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tv   Newsline  PBS  November 18, 2015 12:00am-12:31am PST

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this edition of "newsline." i'm catherine kobayashi in tokyo. russian military officials stepped up their air campaigns against islamic state strongholds in syria and made a step toward possible military alliance with france. the move follows attacks in paris and the downing of a russian airliner claimed by the militant group. military officials briefed president vladimir putin on tuesday. they said cruise missiles hit the capital of raqqah and other key targets. putin told his military forces operating in the mediterranean. the russian passenger jet crashed last month over the
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sinai peninsula. all 224 passengers and crew members died. group named islamic state claimed responsibility. the crash was caused by explosives and offered a reward worth $50 million to anyone who can offer information leading to the capture of the terrorists. russia began air strikes in syria the at end of september. military officials say they've conducted more than 4,000 attacks destroying training facilities and ammunition factories belonging to militants. they also say they're considering adding long range strategic bombers as their campaign intensifies. french president francois hollande says he will call for joint efforts to destroy the extremist group. >> translator: the acts of war of friday were conceived and planned in syria. they were organized in belgium and perpetrated on our soil with french accomplices.
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hollande plans to present a bill to extend france's state of emergency to three months. he said he'll meet the presidents of the united states and russia soon to discuss actions against the islamic state militants. the french military carried out air strikes on the group's strongholds in syria on tuesday. the second round of air raids since the paris attacks. seven suspects died in the attacks on a stadium, a concert hall and several restaurants. french investigators have identified five of them. four were french citizens living near paris or in belgium. one applied for refugee status in greece last month using a syrian passport. investigators are searching for another man salah abdelsalam. they believe he may have been involved in the attacks. belgian authorities searched a building where the suspect used to live in molebeek in brussels.
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the area is known for the high crime rate including illicit sales of weapons and drugs. local media say it is frequented by young people influenced by islamic extremism. one japanese expert suggests the terrorists may have had more freedom in belgium. >> translator: france is a secular state. it's extremely difficult to gain public support for religious activities. on the other hand, islamic communities in belgium have a good chance of receiving public support. >> u.s. secretary of state john kerry changed his itinerary to visit paris after wrapping up the g-20 talks in turkey. the islamic state also known as da'esh is threatening to attack washington. >> we talked about the significant steps we believe we can take together in a number of different areas to increase our efforts and be more effective against da'esh. >> kerry said the militants are becoming desperate as they are losing areas under their control day by day.
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britain's prime minister says he will present a strategy to parliament and says the strategy includes extending britain's air strikes to syria. >> our allies are asked to do this and a case for doing so has only grown stronger after the par ace tacks. we cannot expect, we should not expect others to carry the burdens and the risks of protecting our country. >> cameron says the strategy also includes seeking a political framework to end serious civil war, as well as giving legal backing to the air campaign. britain has limited its air strikes to iraq as many british people have been wary of military involvement in the middle east since the war in iraq in 2003. in 2013, parliament rejected cameron's plan to launch air attacks in syria. some members of his conservative party voted against the proposal. canada's prime minister says his country will stick to a plan to
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pull its fighter jets out of a mission against islamic state group despite last week's paris attacks. justin trudeau has been in office for about two weeks, after his party won the general election last month. >> we made a clear commitment in the campaign to stop the bombing mission by canadian jets. >> trudeau says his country will continue to help train troops in iraq to combat the militant group. as a member of the u.s.-led coalition, canada has deployed six fighter jets to conduct air strikes in syria and iraq. canada is believed to be withdrawing its warplanes as the coalition's air campaign has not been as effective as had been expected. the u.s. government is weighing in on the japanese lawsuit over the relocation of an american base in okinawa. the japanese government filed the suit tuesday to override the
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opposition of okinawa governor. he is against the plan to move the u.s. marine corps air station to the less populated coastal area. the u.s. department of defense is hopeful that the relocation will make steady progress. >> the department of defense be the help of the government of japan that this project will be able to move forward. we thank the government of japan for its efforts in this regard. and we believe that ultimately that relocation of that facility is in the best interest of people of okinawa, as well. >> the first court hearing on the relocation is set for december 2. the japanese prime minister has gone back on a plane not long after returning from turkey. we are joined from the business desk. so where is he headed to this time? >> he is off to the philippines
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where he is going to meet some of the same leaders he met a few days ago at the group of 20 talks. in manila shinzo abe will attend asian pacific economic summit. one idea abe plans to promote is free trade area throughout the asia pacific. the japanese prime minister will be seeing u.s. president barack obama and chinese president at the talks. abe will meet members of the nation partnership the day before the summit gets underway. they are expected to agree to finish off domestic procedures so that the free trade deal can conclude. here in japan lawmakers are concerned about the impact the tpp could have on local agriculture. the ruling liberal democrat
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party has come up with a set of proposals. the lawmakers got together to discuss what to do about rice and cattle producers under the tpp japan would have to set a new tariff free import quota of more than 78,000 tons a year for u.s. and australian rice. the legislators are proposing the government increase the amount of domestic rice for stock piling. they say that would stem a fall in prices. the tpp agreement provides for a gradual reduction in tariffs in pork and beef imports. calling for legislation to cover losses under the current system the government uses a reserve fund to cover up to 80%. the proposal calls for raising the rate to 90%. the lawmakers hope the measures will be included in the government's tpp talks, the
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outline to be compiled as early as next week. two japanese companies are gearing up to take advantage of the expected lifting of tariffs. casual clothing chain and textile chemical maker say they are going to expand production in vietnam. they have a close business relationship. they have been working together on developing a manufacturing product made of fabric that retain heat. now with the tpp they are realigning operations in a bid to improve global competitiveness. officials explain that products exported from vietnam to the u.s. and australia are expected to be abolished. they outlined their plan to buy prices from toray and sell them at lower retail prices in the u.s. and australia. let's check in on markets.
