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tv   Journal  PBS  April 7, 2015 6:00pm-6:31pm PDT

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>> a warm welcome to you. wrote news coming to you live from dw. >> are top stories for you at this hour. brian: islamic state pushes on with its destruction of the palestinian refugee camp in syria. the u.n. says help must be delivered immediately. >> reasserting its claim for billions in reparations from berlin. brian: facing an historic drought. california imposes that state's first ever mandatory restrictions on water use.
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welcome to the program. the situation for some 18,000 people trapped by fighting right now in a palestinian refugee camp has been described by the u.n. as beyond inhumane. >> they have seized most of the camp from syrian government troops and residents have been going without food, water, and medicine for weeks now. the organizations say conditions in the camp are deteriorating dramatically. pescape routes have been blocked and many of the buildings have been reduced to rubble. clashes are continuing in the camp, which has been home to displaced palestinian refugees since 1948. brine: islamic state has been very active as well in neighboring iraq. and it conquered to create their last summer, we received reports of a bloodbath of hundreds of young cadets into greek. with that city back in our iraqi
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government hands, evidence is emerging that is said to confirm those earlier reports. >> uncovering the remains of what may be as many as 1700 iraqi recruits, many just in their teens. the executions have become a lightning rod for shia militias who vowed to avenge the killing. >> military honors for the dead. 1700 mainly shiite soldiers have been believed to be murdered here. iraqi flax lexmark the areas where the human remains have been down. the grapes are on the presidential campaign of former dictator saddam hussein. -- the graves are on the presidential estate. islam state captured tikrit last june. it is north of the capital baghdad. tikrit was saddam hussein's hometown.
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it was handed over to our iraqi forces. the man -- the men in the middle here survive the massacre. >> they promised us we would be sent to our families. they even gave us water to make us feel secure. then they put us in large vehicles, brought us here in titus up. i still have a mark on my cups here. -- brought us here and tied us up. >> he survived, but pretended to be dead. he rolled down into the valley surrounded by his comrades corpses. identifying the debt will be a link the process, but it will allow the victim's relatives to bury their loved ones remains with it to. >> next we had to yemen. the battle for the yemeni port city of aden has turned into a go city, according to red cross officials who say eight is urgently needed. >> rebels are dancing on aden.
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more than 540 people have been killed in recent fighting. 100,000 have been displaced mainly women and children. >> dish envoy wants to use his toy gun to fight saudi's -- this young boy wants to fight saudi's, he said. he was severely burned -- sanaa was severely burned during the last airstrikes. >> i plead with you to save the yemeni people, says this man. the wounded are dying inside the hospitals and on the streets because of this sheer number of injuries. the airstrikes target houthi positions like this military base, but civilians are often caught in the crossfire. two children in school were killed during the shelling of the nearby airbase. >> children continue to be
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killed, injured, displaced, and tortured, increasing the risk of disease. they should be afforded protection by all parties to the conflict, in line with international humanitarian law. >> those who can are leaving him in. most of those -- are leaving yemen. more than 100,000 have been displaced inside the country while attempting to escape the violence. fighting is still raging in aden, the strong hold of forces loyal to the former leader but rebels are trying to capture the port. there is a glimmer of hope on the horizon. the first international red cross plane carrying doctors and other medical personnel has already landed. more aid is on the way by air and ship. >> were going back now to the story we opened program with
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about the 18,000 people trapped by fighting in a palestinian refugee camp in syria. for more on what is clearly a desperate situation for those people, let's cross over to our reporter who joins us now on the line from jerusalem. representatives from your agency are trying to get into the camp right now. are they getting any help to get inside? >> are trained staff are on standby. our crews are on standby, but the situation inside the camp is very serious and there's no guarantee of safety which makes it impossible for us to venture into the camp and deliver supplies.
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there is a delegation from the palestine liberation organization trying to see what is the best way -- to see what the options are before them. cease-fire evacuation, safe passage, anything that will guarantee the safety and security of the children and the elderly and the men and women here. our meeting the people who can leave the camp to receive badly needed services. >> you have made contact with the syrian government and are working with them. what about islamic state are you working with them in getting them to cooperate in getting civilians out of here? >> the concern parties and
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officials are in talks on the best way to help the trapped population. the humanitarian agencies must work on the ground with all those in the camp. we do maintain contact in any location, but at this juncture it is so dangerous and so fluid that nobody knows what is going on. the point remains that the sanctity of the camp should be respected and it should not be targeted in the ongoing strikes.
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>> we have to leave it there. as efforts continue to get to the civilians inside the camp. to greece, and the countries defense minister says the country has attained what he is calling stunning evidence to support his claim for world war ii reparations from germany. >> almost 280 billion euros. the rest is reparations for crimes. as an says the numbers are backed up by records it has obtained from the u.s. military which reviewed the extent of damage to private and public property during the nazi occupation. we will get that perspective from athens in a moment. first let's get the angle from berlin.
