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tv   Journal  PBS  March 3, 2015 6:00pm-6:31pm PST

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>> live from dw in berlin, this is your world news. >> good to have you with us. our headlines at this hour -- lyrical backers, friends and family members turn out for the funeral of morrison advises investigation continues. >> in a controversial speech benjamin netanyahu calls on american lawmakers to block a nuclear deal with iran being worked on by the obama administration. >> african leaders meet in brussels to push a plan to help rebuild their economies following the latest ebola crisis. >> thanks for being with us.
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in russia, thousands of people have been paying respects to a man who dared to defy the kremlin. the funeral of leading opposition figure, boris nemtsov took place earlier today. >> he was gunned down on friday night and as of yet, no arrests have been made. russian president vladimir putin has condemned the men vowed to find the culprit but the political opposition believes it was his politics played a role in why he died. >> is also controversy surrounding the funeral as well. high-level officials from poland and latvia who wanted to attend say they were died access. the eu is demanding an explanation. >> we will talk to our correspondent covering the ceremony and just moment but first we have this report. >> mourners looked on as churches servicemen laid boris nemtsov's body to rest. around 600 people attended his funeral service at a cemetery outside the capital.
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just meters away, russian police watched over the crowd. some opposition figures feel the death will keep people from publicly criticizing the government in the future. >> there is no limit. for those who want to destroy any other feeling in the country except what comes from the kremlin, there is no limits whatsoever. >> his death has opened our eyes. it shows we cannot go on accepting this injustice and corruption. we need to fight, we need to organize, lead to change things in russia. >> earlier's in the day thousands of mourners and dignitaries lined up outside downtown moscow to pay their last respects to stop germany's former justice minister was among those who came to show support. >> he lived according to those principles that people here hold
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so dear. i share the feelings of many of the people who have spoken today. there is simply no replacing him. >> he was gunned down on a bridge in the center of moscow on friday night in what appears to have been a contract killing. many opposition supporters believe the kremlin was behind his murder. boris nemtsov was a staunch critic of the vladimir putin. for many russians, he's become a symbol of resistance to government oppression and intimidation. >> our correspondent is standing by at the funeral and joins us live from there. you have been talking to some of the mourners. what have they had to say? >> the atmosphere at the funeral was ready subdued. many of those who came bringing flowers to the grave of boris nemtsov had tears in their eyes. many of them have told us that by murdering boris nemtsov, one
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of the most important voices maybe the voice to call for another russia without corruption connie capitalism, without vladimir putin have been cited -- have been silenced forever. >> is there a sense that this loss can be made some way by finding the culprits? is there a sense the case will be sold? >> among those who had been at the funeral this day, few believe this will ever be solved. it brought to mind a murder case , you remember the journalist for the independent newspaper who was gunned down in the entrance of her apartment house in the city center of moscow in 2006. the murder was convicted, but
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those who were behind this contract killing are still running free. it is still unclear who ordered and paid for this murder. >> spell was a very important signpost in today's russia. thank you very much. >> a man who once stood with boris nemtsov in the opposition movement has gained world fame as a chess champion but fell out of favor with the kremlin with his outspoken criticism. he now lives in self-imposed exile in the united states. we asked him what he thinks about whether russian authorities had a hand in boris nemtsov's murder. >> i would not be giving specific names -- but from analyzing everything from this murder, i feel there is no other option.
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in order to eliminate -- the order to eliminate boris has been given by the kremlin. given the place where it happened it's probably the most guarded place in moscow and it is quite amazing professional killers selected a place to commit the crime where there are chances -- were chances to escape there is a security apparatus that controls every inch of space. >> ukraine's currency has lost over 50% of its value since the start of the ukrainian conflict. >> ukraine's central bank has raised the countries base interest rate to 30%. officials hope the higher rate of concern will make it more attractive for investors.
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the government has forecast the economy to shrink by 5.5% this year. >> is really prime minister benjamin netanyahu has told the u.s. congress that negotiations underway between iran and the united states would all but guarantee iran would get nuclear weapons. he said the world was avoided at all cost. >> that these -- the speech was peng shuai to standing ovations as netanyahu depicted iran as a threat to the entire world. talks on iran plus nuclear program outline an agreement. >> it comes to weeks before a closely fought election in israel. we will get reactions from jerusalem and washington live after this report will stop >> netanyahu was making headlines before he arrived. that intensified washington's already tense landscape. netanyahu wasted no time mincing words. >> iran has proven time and again that it cannot be trusted.
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the latest danger facing our world is the marriage of militant islam with nuclear weapons. to defeat isis and let iran get nuclear weapons would need to win the battle but lose the war. we cannot let that happen. >> netanyahu delivered a clear message to members of the united states congress. he warned negotiations taking place in switzerland would clear the path to an iranian nuclear bomb. >> we have been told that no deal is better than a bad deal. this is a bad deal. it is a very bad deal. we are better off without it. >> he currently rejected the current nuclear deal but his speech offered no alternative to the current proposal.
