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tv   Journal  PBS  September 20, 2012 6:30pm-7:00pm PDT

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>> live from berlin, this is the "journal" on dw. demands from beijing -- china calls on europe to lift its arms embargo and to treat the world's second-largest economy as a market economy. >> a nationwide strike in india to protest against forms of the retail sector which would allow in foreign supermarket chains. >> fresh restrictions ahead of belarus' parliamentary elections. belarus ones -- berlin warrants belarus not to send negative s
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ignals. they are clear signs china is more comfortable than ever flexing economic and political muscle. >> at the european union-china summit in brussels, the chinese premier laid out two demands. he wants to -- he wants the european union to lift its embargo on trade. >> he says he wants them to look at the country as an economic equal, saying it is time for them to recognize china as a fully fledged market economy. >> they were all smiles, and indeed, the first part of the speech to the participants was cordial. but then came the criticism. >> i must be very frank in saying this -- we have been
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working hard on lifting the arms embargo and raising our trade status. a solution has been elusive. i deeply regret this. >> then, the live feed of wen's broadcast was cut off on the orders of the chinese delegation. an eu spokesman said he had ended his opening statement and had moved on to private negotiations. these discussions included china's efforts to help the eurozone deal with its debt crisis. wen said the eu needs to do more to implement measures already agreed. later, the european council president praised the eu's longstanding relationship with china. that was something that brought a smile to wen jiabao's face. >> china confirmed its commitment to buy bonds from the
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eurozone. nevertheless, conditions on countries remain unclear. >> our correspondent has been following the summit for us. >> we ask about the agenda focusing on trade and commerce suddenly being overshadowed by beijing's frank comments. >> it has been a strange day. as you said, it started off with backslapping over the growth of the china-eu trade arrangement over the last 10 years. bilateral trade levels have quadrupled. there was praise from the e use side for china and praise from china for the east side, but then, as has already been made clear, suddenly, the chinese decided to get a bit negative and the live transmission was turned off. diplomatically, the eu said he was getting into the substance of the negotiation, but it was the chinese who insisted on that happening. there is a sense that the summit has been sort of run by the chinese.
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there was not even a final press conference because the chinese wanted a list of which journalists would be there. the european commission had to say that was just not on. there was no press conference of any sort. smiles and backslapping on trade and the economy, and yet, this underlying sense that the chinese are dictating the way the meeting is going on, and, of course, they are in a way dictating the way the economy is going in some form. >> back in china, the government trying to calm public anger against japan by banning public demonstrations. >> tensions erupted recently when japan bought a few islands in east china sea from a private owner. >> japan and china have been fighting over the islands since the 1970's. we caught up with the man who made the sale. >> all he has left of his island
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paradise are these photographs, but by any measure, he is a lucky man. >> the islands would be a great place to retire. the island's 360 meters above sea level, and there is plenty of fresh water. it would be easy to live there without having to give up anything. it is paradise. family islands -- >> the islands are also attractive for strategic reasons. they have oil and gas deposits thought to rival those in the persian gulf. they are rich in fish stocks. fisherman routinely plea to not so large, they sell at market for 500,000 euros. -- routinely pulling tuna so large they sell at market for 500,000 euros. >> my older brother does not have any kids.
