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tv   Journal  PBS  February 23, 2015 6:00pm-6:31pm PST

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>> this is your world news coming to you from dw in berlin. good to have you with us. >> our top stories at this hour -- the clock is ticking -- greece faces a deadline to show creditors how it will reform its economy. the extension of its bailout deal is on the line. >> egypt sentences to dissidents to five years in prison. activists say the country is once again a police state. >> and the glitz and glamour of the oscars. "bird man" wins big. we will bring you film analysis. >> between a rock and a hard place -- that is where the greek
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government finds itself today. if creditors are demanding written, rivet -- written confirmation from athens that it will be tough continuations for continuation of the european loan program, many greece needs to avoid virtual bankruptcy. >> but greek voters have had enough of austerity. they expect the government to make good on its promise to increase social spending and put people back to work. how will greece square the circle? we will get analysis from our brussels bureau chief in just a moment but first this report. >> it is the first day of lent for the greek orthodox church will stop usually it marks a day of festivities, but not this year. many fear they are headed for more belt tightening creditors turn their backs on athens. >> if europe wants to kick us out, what can we do? life is tough for the average greek, but it is worse for the poor. they are hungry and miserable.
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>> we've gotten used to the tough measures. we hope things will get better soon. but that depends on whether the europeans want to help greece. >> to make sure that happens, the prime minister must present a list of serious proposals by midnight. they reportedly include cracking down on cigarettes and gas smuggling, increasing taxes on the wealthy, with projected revenues of 2.5 billion euros and cracking down on tax evasion. under those conditions, pensions and salaries would remain untouched in keeping with a major campaign pledge. more importantly, he would have to convince his european paymaster, germany. >> we refuse to accept an
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inadequate compromise. we will only offer aid and solidarity in return for a good effort on their part. >> the german opposition is more optimistic. >> the greeks are tackling corruption, tax evasion and targeting the wealthy. all steps in the right direction. >> but, time is running out. the current program and on saturday. if athens fails to get an agreement, it faces insolvency. >> so what about the list of reforms athens is supposed to be sending to brussels and what can we expect on that list? we put that to our brussels euro chief. >> the greek government will send that list. nobody i talked to was worried about that. that's why they are exchanging documents and e-mails and telephone calls to make sure this final version everyone is expecting actually contains what
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is necessary and what is necessary is a list of reforms that goes beyond promises, where they find hard facts something institutions believe will make a difference and at the same time is feasible. the people i have talked to believe this can be done with the guidance of the institutions and it is in the interest of everyone to come up with something like that because it will give everyone a little more time to come up with a master plan. >> with the greek government walking a tightrope between satisfying euro legion creditors and delivering on anti-austerity election promises, investors seem to think a crisis would be averted and the hope for a deal led to a surge of stocks today. >> while waiting for the greek proposals, investors in frankfurt have been very optimistic that it will come to
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a solution. so shares went up to a new high on the dax but have been dragged down by the business climate. if you look at the fact that the leaders of german companies digest the current situation not as optimistic as they did a month before, we could see the crisis may wear on shares pretty seven. >> lipsky chew up to date with how stocks fared on the first trading day. the euro stoxx 50 was up almost 50%. the dow jones down at 18,101.
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>> a cairo court has sentenced a permanent democracy activist to five years behind bars for violating restrictions on demonstrations. >> he's considered a leading dissident in the arab spring uprising of 2011. >> the sentence has angered activists who say his trial exemplifies egypt lost tough line on dissidents since the military to power in 2013. >> anger directed in court after the verdict was read. chance of down with military rule the code through the chamber. he and his codefendant were both sentenced to five years hard labor. 21 other defendants received sentences of between three to 15
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years in prison. they say the trial as part of an official crackdown on dissent. >> this is an oppression and a continuation of efforts to stifle the people. they did not have any criminal or violent records. it's one way to repress the use. >> two years after the arab spring protests, egyptians again took to the streets with the man's for freedom and democracy. he's one of several high profile accidents to be jailed since the army took power. the former chief has overseen the arrest of thousands of local opponents, including leading members of the muslim brotherhood. hundreds of muslim brotherhood members have been sentenced to death in mass trials which faced sharp international criticism.
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secular pro-democracy activists and journalists have also been targeted in the crackdown. the retrial of two al jazeera journalists has been postponed until march 8. they deny allegations they were mouthpieces for the muslim brotherhood. >> earlier, we spoke with the mothered of -- the mother of the jailed activist and asked about her concerns over her son now facing a prison sentence. >> i am concerned about him. just before he was imprisoned, he was with his wife and now he has to do his work. on a personal level come we are concerned.
