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tv   Journal  PBS  April 29, 2015 6:00pm-6:31pm PDT

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>> welcome to the "journal" from dw in berlin. >> pleasure to have you with us. the headlines from this hour -- desperate for help. nepal says the world is dumping eight, making matters worse. on the ground, more cries for help that is yet to arrive. >> european parliament calls for the eu to take in more refugees but will european states agree to that? >> bayern falters, but dortmund are through to the cup.
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>> we begin in nepal where villagers have blocked trucks carrying supplies for earthquake victims. they are demanding the government do more to help. that after last week's disaster left at least 5000 people dead. thousands more are homeless and short of the most basic supplies. >> in kathmandu about 200 people protested outside the parliament, desperate to flee the capital and post-quake ar's, demanding that the government provide more buses to their home towns and villages. although the country has been inundated with aid it has been slow to reach those in need. >> kathmandu plus residents are losing patience with the relief effort. these protesters say the government is not doing enough to help earthquake survivors. >> we have not had any relief. we are very hungry. we have not had anything to drink and have not been able to sleep. this government has done nothing.
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now with this government. >> the prime minister spoke with survivors on a tour of the city, but he had little good news to report. his government acknowledges that crisis management has been inadequate. that is small consolation for the hungry and thirsty. >> we do not get anything right now. >> conditions are even more desperate in remote areas where relief supplies have been slow to arrive. this helicopter is bringing world food program aid to villages west of kathmandu. it's the first such delivery since the quake. >> we are hungry. we have not received any aid. >> the united nations warns that providing clean water is becoming a major challenge.
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poor sanitary conditions increase the threat of disease. aid workers say they need more of everything. >> more helicopters, more personnel, and certainly more relief supplies, including medical teams, shelter tents water, sanitation, and food are obviously needed. >> now bad weather is compounding the misery. monsoon season starts in may, but heavy rains have already started to hinder rescue efforts. >> now we had to afghanistan where fears are rising that the taliban could regain territory now that international troops are gone. >> the jihadists are currently attacking could induce in the north, doing so from two fronts from within afghanistan and from across the border in pakistan. the regional governor has warned that the area could all to the taliban. >> it was the base for german roops for nine years. they handed it over to afghan security forces two weeks ago.
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>> thousands of afghan soldiers and police are on their way to the front. security forces are boosting their numbers to counter the taliban and advance. >> the operation is under way and none of the districts or villages will fall. we're being extremely careful because the enemy is using residential areas for shelter so we are trying hard to avoid any civilian casualties. >> fighting has steadily intensified in afghanistan since last friday. the battles are part of the taliban spring offensive. the islamist militants have been targeting troops in the northern part of the province. people accuse the government of deserting them. >> we asked the president to take the situation seriously. militants will take over this province if the situation remains as it is. >> international peacekeeping troops withdrew from the province in 2013.
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since then, security has deteriorated in the region. this offense of -- offensive will prove that the afghan army can live up to its obligation. >> a call for more illegal immigration from africa and the middle east. the commission chief is urging mission states to take in more migrants so that fewer die in the mediterranean. >> he won the support of the european parliament for the idea on wednesday. he wants a quota system for distributing asylum seekers across member states. >> the parliament's decision is expected to run into resistance from national governments especially those struggling with high unemployment. >> i see the looks on the faces of migrants arriving in sicily. they reflect terrific and dangerous trips. it's unacceptable that europe continues to duck this issue.
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>> scenes like these have shocked people around the world including european lawmakers in strasburg. they accuse europe's leaders of remaining on the sidelines and said it was time for change. >> could we please use the system that we've got make it more humanitarian, and actually stop letting people die at sea? thank you. >> you are the guilty parties, just like all the others who play along, who keeps silent or look away. >> even as he came under attack, the european commission president seemed to be taking the message to heart. >> if we don't open our doors we should not be surprised when the world for print the windows to get in -- when the world's poor break the windows to get in. >> but they say europe cannot afford an open door policy when it suffers from high youth employment. they back a more balanced quota.
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>> to saudi arabia now with the king has dramatically reshuffled the most powerful positions in the country. after just three months on the throne he has set up a line of succession for two generations. >> his nephew, currently interior minister, becomes crown prince. that puts the 85-year-old directly in line to the throne. he is seen as open to a forum and a firm ally of the united dates. >> for some analysis on this reshuffle, where happy to be joined live in the studio by our mideast expert. welcome to the program. first off, can you less in on who this man is -- can you fill us in on who this man is in line to the saudi throne? >> first of all politics and saudi arabia is basically a family affair. the country is named after the
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klan, and everyone holding a political position of any importance is part of this royal emily. there are about 12,000 princes available, and the question of course is which line is the strongest of the many and what we see now is really an interesting development because the new king who has been a power in office for only three months has understood that he really needs to lay the groundwork for a of succession. he tried to make his son his successor, but his son is too young, so he found somebody from the intermediary level who is failing begat. it might sound a little bit complicated, but it's all about family business within rivaling parts of the family tree, and this new king is very careful not to outrage those parts of the family that might be opposed to his own line of family.
