tv DW News PBS October 7, 2015 6:00pm-6:31pm PDT
>> this is dw news live from berlin. russia brings out the big guns. its ships in the caspian sea launch a barrage of muscles aimed at syrian insurgent targets. the assault and support of a major syrian ground offensive. also coming up, the embattled fifa boss is reportedly sentenced for 90 days amid an ongoing criminal investigation. his lawyer say he has not been notified of any action. and groundbreaking work -- this
year's nobel prize for chemistry goes to a trio of scientists who mapped out how cells repair damage dna. their work could develop new cancer treatments. nice to have you with us. by sea, air and ground, russia possible work for the assad regime takes on a new dimension. these, coupled with the continuing air campaign and ground offensive, moscow says it shares the west must aim of halting the spread of islamic state. nato questions russia possible intent in syria. here's more. reporter: missiles launched from a russian warship aimed at
syrian targets. the bombardment why hash marks and escalation of the bombardment began more than week ago. it comes as troops loyal to bashar al-assad once into rebel held areas. footage posted online by activists show, tax and rocket fire in eastern syria. it is the first time assad's forces have coordinated with russia in their attempt to win back territory lost to opposition fighters. this map shows how major parts of the country are controlled by different groups. islamic state militants all the territory marked and dark gray. moderate opposition forces on our blue territory and the syrian government holds parts marked in light blue. what russia began its campaign, they targeted many areas held by
moderate rebel groups. the turkish prime minister said hardly any of russia posner airstrikes targeted islamic state. >> only two of the 57 russian bombardments have targeted islamic state fighters. the others have targeted moderate rebels backed by turkey and the united states. if there is going to be a fight against islamic state, let's do it together. reporter: a report vladimir putin says he is not opposed to. he stressed russia should continue to work with its foreign fighters, including turkey and the u.s. recent developments added next relay or of complexity to an already complicated or, one without any and insight. lara: let's get the angle from russia on this story. my guest joins me on the line from russia. russia is now in the syrian fray
launching attacks from the air and sea. what is the endgame? guest: the russians have said their primary goal is to defeat islamic state. however, there is no doubt it is a chance to display their military might. pictures have been played on state television as they ramp up their campaign in syria. these ships in the caspian sea were firing shots at about a thousand miles from their target. the russians are saying they were directed at islamic state and did not hit civilian installations. but a syrian human rights group says this latest offensive came as forces loyal to bashar al-assad launched ground attacks against the rebels hiding in syria. despite that, the russian secretary of defense said that
it is fueling concern russia is not just targeting islamic state and in coordination with the syrian army, they are going after other terrorist groups. lara: military might aside, are there concerns in moscow that this could end up spiraling out of control? guest: in moscow, defense is very much that the russians are in control and russia has sidelined the u.s. coalition operating in syria. although it says it informed its partners that it was going to launch the missiles from a ship. we do know u.s. aircraft operating in syria came close to russian aircraft and there's a sense russia is almost dominating the skies. this latest assault comes after it was said russia has violated turkish airspace and the russians say this was simply
accidental and they want direct contact with turkey and are willing to coordinate with the united states. the u.s. is fundamentally a prose to cooperating with a strategy that props up bashar al-assad. there are still very much fundamental differences yet to be resolved. lara: thank you so much for your reporting. europe must face up to the crisis of migration, debt, and more in eastern ukraine and the middle east. that is the message from the french and german leaders in a joint speech to the european parliament and strasburg. the french president said eu countries must realign to deal with the crises they are facing. german chancellor angela merkel added that the european union must contribute more to deal with the thousands of migrants arriving every day at the blocks borders. reporter: german chancellor
angela merkel and her french counterpart spearheading an effort to unite europe and addressing the migration crisis. numerous summits and rounds of negotiations have yet to prove -- yet to make a streamlined system. both leaders are clear that they want to see more collaboration and cooperation. chancellor merkel: it is now that we need more europe, more than ever, we need the courage and solidarity europe has always shown when it really counts. reporter: but calling for more europe drew scattered cheers. for francois hollande, the meeting is at stake for numerous crises. mr. aland -- mr. hollande: this is about the return to national rivalries and to bring up the euro.
