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tv   Journal  PBS  October 31, 2014 6:00pm-6:31pm PDT

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[captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit ncicap.org] >> coming up -- >> after days of violence, the president caves in the pressure from the street nd steps down. the military says it is now in control. >> ukraine resolves its dispute with russia over gas sanctions. >> photographer sebastio sel gado, a new film turns the camera on one of photography's best allies. >> the 27 year rule has ended.
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>> he stepped down on friday ending days of violent protest on the street which erupted when he tried to change the constitution so that he could stay in office yet another term. >> no word on who will be the president successor. the military says that it is in control. >> our coverage begins on today's fast-moving events. >> the parliament lies in ashes. a day earlier, the president was trying to push through a plan to secure a fifth term. the testers responded by burning the building to the ground. the wave of violence erupted amidst three days of raucous demonstrations calling for the president to resign. on thursday alone, 30 were killed and scores wounded after police fired into the crowd. that's when the military stepped in to end the bloodshed.
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it dissolved parliament and forced the president to resign after promising free elections within 90 days. >> we are living through a moment of great pain. the violent demonstrations that have plunged our people into stupor do not do justice to the honest -- honest citizens of this country. but i've heard the message loud and clear. >> he has reportedly fled the capital and the army chief will take his place. >> considering the power vacuum that has been created and taking into account the urgency of saving our nation, the decision has been made that i will take on the responsibilities as hed of state. >> the uprising has been hailed as the beginning of an african spring. protesters say the fight is far from over as they took to the streets again on friday.
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they vow to continue demonstrating until lasting change comes. >> i am joined by ralph the deck, the head of the foundation in burkina faso. thanks for taking the time to talk with us. the president stepping down, the army chief saying he's taken over leadership. what is likely to happen next? >> that's a good question. nobody can really -- what was done now, especially by the armed forces was the best thing that could've happened. and they need somebody to take them forward. >> how stable is the situation right now? >> i am sitting in a city 200
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kilometers east and what i can tell you is that there is a little violence going on, much targeting on those close to the president. but i think the police taking over and from tomorrow, the country will be stable again. >> what kind of role did the police and security forces play in this crisis? and the decision for the president to step down. >> is something that happens not very often in african countries. the police was leading this protest and this manifestation.
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the de-escalated as much as possible. they did not want to have too much more violence and aggressive behavior. >> giving us the latest, thank you very much for your time. for more i am joined in the studio by -- she knows burkina faso very well. they have been brewing for some time now. >> i think the main thing is that this president has been in power 27 years. it's a whole generation that doesn't know anyone else in power. and he wants to change the constitution. it was one thing too much.
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not only him but his family. it's like a network all over the country and business. there is no decision that could've been done without his approval. >> who are the people leading these protests and the people responsible for the and? >> this is mainly young people and we have a movement called a citizen group. this is after the example -- founded by two rap musicians. they're very popular. they have a radio show, for instance that is very much loved. they also managed to get more people. not only the very young people but older people as well.
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>> using the radio to mobilize people against the president? >> and associated them with other civil groups, other ngos. they are a sit in there so they want the administration to repair the street for the people. so they got some street credibility. >> a fascinating story here and as you are saying, a revolution that took about 24 hours to unfold and be completed. >> palestinians have clashed again with israeli police in east jerusalem and the west bank. the clashes came after friday pairs as leaders called for a day of rage in protest against israel's closure of the mosque. the compound is a holy site for muslims and jews and was close
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following clashes on thursday. >> they reopened on friday but most under the age of 50 are barred from entry. israeli police killed a palestinian suspected of shooting a jewish hardliner. the world health organization says all 83 people who had contact with the spanish nurse who contracted ebola have completed a first one he one day time of incubation. >> barring new infections, spain will be declared ebola free and another three weeks. >> a much different story in west africa. countries are still struggling to cope with the deadly outbreak. >> a much-needed boost in the battle against the virus. a new clinic opened up in the capital. >> the president opened the ebola clinic in the liberian capital.
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with american and you and officials as well as doctors from cuba. they are optimistic that ebola will soon be defeated. >> and we can launch into the future when ebola has been defeated. and we can say to each other, we did it. we won. we have excelled, we have exceeded. >> ministers welcomed supplies to help fight the spread. a cargo plane arrived and the shipment included gloves, water tanks, international foods, and 14 jeeps to be used as ambulances. >> it is extremely important for the people and for the government. and most importantly, people from where they are.
