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tv   DW News  PBS  October 20, 2015 6:00pm-6:31pm PDT

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[captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit] >> this is dw news live from berlin. today, slovenia is saying that soldiers is the only thing to do with the influx of migrants. what will the european union do? also on the show --make way for the winter. canadians have elected a new prime minister. justin trudeau promising a new start after a decade of conservative rule. will he keep his word? and a promise to clean up world soccer.
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big changes, but will they be enough to restore faith in a new game looking pretty ugly. i am brent goff. it's good to have you with us. the gates to europe under military guard tonight, slovenia issuing an sos to the european union saying it has no choice but to deploy soldiers to deal with the influx of refugees and the map helps tell the story of how bad things are becoming. both slovenia and croatia -- you see right here -- are bearing the brunt of unending mass migration. it is becoming more slim -- more severe given serbia's decision to open its borders to allow migrants to pass through to western europe. soldiers will police the borders of the government pleads with
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the european union for reinforcements. we begin where people and geography are colliding. >> sometimes even shoes can tell stories of hardship, fatigue, and countless kilometers. the owners plan on wearing them all the way to germany or sweden. many, the road ends of the slovenian border. be tiny country has been overwhelmed. they want to eliminate 2500 refugees per day. almost double that number came monday alone. now soldiers will be controlling the border. >> the important thing is the slovenian army will have no police powers. they will only have authority related to observing, redirecting movement of people and cooperating with the police controlling groups of people. in that way, they will mostly be deployed to help release forces,
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but everything will be held by the slovenian police. reporter: the situation gets worse further east. croatia has also tightened its borders. the border town on the serbian side has become the eye of the needle in the balkan route. people are caught unprepared for the rain and cold. >> we need somewhere without war, without cold, and something good. >> i would like to go because it is very beautiful. reporter: in spite of the waiting, in spite of the hardships, the refugees press on to find peace and stability. brent: earlier, we spoke to a spokeswoman for the unchr based
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in belgrade, the yuan agency that deals with refugees. we asked if slovenia is generally in trouble or sending a message not to send refugees its way. guest: you would have to ask slovenian politicians. of course, it is a new situation. they are overwhelmed with the sudden influx of people that the border authorities have been dealing with. not that they have not been dealing within the past years. again, the solution is not to help one country and leave one country out in the rain, but to have another approach. we have been pleading with the eu for months now to increase
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the short-term reception capacity in greece when these people arrived, to take care of them basically for a few days until they can be redistributed within the european union. it is not acceptable they have to cross through the rain, through the cold, cross through non-eu territory to get to eu borders. brent: all right, the guest with the unchr faced in belgrade. thank you for talking with us. now to the change in canada. it is said to move to the left after the liberal party leader justin trudeau swept to a victory. at the age of 43, he will become canada's second youngest prime minister. he has promised to raise taxes on the rich and increase government spending. his victory brings in into nine years of conservative rule and is expected to lead to improved
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relations with their neighbor down south, the united states. the prime minister kicked off his election victory celebration with a message of hope. he told supporters in ottawa to embrace the change that he is planning for the country. >> better together, what we accomplished here together. we are drawing people together. this feeling we have right now, this optimism for the future, this sense that everything is possible, we are going to have to work very, very hard to live up to this feeling we feel right now, but i tell you, if any country in the world can live up to our collective expectations, it is this one. brent: there you have it right there. a man who has just won an importance election and is
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definitely confident. let's find out if he will keep his word. we're going to bring in a political scientist in british columbia. good afternoon to you, professor. when we listen to mr. trudeau, he sounds almost like the antithesis to what the canadians have had for nine years. is he? guest: i think so. i think canadians were very tired of mr. harper's style. he tended to be quite -- well, he was frequently quite dogmatic , especially on social issues and environmental issues. on the economy, i think canadians were relatively satisfied with his governance. canada came through the great economic recession quite well, but they really grew tired of mr. harper's style and i think they embraced justin trudeau's style and call for hope and optimism. brent: would you say mr. harper may be lethal mistake -- a lot
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of people said he tried to "trump" things up with his campaign, going against certain groups in society, aiming at them, ala donald trump. is that what cost him the election? guest: i think so. this is unusual for stephen harper and the conservative party. a loan among conservative -- alone among conservative governments in the world, they had reached out to other groups. it helped them win the majority government in 2011. there were lots of debates and i think that that turned off canadian voters, especially new canadians. brent: does he have the weapons to do what he wants to do? is he going to be able to raise taxes, for example, on the rich? guest: i think so. and if you look at writing
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results around the country, vancouver and toronto, the liberals swept the big cities, including the richest constituencies in the country. even the rich seemed ready to embrace him. brent: even the rich want to be taxed in canada. tell that to your neighbors down south, professor. professor, thank you very much for talking with us. guest: it was great to be with you, brent. thank you. brent: the united states and russia have signed an agreement on flightsafety over syria as both entries continue to carry out airstrikes there. the memorandum wants to minimize the risk of in-flight incidents. the memo includes safety protocols and details on communications frequencies, but it does not include sharing information on targets. the u.s. has led a coalition targeting islamic state militants for about a year.
