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tv   Journal  PBS  March 12, 2015 6:00pm-6:31pm PDT

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>> live from berlin this is your world newses. i'm terry&good to have you with us. >> i'm matt and here come our headlines. failing syria. humanitarian groups say the international community has abandoned millions of refugees. >> our correspondent in eastern ukraine exphrorz the devastated airport. >> and the widow of a murdered russian agent tells us she's still searching for the truth. >> a damming report by 20 human rights groups says that the international community has failed syria. the situation for people there
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has not gotten better and numerous u.n. security counsel resolutions have not been implemented. >> more than 20,000 people and more than 11 million displaced the worst refugee crisis in the world. >> for this family home is now a refugee camp in jordan. they thought they would be here for just a few weeks but four years on they have no idea if they'll ever go home. it's attacks such as this one a few days ago that forced them to flee. civilians are being killed every day in syria and the war has already claimed more than 200 200,000 lives and destroyed the infrastructure. the country is on the brink of collapse. these satellite images paint a dire picture. syria in total darkness at
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night. this is a war with many enemies, rebel groups fight the regime and each other. militants like islamic state benefit for this power vacuum and control large areas of the country. eight organizations blame the international community for failing to implement humanitarian efforts to help refugees. >> there's been more killings and more bombings and massive i object crease in displacement and a huge increase in the number of people that are indeed of humanitarian assistance. >> half of the 23 million inhabitants have fled to neighboring countries like lebanon where they live desperate conditions. >> we ask ourselves it is possible this is happening to us? we're in one place and our family is in another.
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they can't reach us and we can't reach them there. is no solution our suffering is great. >> for many the prospect of returning home to normal life is becoming a distant dream. >> conflicts in syria and in neighboring iraq have caused immense suffering particularly among children. the united nation's children fund se14 million have been effected. situation this side syria is particularly desperate. up to 2 million children are cut up from humanitarian assistance. even though who manage to flee face an uncertain future. >> for many syrian children this is home a refugee camp in lebanon. >> youngest victims of the war and millions of them grow up in these camps. many are alone. their parents lost or dead. >> the children have seen
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massive killing as well. they have witnessed massive violence that happened in front of them. and every single family in syria is impacted. >> these children have deep physical and emotional scars they're carry forever. illness is rampant in the camp and clean drinking water hard to come by. polio was thought to be eradicated but two years ago it made a come back. the situation is worse for those still in syria. education has become a luxury. one in five schools has been destroyed. thousands of teachers have fled are been killed. more must be done for those affected. >> the international community has a responsibility to help people who live in this area right now in the conflict which means very concrete to take care of all the supplies they need. if it's food or clean water in
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it's the tent they live in or the vaccination companies. >> like this newborn, many company into the world as refugees. thousands have never seen their homeland. their generation has never known peace and stability. >> well, for more we spoke with the regional advocacy director of save the children. we asked her about her organizations immediate priorities. >> well, the immediate priority is getting basic humanitarian aid in to syria. a year ago the u.n. security council sent a strong esimagine and protection of civilians and children in syria and now they have to hold them accountable for implementing the resolution particularly protecting civilians and upholding their
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obligations to allow humanitarian aid into the country. but ultimately there is no solution to the crisis. the response can only be a band-aid on what's a gaping wound. so in order for the suffering to stop the international community has to press the parties of the conflict to listen to the silent majority of syrians who desperately want an end to the violence they have to prioritize efforts for a political solution. >> millions of syrians have fled the fighting in their country. most of them have taken refuge in neighboring countries. but some of them have made it all the way to europe. that is not only refugees from syria but also from other countries in the middle east and africa who are trying to escape war, poverty and conflict. >> and many make the dangerous journey across the sea to make a better future in europe. >> refugees often pay a heavy
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price to get to europe. around 3,000 people died making the crossing across the mediterranean. e.u. ministers want to prevent the deaths and discussing a deal that could see countries outside of europe able to process applications for asylum. >> firstly, we could then determine who needs protection. secondly we could combat the illegal people trafficking trade. and third we could create legal ways for refugees to come to europe. >> the united nations says by late 2014 other refugees heading for europe about 130,000 had illegally crossed the mediterranean across north africa. that's double the number. pressure is mounting on lawmakers in brussels to develop a strategy. germany is one of the countries
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to push. german interior minister says the legal framework for such a move is still unclear and could be complicated. >> it takes time the humanitarian situation in each country has to be assessed. and this should not be done by us or the country where these centers would be low indicated but rather by the u.s. commissioner for commissioner for refugees. >> it hopes to have a proposal by the end of may. but which e.u. countries would take the refugees is likely to take longer to answer. >> so e.u. ministers have discussed plans to open asylum centers outside of europe. max hoffman tells us more. >> there are a couple of problems with this model. the first one being of course that the countries where it make
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most sense to put these asylum centers are the most dangerous haven't for example, libya, almost impossible to do something like that. a completely failed state and then there's a heap of legal problems as well. first of all, how are you going to guarantee the basic human rights of the migrants in the septemberers and second, which immigration regulation are you going to apply. aoefplt e.u. member state has its own legislation. are you going to apply the german one or the italian or british and those were the questions that put a very rapid ento thoughts like that. but this time the pressure is very high. over 3,200 people died in the mediterranean and looks like so far this year that these numbers might double. >> forcing someone to marry against their will is against the law in many countries. it's difficult to judge how many women and men get married because their families tell them
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to. but here in germany there were 3500 documented cases. >> the young men and woman are forced to wed a partner they hardly know. >> one man whose family is from lebanon just took his relatives to court. they wanted to force him to get married and despite and because of the fact that he is gay. >> it's a nerve-racking time for him of the the 19-year-old is about to testify in court against his father and two of his uncles. they tried to rob him of his freedom, take him to lebanon and force him to get married. since then he's not tired of telling his story. he hopes that talking will help him deal with the fact that his conservative family refused to accept his homosexuality and father threatened to kill him. >> my father said he was coming to stick a knife in my throat with his own hands. i knew it was no empty threat.
