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tv   Newsline  PBS  September 4, 2013 6:00am-6:31am PDT

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welcome to "nhk newsline," i'm gene otani in tokyo. here's a look at some of the stories we're following this hour. seeking international support, u.s. president barack obama goes overseas to try to convince world leaders to back an offensive against syria. while in washington, u.s. lawmakers weigh the risks of a military strike. the tide is turning in the
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philippines, people who once demanded u.s. forces leave the country now want them back. we'll tell you why. u.s. president barack obama is seeking international support for a streak on syria. he arrived in stockholm earlier and is holding talks with fredrik reinfeldt. in russia he hopes to convince g-20 leaders that military action is necessary. the u.s. and britain and france say they are convinced syrian forces used chemical weapons to kill hundreds of civilians last month. the regime of syrian president ba bashar al assad needs to be punished but faces stiff opposition from the leaders of russia and china. vladimir putin and jinping also stated their objections to a military strike. putin says russia may resume
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selling anti-aircraft missiles if western countries attack without u.n. approval. putin could start shipments to syria and added that accusations about the use of chemical weapons in syria should be based on solid evidence and not on rumors, intelligence from eavesdropping or chatter. putin said if there is proof that chemical weapons were used by the syrian government, he with not rule out securing military action but it would need to be sanctioned by the u.n. security council. the u.s. congress is still weighing the pros and cons of military action. members of the senate foreign relations committee have drafted a resolution to authorize the use of force but it comes with conditions. the draft says any operation should be completed within 60 days, or 90 days at most. the resolution bars u.s. ground forces from entering syria.
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the committee could vote on the draft on wednesday. earlier, secretary of state john kerry testified before the committee. he said if u.s. forces fail to act, it will send the wrong message not only to syria, but also to iran and others. >> north korea is hoping that ambivalence carries the day. they're all listening for our silence. >> some senators say u.s. forces should reply to the clear violation of international norms. they say american credibility may be harmed unless they take action. others are concerned there might not be enough international support for a strike and fear retaliation leading to a wider conflict. most americans also seem to be opposed to getting involved in syria. a poll by abc news and the "washington post" found 59% of respondents said they did not support launching missile strikes. the civil war in syria
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forced 2 million people to flee the country. it has displaced over 4 million others inside. more are trying to escape following the u.s. president's announcement of possible military action against the assad regime. areas a report from the border between turkey and syria. >> reporter: every day, more peach reach this checkpoint, but many are stuck. the turkish authorities say the refugee camps are full. the fleeing people don't know when they can cross. >> translator: i lost my house due to shelling. i have to look for a place to live in safety for my children. otherwise, our lives would be wasted. >> reporter: some manage to enter turkey and wait for space at a camp. this man says he and his family have been waiting for two months.
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>> translator: we don't have anything. no water, no bed. >> reporter: according to the u.n., turkey hosts more than 2,000 refugees in 20 camps in 10 provinces. 200,000 more are registered, but living outside of the camps. the greater challenge, though, is those in what they call known camp settings. many syrians have slipped into turkish border towns like here. since they are not registered as refugees and don't have passports, they can't get public support. 26-year-old hussein tabsho is one of them. he lives with 20 family members and relatives. they're from a suburb in the northern city of aleppo.
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he says a missile hit his house a month ago, and his parents died in front of him. his 1-year-old son was injured in his leg. hussein was also badly hurt. he has no passport and is not a registered refugee, so he can't receive any help. >> translator: i am not supporting either the assad regime or the rebels. the international community is not interested in helping us either. >> reporter: the refugee agency and turkish officials say they need more financial support from donors and a strong registration system to identify those in dire need. atsutoshi nishikawa, nhk world, turkey.
