tv DW News PBS October 5, 2015 6:00pm-6:31pm PDT
anchor: this is dw news nayar -- live from berlin. turkey's president makes it clear to europe -- one fewer refugees, talk to me. the turkish president says what he wants. a no-fly zone and a buffer zone in syria. he has reportedly agreed to more refugee camps in turkey. and let's make a deal -- angela merkel talking business in india . we will go down the list of the major contracts signed and sealed. and air france may need layoffs but the boxes lost their shirts
-- angry workers and physical with executives. we will talk to both sides. good to have you with us. it is a simple solution packed with diplomatic dynamite. the turkish president has told europe what he thinks it needs to do to deal with the crisis in syria. he says establish a buffer zone to clear that part from islamic state militants and once a no-fly zone. then there is the money. he wants an angel help for the 2 million plus syrian refugees living in camps in his country. he says that will help stop the influx of refugees into europe. we begin tonight with the refugee gatekeeper. reporter: europeans hope that he
will help them out. they can only tackle the crisis with turkey as a partner. brussels is ready to make concessions. if turkey takes responsibility to stem the flow of refugees to europe. >> we cannot do it on our own. we need the turkish side. reporter: turkey has already taken about 2 million refugees. the plan on the table now, half a million refugees will be sent to europe. they will help to build new camps in turkey. the prime minister is not just looking for financial assistance. >> during our meeting, i stressed it is still a strategic
option for turkey. reporter: experts warn he's using the visit to eight israel election campaign. >> coming here, getting a good result for turkey and -- it will be seen in turkey as something positive. he has been an actor in undermining turkey's democracy and human rights. reporter: state and government heads will be presenting an outline in brussels next week. anchor: we have team coverage of this meeting. dorian jones is our correspondent. he came to brussels and presented himself as the gatekeeper of refugees, telling europe you either deal with me or deal with more crisis. is that the message europe leaves?
guest: from a european perspective, two things are crucial -- one that turkey does a better job protecting it orders. the idea is as long as refugees are still in turkish waters, they could well be returned to turkey. the other main thing is the eu hopes turkey improves conditions within the refugee camps within turkey itself and they are willing to provide substantial financial aid for that so that people don't move on from turkey into the eu. anchor: how is that going on in turkey? do we have an unspoken threat that if you don't give us money, we will let more refugees go to europe? guest: turkey certainly feels it is in the driving in its deals with the european union.
it has become the main transit route heading toward the european union. there are over 2 million syrian refugees in turkey and more could easily cross into europe. he does have the capability to curtail the migration and the act that turkey's eu membership is in the deep freeze. there are concerns and the growing authoritarian tendencies of the president, russell has very little leverage. anchor: what about the topic of eu membership for turkey? is this the trump card? is turkey willing to look away from the violations? guest: i have to admit i was surprised by the rhetoric and the tone we have heard today.
jean-claude juncker called him an old friend and reformer. that makes you wonder what happened to the critique about human rights standards, democratic standards in the country in recent years. does that mean we will see lisa-free travel for turkish citizens? possibly. does it mean turkey will get into a list of safe countries where its citizens are unlikely to qualify for asylum because of absence of state persecution? pthat is very unlikely. one eu official put it to me by saying this is the beginning of a process and i think that is exactly what it is. anchor: before we let you go, about what we are seeing in syria and russia right now --
incursions into syrian space making headlines right now. is the turkish prime minister stronger because of russia being in syria? guest: it has been a good thing for the turkish president. turkey still faces a problem of large numbers of refugees and the possibility now that turkey could face rising tensions with the very powerful country of russia. anchor: gentlemen, to both of you, thank you very much. the turkish president possibly visit was overshadowed by a short but explosive incident near turkey's border with syria. a russian plane violated
turkey's airspace. it was only there for a few seconds, yet the white house and nato are calling it a provocation. ankara is exclaiming its rules of engagement are clear. from now on, the military says even if it is a flying bird, it will be intercepted. reporter: unfavorable weather conditions were to blame according to the russian defense ministry. officials said the fighter jet was only in turkish airspace for a few seconds, but nato strongly condemned the incursion into turkish territory. >> i just met with the foreign minister of turkey to discuss the unacceptable violations of turkish airspace by russian combat aircraft. i made clear nato remains strongly committed to turkey's security. reporter: washington made it clear that a violation of turkish and nato airspace was
unacceptable. >> we are greatly concerned about it because it is precisely the kind of thing that, had turkey responded under its rights, could have resulted in a shootdown and it is precisely the kind of thing we warned against. reporter: meanwhile, the russian military campaign in syria continues to stop the defense ministry said airstrikes were carried out on 10 islamic state targets on monday. anchor: heading to asia -- german chancellor angela merkel is on a high powered visit to india. the two companies are looking to expand their trading times and to deals are in the bag. india has agreed to fast-track proposals and steer german companies through the red tape to make it easier for them to operate there.
