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tv   Journal  PBS  July 25, 2014 6:00pm-6:31pm PDT

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berlin, this is your news "journal." >> here is what is coming up. israel rejects a u.s.-backed cease-fire plan as john kerry continues talks with leaders in cairo. >> israeli demonstrations in germany past off peacefully. >> a reshuffle after the surprise resignation of the ukrainian prime minister. are new elections in the cards? >> hello, and welcome. efforts to secure a cease-fire between israel and hamas have suffered another setback. the israeli security cabinet
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unanimously rejected a truce deal put together over recent days by u.s. secretary of state john kerry. >> kerry and u.n. secretary ban ki-moon have been in cairo for talks with egyptian foreign minister concerning the deal, and they have just been speaking in the past few minutes. kerry says it is time for both sides to come to their senses and end weeks of deadly conflict. >> the u.s. and u.n. are both trying to broker a cease-fire. secretary of state john kerry and u.n. secretary ban ki-moon have been in egypt, meeting with representatives of the warring parties. correspondent tom dale is also there. give us details of the proposals on the table in cairo. >> the proposal, the one-week period from sunday, they would be a cease-fire, except israel would be allowed to continue military operations for the purpose of destroying tunnels. and the second government
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proposal was that the u.s., the u.n., and the eu would guarantee to both parties that discussions would resolve long-standing issues, particularly rocket fire from gaza and the blockade on the gaza strip, which has provoked what amounts to an economic crisis. >> we have heard israel rejected the deal. what have the warring -- why haven't the warring parties agree to even a temporary humanitarian cease-fire? what do they stand to lose? >> for israel, there is the approach that they want to see the tunnels destroyed. but focusing on hamas, from their point of view it is not a cease-fire. it will continue to allow military operations to be carried out in their territory. also, the guarantee the u.s.,
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eu, and u.n. will assure that the blockade is lifted is insufficient, partly because the guarantees made over the 2012 cease-fire which also required a lifting of the blockade were not met, and indeed a few months after the agreement they were thrown aside in short order. >> just briefly, where do we go from here? what are the prospects for a truce? >> in the short-term, looks like fighting will continue. my impression from what people have been saying, including the british foreign minister philip hammond, is diplomatic opinion is tending to get a little frustrated with the israelis, and the international context and pressure over the long-term is likely to shift somewhat.
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perhaps not in favor of the palestinians, or against very entrenched israeli positions. >> thank you very much for that. >> thanks. >> efforts to broker a cease-fire continue as the conflict rages on. over 800 palestinians have now been killed, and more than 30 israelis. >> most of the fighting is concentrated in gaza. the violence and suffering is running -- spreading. >> this conflict has already claimed nearly 1000 lives. here, yet another family grieves for a loss relative. the family lives on the west bank. friday was a day of fierce clashes. the violence is spreading, and israel shows no sign of ending it military -- its military offensive on the gaza strip. in gaza, more than 800 people
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are now dead as a result of the israeli offensive. dozens are dead in israel, too. criticism of the army's operation is mounting. >> i think we are paying the price of ignoring and being arrogant toward the palestinians. we have to understand that it is impossible. we cannot hold one million people under siege. the war could be so, but the -- could end, but the problem will stay forever. i don't see a solution unless we come to a negotiation with the people, and that will probably take a long time. >> for now, no sign of a cease-fire to end the destruction. in southern gaza, the israeli air force destroyed this house, home to a family of 10. they fled before the attack began.
