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tv   Journal  PBS  April 3, 2015 6:00pm-6:31pm PDT

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>> welcome to your world news live from berlin. sarah: it's great to have you with us. coming up in the next 30 minutes -- initial data from the second german wings black box series that the copilot deliberately crashed the plane. >> iran celebrates its nuclear deal with the west, but israel calls that a step in a dangerous direction. ; and kenya is reeling from the university attack that left almost 150 people dead. the government is under fire accused of serious security failures. >> more evidence tonight that
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the copilot of germanwings flight 920 five deliberately crashed the plane into the french outs last week, killing all on board. sarah: data shows he set the autopilot to an altitude of just 100 feet and also sped up the dissent several times. >> finding the device with those vital clues in the steepest of terrain was a near impossible task for even the most experienced mountain climbers. >> after more than a week of searching, a chance find. emergency workers come across the plane's second black box. >> i found a pile of clothes. we were searching there and moving them downhill. while doing that, i discovered a box. the color of the box was the same of the screen, the black screen that is all over the area. >> the four point five-kilo flight recorder is badly
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scorched, but investigators have been able to recover the data from it. they say it shows the plane was deliberately put into dissent. the speed was increased repeatedly, and alarms were deactivated. they had already suspected that the copilot locked the captain out of the cockpit and crashed the plane into a riveting, killing himself and the 149 other people on board. france's foreign minister later reason for the victims at a nearby memorial. he also paid tribute to emergency workers. >> i know that what happened is affecting everybody. the trends and relatives of those who lost their lives, but also those who were working at the crash site. >> 10 days after the germanwings plane went down, a clearer picture is emerging of why this tragedy occurred.
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>> we're joined now by dw's aviation expert. 10 days of gathering clues. what sort of picture do we have you can do we have a clear picture of what went on in that cockpit? kristof: it must have been in the re-situation. the copilot was alone. the captain had left flight to use the lavatory. the copilot activates the autopilot, located in a panel between the pilot seats. the plane starts to descend, pick up speed. meanwhile, we were banging on the cop the door. -- the cockpit door. the copilot again increases speed of the plane. during the entire time, he keeps silent. he does not say a word of to the very last moment until the plane crashes in the french alps. sarah: it's hard to even
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imagine. in the aftermath of this tragedy, what sort of changes will we see for pilots? >> we have seen changes in german and european air travel. there is also now the two-person rule. there must never be a single person inside the cop that. >> is left anza --lufthansa going to take that on? kristof: they have already taken it on. when one crew member leaves to use the lavatory, another crew member enters just to prevent the same situation. i think we will see a more euro and strict assessment and evaluation of pilot' emotional and mental state of health even throughout their working career, and pilots will have to regain trust of passengers, obviously by doing a good job, which we have to understand -- many, many pilots throughout the world are doing a good job every day
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bringing passengers safely from one city to another. >> briefly, what does it mean for us as passengers? kristof: we obviously need to gain trust in the pilots' work and trust them that they do a good job which they do mostly and we have to remind ourselves last year, for example, 2014 was the safest year in aviation history despite the missing airliner of malaysian airlines display the plane being shot down over ukraine. >> thank you very much for the analysis. sarah: the world is closer than ever to stopping iran from going nuclear. that's according to german chancellor angela merkel in response to the breakthrough in world talks in switzerland. >> a key development after 12 years of deadlock. the white house hails this as an historic understanding with iran, but the deal has come under fire from conservatives in the u.s. and israel. sarah: in iran, many are delighted with the framework agreement. >> crowd's turned out in tehran
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to give the foreign minister a hero's welcome as he arrived back from switzerland. many of them were young. the younger generation has been hit especially hard i years of economic crisis. the lifting of sanctions could make life much easier. >> i'm here to welcome mr. szczerbiak to thank him for the great job he did and the great job -- the big favor he did us. he tried to make up for the 10 years of our lives that were lost. >> a framework agreement was reached after eight days of talks. details will be worked out by the end of june. iran has promised to reduce its uranium enrichment capacitie by 2/3. it is also subjecting itself to strict oversight by the united nations nuclear watchdog, the iaea. in return, many of the sanctions
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on iran will be eased or lifted. the iranian president said the framework agreement would help relax tensions with a number of other countries. >> if the opposite side meets its promises, then iran will, too. if one day they wish to choose a different path, our nation will also have options open to it. >> at friday prayers, a senior cleric personally thanked the foreign minister, a strong sign that he still enjoys the support of the country's religious leaders. >> joy in iran but sharp criticism from israel. around the globe, reaction to the breakthrough in atomic talks is mixed. sarah: the german response is clear, though -- that the work is far from over. >> cautious optimism from germany's top diplomat, saying the result of the switzerland top -- talks is just one step toward reaching a final deal.