germany will provide more than 2 billion euros to support solar projects in high-efficiency power grids. reporter: before starting her agenda, the german chancellor made a point to meet and then followed the red carpet welcome for india's biggest trading partner in the eu. as part of the extensive program, a wreath was laid at the site where mahatma gandhi was cremated. merkel is accompanied by five of her ministers and a delegation set to cover a lot of ground. chancellor merkel: we are glad we were able to find an agreement on climate change. india has decided on its own targets and, as the prime
minister has pointed out, climate change has to be embraced either people. >> this is an area where we help conversion, abuse and rapidly growing cooperation. we have agreed on an india alliance with germany with a comprehensive agenda awaiting climate change. reporter: in concrete terms, germany is hoping to finance it with a one billion euro loan. german companies want to see red tape reduced and have their eyes set on large transportation infrastructure. anchor: we have some breaking news -- german police are reporting a refugee has in found dead after a fire in eastern germany. no information right now about what caused the blaze or where
the refugee was found. the identity is not being reported right now. on breaking news -- a has been found dead in a fire in eastern germany. the british press are talking about soccer and they are tipping a former coach as favorite to take over as manager of the premier league. ever since he left the german club less season, there have been rumors he would move to england. reporter: the long rumored move to england may finally be near. he's been linked with the primera league since the end of last season. liverpool is searching for a new manager. it has all come about rather suddenly. even after liverpool lost draw, rogers seemed confident he had a job.
>> i don't feel any pressure whatsoever. i can honestly say that and you guys have seen me for a wild top reporter: even his premier league rival, a man who was rumored to be making way was sad to see rogers go. >> i think he is a quality manager and, unfortunately, the pressure is always bigger on the managers. reporter: after two league titles and a run to the champion league final, he made himself nearly untouchable, even after the disastrous campaign last season. at liverpool, the energetic and entertaining coach would enjoy no such infallibility. even getting the job could prove tough. anchor: will there soon be
another big vacancy in the english premier league? chelsea has had a hard start at the londoners have been forced to back their manager. chelsea took the unusual step of issuing a statement on their website, saying he had there. or am a colorful rent from the portuguese who said the club would be sacking the best manager they ever had if a removed him. we still have a lot of news coming up after the break -- a pair of air france executives really did lose their shirts when protesting workers stormed the airline's paris offices. what is it all about? we will tell you about that. and the 2015 nobel prize for medicine goes to three scientists credited with saving millions of lives with groundbreaking treatment for malaria and other tropical diseases. a unicef health specialist will join me for insight into their work. those stories and more, straight
anchor: welcome back. you are with dw news live from berlin. the turkish president has been making the case to europe for a no-fly zone to help slow the refugee odus. the talks with the eu president came as russian warplanes again violated turkish airspace. german chancellor angela merkel is in india talking trade. she is signed a deal to cut red tape for german companies in india and another to support
indian solar power and high-efficiency power grids. there is more business to talk about. we've got the story of some very angry workers in france. guest: employees of air france klm are fighting hard to keep their jobs and it is getting physical. on monday morning, more than a thousand ways stormed the company headquarters in paris and assaulted some of the top managers. it's a desperate attempt to keep nearly 3000 jobs the management wants to cut. air france klm has not been profitable in years and has already gone through several cost-cutting attempts. >> the human resources managers managed to save his skin but not his shirt. he fled a meeting where he had outlined plans for 2900 job losses. he was help to safety by security guards. air france says they are forced to pay the price for years of mismanagement.