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russia began bombing in cooperation with the syrian government earlier this month. now it is time to talk soccer. fifa's thought brass met in zurich and it is fair to say they had their backs against the wall. the governing body has been shattered by scandal and many are threatening a pullout and to take the money with them. for the first time in 40 years the executive committee voted to boost transparency and to change their leadership structure. here is more. reporter: the eighth but executives and knew they had to deliver answers to the organization -- the fee for executives knew they had to deliver answers to the organization. the election to replace sepp blatter will go ahead as originally planned february 26.
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there will be a maximum 12-year future term limit for presidents and michelle platini's's bid will not be considered as long as his suspension is in place. the 24-executive committee members are appointed by the worldwide football organizations as they in turn elect the president. collectivelythey determined the -- they determine the movement of billions of dollars. executive committee has seen eight resignations due to corruption allegations. several others have left and new members have been put forward as of this year. now this committee has gone further than ever before in more transparency. brent: all right, let's go
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through the list. our sports guru chris herrington is in the studio. good to have you with us for a change. tell me. what are the implications? >> it looks like they will deliver on what everyone has been baking -- begging for from fifa, and that is more transparency. what they said in the past, all of the things that the executives decided had to be left confidential until the final decisions could be made public. changing that changes fifa at its core. they will track all of the money coming in and out of fifa and paychecks will be published. we will see how much the president is making and all of the fifa counsel, the presidential term limit, 12 years, get some fresh air once in a while. in the age limit, they are leaving it to the young men to take over fee for. 74 years old is the age limit
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for the president. and also the fifa counsel. and last, but not least, checks and balances. it will be like a board of directors. the president will sit as the chair, but he will be accountable to that counsel, but it looks very good in writing. brent: sunshine, youngblood, fresh air. what about the bid to take over the car. if there is one thing he is not, it is young blood. chris: he announced in july and the knee was suspended by fifa for 90 days. i believe a backdoor has been left open for him, because the chairman told the committee that if a ban expires or is listed before the presidential election, then the electoral committee will decide how to move forward with that particular candidate.
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brent: so the door is open? when this is all said and done, is this the turning point for fee for that the world says is decades overdue now? chris: in terms of the plan, it seems to be there is another meeting in december and the we have to see february. it looks great. implementing the plan is change and that is also a challenge. brent: and of course it was a meeting without sepp blatter, right? the first in 40 years. chris harrington, as always, thank you very much. there is still more ahead here on "dw news." we will take a short break. coming up, disrupting global weather patterns. a drought caused by el niño blankets southeast asia. indonesians/and burn farming -- indonesia's slash and burn
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farming is out of control and business with ben in one minute. stay with us.
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brent: you are with "dw news" live from berlin. our top stories -- thousands of migrants pouring in from croatia. many are without shelter or basic supplies as they try to reach countries such as germany and sweden. canada's new leader justin trudeau has wowed supporters with a promise of change. he swept into power in monday's election after nine years of conservative rule.
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now, been pursuing -- ben is here again. buying european beef again? ben: how did they manage to survive all those years without prime cuts of european beef? fear of mad cow disease has kept european beef far from many a dinner plate, especially in the 1990's. but many countries have started importing beef again from the eu, the latest being canada. reporter: wanting to be safe rather than sorry, canada banned beef imports from the european union in 1996. now ottowa thinks it is safe again, so after 19 years, the country is allowing european beef back on the market. it is a welcome break for europe's livestock farmers who are struggling with russian sanctions, food imports, and the summer drought. beef exports stocks steady growth after slumping in 2013,
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but smaller growth is expected this year. it is expected to only grow 3% next year. canada's move follows a similar move by the u.s. the world's biggest beef buyer is now lying -- now allowing irish beef on it shores. it also ended a ban on french beef. ben: an agreement to pay u.s. authorities a settlement over allegations of violating sanctions. it was accused of transferring billions of dollars into iran, sudan, and cuba. some of the bankers responsible have already been dismissed. the deal does not require the bank to plead guilty. this is the latest european lender to make an out-of-court settlement with u.s. officials.