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with each day of fighting, the anger rose. this is the funeral of another palestinian victim on the west bank. the violence is a sign that conflict is anything but contained. >> joining us now on the line from jerusalem for more on clashes. tanya, what is behind the israeli rejection of the latest cease-fire plan? >> from my understanding, what the israeli military -- media is reporting on this cabinet meeting, they did not accept the proposal in the current form because they do not see it as favorable to israel. one of the issues seems to be the issue of being able to continue to destroy the tunnels and infrastructure. it was said discussions are still ongoing. maybe to change some parts of the proposal. we heard ministers going into the cabinet meeting this afternoon -- at least half the
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ministers were against going to a cease-fire because they say they have to go all the way down, whatever they mean by that. neither side wants to go back to where they were before the fighting. >> can you put us up to date on what is happening in the gaza strip and west bank now? >> as you heard, the death toll is rising. in the past 24 hours, 52 people were killed. you constantly have to update those figures. it gives us an indication of how violent the conflict is. over 80% are civilians. people i talked to are simply exhausted. tonight, they want to at least have a break in the hostilities. in the west bank, the situation is tense. at least six palestinians were kiled in protests against the war. >> tonya cramer in jerusalem. i'm afraid we have to leave it there. on the final friday of ramadan,
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iranians generally take the street for what they call al-quds day. used to highlight the plight of palestinian people around the world. >> with fighting continuing in gaza, al-quds has taken on additional meaning for many. palestinian supporters in berlin mounted their own al-quds demonstration under tight police scrutiny. >> the moment security forces have carefully prepared for. pro-palestinian protesters demonstrating in support -- and people demonstrating in support of israel, only meters from each other. the tension between the groups almost boils over, but the police have the situation under control. fauthorities imposed strict conditions on the al-quds demonstrations. >> nothing is allowed to be burnt.
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no effigies, no flags. we will not tolerate incitement to violence against people. >> they were protesting against what they called israel's inhumane policies. at counterdemonstrations in berlin, hundreds turned up to show support for israel. the israeli ambassador defended the actions of his country's government. >> whatever option do we have? stay quiet? it is our right and our duty to defend ourselves. >> for jews living in berlin, the vitriol resulting from the crisis is hard to take. >> if i see a post on facebook saying, "if the holocaust had been successful, we would not have this problem," it is hard to cope with it. >> with no acts of violence in spite of the anger, the police are looking to keep a close eye on events after the protests.
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>> simon young has been following the story for us. what does this demonstration say about sentiment in germany? pro-palestinian, and estimate it, or both -- anti-semitic, or both? >> we saw thousands of police keeping watch on the demonstration. that is a sign of how serious the authorities are taking the threat of anti-semitism. there are many other protests in support of palestinians going on at the moment. most of them are peaceful, but at some anti-jewish slogans have been chanted and there have been calls for violence. it is that that the authorities are worried about. of course, nobody is saying anything against people expressing an opinion about what the government of israel is doing in gaza. that is legitimate.
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the concern is that militants will use the cover of legitimate protests to spread hatred against jews, and authorities say they will not allow that to happen. in germany, the country which perpetrated the holocaust against the jews, this al-quds demonstration in previous years has attracted the more militant type of pro palestinian and, frankly, anti-semitic protest. it is a good thing that this year the demonstration has gone on without people overstepping the line. >> certainly a tricky situation, especially for germany. thank you very much. the u.s. state department has accused russia of firing artillery from its territory into ukraine. this comes as the eu is debating whether to impose fresh sanctions on russia. >> after months of hesitation, the eu reached agreement on
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measures including closing capital markets to state owned russian banks, an embargo on firearm sales to moscow, and restrictions on the supply of energy technologies. it would not affect current supplies of oil, gas and other commodities from russia. cracks in the meantime, the ukrainian -- >> in the meantime, in the ukrainian capital of kiev the government is trying to avoid a political crisis after the government said he wanted to resign. >> prime minister arseniy yatsenyuk's offer to resign has caused further chaos in ukraine. his government lasted five months, and the collapse is fresh elections into view. his failure to pass legislation and the withdrawal from several -- of several parties from the coalition led him to step down. >> our government has no answers anymore. how can we pay wages? how can we send fuel for armored vehicles tomorrow?