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>> of course the timing of this shakeup is also a little interesting because it comes relatively soon after that saudi-led air campaign in yemen. what do you make of that? >> that's an interesting question because indeed, the new king tried to make his son who was only 30 years old, his potential successor, but it seems another part of the royal family not go along with this line of thought. so he now decided that his nephew should do the new job as his potential air. because his son, who is only 30 years old, as mentioned, he has been the defense for the time being, and he is co-responsible for the war in yemen but the saudi government has understood that this war spells trouble. nobody knows when it will end. for the time being the bombing of yemen has stopped but there will be backlashes and it might be a very long military engagement, and he is trying to protect his son and share
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responsibility with other parts of the royal family. >> so external and internal political considerations coming together in this shakeup. >> absolutely. >> thanks so very much, as ever for your insights. indonesia is holding its hardline against the war on drugs. in the early hours of wednesday, a firing squad convicted eight convicted -- a firing squad executed eight convicted drug traffickers. >> and no amount of candle vigils or diplomatic efforts could sway jakarta. >> ambulances took the coffins to a morgue on the main island of java. there's international outrage at the executions, which saw the men tied to post and shot by firing squads. the outrage is especially strong in their home countries -- among them, australia. >> to die the way they did -- it's not good. not good for us, not good for
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them and i will never go to their country again. >> pleas for compassion have been followed by calls for a boycott. the estoril in government cannot go that far but it is recalling its ambassador. >> these executions are both cruel and unnecessary. cruel because both spent some decade in jail before being executed. unnecessary because both of these young australians were fully rehabilitated while in prison. >> there's also outrage in nigeria and brazil over the killings of their citizens. brazil is warning of severely strained relations. tears of relief only in manila after a filipina was granted reprieve when a new witness appeared at the last in it. a french convict has also
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managed to launch a further appeal after paris warned of o-matic consequences. >> the u.s. has sent a top diplomat to burundi amid the country's worst political crisis in a decade. washington says it's not too late for peru and the leaders and people to keep to a peaceful democratic path. >> this crisis was triggered by the president's announcement over the weekend that he would be standing for a third term during elections in june. that sparked a wave of protest which the government has described as nothing less than a rebellion. >> for the fourth day running crowds marched through the streets of burundi's capital. a government ban on protests has stopped -- failed to stop people venting their anger. this time, there was no repeated the violence that flared in
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previous days. the government has launched a different crackdown, closing radio stations and cutting off social media networks used to spread news of the protests. demonstrators are undeterred. >> we won't leave this place until the president says he will not run for a third term. if he continues to hold onto power, we will carry on fighting for our country and our rights. if he says he won't run, then we can remove these barricades. >> he has led baroody for a decade since the end of the country's civil war. the conflict -- he has led burundi for a decade, since the end of the country's civil war. presidents are only lead to hold office 14 of terms. he says he is not breaking that rule since he was initially appointed by parliament, not the electorate.
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but many feel differently. a number of people have been killed in clashes with police. some 25,000 have fled to neighboring countries, including rwanda. >> i was attacked by these militias who beat me up. my neighbors tried to help me, but they were also beaten. when i told local authorities they did nothing. the next day the militias came and threatened to kill me. that's when i decided to flee. >> many worried the dispute could reopen old wounds left eye the ethnic conflict and lead to more violence across burundi. >> were going to a short break. we'll be back in one minute, and we will take you on a trip into space with a russian spacecraft with supplies for the iss has run into trouble. >> and we will have the view on
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the progress of a cargo ship spinning out of control. state tuned for that. -- stay tuned for that.
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>> welcome back to the show. we're picking it up here in germany where this growing pressure on a key ally of chancellor angela merkel due to the fallout from spying on europe by the u.s. intelligence agency, the nsa. >> volunteer ministers facing fears criticism that he failed to protect german national interests. reports indicate government agencies are under his supervision -- government agencies under his supervision may have known about american spying and done nothing about it. >> the burgeoning scandal has put thomas to ms. ef in a tight spot. opposition politicians call him a liar, complete with pinocchio nose. just two weeks ago, he claimed there continued to be no findings on alleged industrial
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as panache by the nsa or other u.s. agencies in other countries. since then, it's been reported that in 2000 eight, germany's intelligence agency notified the chancellery of the nsa's activities in europe. he was head of the chancellery at the time. the opposition since his trouble. >> this is more than a spy scandal. in my view, it's becoming a government crisis. >> he insists he'd like to explain but says his hands are tied. >> the information at issue here and to which the media refers, comes from documents that are either classified or secret. that's why i'm not in a position to publicly address these accusations. >> earlier this week, chancellor angela merkel promised to comment on the matter, but so far, her office has kept silent.
