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tv   France 24 News  PBS  August 22, 2013 5:00pm-5:31pm PDT

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>> coming up, the u.s. government released documents showing a past secret court ruling on nsa surveillance. they chastise the nsa for illegally collecting tens of thousands of e-mails. the unmasking ahead. the army whistleblower manning sentenced to 35 years in prison for leaking documents but the story does not end there. we will look at the extreme conditions placed on the media as we covered the trial. in san francisco, officials are considering a class-action lawsuit against nevada, laming it gave hundreds of psychiatric patients at one-way ticket to california.
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it is thursday, august 22. 5 p.m. in washington dc. while the obama administration is trying to beat its critics to the punch in the wake of the nsa surveillance scandal, they are coming clean, in a way, anyway. and the ruling that came out in 2011 after the electronic frontier foundation filed a request pretty recently. the court lambasted the nsa for illegally collecting as many as 56,000 e-mails from innocent people each year over three years. then the nsa proceeded to misrepresent the size and scope of that collection. john bates road the 2011 october
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decision said that the government's revelations regarding the acquisition of internet transactions marks the third instance in less than three years in which the government has disclosed a substantial misrepresentation regarding the scope of a major collection program. the secret is out. instead of reporters beating the piƱata, president obama spilled all the candy on the floor presumably so we will get our sugar fix and move on. is it really that simple? i first asked him how all of this could even be possible. >> that is kind of what the nsa figures are saying, but this centers on section 702 of the amendment, giving the nsa the authority to conduct this mass surveillance. they don't need individual war it's for each foreign target.
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they go to the court and explain the program they are going to use. then they go and start collecting this data and it is up to the nsa to do with what they want. the data we are getting through the internet, 91% of the data they collect the street from internet providers. then nine percent of the data is collected through upstreaming. this is where they tap into the fiber-optic cables and suck information out. we learned the nsa does not have the technological capabilities to adequately protect against american communications and a miss to communications from being collected. once this data is collected, it goes to a massive database and analysts can search these databases and touch american communications that goes against a court order.
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they basically said, what you're doing is unconstitutional. you have to put in new parameters to limit the search to protect americans. we don't know if it worked. we had it last week by the washington post that said thousands of abuses are still existing at the nsa. >> a shocking revelation as well. that core is supposed to provide adequate oversight and critics have called it it a rubberstamp court. does this back up either one of those claims? >> you mentioned the former judge that a sickly said, this is the third revelation where the nsa has misrepresented what it is doing with their authority here. judge bates notes that we can't know for certain how many people have been touched by this. that is the 56,000 number we have been talking about. this goes back to what the
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former chief justice said to the washington post a few weeks ago. they don't have the tools to conduct the necessary oversight it needs to have. it are they being a lapdog for the government? may be. also, they don't have the capability to perform this sort of oversight. >> any guess on why the administration is declassifying these documents? >> it could be for a number of reasons. it was a response to a request. this decision that pointed out the unconstitutional nature has been talked about by senators. people have known that these documents existed. now that the nsa knows the documents are being released against their will, maybe they are trying to get out in front of them. >> this is separate from the
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filing of the edwards noted in revelations, the phone metadata. did this classification release tell us any more about that? >> there is internet electing, but this giant metadata phone collection is section 215 of the patriot act. judge bates says that the standards by which they will use the metadata has been flawed. the plan on how it was going to be using this and search it, basically smashing this program, two. >> there are probably more whether the administration likes it or not. private first class manning reported to prison to begin serving a 35 year sentence. his lawyer says the battle is not over yet. he is in the process of
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requesting a presidential pardon or at the very least reducing his sentence to time served. they gathered to protest the army judge's sentencing decision. >> and now he is going to be sitting in prison. raise your hand if you you will be part of the support campaign for bradley manning. raise your hand if you will be raising hell for bradley manning. >> liz has been traveling to fort meade each day to watch his court-martial play out. she was there and prosecutors showed the collateral murder video and when he apologized. here is what it was like to cover this trial. >> the last glimpse of manning the public might see for a long time.