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congressional republicans were especially recep to his forceful speech and invited the israeli prime minister despite protests from democrats and president obama. but as a matter of policy, we think it is a mistake for the prime minister of any country to come to speak before congress a few weeks before they are about to have an election. >> netanyahu's speech was not just aimed at the american political elite. observers say he was attempting to send a message back, head of the israeli election in two weeks time. >> for reaction to the speech, we are going live now to washington. welcome to both of you. netanyahu's claimed that iran is a threat to the world went down very well with the republican-dominated congress. could this speech change the dynamics of the obama administration's engaging iran
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and lead to an end to negotiations? >> i would be stunned if this meant an end of the negotiations. the obama administration will continue talks but netanyahu's speech will have some repercussions. for example, the republicans are much more energized to oppose a possible deal. that said, president obama doesn't have the power to lift the sanctions on his own. he needs congressional approval. let's pretend talks succeed and obama asks congress to lift the sanctions and congress is no. this would put president obama in a very awkward situation. >> a lot at stake lyrically for all sides involved. tonya kramer joins us live from jerusalem. what has been the reaction where you are? do israelis think this is mainly about the election coming up in two weeks or national security?
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>> this whole visit to washington has created quite a debate here. commentators here were saying this was a classical netanyahu speech, the politics of fear versus the need for security, very emotional. there was nothing really new in it and the opposition has not picked up on it. they went on live shortly after the speech and said we had to make sure we reestablish the strained relationships with the obama administration. from the likud, there was the response that it is in the vital interest of israel that mr. netanyahu went to washington to speak there.
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the question now is what will come out of it and what kind of impact it will have on the ongoing negotiations with iran. >> what about in washington? democrats been responding and how will this speech affect bipartisan relations? >> we have more or less the same picture in washington. the political elite in washington is divided. several dozen democrats did not attend netanyahu's speech. one of them was a congressman from kentucky. he and houston across delivered a response saying we have heard nothing new. netanyahu was lecturing america it's congress and the elected president on how to negotiate. that's something americans really don't like, for a foreign leader to tell them what is wrong and how american leaders should work.
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according to a poll, the majority think john boehner should not have invited -- invited netanyahu. let me mention that the very end, a point made by senator feinstein -- what is going to happen if the u.s. does not agree to a deal with iran, but the rest of the five plus one countries do? we all know that russia is very much in favor of the deal. britain may be against and the rest will be somewhere in between. this will be a very difficult situation. >> we will know by the end of march if there's some kind of deal between iran and the u.s.. many thanks. >> carrying on from the final point in that interview -- germany is among the six world powers in talks with iran over its nuclear development program.
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the german foreign minister told the u.n.-backed congress on disarmament in geneva that the parties have made more progress this year than they have in the past 10 years combined. right now, talks are focused on limiting, not stopping iran's ability to enrich uranium. when we come back, west african leaders reach out to the international community for help. >> after hour one minute break we have iberia's president saying significant resources aren't needed to help the region recover from the ebola crisis. >> a look at business and more coming up after the break will stop stay with us. -- after the break. stay with us.
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>> the dw media center. see it live, find it again, here more of it. discover it. video and audio podcasts and language courses in the dw media center.
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>> welcome back. african leaders at an ebola conference in brussels have called for a marshall plan to rebuild economies hardest hit by the disease. >> liberia's president, ellen johnson sirleaf , said recovering from the epidemic would require significant resources from the international committee. the conference gathered african leaders and delegates from around the world. the summit close with a joint declaration at the principal objective was to stop all transmissions of the virus. >> our reporter caught up with the former british minister, david miliband. he now heads the international rescue committee that has been working to combat the ebola epidemic in west africa. >> i'm standing here with the president and ceo of the
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international rescue committee david miliband. thank you for joining us. the number of new cases in liberia have gone down dramatically. is this a sign the fight against this epidemic have been one? >> the clear evidences we are winning the fight. two things are evident -- there is room for complacency. every time there's an undetected case or that comes about without contact from another case, you were there's going to be a new surge. we cannot afford to ignore the stark lessons of the last year+ which is when communities are left behind, you are asking for trouble. >> why is it so hard to eradicate the last remnants of the epidemic? >> the reason it's difficult to eradicate the epidemic is simple to explain. you need to explain everybody's behavior.