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>> the world health organization says health-care workers probably contracted the disease by misusing their protective gear. the who stresses the handling of goggles was a key issue. >> certainly taking the goggles on and off was an issue and hand hygiene also a particular issue. those would be two areas we are investigating a bit more. >> the who has issued new guidelines for health care workers treating ebola patients. the organization believes the new measures will keep the virus from spreading. >> there is now no reason -- russia and the ukraine finally clinched a deal on gas supplies and unpaid gas bills. >> moscow is expected to start
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pumping gas to the ukraine again as early as next week. it had cut off supplies after kia failed to pay its debts. -- kiev failed to pay its debts. >> the country will not be left out in the cold. >> it's not a bad deal if it is valid to the end of march. the only problem is the debt from the previous government but i am generally happy. there's no other way to get older cheaper gas. >> we know russia put some loopholes and the agreement but i'm satisfied with the price and that we can buy the gas. >> the latest round of talks went on for two days and ended in the middle of the night. the contract ensures ukraine's gas supplies from russia until next march. the compromise backed by the eu a small but significant breakthrough.
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>> this is the first small sign of a well functioning and wise neighborhood policy. it is a small sign a de-escalation after a long time of escalation in the european neighborhood. >> under the agreement, financially struggling ukraine has until the end of the year to pay russia two point 4 billion euros in outstanding gas bills. kia will be drawing funds from the imf and eu to pay the debt. parts of mainland europe depend on ukrainian pipelines. they no longer face the potential of disrupted deliveries in the coming months. >> the self complained -- proclaimed people's republic are holding elections. >> leaders say the poll organized by separatists is a legitimate and not recognized by the central government in kiev.
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>> row western parties won the majority. >> there are still jobs in this workshop. the men here make and repair equipment for many factories and coal mines in the region. many of them have been closed due to the war. no one knows how things might progress. they are down to half the usual staffing levels and the workshop has few contracts. most people blame the war and there it ethical situation on the government. support for the separatists has been getting even stronger. >> the politicians that run things all come from here. they understand our concerns
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much better. they have never been here and don't know anything about what it's like. >> opinions are divided over the extent of russia's military role . many of those fighting for independence come from this region. he and many of the volunteer soldiers have strong beliefs. >> i did not like how they have been humiliated or that the ukrainians approve of fascism. we drove fascism out of this area and i don't want my generation and our children to live in a land ruled by fascists. >> strong feelings like this show how deep the divisions have become between this region and the west of the ukraine. >> will take a short break and a few days to go until the midterm
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elections in the u.s.. >> the battle for control heating up. stay with us.
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>> welcome back. midterm elections are just around the corner. >> nothing less than control of the senate is at stake in democrats are hoping to hang on to their slim majority. >> is likely to come down to a few key states. colorado. >> voters came out strong for obama six years ago but a lot has changed since then. >> i accept your nomination for presidency of the united states. >> the democrats nominating convention for president. barack obama rides a wave of approval that carries into the white house and the democrat majority in the senate. the 2014 midterms and the mood in colorado has changed. the senate majority is in danger.
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the incumbent senator is trying to hold out against republican challenger cory gardner. he is portraying himself as the people's candidates, never missing a chance to point out his association with obama's policies. >> his voice has been voting with the party line, voting with the president 99% of the time and the fact is, we can do better. >> the senator is highlighting achievements like the burgeoning economy, low unemployment, and progress on improving women's rights. he accuses his rival of advocating regressive social policies in contrast with his own agenda. >> it means increasing the minimum wage. it means respecting women's reproductive freedoms. it means equal pay for equal work. >> he's joined on the campaign trail by bill clinton.
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the former u.s. president outlines what he sees at stake in these midterms. >> we had to decide if we are going into the future together with shared opportunities for everybody willing to work for them or if we will go back to trickle down were one or 2% of the people get 90% of the benefits. >> barack obama has not made an appearance in the state that a political scientist says the president will still be crucial to the outcome. >> there is a strong support for obama with art of the population, and it is the swing voters that are really going to decide. in that instance, it would be interpreted as an anti-obama election. >> swing voters are plentiful all over colorado, the eight biggest state in the country. cory gardner knows how personal contact with voters can make a big difference.
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change used to be obama's buzzword but republicans are the ones calling for it now. >> i don't want obama in anymore. we need a change in this country so it is time for cory gardner to get into the senate and change some things for us. >> colorado voters have the power to tip the senate majority in the republicans favor. then that means democrats will lose control of both houses making it tougher to push their policies forward. >> large swathes of what srs province. >> evacuating 1000 people as water levels continue to rise. the flooding hit after a storm lashed the area with high wind and heavy rain damaging homes and infrastructure. the governor has promised credit for flood victims. >> japan's central bank has announced stimulus measures to revive growth.