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the sanctions busting total $14 billion since 2009. let's get more on the reaction from new york. what are traders saying about the settlement? >> yeah, well, once again, a foreign bank gets it by the u.s. authorities and in may be the case that foreign banks may get hit a bit harder than domestic ones. but for certain international transactions, you have to go through wall street and if you do not play by the books, it can get pretty pricey and that is what we see right now. it could be even pricier. last year in a similar case, bnp paribas had to pay a record some of $9 billion in plead guilty to criminal charges, so maybe that is why they decided to settle
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the case for it really gets to court. ben: ok, some of the biggest losers as far as financials goes. what about the biggest losers as far as the markets go today? >> ibm was by far the biggest loser in the dow jones industrial average, losing 6% in value. ibm came out with earnings and they were definitely not pretty. for the 14th consecutive quarter there was a revenue decrease, something that they have never, ever seen before. the stronger dollar is one reason. current customers are not necessarily looking for the old servers and they are not jumping to the new servers that ibm offers, when they look for products surrounding artificial intelligence, for instance. ibm is struggling and the stock
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price lost almost 6% in value just on tuesday. ben: and yet it is still around. ibm is still around. it has not disappeared totally, has it? >> [laughter] that is true. ben: still alive and kicking. thank you very much from new york. experts say the haze that has hit southeast asia could be there to stay for the rest of the year. el niño has hit crops in indonesia and burning is choking the island in endless smoke. we have this from the island of java. reporter: relentlessly, the sun scorches the earth in the indonesian province of west joppa. it has been months since they have seen a drop of rain. the river they normally used to irrigate their rice paddies has long since run dry. most people's livelihoods in this region depend on growing rice.
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but the plants are now all dead. >> all my savings go into the rice paddies. but now it is all lost. the crop has failed. what should i do? most people here are suffering because of this. reporter: under normal circumstances, the crops would be beside. this year, however, farmers have lost half of their harvest. the last time el niño struck with comparable force, it cost indonesia nearly $5 billion u.s. this time economists expect the figure to be much greater. >> there is the loss run the city -- will result from a decrease in food production, an
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increase in imports to meet food requirements, and we also expect that higher food prices because of the drop will have a negative effect on inflation and other sectors. reporter: but that is not all. further to the east the ground is not only dry. here it is burning. the fires smolder. with some one point 2 million hectares already affected, without rain, the tireless efforts of the firefighters seem to matter to little more than a drop in a sea of embers. in italy many of these farmers were started by small-scale farmers. for them it is the easiest way to clear their land to make room for palm trees. it has made palm oil even more attractive to many smallholders. in a dry year like this one,
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there are especially horrific consequences. more and more people are getting sick because of the haze. they run a higher risk of developing cancer or lung disease. they will still be feeling the effects of el niño for a long time to come. ben: and we will stay in asia. brent: exactly. an emotional day on the korean peninsula. hundreds of elderly south koreans crossed the border for their first chance to meet family members after decades of separation. but the reunions are bittersweet. they only last a couple hours and it could very well be the last time that brothers, sisters, aunts, and uncles ever see each other. reporter: it was a reunion he feared would never happen. but today, after more than 60 years apart, he is seeing his
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daughter once again. this man reunited with his wife offered his -- this man, reunited with his wife, offered her his cracker. [applause] reporter: and she returned the gesture. this is the 20th reunion of those separated by the korean war. so far, around 19,000 people have been reunited. this 85-year-old man told his nephew what their meeting meant to him.
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>> i was so nervous waiting for my number to get picked. when it was finally called out, i was so overwhelmed. seeing you was my parents wish and mine. now there is not really much more i could ask for. reporter: the meetings last just a few hours and take place in north korea's diamond mountain. it was once a major tourist attraction, but visitors stopped coming after a north korean soldier shot a south korean tourists there in 2000 eight. some observers say north korea is using the reunion to bring money back to the area, but for those who have waited decades to see loved ones, political motivations are immaterial. brent: and a reminder of the top
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story we are following for you. thousands of migrants arriving in slovenia rum neighboring croatia in europe -- from neighboring croatia in europe. many are facing long waits without shelter or basic supplies as they try to reach countries such as germany and sweden. you are up-to-date with "dw news ." i am brent goff in berlin. thanks for the company, everyone. i will see you again at the top of the hour.
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announcer: euromaxx highlights. and here is your host, anne o'donnell. host: hello and welcome to "euromaxx highlights." we take a look back at the best bits of the week in lifestyle and culture news. first up, a new perspective -- germany's biggest beer bash through the eyes of a photographer. rare glimpse -- open house london is an opportunity to look behind the city's facades. and city history -- karlsruhe in southern germany was founded 300 years ago. well if you haven't already noticed, it is oktoberfest time in the bavarian capital of


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