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there are microclimates when it comes to ebola, small parts of west africa where the disease remains rife. in sierra leone, obviously 70 or 80 cases a week, that's much better than the peak in september. i think the complacency one feels in the west is dangerous. this disease is not -- has not yet gone away and the dangers of pandemic that have been shown by this need to be taken very seriously. >> what kind of people do you need now? >> the most important people are local people. this is not going to be saved by the heroic model of a western aid worker to save the day. this is all about every workplace, every education facility, everywhere people
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gather in west africa to make sure the screening and identification is done properly. health promotion is a matter for the whole community. >> what is the lesson that is to>> there's one very big lesson -- the traditional model which is the experts from outside come until the people inside what to do that model is broken and we need to turn it upside down. it comes to health promotion you need to work with credible community leaders and build the system around their insight rather than believing a treatment-what model of specialists and western-style care can be planted into a society that's not ready for it. there needs to be high-quality treatment but if there is not health promotion up stream, you cannot treat your way out of an epidemic. >> thank you very much. >> a new report issued by germany's federal antidiscrimination agency says
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as many as 50% of women have experienced some kind of sexual harassment in the workplace. >> she's a digital media consultant and campaigner against everyday sexism faced by women. she says sexism in the workplace is a common experience for women and should be recognized as a serious problem. >> sexual-harassment seldom happens in isolated incidents especially independent situations like an employer-boss relationship. women who experience harassment at work can potentially face it every single day, and that is stressful. studies show it can actually lead to depression. >> a new report confirms sexual harassment in the work place is a problem faced by many women in germany. almost a fifth of the women interviewed say they experienced unwanted harassment from
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colleagues. verbal harassment was even more common. >> another concern is the fact that personnel management and work councils don't know how they can protect employees from this. >> the agency says those who face sexual-harassment in the work place are not aware of their rights. it says more must be done to break the culture of silence surrounding sexism at work. >> let's take a look at business news. european markets fell back sharply from their multi-year highs. we got this summary of the days trading action from frankfurt. >> this tuesday, investors at many reasons to be optimistic. for example strong earnings reports from merck and from a chemical company. german retailers are happy
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reporting a strong increase of sales at the beginning of this year. low energy prices and the general minimum wage which was introduced here in germany. the dax did not really profit from this. only for a short moment, it reached another record high. on the high level the dax had reached before, many people had been nervous here and many expected a correction downward. >> we can stay for a closer look at the number -- the dax finishing at -- the euro stoxx 50 down as well. the dow jones up by more than .4%, still above 18,000. the euro up slightly higher against the greenback. >> this is commodity prices
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continue to remain low. with prices at the pump continuing to turn downward for the foreseeable future, play of drivers are looking at getting into a new set of wheels. >> for all the talk of electric, self driving cars, it's the ordinary bread-and-butter models stealing the show in geneva this week. >> germany's volkswagen has grabbed the title of car of the year for its thought -- for its passat model. full dragon has started well into 2014, putting half a million cars on the road in the first two months, a new company record. >> we are honored and proud to receive this famous award. it is one of the most famous award you can get. they are able to evaluate such a car. >> carmakers are constantly coming up with new makers to put
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their competitors into the rearview mirror. new luxury features and more economical engines but while new car sales are up in western union -- and western country the brakes are on east. opel has been hard hit by russia's economic crisis and the ruble. they will be mothballing the plant in st. petersburg for eight weeks starting in march. >> from the motor show to motor racing -- mclaren has announced expert on champion, fernando alonso will miss the season opening grand prix of australia after he was in a serious crash estimate. he drove into a wall during testing in barcelona. the two-time world champion spent three nights in the hospital after suffering a concussion. the cause of the crash remains unknown. >> one of south america possible is active volcanoes has erected
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in southern chile, spewing heavy smoke into the air as lava surged down the slopes. >> authorities evacuated thousands of people around the volcano. they are concerned mudslides caused by melting snow could endanger nearby communities. >>'s doing lava turns the night sky red. -- spewing lava turns the night sky red. a column of the rash shot three kilometers into the sky. for those looking on, it was a thrilling and nerve-racking spectacle. >> honestly, we were scared. there was a lot of fire spewing out. it was going up really high because it was a very strong explosion. we thought it was seismic. we felt the explosion. >> it's situated near 22,000 people. it's a popular holiday destination.
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thousands of residents and tourists were forced to leave the area. before traveling to the region the president assured chileans that authorities were taken all necessary precautions -- taking all necessary precautions. next several measures are being taken to guarantee the safety of the population. >> at last count we've evacuated nearly 4000 people. >> by the sun -- by the time the sun rose, the volcano was quiet. the molten rock caused snow to melt and rivers to rise to stop it's not clear when people will be able to return to their homes. they simply don't know when the next irruption will be. >> finally, for cat lovers, it's a dream. and for those not so fond of them, it's a nightmare. an entire island run over with cats. it's a small island in japan --
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about three cats for every human being. residents say the cats were originally brought to the island to deal with the most problem brought in from fishing boats. they have since multiplied while human population has declined. then tourists started visiting the island to see the spectacle. >> i can see why the human population has declined. >> leave the cap box at home. >> more news for you at the top of the hour.
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>> hello, and thanks for joining us on the "euromaxx highlights" show. we put together our favourite reports from the week for you. let's have a look at the headlines. je suis charlie -- the annual angouleme comic festival pays a special tribute. record breaker -- meet a daredevil german athlete and his unicycle.
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and calendar cat -- how designer , karl lagerfeld and his pet help out a german carmaker. while hundreds of thousands flocked to angouleme in france recently for one of the world's leading comics festivals. it began over 4 decades ago and awards some of the most prestigious prizes in cartooning. this year's festival was dedicated to the cartoonists of the charlie hebdo magazine

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