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>> it's good, but at the same time it is too early to celebrate. what we achieved yesterday as a rain work deal. in the coming days and weeks, we have to turn these main points into the terms of an agreement so that we have a final deal by june 30. >> china called the framework agreement a success and good for the world. >> china welcomes the remarkable consensus reached on the iranian nuclear issue. the agreement reached by the six parties and iran is good news for the world. >> u.s. president barack obama spoke of a historic moment. >> this framework would cut off every pathway that iran could take to develop a nuclear weapon . iran will face strict limitations on its program and iran also has agreed to the most robust and intrusive inspections and transparency regime ever negotiated for any nuclear
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program in history. >> but israeli prime minister benjamin netanyahu said the deal only legitimizes iran's nuclear program. >> this deal would pose a grave danger to the region and to the world and would threaten the very survival of the state of israel. the deal would not shut down a single nuclear facility of iran would not destroy a single centrifuge and iran. >> israel wants the final deal to include a requirement that iran recognize its right to exist. sarah: al qaeda militants in yemen are continuing to support -- exploit the security vacuum. it now sees a military base in the south of the country after extremists stormed a jail, releasing 300 inmates on thursday. >> saudi-letter strikes, meanwhile, have pushed out rebels who captured the president's palace in the makeshift capital. rebels from the north have fallen back to a single district from the city allowing saudi warplanes to drop weapons and
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medical aid. shock and anger -- kenyans are mourning the deaths of about 150 people in thursday's university massacre. sarah: somali-based extremist outfit bob claimed responsibility, saying it was revenge for kenya's military presence in their home country -- some i'll-based extremist al-shabaab. >> it appears to have been extensively planned. >> now the massacre is over, armed or cyst surround the university. but there's loud criticism that it should have been better protected prior to the attack. more than 100 people were wounded. the most serious cases are being taken to nairobi for treatment. people here are in shock. the bloodbath began in the early hours of the morning. mask gunman shot two security guards, then stormed the campus.
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they took some students hostage and shot many others. christians were singled out. if you could recite verses from the koran you were spared. the attack lasted all day. eventually, kenyan security forces forced their way in and corner for terrorist detonated suicide vests, and blew themselves up. >> extend condolences to the families of those who have perished in this attack. we continue to pray for the quick recovery of the injured. >> many residents are afraid that al-shabaab will strike again. >> we do not know what the government will do. >> authorities have offered a reward for information leading to the capture of the suspected mastermind behind the attack and imposed a curfew from dusk to dawn in this and neighboring counties. >> the government has vowed to
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deal with its security shortfalls but how exactly? what is it going to do? >> it has to change in some direction in so far as it has to work more adequately -- react more adequately to warnings when they hear them. also, there seems to be no proper analyst. there has been no analysis as to how this could have been avoided and what consequences should follow. not only a question of having security personnel available or not because when the attack happened police and medical care were there. it's more a question of deploying the personnel available as soon as the government gets the warning. >> were talking about a majority christian country. our kenyans basically being left to fend for themselves? >> yes, the feeling could arise
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indeed. it's very strong for the moment. the attacks last year were mostly in northern eastern regions but now, it comes from all parts of the country. they do not really have a lot of possibilities to defend themselves. the government must tackle themselves. >> why is it taking the government so long to realize it needs to do something? >> well, there are several issues they have to deal with for some years already. the most important improvement between cooperation -- improvement and cooperation between intelligence and security forces. then the problem of high corruption and police and military. also, there's a lot of unemployed young people who are an easy target than for al-shabaab militants. it needs really the political
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will. >> thank you. two beltre now, one of the country's best-known politicians has been downed drowned in a canal. authorities say they assume the 60-year-old took his own life. sarah: his body was found just 4 hours after prosecutors announced he would stand trial for rape. belgian media reports he had denied those obligations -- those allegations. >> five cruise in rush fire crews in louisville, kentucky, are struggling to contain a massive blaze at a construction plant. sarah: thousands of people are employed at the facility that manufactures household appliances. the company says no injuries or death have been reported. the cause of the ire is not known yet. we're going to take a short
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one-minute break. stay with dw. we'll be back in 60 seconds.