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i had to do something. i had to get out. >> a forced marriage to avenge what the family saw is a slur to their honor. they deceived him into coming home. drugged him and bundled him into a car and not until the turkish border did he manage to break free. >> my parents wanted to marry me off for one reason to restore their lost honor and repress my homosexuality. >> one year later, he awaits to see his family in court and testify against them. but neither his father nor his uncles turn up to face justice. the case might collapse. it's a frequent problem, few of the reported cases actually make it to try, often for a lack of hard evidence. >> if it's one person's word against another then there is no chance and that's why the public
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prosecutor doesn't allow court proceedings to begin. >> in the end, the court does hand down a verdict but only sentences his father and uncles to minor fines. it's a disappointment for the young gay man. >> what shall i say? it's the end of the chapter and start of my new life. >> that means living a life without the family to try to force him to marry against his will. >> u.s. attorney general eric holder has called wednesday night's shooting of two police officers in the town of ferguson in the u.s. heinous and cowardly. he said the justice department and the f.b.i. stood ready to find whoever was possible. holder's comments came after the officers were injured in a demonstration and came just hours after the local police chief had resigned in the wake of a scathing report accused
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ferguson's police department and court system of racism. >> it's up the street. a cop got shot. >> the sound of gun fire range out just after midnight. >> i heard police got shot. >> one officer was shot in the face and the other was hit in the shoulder. witnesses describes what police are now calling an ambush. >> bullets were right past my head. it was kind of traumatic to hear. i'm still kind of in shock because of it. >> the two wounded police officers were rushed to hospital for treatment. both are expected to recover fully. the local police chief says one man still has a bullet lodged in his head. >> fortunately with both officers we don't have any remarkable long term injuries. >> around 100 demonstrators gathered late wednesday after
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the police chief thomas jackson announced he was standing down. jackson resigned after a report of the justice department alleged racial basis in his police department and the justice system. it's been in the international spotlight since the black teenager michael brown was shot dead by a white police officer last summer and months later the town is far from peaceful. >> we are getting set to take a short break. when we come back alex's murder shocked the world and now his widow is fighting for the truth. >> in the rebel of what was once the airport, ukrainian prisoners of war are being made to dig out the bodies of their fallen comrades. we have more after the break. >> all that and more plus business news. don't go away.