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our correspondent peter told us about reactions here to greece's latest call for reparations. >> it's a huge claim, 278 alien euros. -- 278 billion euros. germany has responded by pointing to a much smaller sum of money. germany paid to greece in, but -- and compensation back in 1960, so long time ago. germany has been most adamant that with that payment all that time ago it met its obligations fully and the case is closed in international law. that is germany's position on the -- on all this. the rotation is on the part of the german government that the greek government is trying to link reparations with greece's current desk crisis in germany's role in it. germany's very irritated about that. we had feisty talk from the
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minister today coming out and saying it is tom and stupid and the two things simply don't belong together. greece does not see it the same way. for greece, they are linked especially for the greek people. it's not going to go away anytime soon. i think germany will have to revisit the issue in the near future. >> we are joined by our correspondent in athens. the german government has rejected the greek commands and call them dumb. they say athens is wrong to conflate its budget problems with reparations. why is the government raising this issue right now and what does it want to achieve with this? >> this is hardly a new claim from greece, but it is a new leftist government that is moving forcefully and rigorously
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as far as this claim is concerned. the prime minister himself has said -- he does he himself who raised the issue to angela merkel in face to face talk not too long ago. it's also the defense minister, his coalition partner, who is coming out and saying there is stunning evidence to bolster these claims even further. the government here is saying there is no game of linkage in its credit talks with creditors, but there's no doubt these atmospherics are antagonizing the talks. it is definite that the prime minister's time to play to his domestic audience and show that he is really there with the people and that he is fighting for their causes and to deliver on the campaign promises the
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party made. that is why you're seeing the popularity of this prime minister just continuously soaring, despite these failed talks to resolve greece's fiscal situation kerry >> this demand comes on the very eve of the greek prime minister's visit to russia and there are already rumors of low interest loans and cheap energy from moscow. what are you hearing? >> that is deftly what is on the agenda. tsipras wants some financial breathing space from russia, but russia in return wants a trade-off for greece to help block further eu sanctions on moscow. whether that trade-off will actually be clinched during this
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visit remains to be seen, because the stakes are very, very high. x we will have to leave it there. a lot of diplomatic activity is the prime minister of greece heads to russia. >> time to catch you up on the latest is this news. a megamerger in the making within the express parcel delivery industry. fedex has announced it is taking over rival tnt for 4.4 billion euros. >> that is a huge merger that is building up fedex's business in europe. an attempt by ups to acquire tnt was locked by antitrust regulators, but analysts to not expected to last. were going to a short break. >> see you in a moment.
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>> what is the sound of a tree not walling -- not falling? it's the sound of community development, reliable food and water.
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the united nations development program is listening and working with communities to check or as for the future we want. find out more. >> welcome back. prosecutors in the east german state continued their investigation into a suspected arson attack on a refugee hostel last week. the building was set to house 40 asylum seekers beginning next month. >> the state premier of saxony is sounding the alarm bells and says opposition to taking in refugees has become a nationwide problem with attacks occurring in other german cities as well. one town is looking at accommodating those refugees expected next month in private homes. >> the first roof of a home plan for refugees is a reminder of the fight facing politicians here. it's still not clear who is responsible for setting the house on fire last friday night but investigators say the
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evidence points to right-wing extremist. >> it's difficult to investigate a politically motivated crime no matter who is responsible. it's usually not a spontaneous act. >> officials have offered a 20,000 euro reward for information leading to the arrest of the arsonist. security is also being upgraded at refugee centers and a number of politicians have been put under police protection after extremist threats. >> as you can imagine, this is a tough situation for my relatives , my family and my children. >> officials at the state-level say there was no failure on the part of security forces. >> i wouldn't say that we responded to late in the specific case. when something like this happens, there's always a moment of her election on what could've been done better.
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>> the city government says it still plans to take in refugees. the message is clear truck blitz will stand up to extremist threats. >> while many of those asylum seekers are coming from war-torn regions in africa. it's a risky journey. in 2014 alone, more than 3000 people drowned in the mediterranean the while attempting to cross from northern africa to reach the shores of europe. >> a german with no nautical experience was moved to take to the sea in a vessel he financed with a few others to help refugees in desperate straits. >> he and his crew were supposed to already be at sea. but they've been having problems. first it was the motor, and then the transmission. but mechanical failures cannot deter him from his humanitarian
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mission. he and his crew are working on a problem that aims to find refugees stranded at sea as european authorities to help them. he and three other families pull their money to buy this nearly 100-year-old oh. -- boat. he is outraged by people -- images of people desperate to reach europe, risking their lives in hopelessly overcrowded rubber dinghies. he said the mediterranean sea is europe's order and creates a responsibility. >> if you knowledge that several thousand people are going to die on germany's x donald border this year, and i have to do comes from within. i cannot accept an injustice like. >> the sea watch is a former fishing vessel.