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>> welcome back. officials in bahrain have arrested a prominence human rights activist. he's accused of using twitter to defame state institutions. sarah: this video posted online is said to show him being detained. he said he would continue his fight for human rights in the gulf kingdom. he is a prominent shiite activist and his family says he had accused sunni muslim authorities of torturing prisoners. he only got out of jail last year after a conviction for organizing illegal protests. bahrain's close ally, saudi arabia, is warning the interfering in the kingdom's crackdown. >> that's on the saudi blogger and activist was put behind bars and sentenced to 1000 lashes for insulting islam.
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the conviction has sparked outrage across the west. >> he has paid a high price for expressing his opinion. he has already suffered if the of the 1000 lashes he has been sentenced to. his blog calling for a secular labial -- secular, liberal saudi arabia is no longer online, but the texts have been published in book one. amnesty international is calling for his release. they say he is a prisoner of conscience. his only crime was to set up a website inviting public discussion. >> the tech -- the text showed this is a form of legitimate expression, which also has to be respected in a state like saudi arabia. not something someone should be locked up for or sentenced to a dreadful punishment such as flogging. that contravenes all the human rights standards that we advocate. >> he was arrested back in 2012. hundreds of spectators watched the first flogging in january
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outside a mosque. subsequent rounds of punishment were postponed for medical reasons. the anthology of his writings in german has been compiled by a journalist. in english edition is expected soon. >> tunisian authorities continue their crackdown on islamist militants after last month's deadly attacks at a museum in the capital. sarah: police have arrested dozens of people. as part of a sweep, the government has vowed to boot out activist after gunmen stormed a museum in the heart of tunis. >> the attackers declared allegiance to islamic state. the growing number of tunisians joining islamic state ranks. we take a closer look. >> a small town northwestern tunisia, not are from the algerian border. we go to the house with this man's friend used to live. a year ago, he left for syria to fight or islamic state -- for
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islamic state. >> he would not do that three years ago, but now i do not understand why he would do that. he was our friend. we do everything together, but i do not understand that. >> his family are also struggling for an explanation. they are devout muslims but they stress that they are not fundamentalists. >> he prayed just like his mother and i prayed. we thought it made him a good person. he did not smoke or drink. he never gave us any trouble. then slowly, he changed. he would not even let his mother watch tv. those people manipulated him.
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>> the people he is referring to our islamist -- are islamists. he accuses them of radicalizing his 17 year old son. he tells us that in present a democratic tunisia, there is religious freedom, and some preachers -- salafist preachers take advantage of that. >> this is where they brainwashed my son. this is the mosque where they fired up my son to go to syria. >> he is considered -- this is considered a jihadi stronghold. many men have left to take part in what they see as a holy war. since 2011 more than 3000 tunisians have gone to fight in syria. many tunisians feel let down by the revolution. youth unemployment stands at around 30%. for university graduates, it's just under 50%.
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the salafists paid the equivalent of a euro each time he attended prayers. his family says he became more radical it's time until he finally joined the jihadists likes of many others. still, many here refused to give up their dream of a better tunisia. a banner over the market gate reads "terrorism will never defeat our revolution." sarah: time now for business news. markets in europe and the u.s. were closed for the good friday holiday. >> friday saw the release of a key u.s. jobs report showing a weakening u.s. economy spilling into the jobs market with hiring slowing in march. >> but if you're one of the 1.4 million americans who works at walmart, there was one bright spot. >> walmart has repeatedly come under fire for its employment policies, low wages, and meager benefits, but recently, the world's biggest retailer announced it would hike wages to at least $10 per hour. the move is in line with a nationwide development.
