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tv   Journal  PBS  May 27, 2015 6:00pm-6:31pm PDT

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from the dw studios here in berlin, this is your world news. >> it's great to have you with us. here come the headlines. >> several world top officials arrested as the u.s. charges corruption at fifa spanning two generations. >> take them -- the european union asks member states to assist with asylum. >> the british monarch queen elizabeth, reads out the new government power plan at the state opening of parliament in london.
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the football world is in shock. the sport's governing body, fifa , is gathering in switzerland to elect its next president but arrest and corruption charges are getting in the way. >> swiss authorities made several high-profile arrests acting on an extradition mark from the u.s., which indicted 14 feet for officials and marketing company executives. >> the justice department accuses them of abusing their positions to make millions of dollars in bribes for more than 20 years. >> swiss police arrested the seven fee for officials at this luxury hotel. among the detainees, the soccer world body's vice president and the head of its central american chapter. he is one of seven ranking thief of functionaries arrested. >> these individuals used their
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positions of trust within their respective organizations to solicit bribes from sports marketers in exchange for commercial rights to their soccer tournaments. they did this over and over, year after year. >> authorities raided fifa headquarters in a search for evidence and froze the defendants' bank accounts. while they mount their case, including charges of money laundering, swiss prosecutors look into separate bribery charges related to russia and qatar receiving the 2018 and 2022 world cup's. >> this is not good in terms of image. it's not good in terms of reputation, but in terms of cleaning up, in terms of everything done in the last four years. >> fifa may have sick did spin doctors on the scandal, but the u.s. governing body is calling for a delay on friday's presidential poll.
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>> today's events are a disaster for fifa and tarnish the image of football as a whole. these events show once again that corruption is deeply rooted in fifa's culture. >> so far the fifa president has been spared any accusation. he looks set to be handed a fit term this friday. >> some people asking if all of this is really happening. we want to pull in our sports group. a lot of people say this story is so incredible, and it's changing so quickly that fifa as we know it may not even exist in 40 and i was. >> the fall of the berlin wall like this, events just sort of snowballed out of control. let's take you back to the start
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of the day when we were all getting out of the end. an incredible, almost hollywood-like story, swiss police storming at the behest of u.s. authorities a luxury hotel and arresting seven high-ranking fee for -- high-ranking fifa officials. it does not really get much bigger than this, and i think it will be interesting -- they've got a vote on friday that was supposed to be about electing a new president, but they've called for the vote to be postponed, and maybe if the national football associations are this upset, the national organization will cease to exist. >> could you outline for us some of the charges involved? what do they amount to? >> there's two different things happening here. one of the vice presidents who had been arrested -- people are being arrested on racketeering charges.
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that's a word invented in the u.s. to deal with mafia crimes. it's alleged they accepted over 150 million u.s. dollars in bribes over 20 years from sports marketers people in the sports business, basically. that's one side. the other side is an ongoing probe by swiss authorities into if the world cup's 2018 in russia and 2022 in qatar were essentially bought off. there's to do different things. obviously, the first investigation has major consequences for the people who have been arrested. the second could lead to consequences. >> you had people inside fifa come out and say the place is like a secretive dictatorship, like the mafia. it's hard to break down the structures of a place like that.
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>> i think certainly, we can now say without the risk of labeling anyone that there's a culture of corruption that has been widespread in fifa for at least a couple of decades. the head of fifa has never been connected with bribe taking personally, but he has been described as something of a potentate in this organization. if two of his eight vice presidents are accepting many an illicit fashion, he may not know what's going on. >> how does he get out of this come friday? can he? is that possible now? >> i would say no, but we are talking about fifa. he has been a charge for 17 years. he is a very clever guy. i would guess he has never taken
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a personal pride himself, but that does not mean everything he has done is on the up and up. it will depend on if there is a smoking gun somewhere pointed at him or if they decide that the amount of circumstantial evidence which would also carry in a court of law, has become so much that he is untenable as the head of the organization. >> 48 hours to go until the election takes place if it takes place. incredible story to report on. thank you very much. >> moving on to other stores now. to europe's migrant crisis. the message coming out of brussels is that it is all about sharing. >> the european union has asked member states to take in tens of thousands of asylum-seekers. >> many are now in italy and greece, countries struggling to cope with the surge in migrants. >> barbed wire and dancing along the greek border with turkey -- barbed wire and fencing.
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they pay smugglers to bring them by sea. most arrive in greece and italy. those countries have long played with the eu for help dealing with the problem. now the european commission has put forward a plan aimed at shifting the burden more evenly across the eu. >> the agenda is a balanced package based on a very simple principle -- extend a helping hand to those in need. >> the eu is asking member states to resettle 40,000 asylum-seekers who have landed in greece and italy. countries taking part will receive 6000 euros per asylum-seekers from brussels. the emergency plan will run for at least two years. the united nations secretary-general backs the
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plan. he has called on the eu and commission president to set an example and not go after people smugglers with military force. >> i support this strengthening of the military capacity in searching and rescuing the people. our priority should be given to life-saving. >> but there will be strong opposition to the proposal, especially from france. the issue will top the agenda at next month's meeting of eu interior ministers in luxembourg. >> all right, in africa, ethiopia's ruling party appears to have one last weekend cost elections by a landslide. >> early returns give me -- the eprdf of 23 seats from the capital. the u.s. and eu say the elections were orderly but unfair.