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it will increase the amount of money pumped into markets by 700 billion euros a year. >> the bank of japan chief says the measures were crucial to lifting the nation out of deflation. the unexpected moves has the nikkei soaring to a seven-year high. we have all the market reaction and there was some from frankfurt. >> investors have been delighted about the decision of the bank of japan to fight deflation because this means money stays cheap and easy and the rally may continue, not only at the tokyo stock exchange, but also stock markets all around the world. japan's biggest tension funds decided to buy more shares as the fund announced also this morning -- a further rally.
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the dax went up by 2%. >> let's get a closer look at that rally for you. the dax rallying big-time, settling 2.5% higher. over in new york, the dow hit an intraday record settling about 1% in the plus side. one euro will get you a dollar $.25. -- $1.25. >> the fall of the german wall anniversary next month. >> the german foreign minister is visiting another divided country. korea. communist north korea does not welcome visitors and remains one of the most isolated and secretive nations in the world. >> they are technically still at
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war because they never signed a peace treaty after their war in 1953. some hope that the peninsula will be reunited one day and take inspiration from germany. >> south korea's president has placed reunification of the north at the top of her list of political priorities. sitting across from her is german foreign minister steinmeyer after germany overcame its own territorial divide. germany and south korea are cooperating closely. they have formed an advisory body to discuss policy. the chairman says it doesn't hold all the answers. >> there is no role model for reunification. the only thing we can make available is our own experience in germany.
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and we will have to examine what exactly could be applicable to the situation in east asia. >> there definitely are differences. the official policy is pointing out the benefits of reunification and reservation among south koreans is growing. the economic gap between north and south is ever-increasing and the people fear the enormous cost of bringing the divided country back together. >>'s are going well for south koreans right now. average incomes are 30 times those of north korea and the country's economy is the 12th most powerful in the world. opening up to the north could put that in danger but it is still on the political to do list. >> the children of a passenger on board a malaysian airlines plane that vanished are suing both the carrier and malaysia's government.
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>> nate aim to financers -- it is the first time that relatives of fouled suiting connection with the incident. >> a photographer has documented some of the most tragic events in the last 40 years. the genocide in rwanda, famine in africa just to name two. >> now the photographer is on the other side of the camera. a longtime fan of his work has made a film about him. >> these images look more like paintings than photos but the images are real and unaltered. taken in a brazilian goldmine 28 years ago. >> i arrived at the edge of this massive hole and every hair on my body stood on end. i've never seen such a situation.
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the entire history of mankind appeared before me in a split second. >> he takes photographs known for their beauty and poetry. each one tells a story. he has spent his life traveling the world, documenting forgotten people and places. they have created a documentary almost exclusively with still images. in the fast-moving modern world, the photos -- photos seemed to stand still for a maternity but the result leaves the viewer wanting more. >> when people ask me over the past 20 years which photographer impressed me most, i only said so gotto -- selgado. it's a pity i've never met him.
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>> he spent a year and a half working on the documentary. refugees, victims of famine and murder. he spent years in rwanda, ethiopia, and former yugoslavia. until he was no longer physically and emotionally capable. he then changed his focus from people to a new topic. >> i decided to make a tribute to the planet. we discovered almost half the earth is still the way it was when it was created. >> in the end, he offers a kind of salvation. rescuing the viewer from the darkness of mankind with the pure beauty of the earth. >> days after this spectacular
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explosion of a cargo rocket bound for the international space station, another spacecraft accident in california. >> this a1 pilot is dead and another injured after a test flight. the craft crashed near the mojave air and space port northeast of los angeles. up-to-date on the journal. whack thank you for joining us. we'll see you next time. -- we thank you for joining us. we'll see you next time.
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♪ this week on "moyers & company," the crusading bill black. >> no one can claim with a straight face that if we prosecuted bankers, as opposed to banks, that it would have any negative effect. it would have huge positive effects in sending the right message of accountability and the right message of deterrence. >> announcer: funding is provided by -- anne gumowitz, encouraging the renewal of democracy. carnegie corporation of new york, supporting innovations in education, democratic engagement and the advancement of international peace and security at carnegie.org. the ford foundation, working with visionaries on the front lines of social change worldwide.

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