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in march average hourly wages increased by 2.1%. but that is about all the good news the new government report has to offer. in the past four weeks u.s. companies created 126,000 new jobs. what sounds like an upward trend is, in fact, a major disappointment. for 12 consecutive months, the labor market added at least 200,000 jobs. the longest employment boom into the decades could be coming to an end. the latest jobs growth is only half of what economists had expected. it has weighed heavily on the labor market making exports more expensive. as a consequent of the slower job creation the u.s. federal reserve is more likely to postpone its long-awaited interest rate hike, a move equity markets around the world would surely welcome. >> here's an incredible story
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for you -- a survival story at sea. a sailor is back on dry land after surviving more than two months adrift in the atlantic ocean. sarah: it's really quite unbelievable. the man says he lived on rainwater and the fish you manage to catch him elf after the boat was badly damaged. even the u.s. coast guard said they had never seen anything like this. >> finally rescued after 66 days drifting at sea. the crew of this german cargo ship say they found louis jordan sitting on the overturned whole of his sailing boat. he was then picked up by a coast guard helicopter and taken to hospital in the u.s. state of virginia. despite his ordeal, the 37-year-old was able to walk though he did appear unsteady on his feet. jordan was reported missing in late january. a coast guard search found nothing.
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>> we got a little bit more clarity about what happened. he was transiting up north and decided to head off shore to go fishing. somewhere along that time frame his mast was broken, and his calm's gear, all of his electronics were damaged in some rough weather. >> jordan says he now wants to make the most of his life. >> i feel grateful to have the opportunity to live, to do what i want to do, which is to produce some sort of fruit in my life something valuable, something to make the world better place. that's all that matters. >>'s family are calling his survival a miracle. they say they are thrilled to have him back just in time with the easter holiday. >> 66 days of eating sushi. sarah: hard to believe. held in jerusalem for good friday. thousands of christians flock to the church of the holy sepulcher
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, where christ's tomb is believed to be. >> worshipers in the old city retraced about jesus to his crucifixion. stopping at various points along the journey. israel set amount 130,000 people are expected to visit the country over easter. this year, the christian feast coincides with the jewish festival of passover. well, he's one of the most imposing figures of postwar german politics. the man widely known as the architect of german reunification. >> were talking of course about them and celebrating his 85th birthday. he was the nation's longest serving chancellor, spending 16 years in office. he enjoyed moments of great triumph, but he also caused his fair share of controversy. >> he rarely appears in public anymore. these images were taken three years ago. they show him with chancellor angela merkel at an event in his honor. merkel congratulated him on his 85th birthday in a guest column
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for a german tabloid. she praised his accomplishment, especially his role in reunifying germany. he succeeded because he was second to none in establishing trust over the years, from washington via paris london, and brussels all the way to moscow. this chancellor and the trust he inspired, was a blessing for us germans." he became german chancellor in 1982 and remained in office for 16 years. he sought closer ties with france and cultivated germany's friendship with france and the united states. he also improved berlin's relationship to the soviet union after mikael gorbachev became leader. in the 1990's, he made further european integration a top priority, strongly backing the creation of the euro. in 1998, his fortune soured when he lost the elections. then he was exposed in a party donation scandal.
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that cost him the party leadership. his wife committed suicide a looming years of illness and loneliness. in 2008, he was severely injured in a fall, but he also remarried. his reputation has slowly recovered. international commentators have called him a great european statesmen. even so, as he turns 85, he remains a controversial figure. sarah: that's going to do it for us. we're back at the top of the hour with more news and updates. stay with dw. >> see you then. [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit ncicap.org]
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♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ >> patricia: hello and welcome. i'm patricia o'reilly and i'm delighted you could join us for another edition of "out of irel

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