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with a crackdown on dissent. it appears the opposition has not won a single seat so far. >> gerany's defense minister says india may be ready to buy euro fighter jets. >> the defense minister met with the indian prime minister to talk arms deals. it appears they have gotten some results. >> a show of harmony as the indian prime minister welcomed germany's defense minister to delhi. it was a sign how warm german-india ties have become. the two quickly got down to business of some potentially lucrative defense contracts. germany hopes to ink a multibillion euro deal to build six submarines in india. for years, berlin has urged delhi to buy euro fighter combat jets to no avail, but there are now signs -- germany wants to
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sell at least 90 of the pan-european sales. there are also signs of closer cooperation. >> depending on a stable international order we want a close dialogue with india as a partner. the two of us, we are open societies, and open societies are dependent on not having national restrictions, on not being intimidated by terroristic attacks, for example. >> the defense minister gave high marks to india's human rights record despite a series of well-publicized gang rapes. she said that would pose no obstacle to german arms deals.
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>> a russian activist and politician was gunned down on the street in moscow three months ago. >> that murder shocked people in russia and abroad. his supporters and family are not letting authorities off the hook when it comes to finding his killer. >> his daughter has been speaking out across europe trying to hold the russian government to account. we met up with her right here in berlin. >> we meet up with her in central berlin. she shows us clips from russian state tv. she says it's a smear campaign against her late father when he was still alive. the ad calls him a traitor against mother russia and an enemy against the state because he did to criticize the project government and its actions against mother ukraine.
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she says she will pick up where her father left off. >> my father was working to get russian propaganda officials on the eu and u.s. sanctions list. mainly, he was after the big media bosses and presenters. he thought they were partly to blame for the conflict in ukraine and four people's hate toward the opposition and dissidents. >> she says her father fell victim of that hate. now outside the russian embassy in berlin, she is the one calling for a u.s. and eu travel ban on russian media figures with ties to the kremlin. she is fighting back against anti-european sentiment and her country. >> we have to put a stop to this
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aggression in our foreign policy. it is isolating russia from the world, from the west. it's damaging our country and our citizens. >> we are on the way to berlin's landmark brandenburg eight. for many, a symbol of freedom since the fall of the wall. it's here that she is set to hold her first international speech. >> the speech is in memory of my father. he always fought for freedom in politics, the economy art, and the media. he said freedom was essential for the prosperity of every nation. for my free russia -- that was his motto. that was his dream, and he paid for it with his life. >> it appears she has inherited her father's passion and his courage.
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>> were going to take a break.
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>> thanks for staying with us. earlier in the show, we told you about the eu's new relocation plan for 40,000 asylum-seekers, but hundreds of thousands are still eager to reach european shores. >> the real roots of the migrant problem lie outside the borders. protracted conflict in africa and the middle east are fueling multiple refugee crises. making it to europe is a dream for these vulnerable people. our reporters travel to south sudan to meet them. >> normally she would not be sitting around with her colleagues and south capital. she works for an in agency that distributes food and supplies to people living in the country's north, but a fresh outbreak of
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fighting between rebels and government forces forced her to leave her post. a couple of days ago, she received a phone call telling her to get to safety asked -- fast. >> we were in indonesia, and then we get a phone call that the situation is getting out of control. we felt it, but we never thought it would escalate. we were given one hour to get ready. >> in the past year and a half south sudan's ethnic conflict has taken the lives of more than 10,000 people. it has also forced 2 million more to flee their homes. government forces recently launched an offensive on rebel held towns but a political solution is needed to put an end to the conflict once and for all.
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>> in the we take all the places that are under the rebels, that will not be the solution. because we are writing a war that is essentially political in nature. the solution remains in the hands of the politicians to resolve the political deadlock. >> it's not only the people in the embattled oil-rich areas in the north of the country who suffer. in the entire country people feel the economic consequences of the conflict. oil revenue goes down while the prices for almost all products go up. >> last month, inflation was over 20%. more recently, food prices doubled in just a few days. many south sudanese people are worried that and they will not be able to afford anything in the bustling markets. >> another big driver of migration is poverty and hunger,
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but in a piece of good news from the united nations there are fewer hungry people in the world today. >> the number has dropped from more than one billion in the early 1990's to some 800 million. >> the u.s. food and agricultural organization cites improvements in farming and economic growth, especially in asian countries. >> in the 1990's, vietnam was still one of the world's poorest countries, but that's now ancient history. the country's growing asperity has made it -- prosperity has made hungary thing of the past. it serves as an example to other countries. throughout asia, the number of undernourished people has fallen by nearly half as economies have grown. the number fell even faster in latin america and the caribbean. there have also been successes in africa, but 20% there still do not have enough to eat.