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it was moments before the military judge sentenced him to 35 years for one of the largest leaks of classified information in military history. >> it is a very harsh sentence. the man did not kill anyone. >> one day is too much. people can debate how many years, but in terms of justice, one day is too much for bradley manning. >> supporters stood behind him, some of them showing up early in the morning to demonstrate outside the gates of fort meade. the secrecy and security of this trial has been criticized. to get to this parking lot, you have to face a number of hurdles. you have to get your car searched by dogs, your belongings are searched, and you are searched with a metal detector. cameras of any sort are not
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allowed in the courtroom. at one point, armed guards were patrolling the inside of the media operations center. looking over reporters shoulders, making sure no one was using social media while court was in session. that may be why continuous coverage has been sparse, media outlets only showing up on big days. it is something his attorney took notice of in his first public appearance since the trial started. >> do you think for a moment that you would not have nancy grace not present every day? >> the media coverage and the way the trial played out would have been different if cameras were allowed. something he says he is going to fight to change. it brought to the spotlight the debate over transparency and a free press. >> the goal is to get whistleblowing stopped and to try to get them to associate
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journalists with their sources. >> that representation has involved an unprecedented charge that was aiding the enemy for a simple act of providing information to you, the journalists. >> his defense is now working on freeing him during this process. whether it is through a presidential pardon or working on getting the sentence overturned, the army court of critical appeals. >> his defense and his supporters, the fight for freedom is far from over. >> he released a statement thanking supporters and announcing the next transition in life. part of it reads, "as i transition, i want everyone to know the real me
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i am chelsea manning. i am a female. given the way that i feel and have felt since childhood, i want to begin hormone therapy as soon as possible. i hope you will support me in this transition. ." the issue came up several times during the court-martial. this is one that she sent to her supervisor showing her in a blonde wig and makeup. supporters might be ready to accept her decision, the military in kansas said today that it will not provide transgender treatment beyond psychiatric support, particularly when it comes to that or moan therapy. the lawyer said that he will be taking class-action or action if the army does not provide him with hormone therapy. the aclu also sent out a statement saying that the prison might be violating his constitutional rights by denying her that treatment.
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several cases are currently under dispute. to egypt where the deposed ruler mubarek was released from prison and helicoptered to a cairo hospital today where he will be treated and sent to house arrest. the former president was sentenced to life prison for failing to prevent the killing of demonstrators during the 2011 uprising. hundreds of people were killed by police forces in those protests. the man that actually was elected by the first democratic elections is still behind bars. protests and violence actually continue. christians have been targeted over the past week. churches have been burned down, adding another wrinkle to this crisis. >> the ousted leader has left prison where he has been held for those few years. an undisclosed location where
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you will be under a house arrest. this is despite the fact that he walks free because the prime minister said that basically, he needs to be under house arrest for emergency law. he is due for the retrial to start on the 25th of august. the reason he has been allowed to walk free is because he has served his maximum amount of time that someone can spend in detention without being charged. he was sentenced last year as guilty for being responsible for the deaths of protesters. the appeals court found that trial to have errors on procedural grounds and organized the retrial. this means the court turns back to the end of the revolution as if he had never been sentenced and therefore, it is almost like he was never tried. he is still facing charges of corruption as well as being
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involved in the killing of protesters. it will be kept outside of prison under house arrest. >> if you can't fix the problem, let someone else deal with it seems to be the nevada line of thought. officials in san francisco are considering legal action against their neighboring state for allegedly buying hundreds of poor psychiatric patients a one- way bus ticket to california. so that the sunshine state would have to pay for their treatment. hospitals forcing patients onto a bus to become another state's problem. this practice has allegedly been going on since 2008. the letter to the attorney comes shortly after a psychiatric patient named james brown filed a civil rights lawsuit claiming that nevada gave him one of those tickets out of there.
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he is seeking a class action status on as many as 1500 patients. i am joined by the deputy communications director at the san francisco city's attorney's office. how is the state of nevada dealing with this? are they explaining? >> not so far, they have until september 9 for a formal response. we will see how they deal with the problem at that time. >> are we dealing with anything more than allegations at this point? >> the investigative team has conducted an exhaustive investigation, they have chased down a lot of physical evidence, actual people and evidence we believe will win this lawsuit for us if it comes to that.
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>> how much our taxpayers paying for patient? >> there is a way to determine exactly what services were provided. we will not speculate. if we go to court, we will have documentation. it's stan's shy of $500,000 as far as san francisco goes. the investigation is ongoing, so that dollar figure could go up as time goes on. >> let's talk about how far your office is willing to take it. >> court. we don't want to be billed for something that we shouldn't, and we are ready to go get our money back. >> he said california institute of san francisco. >> other jurisdictions are conducting their own investigations.