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>> the observers are there to monitor the cease fire between government troops and pro russian separatists. but some say there isn't much to observe. kiev says 65 of the soldiers have been killed last month. >> our reporter visited the area. >> this is where the last ukrainian soldiers were killed. rebels blew up the ceiling. it brought a brutal eight month battle to an end, but weeks later the dead still lie buried
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in the rebel. authorities have given ukrainian prisoners of war the grim task of finding the bodies of their comrades. something which could be interpreted as the breach of the geneva convention. >> we came here to evacuate our wounded soldiers now there's a recovery operation to find those who died. >> rebel emergency services supervised the task. this is difficult and dangerous work. the terminal building is unstable hammered by heavy weapons into a heap of dust and twisted metal. the site has to be cleared of hazards and concrete block carefully lifted. a specialist team from the red cross arrives to document any bodies which are found. international monitors are also
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present. >> basically sustaining the recovery and collection of bodies in terms of their proper management and documentation and then transferred to the morgue. >> it's hard to imagine this airport only opened three years ago. after relentless intensive shelling and close combat within the terminal the building is no longer recognizable. the departures area smashed and charred, destination for tourists now a distant memory. >> it speaks about how vicious the battle was. nobody knows how many people died in this fight, but rescue workers continue to recover the dead almost every day. >> rebels claim the number of bodies recovered is already over 500 but no independent verification of this. given the scale of the violence here it's possible that death
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toll could be higher than first thought. what is sure that is it's rising each day. >> yesterday we assisted in 16 bodies. and today we are still waiting for the collection of bodies to complete the process. >> the red cross forensic's team collects as much information as it can and helps with the identification process. these bodies were charred beyond recognition making that task even harder. some of the dead might never be found, but for the families of these soldiers any may find small comfort once the remains of their loved ones are eventually returned home. >> the european parliament has called on russia to allow an independent investigation into the murder of opposition leader. he was aoutspoken critic of
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putin was shot as he walked over a bridge within site of the kremlin on february 27th. they aused moscow that provides fertile ground for such crimes. supporters say he was due to published proof in eastern ukraine at the time of his death. and killing is the latest unsolved murder. investigation into his murder finally got underway in january due to the efforts of his wife who has fought for years to find out who was responsible. our correspondent caught up with her. >> london is where the family made their new home. they felt free here. alexander, his wife and their children fled russia after he was released from prison. six years later in
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november 2006, he was poisoned with radioactive and died in a london hospital. we met his widow. she's been campaigning tirelessly to have the murder investigated. who kimmedlled her husband and why? >> people sometimes don't understand what really happened. when they discuss he might committed suicide or smuggled material it makes me very sad about this. >> alexander spent 20 years in the soviet military and later joined the intelligence service and then started to criticize the leadership. at a conference in london he accused paout ton of ordering the murder of a journalist. british authorities suspect putin's secret service agents poisoned him when he drank green
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tea in a london hotel bar. the russian government refused to extradite the suspects which has strained relations. >> it became the image of brutality of putin's russia. and the political dimension to the relationship has not recovered. >> marina says the situation in russia is becoming increasingly tense. she says her husband who she called sasha was extremely pessimistic about the country's future. >> now we have this murder in the center of moscow and exactly what sasha tried to prevent. he wanted for any political base for everybody, but he believed putin's responsibility for what everything already happened in russia. >> even if the killers are never
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brought to justice his widow wants to know the truth about what happened. she says with every day that goes by she relives the trauma of her husband's murder. >> every time it's emotion. it means he's here and it's definitely i feel he agrees with what i'm doing. >> she hopes by bringing the truth to light she might be able to one day find a closer she needs on her husband's death. >> to bangladesh where a five story building has collapsed killing at least four people. police say rescuers have found 30 survivors and trying to fear dozens more. the not yet completed building was a cement factory. the building may have been structurely flawed. authorities are looking into the incident.
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let's go to business news. and few sect said are seeing fierce competition as the airline industry are concerned about shrinking passenger share. >> that's also a fear for germany's flag carrier lufthansa. they plummeted to 1.2 billion you're roar euros last year. >> 2014 isn't the best for hraouft ton stka's best year. it cost millions. the competition came from both sides with both budget carriers and high end airlines from asia eating into lufthansa's market share. >> 2015 has to be better. it applies not only to our turnover but bottom line. we're hoping we'll achieve earnings totalling more than 1.5 billion euros. hraouft ton stka has a two
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pronged approach. the airline will be upgraded to justify the high ticket prices. the entire fleet will be refitted with new first and business class areas. and developing a second no thrills airline and offering long haul low cost flights. >> we think it's time to bring that to europe. bmw established the mini as its most successful brand so we can do the same. >> but lufthansa's staff aren't so keen on t pilots are threatening to strike again. that's likely to lead to a showdown with the airline. >> engineer nanny -- explaining this development is the central bank cited a decline in interest income brought about by cuts to
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e.c.b. rates. although they're optimistic about growth they oppose the european central banks bond buying program and said rate cuts will with weigh on this year's earnings. >> so e.c.b. how did it move the markets? it was essentially unchanged for the day on its timeout. euro stocks 50 and fell close to a quarter of a percent to 36.41. the dow jones in new york is up by nearly 1.5%. >> >> >> he wrote more than 70 novels and sold millions of copies. he publicly announced he was suffering the early on set of alzheimer's disease and joined
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the campaign to legalize assisted suicide. he completed one last book in 2014 and due to be published later this year. >> you're watching the journal on d.w. on more background you can find out on the internet. >> thanks for watching and do keep on watching.
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this week on "wealthtrack," in part two of our charting the course for the new year, our exclusive guests -- wall street's number one economist evercore isi's ed hyman, and norm life's global chief invest officer john kim. standing for safe harbors and
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opportunities in turbulent markets. next on "consuelo mack wealthtrack." new york life along with mainstay's family of mutual funds offers investment and retirement solutions so you can help your clients keep good going.

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