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tv   DW News  PBS  November 16, 2015 6:00pm-6:31pm PST

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brent: this is dw news live from berlin. tonight, france is a nation that war. the french president putting the parliament, french people and islamic state on notice. use sending in the military plus the guns to a region he describes as the biggest manufacturing center of terrorists in the world. also coming up, a major manhunt underway for the eight suspects in friday's attacks. salah abdeslam is being sought. and barack obama rules out u.s.
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ground troops in syria and g 20 leaders meeting in turkey pledged to tighten their borders and share more intelligence to stop the terrorists. it's good to have you with us. the president of france stood before a joint session of parliament today and delivered a 21st century declaration of war, war against terrorists and war against the cowards he says want to destroy us all and the battlefield, they are domestic and foreign. he's calling for a drastic tightening of security and extending the state of emergency at home. outside the country, the french military has a renewed mission to fight. our coverage against tonight in paris. reporter: francois hollande,
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heading for one of the most important speeches of his career. the solemnity of the french president, a reflection of the mood across his nation, in shock , yet defiant. deputies from both houses of parliament were gathered for his address. from the outset, along with that she was blunt in his assessment. president hollande: france is out more. the acts committed on friday evening in paris and at the stadium are acts of war. this was not a war of civilizations because those behind the attacks were not civilized. france, he said, would emerge triumphant. president hollande: our -- we have triumphed before with adversaries more favorable than these cowards. our republic will not be held hostage by hateful killers.
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i intend to use the full power of our state to protect our citizens. reporter: he is intensifying the fight against islamic state in syria, which he described as the largest factory of terrorists the world has known. he wants tighter security and france with an extension of the state of emergency. rounding up, the president said his aim was clear. president hollande: terrorism will not destroy our republic. the republic will destroy terrorism. long live our republic. long live france. [applause] reporter: his words were greeting with that -- greeted with a standing ovation and then the national anthem sung out in unity. ♪
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brent: a moving date in the french parliament. we want to talk about the words set by the french resident today, what they mean tonight and what they will mean for france and the rest of the world moving forward. i've joined in the studio by our berlin correspondent of radio france internationale. it's good to have you here with us tonight. and our correspondent is standing by live in paris. good evening. what has been the reaction to this speech on the streets of paris? are they convinced he is doing the right thing? reporter: let me first where i am standing because of the music. these are spontaneous shows of support for the victims here and
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this is where i ask people what they thought about the speech. i think two things i heard signify that the views of the people gathered together. one person said we absolutely need a state of emergency. that's the only way to combat terrorism. sometimes states need years of emergency and added he lived in a country that used a state of emergency for several years and so he was in favor of what francois hollande proclaimed there. others were more critical, saying what he is doing is only battling the symptoms, but not the cause. a battle against the cause would include more education and some kind of economic opportunity so they don't get into the temptation to be radicalized. brent: france has declared a state of emergency and we have french leaders talking about a state of war. how much will france change now
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and do the french people know what is coming? guest: probably not exactly. what they probably understand is the president has proposed very strong measures that could have been measures from nicolas sarkozy, from the former president. i think it is a change of politics, especially for a socialist president. it will probably change france but i could imagine the french people are ready to accept these measures because of what happened in the last days. also because in germany and i think people don't have in france so many problems with strong measures which could
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reduce personal liberties. brent: and you have been prepared for this somewhat. this is not the first terror attack to happen in france. has that conditioned the french people to accept the fact they may have to give up on some liberties in order to stay safe at home? guest: i think so because as you said, last catastrophe was 10 months ago with the action against "charlie hebdo" and in the last 20 or 30 years in france there have been quite a lot of new laws that have been adopted. i think it will be the third one , since he won the last election. france is a country where the people in the last years are plagued with quite a lot of
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fears because of insecurity, unemployment, globalization, etc.. brent: they want security now. guest: and it explains why, for example, the white -- the right-wing wing party is so strong in france. brent: i want to ask max what he thinks. we have talked about a crisis situation in france numerous times just like this. do you get the sense that it is different this time and that france is a changed country? reporter: in a way, yes and in another way, no. there are people here who trust francois hollande is going to do something about the problem and they will move forward. if something like that happens twice, the trust that it will really happen that way erodes.