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as the world focuses on syria, there's growing concern about the security situation in iraq where sectarian extremists appear to be making a comeback. the latest bomb attacks in baghdad have killed more than 20 people. car bombs and roadside explosives shook the city on tuesday evening. there were ten explosions in all over a period of two hours. most of them occurred in fre dominantly shia districts. security authorities believe the blasts were acoordinated attack. more than 80 people are wounded. it is believed militant groups are carrying out the attacks to flame sectarian tensions. united nations officials say the escalating violence killed 800 people in august. they believe the civil war in neighboring syria is encouraging
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extremists in iraq. south korea's ruling party is pushing the government to consider an important ban or import ban on japanese farm and marine products. it follows leaks of radioactive water from the fukushima daiichi nuclear power plant. the head of the party requested the government to take further measures to ensure safety of food exports from japan and said government officials should consider banning imports of japanese products until the safety is confirmed. south korean owe firms asked japan to provide information about contaminated water leaks and south korean fish dealers are testing imports for radioactive contamination as consumers express concerns over
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safety. officials from the u.s. marine corps say last month's crash landing of an osprey transport aircraft is a class-a mishap, the most serious type of accident. the tilt-rotor aircraft was on a training flight from a base in california when it was forced to make an emergency landing near a base in nevada. the aircraft caught fire, but none of its four crew members were hurt. marine officials say the crash landing damaged the aircraft beyond repair. a class-a crash applies when an aircraft is nearly destroyed or when damage tops $2 million. the crash landing is fuelling safety concerns among people of okinawa where ospreys are deployed. marines routinely fly the aircraft over residential areas. china has responded to accusations by the philippines
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that its building on a disputed group of small islands. here's the latest from bangkok. >> the philippines and china have exchanged words in the increasingly bitter dispute. china says its actions are legitimate after the philippines earlier accused it of building structures on the disputed location in the south china sea. foreign ministry spokesperson said on wednesday that china was blameless. >> translator: china has a legitimate right to operate its vessels in the waters to protect its sovereignty and order. china has done nothing that warrants blame. >> the shoal is located about 200 kilometers west of the philippine island of luzon. on tuesday, philippine defense ministry officials said they found evidence of building work
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on the shoal. philippine officials showed photos of what they say are concrete foundation and 30 concrete blocks. the defense secretary said he would escalate the issue. >> i got the report. we had this sent to the department of foreign affairs, it will now be the move of the foreign affairs secretary to launch a complaint. >> china has been increasing patrols and setting surveillance vessels to the shoal, which the philippines also claims as it's territory. as tensions with china rise the philippines strength in building relationship with the united states. they are negotiating joint use of facilities at subbic bay, one the largest u.s. navy base in asia. they are also discussing
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possible u.s. surveillance operations in the south china sea. as well as more potential joint use bases on philippine territory. nhk world reports. >> reporter: subic bay, 80 kilometers northwest of manila. this busy port is part of a specific economic zone. new shopping malls and hotels make it a popular tourist destination. during the cold war, subic was the u.s. navy's largest facility in asia. the base played an important role in conflicts including the vietnam and gulf wars and returned to the philippines in 1992, amid a rising sense of nationalism. today once again u.s. warships are using the base.
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we spotted ships designed to spot submarines. officials say 89 american warships used the facility last year, double the number from a year earlier. the united states has been lobbying hard asking officials to support its joint use of subic. the mayor of the city received a visit from the u.s. ambassador. >> i talked to him, before in 2006, he asked me what is the stand. i asked what is my stand as incoming mayor, in case the americans will be coming back. >> the philippine navy has been involved in repeated standoffwise china. it supports the return of the americans. this former vice commander says
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china started stepping up its activities soon after the u.s. forces gave up the base. he says china builds structures on tiny islands to bolster its claims. >> small markers and then if you do not find them, they'll be bigger float. then they start coming up with steel something. then they -- what they will do is pour cement underneath for the structures. >> the first incident was in 1995. when china built a structure at mischief reef then controlled by the philippines. last year, chinese vessels occupied another reef and this year, chinese boats came close to the philippines only military post in the spratly islands.
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local people are caught up in the standoff. a fishing village in western luzon, filipino fisherman used to trawl nearby waters but now controlled by china. >> translator: we still couldn't go there because their rubber boats blocked us. they also had guns and pointed them at us and told us to leave. they said the area belongs to them. >> some fisherman have given up and taken work as cycle driver and people are becoming angry. >> translator: we must not let this issue remain unresolved for our grandchildren's generation. >> public opinion is starting to change. the complaint against the u.s. military base at subic when he
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was a senator 21 years ago. >> i would be open -- i would be open to reconsidering my position in '91. we may need the u.s., may need japan, to deal better with china. >> reporter: the philippines needs to face china on crucial issues such as defending contested territories and waters. this country was firmly opposed but spreading influence of its large and powerful neighbor is costing the philippines to rethink and rebuild military ties with the united states. nhk wod, manila. ground to a halt because of a lack of money. the court is supposed to be investigating the alleged crimes of former leaders during the
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1970s. by tribunal workers are on strike complaining they haven't been paid. the tribunal strike enter its third day on wednesday, more than half of the cambodian workers stayed away saying they are owed three months wages. it was set up in 2006 by the u.n. and cambodian government. the government was to prosecute surviving leaders. the regime caused the deaths of more than 1.7 million people through massacres and forced labor. the tribunal has prosecuted five people so far. in february, 2012 it handed down a ruling against former prison chief. but proceedings have been slow with regular delays. the defendants are old and many are in poor health. former deputy prime minister died in march before the tribunal reached a verdict.
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the ongoing trial of the regime's second in command and one other defendant is scheduled to reach an important point next month. prosecutors will give closing arguments and sentencing recommendations in relation to one of the charges. but the strike means that schedule now looks doubtful. >> the special leader -- from the international community, right now it is in question. >> u.n. secretary general ban ki-moon last month expressed concern and called on the international community to help. >> today the court is in crisis. the voluntary contribution on which the court depends have run dry.
