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tv   Newsline  PBS  November 27, 2015 12:00am-12:31am PST

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it's friday, november 27. i'm catherine kobayashi in tokyo. french president francois and vladimir putin have met in moscow. they discussed two issues, deepening cooperation in the fight against islamic state militants and tension after turkey shot down a russian warplane. nhk reports.
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>> russia has experienced terrorism with the downing our passenger airliner. we need to work together against our common enemy. >> reporter: after the two-hour meeting, the leaders told reporters they agreed to exchange intelligence on the islamic state group. they said they hope to improve the effectiveness of air strike against the militants. >> translator: what we agreed and this is important, is to strike only terrorists and the islamic state militants and not to strike forces that are fighting terrorism. >> translator: assad's
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government military are allies in our fight against terrorism. >> reporter: putin showed some compromise toward limiting air strikes to terrorists. the two leaders remain divided on the syrian president's regime. putin expressed dissatisfaction at not receiving an apology from turkish government concerning the downing of the russian war plane. he also said the u.s. was responsible for not sharing vital information with toirk about russia's operation. the meeting appears to have been productive to a certain extent. but the downing of the russian war plane by turkey seems to
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have a dleertious effect on the meeting with putin. >> putin also referred to a downing of the russian war plane with the turkish military united states not sharing information. russia intends to restrict the passage of turkish aircraft through its airspace and advice its citizens against visiting the country. britain is debating whether to expand the air campaign against militants in syria. prime minister david cameron made his case, telling
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parliament their country is already a target. >> we shouldn't be content with outsourcing our security to our allies. if we believe we should be part of that action, not standing aside from it. >> cameron stressed the need to further support the u.s.-led coalition. he cited the recent attacks in paris claimed by the islamic state. >> if we won't act now when our friend and ally france has been struck in this way, then our allies in the world can be forgiven for asking if not now, when. >> many in britain have been wary of getting drawn into another middle eastern conflict after the war in iraq in 2003. a labor leader questions if cameron's plan could lead to the deployment of british troops given there are no credible ground forces in syria. cameron said the deployment of ground forces could be count he -- counterproductive.
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pressure is mounting ahead of u.n.'s climate conference in paris on monday. leaders will attend the annual meeting. over 20 years, delegates have never agreed on a legally binding universal agreement to slow the rise of global temperatures, but as nhk world's reporter tells us, that is the goal this year. >> reporter: u.s. weather officials released new details last week. they say the temperatures were the highest ever recorded in the center's 135-year history. this year as a whole it's also likely to hit a record. they say that the rising temperature could be the cause of serious forest fires in california and other parts of the world. experts confirm that the mission of greenhouse gases is the cause
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of global climate change. >> so excited. >> the key proceed --. weren't. >> we recognize a responsibility to reduce our emissions. we also recognize the other part of the story. that the rest of the world emits 80% of all greenhouse gases. and many of those emissions come from developing countries. >> china, india and other developing nations that avoided reduction targets under kyoto are also emitting the same amount as industrialized countries.
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to get all parties on board. >> the perception of what is fair and equitible is very subjective, there's no perfect plan. everybody has to accept some kind of uncomfortableness about the deal. >> reporter: more and more nations are serious about combatting climate change.
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there's going to be no magic formula to create a perfect differentiation. everybody has to accept some kind of uncomfortable nt about the deal. we have to make an agreement. when they do so, the delegates have to remind themselves about the fact this is not just about national interest. it is also about interest to those vulnerable, species and people on the planet. if you cannot achieve the agreement in paris, those people's lives are at stake. >> reporter: the organizer of the u.n. convention says global temperature will rise 4 degrees by the end of the century if nothing is done. they say they want all parties to come up with measures to minimize the rise to less than 2 degrees, the internationally recognized goal. some tough decisions have to be made in paris. nhk world. china's president says he has plans to build a stronger military. xi jinping says he'll reorganize current structure by 2020. xi spoke on about what the reforms he wants. he wants the ground, naval, and air forces as well as launch of a new command structure.
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the country's seven military regions will be consolidated into four. xi stressed the reforms would pave the way for a strong military. he also urged military officials to respect the earlier decision to cut military personnel by 300,000. china and thailand have conducted a joint air force exercise for the first time. the military maneuvers appear to show a growing relationship between the two. the exercise began in thailand on november 16. about 100 troops and six airplanes from china participates in the drill. thailand's military held an air show with china at the royal thai air force base. u.s. forces used the base during the vietnam war. thai jets performed aerobattic demonstrations. the thai pilot says the joint military exercise has helped each understand the other's abilities. >> translator: the exercise was
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very successful. we have learned each other's training methods and the capacity of pilots and planes. this will be very useful in the future. >> the united states and european nations condemned the coup in thailand in may of last year. following the coup, the united states decided to reduce its military assistance to the country. thailand has since reached out to china. the thai navy is also considering buying a chinese submarine. japanese official released a handful of economic indicators this morning. we're joined now from the business desk. give us a break down of the numbers. >> as you know at the end of every month we get a look at people's spending habits, the cost of goods, the jobs situation and these numbers give us a better picture of the economy during the previous month. let's start today with people's spending habits.