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a lot of work still needs to be done to adapt it to its new purpose. here he tries to get his head around a bewildering tangle of wires. ironically the 41-year-old is a landlubber, so he has enlisted veteran sailors as volunteers for the project. >> in the mediterranean, a boat might sail around for weeks without seeing anything, but we may sale by the bodies of children and the crew might be so traumatized, we will have to put into port. we don't know. >> back in the machine room, the mechanical problems have been solved. the sea watch is ready to set out on a short test trick. if all goes well, the vessel will soon patrol the mediterranean, looking to help those in desperate need.
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>> emergency workers and russia have reportedly extinguished a fire aboard a nuclear submarine. >> ablaze broke out during repair work in a shipyard in a northern city on the white see. the defense ministry is playing down the danger of radiation saying there was no nuclear fuel aboard the vessel and that its reactor was shut down within a year ago. a court in nairobi has ordered six men to be detained in connection with the massacre of almost 150 students at garissa university last week. >> these are the first arrests so far in nairobi. hundreds of students have gathered to remember the victims of the massacre. they protested against al shab aab, which has claimed responsibility for the attack.
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>> we shall never forget you. that was the message from the hundreds of people who took to the streets of nairobi. they came out to honor those killed by the islamists auch about government in a massacre last week. >> 147 students i at the head of a gun. -- died at the hand of a gone. >> we cannot stand back and watch. we must cry for them. >> that number has become a symbol of support for the victims. #147 is not just a number, and has been trending on social media site. the demonstrators are also angry with the kenyan government and its security forces for not doing enough to protect the population against islamist attack. >> we want to put treasure on the government on the security
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issues. we are not feelings anymore. [indiscernible] they are looking for their loved ones. >> for many of those relatives collecting their love ones remains was all the more harrowing on choose a as some of the bodies were so badly mutilated. >> we looked at his feet and it looks like my brother, but we are not sure if he is the one. his face was totally does roy but we are requesting whether we can find out whether it is him using single. >> the garissa attack was the deadliest carried out in kenya by al shabaab. >> deliberations have begun in the trial of the boston marathon bombing sus, dzhokhar tsarnaev. x he was described as a ruthless
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terrorist to targeted men, women, and children. three people died and more than 260 were injured in the bombing back in 2013. the defense team try to blame his older brother, who was killed by police after the attack. if convicted he could face the death penalty. california governor jerry brown has defended his drastic order that requires all californians to cut back on their use of water. >> not quite all californians. the state's largest fruit and vegetable growers have been exempted from the regulation along with a number of other industries. the drought has affected about 98% of california. next they are drilling in the golden state but for water, not for oil. the states drought has gone on for or years now and construction is underway on deeper and deeper wells.
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but groundwater levels keep on dropping. it's a vicious circle. communities have been ordered to reduce their water use by 25% with heavy fines for those who failed to all of the rules. >> is requiring action and changes in behavior from the oregon border all the way to the mexican border. it affects how long people stay in the shower, how businesses use water. >> experts call the drought historic. then and now images of lakes and reservoirs show how severe the problem is. one big reason is the lack of ronald water from the mountains. after a winter with rarely any snow falling on the sierra nevada range. >> i can take you from california, climate change is not a hope. we are dealing with it and it is areas. >> ordinary californians are replacing lawns with rock gardens and plants that need less water, or even artificial
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turf that requires no water. some have abandoned green yards altogether. >> most of the back is cement, so we don't have to worry about that. >> but individual water use is just one small part of the shortage. farmers use 80% of the state's water. so far they have been exempted from the conservation orders but are required to document their water consumption. some of them are not happy. >> growers generally do not want to share that information, they consider it their trade. they will all have to purchase expensive water meters and then pay to have those installed. >> and farmers don't think much of the governor's suggestion that they switch to less water intensive crops. >> we could grow lima beans with less water, but not too many people want to have a lima beans
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smoothie. >> some farmers are throwing in the towel. rice farmer charlie mathieu sold his water rights back to the city of los angeles. it was more profitable than growing crops. >> this is really just the beginning of the story for california how it's going to master the challenge of less water than usual. >> thanks so much for watching. >> see you next time. [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit]
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>> here is your host. >> hi there and welcome from our studios in berlin. glad you could join us and here's how our highlights of the past week have shaped up this time around -- how tomorrow's cars will be driving themselves. jason decaires taylor and his underwater art.
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scenes of switzerland. the enchanting landscapes of engadin. cars that drive themselves. it's one of the coming trends in automobile manufacturing. and while mercedes and audi are already well on the way to developing computer-driven vehicles, another model was turning heads at the geneva


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