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tv   DW News  PBS  October 15, 2015 6:00pm-6:31pm PDT

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>> this is "dw news" from berlin to the eu looks to turkey to help solve the migration crisi. at a summit in brussels, eu leaders have been working on a plan for ingres to stem -- ankara to stem the flow of refugees before they travel to europe. what does turkey want in return? obama reverses course. the president's grasses pledged to pull tubes out of afghanistan by the end of ne year. and more troubles for volkswagen . the carmaker says it will recall nearly 9 million cars across europe and that is after germany orders it to take back all the vehies at the center of the
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innocence scandal. -- emi scandal. i am sarah kelly. thank you for joining us. european union is turning to turkey for help with his migration crisis. it wants ankara to help stem the flow of migrants and refugees, many of whom passed through turkey before entering the eu. leaders discussed possible agreement at a meeting in brussels on thursday, where german chancellor angela merkel called for more cooperation among member states. especially hungary. reporter: the threat is clear -- if refugees continue to come, hungary will close off the border to the south, and can do it within just an hour. the plan is to put money into camps in turkey so fewer people headed north. the promises are there but the cash is still missing. >> i hope we'll get clear
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signals that all countries will meet their financial commitments and all countries will be ready to commit people, too. it is obvious that just a few countries have a very, very large number of refugees at the moment. reporter: merkel says more needs to be done to honor the spirit of cooperation that was clear during the last such summit of european leaders in september. then come the pledge was 500 million euros for humanitarian aid. only little over a half of that has materialized. the fund for syria has attracted nearly nothing, just 8 million euros. hence the warning from the european commission. >> the point is that the member states have to do what they have promised. there is a significant amount of money missing. the member states are in default. reporter: the message from the summit -- if countries fail to
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keep their promises, there can be no progress in managing the refugee crisis. sarah: let's bring in our correspondent max hoffman, standing by for us in brussels. a lot of talk about cooperation with turkey. where does that stand? max: it seems that this is the dominating issue also during dinner here at the european council, and more and more details are emerging of what the eu commission negotiated in turkey up until 4:00 in the morning on thursday. it is called the joint action plan between the european union and turkey. one pretty new details emerged. 3 billion euros that is how much , according to this plan, the european union would give to turkey in order for turkey to slow down the flow of migrants, refugees. there were also other details. we heard fees a liberalization, meing that it wod beasier for turkish citizens to go to the european union.
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finally, according -- granting turkey the status of safe country of origin, putting them on this safe list of the european union, highly symbolic. it would also mean that from the european union, refugees could be sent back to turkey. sarah: how about support for this plan, max? where does that stand? max: 2 words for you, sarah -- human rights. a lot of member states thought this was a huge issue in turkey. human rights one of the reasons the talks with turkey to join the european union really never got anywhere, at least one of the reasons there, and there are still a lot of member states you have huge reservations -- for example, france -- when it comes to visa liberalization. francois hollande french president, said as much when he came here. cyprus has a huge problem with a deal like that, and other countries -- for example, the germans question the number of 3
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billion euros, saying it is much too much. having said that from every leader here knows that if they want to do something about the flow of refugees towards the european union, there is just no way around turkey, just like there is no way around turkey for the refugees from syria. virtually all the refugees come from turkey. they know they will have to work together with turkey. some way or another. german chancellor angela merkel said as much when she came here, and she will be going on sunday to turkey and probably discussed the meat and potatoes of any kind of deal. if the number states in principle agreed to this joint action plan by the european commission. sarah: speaking about working together, what does the u.k.'s position on all this? we know david cameron come that he wants a referendum on the u.k.'s relationship with the eu. where does he come down on this? max: great britain and also the british journalists here kind of live in a different world when it comes to these european councils, because of course for them, the number one topic is the brexit, the referendum in
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and out for great britain. the news here is that cameron has finally agreed to a written list of what actually he wants to change in the relationship between great britain and the european union. until now, nobody really knew what exactly they want. this will be on the agenda, most likely at the next european council in december. already at the beginning of november, at least that is what cameron said, he will submit a written list with what he wants to change to the european council president. sarah: max hofmann for us in brussels, thank you. there has been a major u-turn in the planned u.s. military withdrawal in afghanistan. u.s. president barack obama says that the current force will remain in place through most of 2016, and will be just slightly reduced as he leaves office. earlier he had promised to bring all of the troops home.