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japanese shoppers were being frugal watching their wallets in october. officials say spending by households spell by 2.4% from a year ago. october marks the second straight month of decline. households with two or more members spent an average of 282,000 yen. that's around $2,300. the ministry say the consumer price index last month was off 0.1% from the same month last year. down for the third month in a row s when prices of energy and all kinds of food were excluded, the gauge was up 0.7% year on year. the figure had been on the rise for 25 consecutive months. the index doesn't factor in fresh food because those prices tend to be volatile. the jobless rate was down to its lowest level in over 20 years. the ministry officials say it was 3.1% down 0.3 from the
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previous month. japan's unemployment hasn't been that low since july of 1995. officials at the labor ministry say the ratio of job offers was up from september at 1.24. that means 124 job openings for every 100 job seekers. the japanese prime minister says he wants the country where everyone can play an active role in society. to achieve that vision, shinzo abe is requesting a supplementary budget for the current fiscal year. the japanese government held a meeting of a national congress and compiled emergency measures tor realizing the project. abe wants to increase the country's gdp to 600 trillion yen. he wants to raise the fertility rate to 1.8 per woman and to provide help for people caring
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for aging family members. abe is expected on friday to ask for the supplementary budget drafted to achieve those goals. it includes a raise for pensioners. another al location would increase funding for childcare and nursing care, but securing alternative sources to fund the project has become a major challenge. an international survey says japan devotes a smaller portion of public funds to children's education of 32 countries polled. japan's spending was 3.5% of its gdp. that places it at the bottom ranking of the 32 nations in the survey, tied with slovakia.
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norway came on top with 6.5%. the average was 4.7%. the survey also covered higher education. it shows families in japan are shouldering a comparatively heavy financial burden, covering 51.6% of the cost. that is far above the average of 21.7% and second highest after chile. the director of education says children can be denied higher education when their families are forced to cover a large part of their education. that can limit a student's future opportunities. he says it's important to set up systems for funding scholarships and student loans with repayments based on income. they have been surveying education policies of its member nations every year since 2012. let's check in on markets here in tokyo. the nikkei average opened just shy of the key 20,000 mark.
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if it touches that level, it will be for the first time in three months. following a rally in europe, the key index opened just six points below the key threshold. it is now trading at 19,960. analysts say many investors are staying on the sidelines as u.s. markets were closed for thanksgiving on thursday. on to currencies now, the dollar is moving in a narrow range against the yen as many traders on holiday. the dollar yen is trading 122.66-67. the euro is offering around 7-month lows against the dollar and the yen. the european central bank is expected to take further easing measures at its meeting next week. other markets across the asia-pacific. over in seoul, the cost kospi is also open. business managers are eyeing new opportunities in children's sports. a low birth rate means parents
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are willing to spend more on each child, that includes more spent on equipment and services. >> reporter: shoe makers are picking new products for children. they claim their footwear will help young athletes run faster. the soles are designed to offer extra grip on key sports where the foot strikes the ground. here's another way to get kids moving. an arm band. the people who design it says it helps children develop a better running style. it makes a steady, clicking sound. when it's wrong, the sound becomes irregular. one pair of arm bands costs about $30 and demand is high. >> translator: we see
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children's gear as an important market. we'd like our kids to become fans of our products and our brand and to learn how to correctly move their bodies. >> reporter: one way to sell ing children's gear is -- that's what inspired these soccer shoes. the front of the shoe has different designs on the outside, center, and inside of the foot. when children learn how to kick a ball with the different parts of the foot, the sections serve as a guide. one mother's input played a big part in the development of the shoes. >> translator: when my son started to play soccer, he was very young. so it was hard to explain to him how to kick in words. there were no shoes around like this, so i thought it would be a good idea.