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mr. brown was bused to sacramento and they are conducting their investigation as well. the 500 thousand dollar figure reflects just the city of san francisco. other jurisdictions may conclude their investigations and come up with dollar figures. they will decide what legal action they might want to take. we know several other locations for which this is the case. >> what happens to these people? do they get the help that they need? >> yes and no. this is true of the patient's subject to the demand letter, instructed to call emergency services on arrival. that is an imperfect method getting the care that they need compared to making an individual plan, making sure they are bused to the appropriate destination and that is waiting for them on the other side. yes, people are
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accessing services, and it reflects the monetary figure, care that was provided. it doesn't mean this is the right thing to do by any stretch of the imagination. >> is there any idea how far up the chain this goes? is it hospitals? is somebody else buying tickets? >> we don't know, but most of the ones given to patients, the hospital paid for the ticket, it is run by the state of nevada. whether they were ordered to initiate this practice or continue this practice goes higher, we do not know but we are investigating. >> this story is very concerning and very disturbing, if you wouldn't mind keeping us updated, communications director of the san francisco city attorney office. be careful where you look, you
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could inadvertently be lining the pockets of google depending on your movements. the internet giant was granted a patentwe took to twitter to fint which areas are most depressing based on people in surrounding neighborhoods. let's get to the tech report. we have pete, the tech editor at
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national -- mashable. >> it will track your eyes to see if you are looking at the ad, and what your emotional reaction is to it. it is a technology that has been around, in its infancy. another has demonstrated an eye tracking laptop. this patent explicitly uses the technology for advertising. >> it is just in its research phase, but what is the idea? >> the idea is that it is a win- win. advertisers win because they will know if people are looking at their ads and if they are, what kind of reaction they are having to them, and use that dated to help the users serve up
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better ads that will please them. i look forward to the day when the data proves that nobody looks at internet advertising. at least display advertising. they are just completely useless and everybody skims over them. >> could people be inadvertently supporting companies that they are inherently against simply by looking at it? a vegetarian looking for too long at a steak advertisement? >> it is tied to an emotional reaction, so there could be false positives and false negatives as is always the case, they take a little time to shake down. over time, presumably, it will get more accurate. >> an fbi agent is a special agent in charge of the cyber
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division in new york and said the movement is still there, and they are still talking on twitter and posting things. you don't hear these guys coming forward with these large breaches. that is because of the almond of the largest players. is anonymous over? >> i would say it is not in its current form. hacking is still a thing, but you have to understand what anonymous is. it is not one group of very specific people that happen to be hidden. it is a name that a lot of people attach themselves to on any given day and may stop doing it at any time. it is a very amorphous movement and hard to pin down. to say that anonymous is over, and i don't think that is quite what he was saying.
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>> there was a study that researchers did that looked at tweets over a certain time, looking at the emotional content of the tweets. if there is a happy face, it is a positive tweet and a sad face is a negative tweet.
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they put this on the map to find the most happy and sad places. the saddest place is not my apartment, is a shock. > now the federal housing
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finance agency is threatening to limit, restrict, or quit mortgage lending to any city that follows richmond's suit. >> a lawsuit filed in san francisco federal court by three mortgage bond trustees will prove to be a litmus test for the success or failure of a new scheme involving eminent domain. the power of eminent domain has been exercised when a state or city seizes private property without the owner's consent. the most common uses of property are highways, railroads, and other public facilities. richmond, california has crafted an interesting strategy. a working-class suburb of 100,000 people on the san francisco bay, and public officials have teamed up with a private investment firm hold mortgage revolution partners. they began sending letters last
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week to purchase loans on 624 properties in the city. properties that richmond now owns thanks to eminent domain. the city is threatening a full sale if they exist. they help by allowing the city to forcibly buy mortgages at a price below the property's current market value. it would result in a lower mortgage payment for the homeowner. the lawsuit filed against richmond serves as a key test for if other cities can move forward with the same strategy. these have teamed up with the financial farm assisting richmond, but none of been brazen so far. units of deutsche bank and fannie and freddie mac filed a lawsuit altogether. their lawsuit alleges the loans are not beingnow robert is a cow
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professor that advocates using eminent domain in this way. he says interstate commerce isn't burdened because it does not prevent credit from flowing in any particular way. opponents point out that the specific loans richmond wants to buy, more than two thirds of them are current on their payments. the trusts that are not under would significantly damage the value of those investments. much the way sovereign debt
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default can raise borrowing costs for a country, communities will see similar adverse effects when it comes time for them tomorrow. the underlying question is, what is a valid public work this? the homeowners lose, but this new scheme says keeping homeowners in their homes is the best interest of the community. it is not a bad argument that remains to be seen if the strategy will hold up in court. >> when you board a plane, you normally have to take your shoes and belt off during the screening process. one man went the extra mile. sneaking onto the german chancellor posey plane, in his underwear. fasten your
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hello there. welcome to "newsline." it's friday, august 23rd. i'm catherine kobayashi in tokyo. authorities in egypt have released former president hosni mubarak from prison, but he's not free. the authorities moved him to a military hospital and put him under house arrest. a helicopter believed to be carrying mubarak left the jail in cairo then flew to the hospital. he's


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