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tokyo share prices are extending gains this morning following a rally that we saw yesterday. the nikkei trading up just shy of the 19,800 mark. more upbeat as they say concerns of the paris attacks won't linger. let's take a look at currencies. a rise in u.s. inflation, a december rate hike. the greenback is fetching a little more than 123 yen. meanwhile, the euro fell to a seven-month low against the dollar. the single currency trading at 1.06. let's take a look at other markets across the asia pacific. we are seeing disney share
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prices lower. the kospi is up by a quarter percent. researchers in japan are studying a new material developed so-called paper of e the -- >> the paper industry innovation center is involved in cutting edge research of paper. this is cnf. it is a new material derived from paper. striking it with a hammer gives a good idea of just how hard it is. normally paper rips easily as the fibers are only loosely
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joined. but bringing down the size of the fibers to nano levels causes them to bind tightly together giving paper the strength of iron. >> translator: it's like a dream material. the potential is huge as it could be turned into things that could take the place of various products. >> researchers are looking at ways to use it in auto production. professor of kyoto university is working on a plastic reinforced by nano fiber for vehicle bodies. that would reduce weight and improve fuel efficiency. he is studying ways to use nano fiber to strengthen tires. it's a rubber used in tires contains carbon as a hardener this enables tires to withstand the weight of the vehicle. researchers found that adding
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nano fiber can reduce the weight of the rubber. wants to build the car using parts from tires. >> translator: i want to help develop industries by creating highly materials using domestic resources. it's not just a dream. >> reporter: a paper company is aiming to develop products that take advantage of one of the characteristics. this is japan's third largest paper company. the firm is making nano fiber sheets to produce wrapping materials that can preserve food. one of the features of nano fiber is the ability to -- the company uses special equipment to measure the amount of oxygen
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that pass through a nano fiber sheet. oxygen was able to pass through plastic food storage bags but not the nano fiber sheet. the company plans to start selling bags made from nano fiber sheets in a few years time. >> demand for paper is falling due to the increasing use of i.t. products. our company hopes the research will be able to save the paper industry. >> reporter: it is made from plants. the material of the future developed from domestic resources could have a big impact on japan's manufacturing industry. >> i'll have more business headlines next hour. for now i will leave you with a check on markets.
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new reports from brazil say two japanese residents were shot and killed last thursday. group stormed a prison on the outskirts of the city last thursday. consulate officials say the group members were trying to flee a shootout with the police when they fired at the vehicle, with three japanese inside. the officials say the two killed were women in their 70s. a man in his 60s was seriously injured.