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>> we will catch you up with business news in a minute, but first, let's look at some of the other stories making the headlines this hour. pope francis has spoken out in aber of equal pay for women. at his weekly audience in the vatican, he said the discrepancy in wages was a scandal that christians should reject. -- pope francis has spoken out in favor of equal pay for women. >> this is a view from a russian spaceship spinning out of control right now. it was en route to the international space station with 2.5 tons of food and fuel. russia says that if it cannot gain control of the ship, it's likely to burn up in the earth's atmosphere. >> ukrainian firefighters have been battling a forest fire that had threatened to spread towards the ruined but still radioactive chernobyl power plant.
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emergency services agency said there had been no changes in background radiation levels in kiev. the prime minister said the eye or had in brought under control. -- the fire had been brought under control. >> the ceo of german airline lufthansa said his coming has been changed forever by last month's loss of a passenger jet belonging to subsidiary germanwings. >> 150 people were killed when the plane crashed into the house and what is believed to have been a deliberate act by the copilot. shareholders have been holding their annual general meeting. we have this report from hamburg. >> candles to commemorate the victims. a book of condolences. this year's annual shareholder meeting began with a minute of silence. 150 people died in the crash in march. it was the worst disaster in the
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company's 60-year history. >> the thought of this disaster still leaves us stunned and distraught and fills us with grief. >> we cannot understand what happened. more than 300,000 people fly with our carriers every day. they trust us with their lives. trust is what our business is built on. >> the disasters brought the workforce closer together after a prolonged pay dispute. the company had planned to merge germanwings with its other budget airline to lower mower -- more price sensitive consumers. when running a premium brand, it can be useful to offer a budget brand yourself to keep customers on board.
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>> if travelers are not willing to pay more, then they should not be surprised to see us enter the market with a low-cost brand that offers less service. >> lufthansa seems to be finding a way out of the deadlock with its pilots out of pay. it saw them strike 12 times in less than one year. now lufthansa has offered arbitration. >> the airline has offered its pilot disputes becker proved to be an important step for peace in the troubled company. >> now let's get a check of financial markets. european stocks sank on wednesday. germany's main index took a plunge as well. >> not a good day in the frankfurt stock market. the mood went downhill, and so
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did share prices. news from the united states responsible for that. economic growth, if you could call it that, in the first quarter in the united states -- a meager 0.2 percent practically treading water. experts had expected growth of about 1%. that week data caused the dollar to weaken, the euro to rise. that put additional pressure on share prices. after that, waiting for news from the u.s. central bank, the fed, which were to give people an indication of when the interest rate hike might happen in the united eights, so lots of reason for nervousness for lower share prices here. >> let's take a closer look at the numbers for you. all that disappointing economic data from the u.s. dragged down the dax to a seven-week low. it tumbled 3.2% to finish the euro stoxx 50 also finished in the red. the dow currently down almost
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15%. on currency markets, the euro -- $1.1120. >> time for soccer news last night. german champions bayern munich are nursing injuries after being knocked out of the german cup last night. >> they lost on penalties. they've also lost some key players for their champions league. >> he could not contain his joy. they knocked the buyer -- bayern out of the cup. bayern had started well. >> we had everything under control. there were five minutes where we let dortmund play. that was the problem. >> that game in the second half
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the shot crept over the line, leveling the scores at 1-0. >> i had the feeling we could do it, even if it did not look like it in the first half. the team fought like crazy, and we got lucky with the penalties. >> dortmund scored their first two penalties but bayern misfired. effort was saved before the keeper stepped up and hit the bar. >> i cannot explain it. sometimes you just slip. it's really hard to take when it happens in penalties. >> bayernn just the match. they also lost to the key players to injury.
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the dutchman injured his calf and will not be able to help byron bounceback -- will not be of to help bayern bounce back. >> the first spacecraft orbiting mercury is expected to run out of fuel and is expected to slam into the planet bringing more than a decade of exploration to an end. >> the messenger probe was the first to orbit mercury but will not be the last. a pair of european and japanese spacecraft to get there taking off in 2016. during its time whizzing around the planet, messenger delivered in valuable data on what was down below. >> it was supposed to orbit mercury for a year. it managed to stay for four, but now the messenger mission is over. it's out of fuel and will crash into the planet tomorrow. mercury is the closest planet to the sun.
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messenger was the first spacecraft to orbit it.- ground control managed to raise its orbit, giving it a longer life, but now the end is not. during its more than 4000 laps, messenger used a laser to analyze and photograph mercury's surface. it sent around 250,000 pictures back to earth, a veritable treasure trove for scientists. the data and images have revealed volcanic deposits polar ice caps, and an abundance of elements such as potassium or sulfur. some of the planet's history. these pictures show how a day looks at mercury's north pole.
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messenger will continue sending pictures until about 10 minutes before it hits the surface. it will leave a crater on the planet it has circled for so long, but it is expected to hit on the side away from earth, so observatories here will miss it. >> a big thank you to messenger for all that information over the last decade. and thank you for joining us here on dw. >> goodbye. [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit]
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>> a village in northern cambodia. [ speaking foreign language ]


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