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how will we compensate families who have lost sons? >> the deputy prime minister vladimir grossman was chosen to replace him. he is considered a loyal ally of the country's new president, petro poroshenko. >> i want to emphasize that everything will be done according to each cabinet minister's competence and personal responsibility. >> but many believe an election campaign could split the country at a time of war. >> it is practically treason. the coalition should not have been allowed to collapse at eight time like this. -- a time like this. >> this government has done nothing at all in the past five months. >> new elections could take
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place as soon as october. these kiev-based volunteers are sending food and other supplies to the conflict zone. it is hard to imagine any sort of election taking place in donetsk and luhansk in the new future -- near future. >> investigations continue in eastern ukraine. the netherlands and australia are planning to send soldiers to secure the mh17 crash site. they are talking with the separatists who are in control of the area. >> after more than a week, helpers are still finding new pieces of wreckage. more bodies and body parts are also being discovered in the fields. it is believed the malaysian airlines boeing 777 was hit by a missile at 10,000 meters. all 290 passengers and crew died. coming up in a minute, we look to africa, were the deadly ebola virus continues to spread, now possibly reaching the nigerian capital. >> we also have the latest business news. don't go away.
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>> welcome back. media in the s lyons, freetown -- capital of sierra leone, freetown, is being searched for after leaving a hospital. >> the outbreak in sierra leone has spread to nigeria. a man who died after collapsing on arrival in lagos airport has tested positive for ebola, the first registered fatality from the virus in africa's most populous nation. >> lagos, one of the world's biggest cities, with a population of 20 million. now there is a worry that one of the world's deadliest diseases could spread here. authorities say all people who had contact with the ibo lot victim -- ebola victim have been
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quarantined, but some are already sounding the alarm. >> our society in nigeria has been characterized by uncleanliness. so many areas are unclean, which is an open door for this ebola virus to be spread all over. >> humans transmit ebola through bodily fluids, including sweat. there is no known cure, and it is often fatal. some nigerians question whether their country is prepared for an outbreak. >> doctors are on strike, so if this happened, i wonder how the effects would be on the people. >> more than 600 people have died across west africa since the beginning of the latest ebola epidemic. >> at the international aids conference in melbourne, australia, policymakers, scientists, and health workers
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pledged to continue the fight against hiv. >> although progress has been made, the medical community grapples with reducing infections and increasing access to countries where stigma is attached to the virus. >> this family would only meet us in the park. it is too risky at home. it would be disastrous for the neighbors to find out about the family's diagnosis. >> the day i discovered that i was hiv-positive, the world around me turned black. i feared that i would lose everything at once. it was terrible. it pained me so much. >> the family have known they are infected for two years. it forces them to live double lives. she works as a maid. her husband is a taylor. the children go to school. no one can know that they are also hiv-positive.
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the 33-year-old knows what happens when he tells the truth. >> i told my former boss. he fired me. >> 2.1 million people in india live with hiv. the number of new infections is dropping. one of the reasons for this is a state information campaign, distributing condoms to high-risk groups like prostitutes, gay man, and migrant workers. health ministry statement here make little sense. the advice is to live a traditional life, not just to use a condom. >> the stigma continues. people are really still, very few people are able to talk about living with hiv. for most people, it is a problem because they fear losing their job or their homes or the landlord will keep them out.
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those are all still issues. >> most of those with hiv in india are poor. for them, the only solution would seem to be generic drugs. the industry is booming, with government backing. it is handing out hiv drugs for free and set caps on the cost of medication. families like this are dependent on these drugs. for health and -- for advice, which the state does not provide, it is offered by some organizations. money for school books, a new pair of shoes, and desperately-needed vitamins. >> i cannot afford good food for myself. i don't earn enough money. here, we are given a supply of good food once a month. >> and not just that. it also gives them the feeling of being part of society, despite the infection.
