workers from a usaid agency regrettable. >> moscow says the reason american money to influence russia elections. >> u.s. government agency has supported activists and human
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rights groups with more than $2.7 billion since 1991. and out until october 1 to leave russia. -- they now have until october 1 to leave russia. >> usa i.t. has been in russia since the end of the soviet union, but now they have been ordered out by the russian interior minister. officials accused usaid workers of meddling in politics. >> this is about the fact that america wants to use development funds to influence russian politics and in -- and exert influence on elections. >> thousands of russians hit the street again and again to protest against vladimir putin. they accuse him of corruption and electoral fraud. observers uncovered irregularities during the parliamentary and presidential polls last winter. those observers were from a group funded by usaid. there are regional elections soon and that's the reason, they
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say, usaid has been kicked out. >> the state likes to mobilize nationalist voters just before elections. that works best when there is a foreign enemy and the state is against citizen groups like us, the electoral observers. >> it will be difficult to monitor regional elections next month without assistance from usa i.t.. it's a blow to russians who want oct.'s boat to be free and fair. >> coming up, we will look at a new exhibit in berlin, protest -- showcasing a treasure trove from the late american actor, dennis hopper. >> first, some other stories making news around the world. >> the burmese opposition leader, aung san suu kyi, is on her way to the u.s.. she is on our way to meet president obama and receive one of the nation's highest civilian honor. she was under house arrest in burma when she was originally awarded the congressional gold medal back in 2008.
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>> the u.s. space shuttle endeavor is on route to retire at a california museum. its spending night in houston, texas, after taking off from florida. it will finish its journey in los angeles where it will permanently go on display. >> arctic ice has melted to a record low. scientists say summarize at the north pole is the thinnest it has ever been since satellite data collection began. researchers warn the decline will trigger more extreme global weather. many put it down to man-made global warming. >> unfortunate. >> with all of the attention on the eurozone crisis and questions about a future for the european project tummy may be surprised european union is moving ahead with expanding. >> croatia is set to join the european union next july and has been making moves to meet the necessary requirements. this week, the government
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slashed benefits for public- sector employees in an effort to reform state finances and make the economy more competitive. >> the croatian prime minister was in berlin to meet with the german chancellor, angela merkel. the top of the agenda -- european union membership. >> the two will have much more to do with each other after croatia joins the european union next summer. the block is going to one of the most difficult chapters in its history. milanovic promised the german chancellor that they would stick to the new debt regulations. >> we're making great efforts to fill all the demands of fiscal policy that will soon be obligatory in europe. without a common fiscal policy, we are likely to find ourselves in great difficulty. we're trying to fill these criteria. >> to do that, croatia needs economic growth. the country relies heavily on
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tourism. it's a favorite destination for german holidaymakers, but its industrial sector has catching up to do. milanovic is trying to woo german investors. angela merkel called on him to continue reforms. >> there have been developments that impressed german investors. with regards to that, i would say we're on the right path. >> she also said she was confident that other countries in the region would follow the same path and eventually take their place in the european union. >> paul newman, martin luther king, and the warhol, the late american actor, dennis hopper, new the mall. >> he was a passionate photographer and an extended to everything and everyone he knew. after his death, crate loads of photographs were discovered. >> hundreds of gone on display in berlin, showing his unique take on the bold and the
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beautiful as well as other passions. >> paul newman. jane fonda. the exhibition shows dennis hopper's photography from the 1960's. there is no staging or artificial light. a perfectly capture a slice of american history. from martin luther king into an unknown hell's angels rocker, artists like roy lichtenstein were often guest of dennis hopper. >> between 1961 and 1967, his house was at the center of the los angeles art scene. pop artists, actors, and the film industry met at his home. they were his friends and that closeness comes across. >> but it's not just about glamour and storytelling. there are also photographs from mexico. one of hopper's greatest
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passions was bullfighting. >> it's very exciting to see today. it's a piece of cultural history and a magnificent piece of journalism about america in the '60s. >> his pictures showing love of detail. he took great interest in small things and try to find beauty in the everyday. it's the first time the exhibition has been shown in europe. >> how old is jane fonda? >> she must be in her 70's. >> she's been around a long time. that will wrap up for this addition of "the journal." >> we will see you tomorrow.
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