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>> reporter: they cost more than ordinary soccer cleats, but soccer moms and dads say they are willing to pay. that kind of consumer demand is attracting newcomers to the field. these kids are attending a class run by a student education company. last spring, they launched a program targeting children up to the age of 6. in this classroom, the kids go barefoot. the exercises are done on high grade artificial turf. they target the toes and other parts of the foot. company managers say contact with the ground stimulates the soles and improves their physical ability. the program focuses on nine types of body movements. these basic exercises lay the
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groundwork for the children's sporting future. it costs about $100. that's almost double the fee for a normal gym class. >> translator: it's rather a long way from home, but i thought my child will be able to learn something special in this class. >> translator: parents these days are very demanding. they really want to understand what an exercise is good for or what the rationale is. >> reporter: competition is heating up as more companies enter this market. the winners will be those who can satisfy the needs of both the young athletes and the parents. nhk world, tokyo. that's it for business news. i'll leave you with a check on markets. ♪ ♪
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in the philippines, a major fire in one of the poorest areas of manila has forced thousands of people from their homes.
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the fire broke out in a crowded town on wednesday burning more than 800 buildings. air force helicopters flew over capital dropping water to extinguish the flames. >> translator: our neighborhoods helped us get out. the fire spread so fast. we didn't think it would reach us. >> translator: all the burned houses belong to squatters. and were badly made. that's why the fire spread so fast. and the streets are so narrow, it was hard for us to extinguish the fire. >> authorities say there were no fatalities largely because the fire happened in daytime. people who lost their homes are living in makeshift tents and parks or school gymnasiums and other evacuation centers. according to afp, the authorities suspect an illegal wire to take power from the electricity grid may have cause the blaze.
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♪ ♪ it is time now for a check of the weather. people in eastern mediterranean regions are dealing with severe weather. meteorologist robert speta joins us with details. >> what we're seeing how here today is actually the severe storm system extending from italy over toward the balkan peninsula and really the winds are stirring up. up ward to 87 kph. we've got cold air sing -- sinking in from the mountains from the north. those are the winds we're talking about here. it's a very rough day at the very least for a lot of people. over toward rome, about an hour
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delay for flights on average because of that severe winds and also some of the snowfall there in the higher elevations. all this is shifting farther off toward the east. parts of greece, into western areas of turkey, that's where we see the severe weather as we go ahead through the next 24 hours. chance of heavy rainfall and lightning coming out of these stronger thunder cells plus the snowfall in higher elevation for you. that's really the severe weather threat toward the south but off toward the north we have this cold front moving through the british isles. london, you are looking at a cooldown. you might be looking for a rain and rain-snow mix, but temperatures dropping off with a chai of -- high of 12 there. partly cloudy skies on friday. moscow at minus 2 there as they start off their week. into the americas, big topic, it
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makes a big line through the areas of central america. it's the tropical system. we have an upper level trough and this cold front extending all the way here toward canada. we're going to be looking at the chance of freezing rain, especially in parts of oklahoma, texas, out ahead of that, chance of flash flooding in the mississippi river valley. you may be thinking i heard about the snow back here toward the west, if you are in new york or washington, d.c., but it's actually fairly warm here. it's coming, i promise you that, because this front is going to slip down here toward the east. behind it, look at the temperatures, minus 8 there in denver. snowfall in your forecast. all this is going to shift off. so yarns the great lakes specifically detroit, buffalo, temperatures into the mid teens dropping off nearly 10 degrees.
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capital, u.s., canada looking at a significant temperature change in the forecast. plus that rainfall at 19 in d.c. ottawa dropping off to minus 2 there. bundle up. also around japan, you want to bunle up. in hokkaido, 41 centimeters. the main reason for this is very deep area of low pressure off the western seaboard. that is going to continue to pump in that cold air. you get that sea effect snow. we've seen the report of 130 winds. threat of blizzard conditions. i'll leave you now with your extended outlook. ♪ ♪
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that wraps up this edition of "newsline." i'm catherine kobayashi in tokyo. thanks for staying with us.
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steves: the dramatic rock of cashel
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is one of ireland's most evocative sites. this was the seat of ancient irish kings for seven centuries. st. patrick baptized king aengus here in about 450 a.d. in around 1100, an irish king gave cashel to the church, and it grew to become the ecclesiastical capital of all ireland. 800 years ago, this monastic community was just a chapel and a round tower standing high on this bluff. it looked out then, as it does today, over the plain of tipperary, called the golden vale because its rich soil makes it ireland's best farmland. on this historic rock, you stroll among these ruins in the footsteps of st. patrick, and wandering through my favorite celtic cross graveyard, i feel the soul of ireland.
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>> on this edition of "native report," we attend an evening of classical music and meet violinist karen durfee, we learn how one community is bridging the culture gap through the use of the ojibwe language, and we go to the minnesota state fair, where we attend a performance by the native pride dancers. we also learn something new about indian country and hear from our elders on this "native report." >> production of "native report" is made possible by grants from the shakopee mdewakanton sioux community and the blandin foundation.

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