>> we already made an effort. we took small salary cuts and worked small hours -- work more hours. we will die from this. it is not possible. we will slowly die, and because we are not visible, we will slowly die. is that what work is about today? reporter: air france has shed 5500 jobs after failing to obtain further concessions. management decided to wield the ax again. the airline says it is facing pressure from european budget carriers and low-cost arabian airlines. >> what is happening is unacceptable. you compare this to what happens in sports when a team performs poorly, the coach gets kicked out. the board should see if they don't have a future, it should be without the board. we don't need that kind of future. reporter: air france says the
violence directed was though work of an aggressive minority. seven people were injured, including the human freeze -- human resources manager. anchor: after five years of negotiations, trade ministers from the united states and 11 other pacific rim nations have reached broad agreement on the transpacific order ship according to a u.s. trade representative chairing the talks in atlanta. the agreement covers 40% of world trade volume. the deal has been widely criticized because talks have largely been carried out in secret. lawmakers in the 12 countries still have the final say. reporter: the deal was announced with relief after days of hardball negotiations. the trade pact between the united states and 11 other pacific rim nations have been on the drawing board for five years. the deals proponents said it
would be far-reaching. >> we expect this historic agreement to enhance innovation, productivity and competitiveness, raise living standards, reduce poverty in our country and promote transparency , good governance, and strong labor and environmental protection. reporter: the agreement comes after compromises made on key sticking points, including intellectual property rights on drugs and opening up to gary sector. in japan, the pemise are set his country one some important victories in the talks. >> we were able to get exceptions to demand that we abolish tariffs on rice, beef and dairy products. reporter: but protected sectors were not the only stumbling blocks. activists oppose the fact because the talks were largely kept secret. now, the next hurdle will be the
ratification by 12 countries. anchor: sial mia cpany twteras fnd aew ceo and guess what? it's the old one. the board is keeping the firm in the hands of its cofounder, 38-year-old jack orsi. he had been interim ceo since june and held the post in the early days of the company. it ends four months of uncertainty about the future of the company and he will concentrate on helping twitter expanded stagnating user base of 300 million members. twitter is failed to meet growth expectations since it was listed two years ago. let's go to our correspondent on wall street. twitter has permanent appointment of jack dorsey, is that going down well with investors? >> it went on very well. the stock on twitter got pretty much hammered.
the problem was, with no clear ceo, a lot of top workers or employees at twitter left the company, so with this new ceo or the permanent ceo, there is hope we will see more stability. there was also criticism because jack dorsey will remain ceo of the payment company square, so we will have to wait and see if he can deal leading to companies in the near future. anchor: coming back to the transpacific partnership, that is a victory for free traders, but it is pretty controversial. >> is very historical and also very controversial. it depends on from what angle u look at the agreemen it is probably a positive ifou
look at technology companies. on the other side, there is some skepticism, especially in the manufacturing area that we will sesesesesesesesesesesesesesese't seem to be too crazy about the deal and now congresmembers will have a couple of months to look at the fine print. we will see it in this heated presidential race. we will see congress approved a deal in the near future, so that is pretty much open even if the deal in general is pretty groundbreaking. anchor: thank you very much. bp was a british oil company, will pay more than $20 billion in fines to resolve nearly all claims from it deay dewate hozon l spill in the gulf of mexico five years ago. it's the largest corporate settlement of its kind in u.s. history. attorney general loretta lynch
said on monday. the -- it would and five years of legal fighting over the 130 million gallon oil spill. the massive cleanup project is aimed at restoring wildlife. that is it from the business desk. anchor: thank you very much. we want to talk about the nobel prize. the winners for the nobel prize in medicine have been announced -- it's going to three scientists working in the u.s., japan and china. an irish born u.s. citizen in new jersey one half the price for their work on roundworm disease. the other half goes to a chinese worker for her innovative malaria therapy.
an exciting time in the world of medicine. we want to pull when our guest from unicef. she joins me now from geneva. it's good to see you. let's talk about this development and treating malaria -- how big of a breakthrough was the work? guest: this was built on work starting in the 1960's. in 1972, they found it was effective against malaria. we have been working to use malaria and found using it as a partner drug was actually effective. in 2000, we were talking about 1.1 million lives being lost every year because we did not have effective antimalarial's. so to work on it, that helped bring down malaria in the last 15 years. anchor: what is also remarkable
is that this treatment is taste on ancient chinese medicine. guest: there are a number of traditional remedies used throughout the world. it comes from a bark found in southern america. there are a number of compounds we are looking at. groups such as the medicines for malaria venture are making 400 compnds available to researchers all around the world as we look for another effective antimalarial. anchor: we have to wrap it up there. talking a lot a breakthrough being recognized by the nobel prize committee. thank you very much. before i let you go, a reminder of the top stories we are following right now -- the turkish president makes the case
to europe for a no-fly zone to help slow the refugee exodus. talks with the president come as a russian warplanes violate turkish airspace. germany and india has signed deals unclean energy and investment. the german prime minister met with the indian prime minister. that will wrap it up for us here. thank you for the company and stay with us. we're back with war news at the top of the hour for x0
damien: hello and a very warm welcome to "focus on europe" -- bringing you some of the human stories behind the big headlines. i'm damien mcguinness. and we've got a really interesting show lined up for you today. in norway, welcoming syrian refugees crossing the arctic circle. in france, welcoming new neighbors into the village. and in moldova, local people in fear. of course, the biggest issue facing europe at the moment is how to deal with the huge