reporter: that means maintaining the eu's open orders while doing more to secure its outer frontiers. some key policies like requiring asylum applications have proven unworkable. chancellor merkel: let's be honest him of dublin convention is obsolete in practice. it has meant well but in light of the challenges that are outer borders, it has proven unsustainable. reporter: what replaces the dublin convention and whether eu members can accept it is a big question going forward. they were clear, answering that it will not be simple. lara: in a related development, british prime minister david cameron said he would fight hard to renegotiate his country's relationship with the european union, which he slammed as too big, too bossy, and to
interfering. speaking at the annual conservative party conference, he said when it comes to the eu, his heart were britain's prosperity and influence. he also defended his government decision not to accept eu migration quotas and at britain wanted to tackle the migration crisis at its source. we have just received word that germany has taken 577,000 migrants in the first nine months of this year alone. one third of those claim to be from syria. berlin pro-dex up to a million will arrive by the year's end. but once they get here, they face a daunting, frustrating and perplexing hurdle. a german bureaucracy overwhelmed my migrants and asylum-seekers. as they wait, impatience is increasingly transformed into violence. reporter: it is 6:00 in the morning.
the berlin registration office hasn't opened yet but the first refugees are streaming onto the present -- onto the premises. as police and private security workers move back, we see people under overturned fences, crushed and gasping for air. five people have been injured. fences have been damaged. similar incidents have been happening on a daily basis. but the refugees have good reasons to force their way to the front of the crowd. >> if anyone can't go inside, he will sleep on the street. that is why they are running and jumping, trying to go in at 4:00 a.m. or 5:00 a.m.. a lot of people get hurt. reporter: we see to the office director and tell him what we saw.
>> the situation worries us and that is why we are talking to police about how to change the barrier in front of the property. this situation is unacceptable. reporter: sweating it out in the red tape of asylum bureaucracy -- out of 1500 people, only about 300 get to speak to the person in charge. these lucky ones are told they will not be seen until tomorrow because the paperwork is overwhelming. finalizing the registration takes days and it only than the asylum process can begin. >> i've waited here for a week just to get this number. >> they said welcome refugees, but i don't feel welcome -- from the government, not by the people. reporter: there are more than 70's private security guards working here. they vacillate between apathy and anger. the police keep having to step
in, this time because of the fight. someone's has been injured. in a situation is tense as this, any provocation can lead to a major confrontation. >> anyone can see the situation is a disaster. there has to be a plan, but berlin is not like munich. there isn't any reporter: it is hoped a second registration office will make things easier, but for now, people will have to keep waiting. lara: the german president met with barack obama in washington today. the visit comes just after the 25th anniversary as german reunification. today's bilateral meeting marks the first time a german president has visited the white house in nearly 20 years. we are now joined by our washington correspondent for more.
nice to see you. what came out of the meeting with president obama? guest: it is important to recognize this is not a meeting between heads of government where you might expect the two men to come out with a big to do list. joachim gauck is a ceremonial head of state and his objective was to affirm the alliance 25 years after unification, with the u.s. having played such a big role. speaking to reporters, he was at pains to stress this was not a meeting of heartwarming comments to each other and they actually tackled a lot of tough clinical subjects, the geopolitical crisis in ukraine and the refugee crisis which is dominating the agenda in europe. they touched on the risk the refugee crisis could lead to populism and xenophobia in
germany and other parts of europe. also, joachim gauck did make these comments to obama about the need for the u.s. to step up its own engagement in the refugee crisis. he came to stress this was no ordinary visit by a german president and there is no such thing as an ordinary visit by a german president because the last time a german president had any face time with a u.s. tax part was back in the 1990's with bill clinton. lara: a long time ago indie. thank you for joining us. still a lot more to come. fifa boss sepp blatter faces a 90 day suspension amid an investigation targeting soccer's governing body. lawyer say they have not then informedof any such action. and more changes at the top of volkswagen.
lara: nice to have you back with us. you are watching dw news. these are top stories where following now. russian ships have launched missiles at islamic state titles -- in syria. at the same time, they have begun a offensive against insurgents. chancellor angela merkel warned the eu that it is in danger of succumbing to nationalism as it tries to cope with the thousands of migrants arriving every day for two business now and besides
a new ceo, volkswagen has a new chairman for the -- new chairman. guest: and he is already feeling the heat. angela merkel weighed in on the scandal, saying what happened needs to be cleared up quickly, but the freshly elected new volkswagen chairman said the cleanup would take some time. nobody is served by speculation or vague progress report. it also emerged that volkswagen has apparently fired employees said to be responsible for the rigging of admissions test. reporter: enter the new head of volkswagen's supervisory board. the insider has been managing the company's finances since 2003 now he has been chosen to lead it out of the worst crisis in its history. september's revelation of the company manipulated admissions test tarnished its image badly.