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>> a string of air disasters has captured the world's attention recently. on thursday, another passenger plane went down, this time an air algerie flight that crashed in a remote part of mali,. flex severe weather is being -- >> severe weather is being blamed. france is sending a team of investigators that will reach the crash site on saturday. >> these are the first images of the crash site. they were taken by the burkina faso rescue group -- crews. some pieces of the wreckage are easily recognizable. others are not. no one survived the crash. >> we now have to assist the families in their grief, and we have to gather as many witness statements as possible in order to find out what caused the accident. >> the authorities in burkina faso have released radar data from the flight control tower. at 1:17 a.m. local time, the
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flight left its scheduled route. here, the aircraft is still at an altitude of 8000 meters. suddenly it drops to 3000 meters and starts to lose speed. first it is seen traveling at 800 kilometers an hour, and then 400 kilometers an hour, and then the radar shows no movement at all. weather data shows a severe sandstorm in the region at the time of the crash. that could explain why the pilot tried to change course. it is in desert terrain that is difficult to access on the border between burkina faso and mali,. . the black box recorder will be analyzed in a city in northern mali. >> isis militants say they have taken control of a major military base in eastern syria. >> this video posted on social media claims to show the moment
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isis fighters blew up the tomb of a prophet that is holy to both christians and muslims. they have gained control of large swathes over the two countries in the past few months. >> the ukraine crisis, and the possibility of fresh sanctions against russia, are weighing on countries -- companies in germany. the ifo business confidence index sank for the third time in a row. >> at the same time, the consumer confidence keeps rising. the index looks set to hit the highest level since december 2006. >> rising income, a stable economy, and the german soccer team's success of the world cup are all helping sales. and low interest rates are encouraging germans to spend rather than take cash to the bank. but the business community is not so buoyant. the ifo business climate index
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is down for the third time in a row, in part due to troubles in the ukraine. >> the crisis between russia and ukraine has led to a drop in industry export expectations. businesses are not expecting exports since the uncertainty has come into the market. >> researchers still do not want to talk about a turn down in the german economy. they are still holding onto the initial forecast of 2% growth for this year. not much for investors to digest on this last day of the trading week. this report from the frankfurt stock exchange -- >> since the ifo index shrank three times in a row, investors fear that a new trend might be born and the crisis in ukraine may weigh heavily on the german economy. economists say every company in
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germany might be hit by the sanctions, and if the eu decides there are more sanctions to come this may have that effects, not only for big companies, but also small businesses. >> to cycling now. the first lithuanian rider to win a stage of the tour de france. >> he broke away toward the finish line and got a helping hand when a group of his pursuers crashed on wet pavement toward the end and could not catch up with the managing moment. he maintained his advantage going into the final stages. now a trip to the dentist, not something most people look forward to, but one boy has something to smile about after boys rid him of a major problem.
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>> after suffering months of two pain, the 17-year-old went to the dentist and was diagnosed with a rare disease that causes the formation of extra teeth. >> it was not until surgeons started removing them that they realized they were in the process of setting a world record. if you are squeamish, don't look. >> he is recovering at a hospital in mumbai after undergoing a seven-hour operation. his father says he put up with tooth and jaw pain for over a year. >> it hurt for him to eat. he was only chewing on one side of his mouth. when food touched the other side, it cause a burning sensation. >> doctors in the village were unable to help. they referred him to specialists . they recognize the condition, where a tumor beneath the gums reduces to-like growth -- too
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th-like growths. >> we encountered the money -- so many. >> in a week, he will get his scissors -- stitches removed and will be able to show off his new smile. >> that is all for now. >> thanks for joining us. captioned by the national captioning institute --www.ncicap.org--
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this week on "moyers & company," learning from "lawrence of arabia," and the truth about lies. >> government and companies lie, frequently, actually. if we don't know the truth, then this idea of democracy is a -- it's ludicrous. it doesn't work if you don't have information. >> announcer: funding is provided by -- anne gumowitz, encouraging the renewal of democracy. carnegie corporation of new york, supporting innovations in education, democratic engagement and the advancement of international peace and security at carnegie.org. the ford foundation, working with visionaries on the front lines of social change worldwide. the herb alpert foundation, supporting organizations whose mission is to promote compassion and crea

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