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in zambia, for example the eu and united nations are running a joint development program. 300,000 are being taught techniques of sustainable agriculture. but there are still problems in south asia. india's economy is growing rapidly, but a majority of the population still lives on less than two euros a day. that's not always enough to feed a whole family. india accounts for half the world's malnourished people. despite the successes of the past two decades almost 800 million people continue to suffer from malnutrition. the fight against hunger has not yet been one -- been won. >> once again greece and its creditors are not seeing eye to eye on a debt agreement. the greek prime minister has expressed optimism about a bailout deal being near. >> but a european central bank
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source said there has been no breakthrough. the european commission and the international monetary fund have held talks. greece hopes to reach an agreement with lenders that will allow it to make a payment to the imf do next week. how did the latest out of greece affect the mood on financial markets? >> good news perhaps on greece. that's the way people here in the markets see it, but they immediately translated rumors that were initially there into higher share prices. the dax shot of when these rumors first appeared. there have since been more reports on what is coming out of athens and on brussels, and the reading continues to be a positive one. still, there is skepticism -- will this really translate into document that are signed and that will provide long-lasting relief for greece.
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there's a lot of skepticism that this will indeed evolved. there are still so many questions, and the fact that there are questions is evident in the fact that the euro has not really moved upward. >> these are the market numbers. the good news meant that the dax bounced back from yesterday's losses, finishing up 1.25%. the euro stoxx 50, an even stronger day. in new york, where they are still trading, the dow jones industrial average a bit more than .75% up, and the euro slightly rising against the dollar $1.0890. >> if you do not bike but drive a car through the city instead you will know what i'm talking about -- you've reached your destination, but surprise, you cannot find parking anywhere. >> wouldn't it be great if someone told you where to find one? german engineering giant siemens
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has developed a tool that aims to solve the eternal parking problem. >> parking spots are tough to find in european city centers. locating one takes up valuable time waste gas, and it's bad for the air. the irritating search is practically a ritual for many, and it can take the fun out of any trip downtown. an engineer at the zaman's company in munich wants to do something about the city's chronic shortage of parking space -- an engineer at the siemens company. >> about 30% of the people driving cars in the city are cruising around for a parking spot. it's one of the problems we have with inner-city traffic. we could cut down on it, it would be good for everyone. it would be good for drivers and better for the city. >> he has developed a system that alerts drivers to unoccupied parking spots in the vicinity.
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that is if there aren't any. the information is collected by special sensors built into streetlights. the radar registers when spots are free. a test system is already installed at this parking lot. municipalities in germany are interested in the system. he thinks there is a market outside the country as well. >> we've had talks with dubai, for example. dubai has huge traffic problems because everyone seems to drive a car. their public transport system is not as developed as europe's, and the system is part of the puzzle to address the issue. >> the sensors are tested here in this specially equipped laboratory. siemens has invested millions to develop the unique technology, but the radar can only detect the position of parking spots in a 15-meteor -- 15-meter radius
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from where it's positioned, and it does not detect traditional energies the way a camera would. >> each sensor can monitor the status of five to seven parking lots at a time. we can tell if they are occupied and how much space there is. we passed that information on to the drivers. >> the technology is still being tested. for now, drivers will probably have to hunt down their parking spaces on their own for some time to come. unless they switch to public transport first. >> now to a later who does not take public transport -- britain's queen elizabeth. she has given a speech introducing the policies of david cameron's government the first all-conservative government and nearly two decades. >> the planned registration covers key election promises sedges capping welfare benefits, freezing some taxes for five
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years, and holding a vote on eu membership by the end of 2017. >> it was a full house for the opening of parliament, a ceremony setting up plans for the year ahead. the queen arrived in a horse-drawn carriage. cameron's conservative party won a surprise majority in elections earlier this month. the 89-year-old's monarch -- the 89 euro monarch pass speech said they would hold a referendum to decide if written will leave the eu. >> alongside this, legislation will be introduced to provide for a referendum on membership of the european union before the end of 2017. >> other proposed laws include tougher immigration policies, more autonomy for scotland and wales, and caps on welfare
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benefits. later this week, cameron will visit european capitals for talks on eu reforms he is seeking ahead of the british referendum. >> forbes magazine has released its yearly list of the world's most powerful women, and for the fifth year in a row, angela merkel tops the ranking. >> that's right. her position us chancellor is uncontested. forbes cited her key role on issues ranging from greek finances to ukraine to climate change. >> all right, that's going to wrap it up. thanks for watching. [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit ncicap.org]
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lls. 15 years of war comes
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