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several areas including the capital are flooded. the city has suffered the highest death toll along with widespread devastation. on tuesday hundreds of people stranded after transportation services was suspended. >> translator: i came here to catch a train but i found out it has been cancelled. express was supposed to arrive yesterday evening but it still hasn't come. a lot of people here are in real distress. there is no way they can leave. >> reporter: flooding has effected 58,000 people. weather officials say india's southeast coast is vulnerable to annual cyclones in november and december. military personnel are in the middle of rescue operations after a train derailment in western pakistan. 11 people are dead. the accident happened near the
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capital of the province. military personnel are using heavy machinery to carry out rescue operations. train accidents are common in the country where tracks are poorly maintained. people needing a place to relax in south korea's capital don't have far to go. clean running water, birds and fish are a short walk away. ten years after the stream gushed back to life not everyone is in the mood to kick back. nhk world explains why. >> reporter: in korean it means the new stream. in november the stream is a scene of a festival displaying hundreds of lanterns and has become a famous gathering spot
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in downtown seoul. as many as 16,000 people come here each day. it has wild life, too. this water way nearly 6 kilometers long has become one of the symbols of the city. >> translator: it's great to experience nature in the heart of the big city. >> translator: i would like to bring my kids here. it is so nice for us to enjoy cultural events for free. >> reporter: the stream has a checkered history. intertwined minds of ordinary people. it was a place of cleansing. women would use it to wash clothes. wastewater and other pollutants gradually contaminated the stream threatening public hygiene. by 1950 concrete covered the water way and an elevated
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highway stretched overhead. >> translator: i will revive the stream. >> reporter: the restoration project was initiated. he aimed to improve the downtown environment by also revitalizing the economy. bringing the stream back to life cost hundreds of millions of dollars. about 6,000 vendors were forced to make way for construction crews. she says she couldn't keep her -- the city of seoul built a commercial complex. decided to move in. >> translator: at the beginning
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everybody was full of dreams. working hard to stock goods and do business. but few customers came in. our efforts were in vein. >> reporter: couldn't afford to pay the maintenance fee. she had to close her shop again. now she works on a temporary basis at various stores but says she can hardly make ends meet. >> translator: lenders are in a crisis. we might lose control of our property. city officials should admit their plan was a mistake and come up with a solution. >> reporter: managing the stream is a challenge, too. every day 120,000 tons of water has to be diverted to the stream using electric pumps. that costs about $6.5 million per year. the history of the stream
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parallels the development. now city officials are under pressure to take action again so everyone can enjoy its charm. nhk world, seoul. south korea's i.t. industries compete with the best in the planet. its pop culture has millions of followers around the world but the country has a tense relationship with its northern neighbor. we give you insights into what is happening across the peninsula here on "newsline." it's time for a check of the weather. people in western japan are dealing with heavy rainfall this monday morning and it seems the rain is heading towards tokyo. meteorologist robert speta has the latest. >> as we go through the next 24 hours all this precipitation that is coming in across the western areas of japan it is pushing towards the northeast. so right now you have this cloud
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cover over head and in tokyo it does look like decent weather here. as we go ahead into the afternoon and evening hours most of this heavy precipitation will start to work its way towards the northeast. in the past 24 hours since tuesday afternoon we did see upwards of 140 millimeters reported here in one area in just a three-hour span over 100 millimeters reported in the same location. that is really interesting to us that some of the showers have the short time heavy rains with the thunderstorms. as we go out into the evening hours tokyo, as well. we are looking at the heavy showers moving through. by thursday morning's commute you are going to be wanting to have an umbrella with you at the least. hopefully this is out of there by lunch time as high pressure starts to work its way from the north. the high keeping things on the cold side there in northeastern china. seeing areas in the white. snow flakes expected in parts of
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north korea there in northeastern china and by beijing. high pressure is in place. that means stagnant, cool air. you have that chance of severe haze in some areas. down towards the south hong kong with high of 28. manila with partly cloudy skies staying on the warm side with a high of 33. let's look over towards europe now. we have several storm systems blowing through this area. this one right here heading into the scandinavian peninsula. the attached front is causing issues in the netherlands towards belgium we have seen wind reports over 120 kilometers per hour. we have the next storm, that is barney, our second named storm system by the office here at the uk. and this one is going to bring another round of fairly rough conditions, definitely high winds coming with this along the western seaboards. wouldn't be surprised to see widespread scattered showers. across the north a messy
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situation. travel plans might be delayed. in the south it's still pretty decent. that's compared to earlier this month when we had one storm after another there across italy. now sunny skies, temperatures into the mid teens to low 20s. let's talk about the americas. this is really the severe weather situation here for today. it is this low pressure area just dominating the scope of our picture. this low flowing right in here behind all that cold air spilling in which cause widespread travel problems. hundreds of flights have been cancelled at denver international alone. back here towards the east we have severe weather threat along the cold front which is still pulling in warm air from the south. just out ahead of it we see sunny skies. that collision of the air masses we are talking about severe weather. damaging winds, flash flooding threat which is still going to carry with it to the northeast
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and the chance of tornadoes. on monday alone we had over 20 tornadoes reported out here or confirmed that is. all of this is still moving northeast. i think less of a tornado threat in the northeastern states by the end of the week. still a messy situation heading into the weekend getting out a little bit early for early thanksgiving travel plans you want to check in at airports ahead of time. behind it cold air will be spilling in and that means temperatures are going down quite considerably. pennsylvania 19 down to 7 by your friday. i'll leave you with your extended outlook.
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one more story to share with you before we go. automatic tellers are common place but a bank in southwestern japan has auto mated one of its staff. the bank assigned a humenoid robot to one of its branches on tuesday. a letter of appointment was read to the robot. he started tending to customers explaining services and performing some tongue twisters. he seems to be doing well at his new job and he is already making friends. the bank plans to use two more robots in its other branches. and that's all for this edition of "newsline." i'm catherine kobayashi in tokyo. thanks for joining us.
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host: hello and welcome to "global 3000." there are currently more migrants on the move around the world than at any time since the end of the second world war. today we visit a town in america that has discovered them as an antidote to its own decline. here's what else we have coming up. immigrants are saving a small american town from shrinking. why palestinian poverty is also poison for the environment. and, how luxury foods like organic shrimps can help preserve vietnam's mangrove forests.


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