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i think people are aware their country will change and there is a blueprint for that, which is 9/11 in the united states. congress passed the patriot act. we are familiar with that, which gave the authorities more rights for surveillance and pretty comprehensive rights. it is safe to say people know there will be more police in the streets and more surveillance. it's not entirely comparable because france is still part of the european union and will have to do this with other countries which usually has a moderating force. brent: would you say what we are seeing, is this like the 9/11 for france? is it that dramatic? guest: this comparison has been made in the last hours and days and maybe it is right for france and for europe because france was the first target that france
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is hoping for a reaction on the order of the european countries. in the last hours, for example, france used for the first time since the interdiction of these measures, has asked for european partners and support against terrorism. brent: thank you for being here with us tonight. the belgian prosecutor's office says to people detained over the weekend have been charged in the connection. but the key suspect, salah abdeslam remains at large. he's good brother of one of the suicide bomber's. they surrounded a number of houses in the brussels suburb.
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it has become associated with radical islam. the police made no arrests there. students at the capital tasks are bonne university held a defiant minute of silence for the victims of friday's violence. a number of those killed studied at the university. our correspondent was there and spoke with the students about why attending monday's gathering was so important. reporter: "la marseillaise" -- france's national anthem, sung by students at the university gathered to remember the victims of the weekend attacks.
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>> this is a difficult situation, perhaps a historic turning point. this attack was aimed at young people. the government must ensure we are safe. reporter: the french president joined the students in a minute of silence. he called the university a symbol for paris, france and its youth. >> we really wanted to get together and grief and show we are united and strong. we want to reach out to one another. reporter: students from the sorbonne were among the victims of the weekend attacks. many here are clearly still in shock. >> these attacks have really shocked me. it is as if they were directed
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against our community and of the students. this is a place where people from all countries come together to share the wealth of the knowledge. reporter: and once again, they turned to the end them. -- the and some -- the national anthem. brent: the german football team had a close call with friday's attacks. suicide bombings took place just outside the stadium where they were holding a friendly with the french team. germany have since spent hours deliberating whether to cancel the match against the netherlands but the game will go ahead as planned. reporter: a somber mood is the german national team's stables near hanover. it's the first time they stepped in front of the press.
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he was visibly moved by the whole deal. >> considering the circumstances, we are ok. i think we needed some time to gather our thoughts and deal with the shock. reporter: the team spent the night at -- of the attacks at the stadium. it was a harrowing experience. >> of course, we felt very anxious and nervous. i spent over half an hour sitting in the team bus. various thoughts rushing through my head, going through what had just happened. reporter: after friday pass attacks, they had wanted to cancel the game against the netherlands. in the time since, he has changed his mind. brent: we're going to take a one minute break. when we come back, we have more news and analysis from harris and the latest business news. we will be right back.
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brent: welcome back. our top story -- the french resident has declared war against islamic state, vowing terrorism will never destroy france. because france will destroy terrorism, he said. in a speech to parliament, he vowed to tighten security at home while taking the fight to the militants in syria. the paris attacks have dominated the g 20 summit in turkey. leaders are presenting a united front with france and condemning islamic terrorists.
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the leaders may differ on the ways and means of combating it, but they are strengthening their resolve. reporter: world leaders a tribute to those that dems of the terror attacks with a minute of silence. the original schedule was swept away, talks dominated by friday's event in the fight against islamic state. president obama: here at the g 20, and our nations have sent an unmistakable message, that we are united against this threat. isil is the face of evil. our goal is to degrade and ultimately destroy this barbaric terrorist organization. reporter: leaders voted to cut off the groups access to money. many point out it's important to stop the terrorist flow of money and limit all illegal activity
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as far as possible. on the sideline, numerous discussions were held on the campaign against islamic state and the next steps in syria. >> we should work together both to combat terrorism and find a solution to the migration crisis. we should never associate the migrant crisis with terrorism. reporter: the agreements are broad strokes rather than specific plans, but the first of has been taken in a united fight against islamic state. brent: our correspondent points out one significant outcome -- the renewed willingness of moscow and washington to combine efforts against islamic state.