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the move comes amid recent gains by taliban insurgents. reporter: it marks the retreat from a key promise to voters. president obama pledged to end the war in afghanistan before leaving office, but he says the fragile security situation rules that out. president obama: as commander-in-chief, i will not allow afghanistan be used as a safe haven for terrorists to attack our nation again. our forces will remain engaged in 2 narrow but critical missions -- training afghan forces and supporting the counterterrorism operations against the remnants of al qaeda. reporter: recent weeks brought a painful reminder that threats from the taliban and afghanistan haven't been dispelled. it took two weeks for government troops to wrest back control from the northern city of kunduz.
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they secured their biggest victory since the u.s. invaded the country in 2001. washington also stressed that its presence in afghanistan is far more limited than it once was. president obama: today american forces no longer control afghan villages or valleys. those missions now belong to afghans, who are fully responsible for securing their country. reporter: the roof wishes responsibility for handling the u.s. presence in afghanistan to a third president, obama's successor. sarah: for more on this announcement we are joined by a representative of the german institute for security affairs. are you surprised by this decision? >> not really. given the security situation in afghanistan, the way it has deteriorated the last couple of months, it cannot be a surprise .
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the taliban are dancing offense in the number of provinces under temporary control of the taliban is like in 2001. and the withdrawal of u.s. troops from iraq in 2011 was premature, it was too early, and the obama administration is careful not to repeat this mistake again. sarah: we can file this plan to withdraw under failed policy, then. >> i wouldn't say to the over afghan policy in total has failed, but the time-driven approach, the deliberate decision by the nato summit in lisbon three years ago to withdraw from afghanistan at the end of 2014, or to be more precise, to end the isis mission, driven by president obama, was a mistake. it was made with regard to domestic politics and not with regard to the situation on the ground in afghanistan. sarah: how do you explain gains
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from the taliban? >> it has to do with the military situation. the nato troops have managed to build up security forces, army and police, with sufficient numbers, but the problem is a different one, having to do with the lack of loyalty and the problem of corruption, and that the ethnic, religious tensions in afghanistan are comes as becoming mirrored in the security forces. it is not a security problem but i governance problem. sarah: give us a sense of the big picture. how can these problems be solved in afghanistan? >> good question. i think nobody has a real answer to that. personally, i would add that maybe it is not enough to stay in afghanistan a little longer, but i think nato and the u.s. have to change the approach. maybe it is appropriate, difficult as it is, to return to a more robust, more aggressive approach like isil has done in
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the years before. sarah: we will see if they take the advice and up doing that. thank you. in other news, there was widespread anger two years ago when it emerged that the united states national security agency had eavesdropped on top german politicians, including chancellor merkel. many here were left scratching their heads as to why german officials didn't make more of a fuss. it has emerged that germany's intelligence service may have been up to the same thing. reports say that it is able to tap into the state department in washington. reporter: these of the surveillance facilities of germany's intelligence agency. from here, german spies monitor telik medications in the vicinity of afghanistan in particular. but that is not all. there has been monitoring of targets in france, an eu partner. it has been especially damaging
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to chancellor merkel. denies are out for the chapter because of the german intelligence agency could when they complain about u.s. espionage and said among friends is not acceptable, it would have been high time to have alerted the chancellor that we also do it. reporter: german intelligence agency chief apparently did not do that. he says he only recently found out about the events during an inspection of his own agency. the bnd has been the focus of scandals in the past two years. fo f first, it was revealed that it passed on data to the nsa could even germany's federal government was spied on. the call for reform is growing louder. >> the bnd is not above the law. if it has made a decision not based in a german law, then it is a criminal action that will have consequence. reporter: people are blaming the
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chancellory, but the german chancellery says it was not aware that european allies were being spied on. sarah: let's check out some of the stories making the news around the world. scottish prosecutors say they are identified 2 new libyan suspects in the 1998 lockerbie bombing. they are asking authorities in libya to allow them to question the pair. only one person has been convicted of the attack. 270 people were killed when a passenger jet exploded above lockerbie. the president of the spanish region catalonia has been called in for questioning by a court in barcelona. thousands turned out to support him as he arrived at the courthouse. he is being investigated for organizing a vote on independence for the region. even after a spanish court ruled that you legal. u.n. secretary-general ban ki-moon has called for an investigation into tuesday's outbreak of violence in ready. at least 11 -- in burundi.