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i am already 65. our father died young of a heart attack. who knows how long we have got. we want to get our affairs in order. that is why we sold the islands. >> they may have settled their family affairs, but their decision to sell has ramped up tensions between japan and china. beijing has sent a fleet of coast guard ships to the area. japan's purchase of the islands has stirred memories of the occupation of manchuria by japanese troops. china is not willing to relinquish its sovereignty again. >> china is worried that japan will be able to keep the island. if the country has possession of an area for 50 years, they have a claim to it by international law. china wants to prevent that, so they are moving against japan. >> china, japan, and taiwan all lay claim to the islands. over the summer, many have tried literally to plan their flag on the territory. some demands go back hundreds of
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years. china's case hinges on nautical maps dating from the sixth century. he has also collected what he describes as evidence. dam it does not help trying to dust off the past. we should let the judges decide. china and japan should take the case to the international court. in both arguments would be heard. >> the family still owns one of the islands. they have leased the island to the military, which is using the area as a training shr now at least, it is only a drill. >> germany is following france's lead and closing the embassy -- closing many embassies in muslim countries tomorrow. >> concerns that an image of the prophet mohammed could cause
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violence. authorities fear unrest could escalate after friday prayers. >> washington has appointed a panel to investigate a possible al qaeda link to the killing of four embassy staff in libya. >> thursday, the libyan government held a ceremony to honor the officials who died at the u.s. consulate in benghazi last week. the white house says it still does not know whether the attack was premeditated or sparked by an islam film made in the u.s.. we will have more on the reaction of religious extremists later on in this half hour. and a serious human rights groups report that 54 people have been killed in an air strike in syria -- >> serious human rights groups report that 54 people have been killed in an air strike in syria -- >> syrian human-rights groups. >> trade unions in india called
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a one-day strike on thursday and brought the country to a standstill with the message "no to walmart." >> the government has designed reforms aimed at extending the stagnating economy, including opening the market to foreign chains. >> they could begin moving in, posing a threat to the small shops that dot india's landscape. >> the shop has been run by the same family for 70 years. you can buy most essentials here and they deliver. small shops are typical in india where there are not many supermarkets. international supermarket chains are keen to open branches in the country. -- open branches in the country. millions of small shopkeepers say that could threaten their livelihoods. >> in a poor country, we need small shops, not big shopping malls. there are not many wealthy people, and ordinary people can find whatever they need here. >> today, most small shops are
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closed. shopkeepers all over india are on strike. millions of people are attending protests organized by the opposition. foreign firms are also keen to invest in foreign sectors. economic growth in the country is currently as low as 5%. then at india needs growth. india needs supplemental income. india needs to add to its own savings so the growth rate can be increased. >> anger is mounting among ordinary people especially at gas stations. diesel fuel subsidies have been cut to reduce the country's state deficit, and the government says more reforms are on the way. >> german airline lufthansa has launched plans to launch a budget airline next year. >> investors say it could help
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the company meet its goal of increasing profits. >> but unions representing the company's cabin crew are unhappy with the plan. >> the competition among european airlines is intense. budget carriers are vying for passengers, and that is putting pressure on traditional companies like lufthansa. the german airline cannot compete on short-haul flights and is making a loss. lufthansa hopes a new discount airline of their own will help them make headway against competitors such as ryanair and easyjet. the core of the carrier will be german wings, already owned by lufthansa. they hope to fly 18 million passengers in the first year. lufthansa hopes to save money using cheaper labor. german wings employers make 30% less than lufthansa workers, but not everyone is happy about the new plans. two weeks ago, less than the's cabin crew staged a strike to protest against the low wages --
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lufthansa's cabin crew. >> the news from lufthansa boosted its shares on the market. daimler, on the other hand, did not do so well. we have this report from the frankfurt stock exchange. >> lufthansa shares were up. in the situation, they have no other choice but to fund a low- cost carrier, traders said. daimler is suffering for the first time from the crisis. the general outlook was pretty gloomy. the fear of economic decline was rising after some very disappointing economic data. >> let's take a closer look at some of the latest market numbers. the dax closed just a tad down at 7389. euro stoxx 50 ended the day 0.5%
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down. the dow jones is going up just a tick. the euro trading at $1.2967. new figures say the slump in the eurozone is worsening, and business activity has hit its worst patch in three years. the closely watched purchasing managers' index shows germany and the rest of europe are drifting apart economically. france was the biggest disappointment of thursday's report. between august and september, french economic the performance came in below all the worst predictions. germany, on the other hand, shows signs of improvement with orders expected to increase. well, the european union is already raising eyebrows at the prospect of their parliamentary elections in belarus on sunday -- the prospect of fair parliamentary elections. >> germany's foreign minister is
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concerned about developments in belarus. the group of observers who wanted to monitor the country's parliamentary elections this weekend have been denied entry visas. >> it shows how important european engagement is to ensure that human rights right here in europe are respected. i have summoned belarus' ambassador to the foreign ministry. we shall once again make our position clear. >> alexander lukashenko has been in power 18 years and has ruled with an iron fist. the european union imposed sanctions on belarus to try to pressure the country to show more respect for european rights. the german government, for its part, has condemned restrictions on press freedom as well as the
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oppression of civil society groups. the foreign ministry says belarus has taken a step backwards. >> all right. stay with us. we will be back in one minute. >> stick around.
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tist producerf "the innocesls." he h bncten t scene for years, seeking out terry kid up acting in the film. since theoner epted, he has become press shy, declining inter surprised us bye phonehe wcalled. the tough-talking vietnam vet sounds shaken. my life is in gr.