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>> islamic state all over syria, despite all political disagreements between these two countries. this is progress no one had expected so far here. brent: a change in strategy is what we have seen from islamic state, bringing its fight to europe. world leaders are reacting with a different strategy. guest: the group of 20 economies has come up with what it hopes will be a game changer in the battle against islamic state. the g 20 leaders have announced a clampdown on terrorists finances. reporter: in one of the many islamic state propaganda videos,
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fighters take control of a natural gas production facility. gas is among the terror groups leading sources for revenue and the sale of oil brings in over a million dollars a day. it is smuggled out of syria and iraq and g 20 members are aiming to stop the lucrative revenue source. in syria and iraq, i.s. has created a state within a state. they have their own currency and collect taxes from resthose whol security have to pay protection. the cultural goods under islamic state control also bring in revenue. it sells artifacts illegally with most money coming from europe. >> for example, from france. it may have been used to finance the terrible attacks in paris. the financing of small operations is with small amounts, not hundreds of thousands of euros. we must be able to identify and
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pursue the illegal activities. intelligence agencies say terrorists have received funding from countries like saudi arabia in recent years. private individuals are believed to be providing financial assistance. the g 20 members want to track down this money and freeze the accounts of terrorists. brent: -- guest: the french president has announced eight half thousand police jobs that could provide the french economy with a boost. will it be enough to persuade weary travelers to keep coming to paris? just earlier this year, "charlie hebdo" and a jewish supermarket were attacked. parisians themselves are determined to put on a brave face. reporter: many attractions in the french capital were closed for three days of mourning.
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the eiffel tower reopened but tourists had to pass through rigorous security checks to visit the landmark. analysts expect the attacks will impact the tourism sector. a drop in visitors means less revenue. last year, the industry accounted for about 7% of france's gdp. parisians are trying to return to their everyday routines. stores have reopened, but there are fewer shoppers than usual. many people are refraining from going to large shopping malls because they fear more violence. >> above all, we should not be afraid. we should continue to go to work , do what we need to do. that is important. >> i am sad and shocked, but life should continue out of respect for those who survived and died. the majestic sector stands to
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lose as france and germany beef up security along their borders. that means longer rating times and higher costs for shipping companies on both sides of the border. guest: the attacks on the wave of solidarity the world over. companies are stepping into end the hands. we are living in a digital age. how have digital firms been trying to make life easier for parisians in this time? >> the world tech companies were some of the quickest to respond and we can start with over -- with uber. they canceled their third pricing 30 minutes after these attacks and encouraged drivers to give free rides and even changed the colors of their apps to red, white and blue. skype and google hangouts made all calls to phone numbers in france free of charge and airbnb
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urged users to offer free accommodation and the company dropped its service fees to help out people in paris. guest: facebook providing a service that had only been used for natural disasters. >> facebook activated a service called safety check. it basically allows you to let your friends know if you are safe. they activated it in paris but this brought across some criticism. they did not activate safety check in beirut after the suicide bombings and one user said please do security checks for all terror attacks. please do it in beirut. they will be activating it for more than just natural disasters. guest: very interesting. good to talk to you. that is it from the business
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desk for me. we will have more business later. brent: have a good monday evening. fresh after the events in paris, germany's far right movement has taken to the streets of dresden to demand a halt to the flow of refugees into the country. the group expected more protesters unusual in response to the paris attacks but initial estimates suggest 10,000 people took part last week. the name translates to patriotic europeans against the islamization of the west. the group claims germany is being overwhelmed by foreigners. our correspondent has been at the rally in dresden and told us about their response to the attacks in paris. reporter: the blame for paris
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was squarely claimed on the migration policies here in germany. you hear people chanting lying press and very few people here would even talk to me. they are convinced there is a conspiracy that the media are not reporting properly what they are saying anyway, which is what we are doing right now. time and time again, we heard that this open door policy of the german chancellor is to blame and we had a lot of figures cited that cannot be true. migration figures alleging there were some 2 million people in the country after the interior ministry said they did not know how many, so a lot of conspiracies tonight in dresden. brent: that is our correspondent reporting from dresden. a reminder of the top stories we are following -- in an historic
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speech to both houses of the french parliament, president francois hollande has called for the extension of a state of emergency after friday's terrorist attacks in paris. he says france. but military action in syria. barack obama has ruled out u.s. ground troops in syria. g 20 leaders say they will share more intelligence in the fight against terrorism in the wake of the terrorist attacks. you are up-to-date with dw news. we will see you again at the top of the hour.
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gcgcww ♪
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♪ christopher: a very warm welcome to "focus on europe" -- the program that puts the continent in context and gives you the individual stories behind the headlines. my name's christopher springate, and i'll be taking you right across europe again this week, revealing among other things why indian immigrants have become so crucial to the production of italy's famous parmesan cheese. here's what's coming up over the next half-hour -- making money out of desperation -- bulgaria's people-smugglers. cleaning up the neighborhood -- lisbon's african poor face homelessness. and volkswagen's emissions scandal -- the french want their money back. one man's tragedy is another

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