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at least 11 people including a u.n. worker were killed in shooting attacks. the current president's campaign for 13 was denounced by the opposition as unconstitutional. south african parliament i= -- paralympian oscar pistorius has been rented role after a year in prison. he will be moved to house arrest on tuesday could he is serving a five having your sentence for culpable homicide after being convicted of the shooting death of his girlfriend. the judge ruled that there was insufficient evidence to disprove his story. he had said that he had mistaken his girlfriend for an intruder. prosecutors have now appealed the verdict, arguing that he should be convicted of murder and face a longer sentence. you are watching "dw news." when we come back, germany's
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transport authority orders volkswagen to recall millions of diesel cars. we will have the latest as vw's woes worsen. and we will see what happens when grand pianos suddenly appear on city streets. all that and more in a minute. stay with us.
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sarah: welcome back. you are with "dw news." eu leaders are in brussels fo talks on the migration crisis. they have been pinning their hopes on turkish efforts to slow the flow of migrants before they reach the eu, but that help comes with a price tag. u.s. troops will stay in afghanistan longer than planned. president obama is scrapping a pledge to wind down military involvement there by the end of next year. time now for some business news. monika jones joins us with another blow for vw.
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monika: quite amazing, sarah, it can get even worse, and the bad news from he keeps coming quick and fast for volkswagen. the reports have been confirmed that police in italy have rated vw and the lamborghini offices. at the same time, germany 30's are forcing a recall on the company -- german a recall on the company. -- german authorities are forcing a recall on the company. reporter: germany's federal motor transport authority determines which vehicles are road worthy. it is rare for carmakers to have approval problems, but now the agency has ordered volkswagen to start a mandatory recall of vw diesel vehicles equipped with emissions-rigging software. the move affects 2.4 million cars in germany, and under eu rules, vehicles recalled in one country are automatically recalled across the bloc, bringing the total to 8.5
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million cars. the agency rejected vw's suggestion of a voluntary recall. in early october, the carmaker presented a plan to refute vehicles in germany equipped with the noun of tori's software. for presented as motor transport authority were in brussels on thursday to report on the latest findings in dvd review investigation. -- in the vw investigation. monika: let's talk more about this. aaron is in the studio with me could we heard right from the start the volkswagen said it wants to solve the crisis in a proactive manner. that didn't work out, did it? >> seems like they went into damage control mode from day one. i think the move from the german safety and transportation authority shows that the german of 30's and government are sending message to vw, saying that their efforts have not been enough. germany is an explanation. the made in germany brand is known throughout the world, and it is very closely associated
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with the automotive industry. it is only natural that politics would eventually get involved. one in seven jobs in germany are closely associated with auto industry. anything that throws dirt on the german car industry will affect the german exports in the long-term. when you are seeing today is the german government sending a clear message to vw that their efforts to this point have not been enough. monika: especially now that it just taken on criminal proportions. the cheating was criminal, but now we hear about authorities rating offices --raiding offices. that is really bad. aaron: he definitely is it shows that european and american authorities are not necessarily buying into vw's line. from the beginning they maintained that rogue engineers were responsible for the manipulation. they always denied that any middle or upper level management knew what was going on. horn, the head of their american business, said under oath in front of congress that no
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managers were involved in this. now you are seeing reports that that is -- that line is falling down a little bit. yesterday we saw "der spiegel" come out with a report that 30 mid to upper level managers were involved. monika: that will come back to haunt him, what he said there. and we have these recalls -- millions of motorists left without their cars. i was a v -- if i was a vw driver come my would be really miss about this. who will foot the bill? aaron: vw has said they will cover as much expense as they can, but it remains to be seen who is going to be paying for this pit in my family we are asking that question, too. my dad owns what are the vehicles that is being were called and he doesn't know who is going to have to pay for it moving forward. that is a question up and the air. a lot of vw drivers will be