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it hurts to be in this position for years after the revolution which seemed to open the way for a new democratic egypt where human rights would be respected and so on. >> that was the mother of the jailed activist in egypt. here in germany, the founder of the anti-islam pegida movement is back in the leadership position with his group. lutz bachmann resigned after a picture surfaced on facebook showing him post as adolf hitler. >> he made news last year when a protest attracted 20,000 people in dresden. this protests have all but died out in recent weeks. >> to ukraine now and they agreed to a cease-fire twice and
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yet the fighting between government troops and separatist forces continues. the ukrainian government says soldiers had been killed and 10 were wounded in the fighting. >> the two sides are supposed to be withdrawing their heavy weapons, but there is no confirmation it's actually happening. meanwhile, diplomatic efforts are ongoing. the foreign ministers in ukraine, france and germany are due to have talks on tuesday. >> amidst the dangers of war ukrainian soldiers are grateful for reminders of humanity. these pictures are a way to escape the daily reality of the conflict. >> lots of children sent as presents for valentine's day. these are mine. i like the drawings best and the cross so that we can pray everything will be ok.
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>> despite the cease-fire, there are reports of fighting going on and there's no sign of an agreed pullback of heavy weapons from the line. the ukrainian military says it will not begin to move its forces until a stop. >> the rebels continue to attack us so we cannot say when we will begin to pull back our troops. >> the army says there has been a buildup of pro-russian fighters and rebels tried to storm a nearby village will stop the city is strategically important. if captured, it could open a court or from the russian mainland to crimea, which moscow annexed last month. there is mistrust between the two sides that continues to put the cease-fire agreement in jeopardy. >> as key of faces the possible
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loss of separatist regions in the east, the government is facing a major economic crisis. >> the conflict has driven the ukrainian economy into the ground. the country's currency has collapsed and gdp has contract -- has contracted dramatically. and eight injections have not enough. >> many families are struggling to get by and wondering when long promised reforms will mean jobs and cash to stop our correspondent has more. >> customers are a rare sight these days for the manager of this hardware store. most of his products are imported and very expensive for locals to buy. ukraine's national currency has plummeted in value since the out rake of the conflict and that has sent prices through the roof. >> this glue was our best seller. weise -- we're going to have to raise the prices again by 25% or 30%.
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>> but ballooning prices are not the only problem. he's running out of staff. 12 of his workers have been drafted into the ukrainian army. the others could be called up any day. the ukrainian army has faced heavy casualties in recent weeks and people are worried. at lunchtime, with so few customers, he goes home for his break. this city is well away from the fighting in eastern ukraine. the people here learn about what's happening in the conflict on the tv news. >> people in this town cannot hear the shelling from the east or could not hear the sound of the revolution last year. they are living in their normal lives, dreaming of the european future for heir country. >> but such a future seems a long way off.
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he tells his wife read prices are set to rise again. for the moment, the family doesn't have to worry much, but if his store closes, with her salary of 70 euros a month will not support the family. >> food prices keep rising. every day, the price is different. we used to be able to afford a lot and we can only now for the basics for dinner. i can only cook once a week. >> life is gotten hard because of the fighting. it is a war and russia keeps ratcheting up the pressure. if russia left us alone life would not improve right away but it would not be as bad as it is now. for one thing, there would be fewer dead. >> the residents hope peace will return to ukraine and then they can start building a european future.
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>> we will be back in a minute with more news. >> the architecture of tomorrow developed and realized today. trendsetting construction projects. and simultaneously effective and efficient will stop our series starting on february 26 on dw. >> business brief -- news from the world of business. all the latest figures from the international financial markets. everything you need to know about world trade, currency and market prices.
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business brief, monday through saturday on dw. >> authorities in europe are clamping down on those planning to travel to syria to join islamic state. with the iss recruitment operation. hundreds of europeans are thought to have already joined the jihadists. >> the problem extends far beyond europe. more than 100 australians are thought to have joined isis. the us chilean government has unveiled a list of controversial terrorism measures. >> the new measures announced by prime minister tony abbott involve restricting the movement of suspected terrorists, restricting merle -- restricting welfare, and fighting for extremist groups overseas revoking citizenship. >> we cannot allow bad people to use their nature against us. the government will develop
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amendments to the us trillion citizenship back so we can revoke or suspend australian citizenship in a case of dual nationals. >> there are increasing concerns over homegrown terrorist attacks. it comes a day after he released a report into the deadly sydni siege. the gunman involved was a self-styled islamic cleric born in iran and came to australia as a refugee. abbott used the case as an example. >> for too long, we have given those who might be a threat to our country the benefit of the doubt. the perpetrator was given the benefit of the doubt when he applied for a visa. use given the benefit of the doubt for residency and citizenship. >> he says keeping australians safe is his top rarity. some oppositions -- some opposition politicians are skeptical.
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some say was designed to help boost the prime minister's flagging popularity. one of the most high profile trials of the year has started in germany. former social democrat politician sebastian doubt the is accused of downloading and possessing pornographic images of children. he resigned when the allegations surfaced last year. >> and -- investigators suspect lawmakers who knew about the charges against him may have tipped him off. >> despite the gravity of the charges against him, he was defiant as he made his way to court. >> i'd be grateful if you could clear a path for the truth. >> inside the courtroom, he let his lawyers do the talking. the result, an adjournment after just 90 minutes.