>> it is important to me personally to do everything to completely clean up this scandal. the board and i asked chairman are aware of the special responsibility we have, and i want to and will do my part. reporter: but some wonder if he's the right man for the job and question how much the company career man knew about illegal manipulation during his tenure. for now, the company's new leadership faces a giant task. europe's largest automaker will have to recall more than 11 million diesel vehicle because it lied to its customers and the public about the true emissions level of its models. they rise of matthias mueller marks the return of the former chairman's influence.
he's a member of the porsche families which own a controlling stake in vw. he has been a longtime backer of both men, but critics say by tapping company insiders to take the wheel, gw is missing the chance -- vw is missing the chance to start afresh. guest: this scandal came to light in the united states. what check-in with new york. is that still an issue on wall street? >> it is a big issue and more car dealers are getting impatient. a lot of their clients and customers do not know what's going to happen in the near future. it is hard to put a price tag on the losses that will be coming and that volkswagen will have to take -- have to face here.
it will take years until we have a clear number on that scandal and on top of that, the head of the flag in u.s. will have to testify in front of congress and that will probably not be too pretty for him or built flag and -- or volkswagen. that hearing that they are facing, will we get any clues about possible fines from that hearing? >> it will be in front of the energy and commerce committee. the whole thing is clinical theater. on one side, volkswagen has to show how deeply sorry they are and that they arson seer fixing the problems. on the other side, you will have congress members and they will have to show how deeply they are concerned and how they tried to protect the american public.
it is election season in the united states, so it's a good stage for politicians as well. i would not expect a big outcome but if volkswagen tries to get a taste of how juicy it might be, they just have to look at when the executives of the big banks after the financial meltdown had to face congress as well. it is political theater, more than we will have a clear outcome with the hearing. guest: i look forward to that tribunal. thank you very much. the world's largest beer makers are reshuffling the international drinks market. heineken just bought a part of a british beer production for nearly 700 million euros. meanwhile, anheuser-busch embeds has had a takeover offer rejected by sab miller for the third time. they produce by dreiser -- produced budweiser and offered more than a billion dollars but
miller founded substantially undervalued. facebook is going into space. the social network will help launch a communication satellites next year to make the internet and facebook services available to parts of africa where internet assess -- internet access is not available. reporter: over a billion people live in kenya, but not many have access to the internet. facebook and a european operator are teaming up to deliver satellite broadband to sub-saharan africa, where demand is huge. >> i think it is a good thing. you want to access the internet for longer time because it is cheaper. >> things like business, studying and applying for scholarships will be less stressful for us.
reporter: facebook launched an initiative two years ago to accelerate connectivity in poorly covered regions of the world. facebook will use the satellite to bring free internet access to rural areas of africa and improve both satellite and terrestrial capacities in the second half of next year for top >> it will help all the sectors and -- government, business, corporate -- it is here. it is very fast. reporter: more than half the world's population has no internet access. the new satellite could be a start at bridging the digital divide in a part of the world anxious to close the gap. guest: that is it for me. lara: reports say fifa president
sepp blatter risks being suspended for 90 days by the ethics committee. the corruption scandal which has ravaged football's governing body could finally be catching up with the boss who denies any wrongdoing. reporter: sepp blatter has ruled world football for 17 years, but after a series of scandals, it would be ironic if the group he set up to route out corruption gets him. the committee recommended his suspension for 90 days, pending ratification on friday. there has been no information from football past governing body on what football's chief may be planning. >> the institution is not corrupt. there's no corruption in football. reporter: those remarks raised eyebrows with fifa embroiled in a corruption scandal.
now they are investigating his dealings. the two mightiest men in football than i wrongdoing, but soccer fans healthy and to the saga is in sight. lara: scientists from sweden, the u.s., and turkey have won this year's nobel prize for chemistry. the nobel committee said their work into how cells repair damaged dna provided fundamental knowledge into how ourselves function. reporter: with each day we age and so do our 100 billion cells, and that makes them prone to damage. they divide constantly and small errors emerge, which can multiply overtime. environmental factors can also damage cells and the genetic material inside. the question is, why do we live so long despite all that ourselves have to put up with?
there must be repair mechanisms for dna, argued the nobel prize winners, and a were able to prove it. ourselves, it turns out, are like workshops were broken parts are switched out and repaired. when part of the dna is attacked and damaged, certain enzymes rush to its aid. they remove the effective parts and repair them. the enzymes were identified and discovered which mistakes are repaired. and how you be -- how uv damage is corrected. that might help tell us how we age and how to better combat cancer. lara: before we go, here's a reminder of our top story -- russian warships have launched missiles at islamic state targets in syria.
st. patrick baptized king aengus here in about 450 a.d. in around 1100, an irish king gave cashel to the church, and it grew to become the ecclesiastical capital of all ireland. 800 years ago, this monastic community was just a chapel and a round tower standing high on this bluff. it looked out then, as it does today, over the plain of tipperary, called the golden vale because its rich soil makes it ireland's best farmland. on this historic rock, you stroll among these ruins in the footsteps of st. patrick, and wandering through my favorite celtic cross graveyard, i feel the soul of ireland.