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asking the same thing when it comes to buying the next vehicle. monika: this story is going to haunt vw for a long time. aaron tilton, thank you very much could at least wall street doesn't seem too bothered with volkswagen these days. our met in new york, i have three words for you -- interest rate hikes. still a mistry, isn't it? reporter: it is a big question and it was funny to see on thursday, there was really dudley at the conference, the head of the federal reserve in new york and the vice chairman, basically saying he would like to increase interest rates this year, but it all depends on economic news. you got attacked at -- he got attacked at this conference from john taylor, an economist out of stanford university, and john taylor was basically saying "are you kidding? no one knows what you guys are doing," meaning it is a big
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question mark what happens to interest rates. the market was up quite a bit but that cannot be because we have more clarity on what the federal reserve is going to do in the next couple of months. monika: how is the banking sector seems to know when it is doing. interesting stories there. reporter: yeah, but it was also quite surprising. we had banking stocks on the run here on thursday. ok, we had better-than-expected numbers from citigroup. they had to pay less for all those legal matters that a year ago. then again, we had goldman sachs missing earnings and revenue estimates and stocks still traded to the upside by a good 3%. talking about banks in interest rates. banks complained quite a bit that there is low interest rate environment is actually hurting their business but nobody really seems to care. the market was straight up here on thursday. monika: thank you very much for this. that is in the business desk. sarah: thanks, monika.
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he has been given the full backing of the european soccer governing body despite being investigated over possible corruption. he held up -- it held a press conference to reaffirm its support on the frenchman and demand a decision on his ill in november. he was suspended for 90 days by the ethics committee of world soccer body fifa while he is investigated over a payment he received from several bladder -- sepp blatter nine years after the consultancy work he was supposedly paid for. he was the favorite to replace blatter as president in the february election. a group of street artist has told just treat artists has told a major prank on the crew of the tv series "homeland."when they reached out to local artists to create graffiti for a second he contacted friends and they decided to play subversive
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messages. one of them in arabic says "'homeland' is racist." another message says "this show does not represent the views of the artist." they lead to the news online after the broadcast and "homeland's" creator says he admires the artistic sabotage the protesters were able to pull off. good sense of humor there. people in madrid got a bit of a shock when several grand pianos suddenly appeared on a busy city street. it proved to be a high note of the day, as many just could not resist tickling the ivories. reporter: the invitation in big red letters couldn't be clearer -- do you want to play? many people did.
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8 gleaming black pno's scattered throughout madrid in front of landmarks, on public squares, your busy streets. they were put there by 2 foundations that work to promote public interest in music and musicians. >> this initiative is to bring classical music to more people, and that is why pno's report on the street -- pianos were put on the street for people going to work or walking by. this way they can listen to a concert. reporter: performers included many professional pianists. teachers were also on hand to introduce the instrument to schoolchildren in that begin to show off what they have been learning. -- and that beginners show off what they have been learning. but mainly it was about music, with this piece entitled "the piano" being played in front of
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the spanish parliament. sarah: absolutely beautiful. we need one of those here in the studio. we have to go but before we do, and reminder of the top stories we are following at this hour. european union leaders are in brussels for talks on the migration crisis. ahead of the summit, germany calls on all member states to work together to deal with the migrants passing through the eu's external borders. the united states changes its afghanistan policy. troops will now stay longer than planned, as president barack obama scraps his pledge to wind down military involvement there by 2017.
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you are watching "dw news." i am sarah kelly in berlin. we have more coming up at the top of the hour, but don't forget, all the latest news and information on the clock on our website, dw.com. i will see you next time. [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit ncicap.org]
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