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the public prosecutor will now hole up behind closed doors to discuss whether proceedings can be settled with a fine. the charges against him are severe. >> the prosecution alleges he downloaded in decent images of children onto his work laptop on six occasions will stop he is also accused of possessing a book and cd containing images the prosecution says contains pornography featuring teenagers under the age of 18. >> he admits a senior social democrat colleague warned him police were investigating him. he made the claim at a press conference six days ago. it was his first public appearance since resigning. in the meantime, he has become a pariah and social democrats have frozen him out of day-to-day politics will stop he now faces a stark choice -- admit guilt
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and settle out-of-court court or fight a battle his defense says has been prejudiced by senior politicians leaking confidential information about the case will stop the trial of the year has begun in. fashion and resumes on march 2. >> we stay in germany where there's growing skepticism about an ambitious free trade agreement between the u.s. and eu. >> negotiators are still hanging out the -- hammering out the deals meant to generate ilion's of euros in new trade. >> a proposed transatlantic trade continues to arouse strong emotions. these demonstrators say it contains all kinds of hidden dangers that have not been fully thought through. >> i'm all for trade, but not under these conditions. >> we already have problems with the labeling of our food.
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when black forest ham can come from america it will only make things worse. >> until all negotiation documents from the eu and america are on the table we will not have transparency. >> but not all citizens share the skepticism of those living in germany. 58% of citizens approve in principle. with the way near has the highest percentage of supporters. france is in favor. germany stands to profit. economics ministers have suggested an alternative to the courts designed to protect investors. >> we need protection for investors. a modern, official court which guarantees an official court and
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the ability to appeal. >> the proposal is a concession to critics. they've already had one success -- the debate is no longer taking place behind closed doors. >> this year's oscars featured 20 of heartfelt political speeches on equal pay, race relations and immigration. >> but the night belonged to the dark comedy "birdman" which took home the top honors. >> it took home best film and best director. the film tells the story of a washed up movie star who tries to revive his acting career by staging a play on broadway. >> 20 years ago, i said no. >> am i to understand -- >> "brand budapest hotel" tied making -- winning for oscars,
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and less procedures categories like makeup. >> what next? >> prove with a single equation that time had a beginning. >> tonight, we honor hollywood's best and widest -- sorry, brightest. >> the scripted slip of the tongue pointed to the shortage of black contenders among the oscar nominations this year and the status of women in hollywood and societies as a whole was highlighted by patricia arquette, best supporting actress. >> we have fought for everyone else's equal rights. it's our time to have wage equality once and for all and equal rights for women in the united rates of america.
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[applause] >> test documentary went to "citizen for" which profiles edward snowden and his revelations about math state surveillance. he's a controversial figure, especially in the u.s. but the director called his actions courageous. >> the disclosures edward snowden reveals that only expose the threat to our privacy but to our democracy itself will stop x the oscars offer a chance to think about political matters but mostly, they are about grammar -- they are about glamour. >> joining us is our film critic. let's start by talking about "birdman." it's kind of a dark and quirky comedy. how did it do at the box office? >> compared to a lot of films that when the oscar, not that well. it made 40 million in the u.s.
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and about $80 million worldwide which is good for a movie like this, a challenging, dark movie but nothing compared to things like "titanic" or lord of the rings" which have one before. it used to be the oscars were a reward for some of the biggest films out of hollywood and now it's like it has become a confessional booth. it's like where hollywood goes to atone for the sins of the past year. it's like the academy is saying we spent 12 months making crappy superhero movies and now we will give the oscar to a film that criticizes crappy superhero movies which is what this does quite brilliantly. they've been going into smaller movies like "grand budapest hotel" and "we could" the kinds of movies hollywood is not making any more, but looks like what hollywood would like to
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make. >> the performance for best song -- did the movie get the recognition it deserves? >> this is one of the biggest snubs stop it was more of a snub for the nomination. it deserves a lot more in my opinion. it raises a bigger issue. there were no nonwhite actors nominated. it keeps coming up and it's not so much about this one film which is a decent movie, maybe not the best of the year, but a decent movie but it's more of an issue there are so few nonwhite movies made. they are not directed or produced by old white men. people in the audience last night they should start green lighting more diverse movies.
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>> talk about "boyhood" nominated for six ox -- oscars but came out with nothing. >> that was my movie of the year and richard linkletter has been a movie of mine. he made a phenomenal mold and broke the mold on how to make movies. maybe it was just too non-hollywood. maybe that is what killed them this year. >> we will keep watching. thanks a lot. stay with us.
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♪ responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit ncicap.org] >> hello and a very warm welcome to focus on europe thanks very much for joining us. i'm damien mcguinness -- and on today's programme we're jumping all over the continent with some pretty unusual stories a painful memory of terror in spain a difficult dilemma in austria and a school curriculum with
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bite in slovakia europe is still coming to terms with the charlie hebdo terror attacks in paris last month. but more tan a decade ago, another european capital was hit hard by terrorism: on march 11th, 2004 in madrid 191 peopl
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