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cambodian staff have not been paid since june. the very survival of the court now in question. >> the u.n. says it has a shortage of $3 million in which to cover operating costs for this year. the tri bunal has been a race against time because of the advancing ages of the defendants. now the labor strike is making the situation even worse. and that wraps up our bulletin. corporate executives are encouraging japanese firms to use a shipping lane in the arctic ocean. ships usually pass through the suez canal, but they have another option, the arctic ocean. the climate change has created the water way, melting ice in the arctic opened up a much
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shorlter lane, the northern sea route. the new waterway is only available during the summer when the ice volume declines. but the russian and norwegian executives are explaining to japanese executives that such hurdles can be tackled. the head of the ice breakers operator says if a new type of ace breaker is developed, it will enable ships to navigate the route year round. the top executive of the norwegian shipping firm also highlights the potential of the arctic passage for japanese trade. >> japan has the best position because you have -- you're placed the farthest north of the asian five countries. so also being great importer of raw materials and exporters of ready made equipment. >> japanese firms are show
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casing their tech no logical skills to expand business opportunities in asia. they are holding an exhibition in vietnam where the economy is showing rapid growth. officials from some 40 japanese firms took part in the event held in hanoi. among the displays with i a robot that performed a dance and rode a bicycle. many women flocked to a section where they can tryout hair driers and other beauty appliances. >> translator: i realized that japanese products are sophisticated. and are made with preciseness to the smallest detail. >> the middle class earners in vietnam are spending more and foreign companies are keen to capital size on the growing demand. analysts at the world economic forum released this year's global competitiveness ranking. they measured 148 economies based on factors including
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productivity and investment. the analysts name the same three nations for the top of the list. switzerland ranked first followed by singapore and finland. the u.s. rose two spots to place fifth putting an end to four years of decline. the analysts cited improvements in the country's financial markets. japan came in ninth, up a notch from last year. the analysts said the country topped others in business sophistication for the fifth year in a row and japan ranked fifth in innovation as they made large investment in the research and development sectors. japan's overall ranking suffers. public debt is more than twice the nation's gross domestic product. here are the latest market figures.
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people are struggling to cope with rising floodwaters today. officials have been scrambling to sand bag entrances to the subway stations and city's famous underground shopping cent center. our reporter rachel ferguson has been watching the story as it unfolded. >> thank you. yes, it has been a very serious situation here across much of the japan. they have been hit particularly hard by heavy rains. take a look at the scene. it's incredible. about 110 millimeters of rain fell in the space of one hour in
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nagoya. it wasn't just an hour's worth of rain that did this, it has been raining steadily, we're expected to see another 250 millimeters of rain this evening and into thursday, this heavy rain is expected across much of central japan. north of nagoya in the northern part of the city, about 6,000 people have been advised to evacuate. evacuations taking place not only here but also nearby where very heavy rains have been falling today. it's just a very serious situation all together. short bursts of heavy rain expected to continue. we'll keep you updated on that in the next 24 hours. well, up to 250 millimeters additional rain anywhere you're seeing orange. the green, up to 150 and then north of that about 100, which is also some pretty significant rainfall. what's been happening is, we
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have this really -- this front line which is really extremely active at the moment. the low pressure system is slowly edging up the pacific coast. this was our severe tropical storm siching off kyushu, and heavy rain across southern portions of japan. all of this moisture is being sucked up by the low pressure system sitting down here off the pacific. we have cold air aloft. that is what's responsible for this tornadoes we've been talking about and thunderstorms, lots of thunder and lightning. very unstable at the moment because of the heat down on the ground and then this cold upper air, the front line in all of the heavy rain coming in. it's been extreme across central japan. into thursday we'll see more of the same, the heavy rain heading further towards the north. then on friday, thankfully, a much clearer day is expected. as for china, the southern half
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of the country is also experiencing widespread significant rainfall. 50 up to 100 millimeters is likely, up to 250 millimeters for portions of northern myanmar and southern portions of china where you can see that in vietnam as well, where you can see darker shades popping up. the temperatures across eastern asia, it's raining and cool and hong kong up to 29 degrees and also seeing showers. very unstable across bangkok and manila, with another hot day for us here in tokyo. into europe, much more settled picture here. we have a low to the north west which is bringing wet weather to the british isles and in towards scanned nadinavia we're dealinga low pressure system bringing unstable weather and thunderstorms there too. it's quite cool as well. we see the jet stream snaking around. it's going to be bringing you temperatures in the low teens,
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even getting down to 12 degrees in moscow, and showers out towards the west. look at that, london, 27 degrees and we're up in the 30s in paris. here is your extended forecast.
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that's "newsline" for this hour. i'm gene otani in tokyo.
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