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i run a business here. my gls are absolutely terrified. they are crying all the time. >>heesnsha not come as a surprise. terry jones says how productive it was. that is the way he wants it. he has built a gallows on which he has strungp an effigyf haadita v's head. h n plans to back down. >> we will definitely continue. nothing will cause us to run, hyde, a quick -- to run,qu. >> the attacks ain wte diplomats -- not hisau. the pastor and his allies are on a crusade. one with mortalnemies. above all, is lomb and the president's -- abovll, islam and the president. >> one side o heful race to
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the bottom of humanities. >> there are also iam leaders who use cartoons and them to push their message of intolerance, a ts iwh i looks like. my oinary muslims are angry about the film, including peopleerinai, but their rage has been fuelled and stirred up by radical islamists, groups including the egyptian islamic jihad and solophists organizing large protests. this creature has his speeches filmed and shown on his own tv station. sieas friday, footage like this has been broadcast ingy on an hourly basis. th pacr s condemned the makers of the film. "it was made by christians who believe ith bible," he shouts before destroying an english- language version of the book.
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but anti-riian rhetoric started long before the controversy surrounding the film. fo months, the creature has been denigrating christianity on his tv station. -- for months, the preacher has been denigrating christianity on his tv station. >>t i oisono convert into islam. >> he believes christians are misguided and mistaken. he believes it is impta t fit against their religion. his tv station is providing a perfect sge for tha its programs are dedicated t a particularly regressive form of islam. one of its channels is called maria tv. it presenters are fully veiled women. the programs propagate conservative ideology, including strict separation of the sexes. politics and religion go
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hand-in-hand. everything in people's lives must be determined by islam. then add the name is highly significant. the profit mohammed freed and then married a christian slave called maria -- >> the name is highly significant. the profit -- the prophet mohammad freed and then married a christian slave called maria. >> christianity is threatening ism. >> he employs followers to approach christians and explain to them that their fate is misguided. am only t koran comes from god and the sacred -- >> only the korancomes from god and is sacred. >>ll right, something now to lift the human spirit. every september, bond germany --
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bonn, germany, pays tribute t one of its most famous sons at the bond beethoven festival, and deutsche welleomssn's a work from a young composer -- at the bonn beethoven stal the piece is inspired by the artist's home town, istanbul. he wanted to capture what it is ke to betuck in an istanbul traffic jam. i cannot tell you what it is like, but the traffic is brash and vivacio and a little chaotic. one of beethoven's most popular works is his seventh symphony. this year at the festival, a team scheduled to be played by two different orchestras. >> the piece is 200 years old and has been recorded more than 500 times. so the pressure is high for those playing and directing the famous notes.
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♪ >> this conductor has taken on a challenge with the "seventh symphony." beethovens master -- masterpiece has been interpreted by many conductors of ideas -- beethoven's masterpiece has been interpreted by many conductors over the years. he has to put his own mark on the peace. >> i do not listen to many recordings. the way you approach a piece has to come from within yourself. it would be out of the question for me to approach a piece by listening to recordings. it is the score that is crucial. if it is performed a lot, it is a sign that the music is still fresh.
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>> before he begins rehearsing with the orchestra, he sits down with the peace alone to work out how beethoven intended it to sound. -- he sits down with the piece alone. the composer left precise instructions. >> you have to study, study, study, measure by measure, movement by movement. the harmony, when the instruments are coming, and you have to figure the prominence of the peace, where it figures in the composer's life, the style of the times, and you have to transfer that to the orchestra. it start working on it two months before hand, going through it for yourself -- you have to start working on it two months beforehand, going through it for yourself. ♪ >> the beethoven house in bonn
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provides a wealth of information on the era in which the composer lived. on show here are the kinds of instruments used by beethoven. back then, the strings of violence were made using animal gut, not plastic like today. >> we are not able to use the instruments that we used back then, but we have to guess how they sounded. they are said to have been much more rhythmic and much noisier. >> does a composer's life influence the way his pieces should be performed? beethoven suffered from depression and was unlucky in love. he was going debt when he composed the "seventh symphony" -- he was going deaf. >> the symphony exudes an incredibly positive aura. even the so-called funeral march in the second movement to me feels like a very intimate
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dance. >> the chamber orchestra want to wow symphony lovers with an optimistic interpretation. >> being appreciated for something i've done is my greatest desire. finding out you have provoked a reaction in others. >> all right, glad we could leave you on a high note. that is going to wrap up this edition of the "journal." >> do not forget -- you can find more on our website at
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