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tv   Newsline  PBS  November 28, 2015 12:00am-12:31am PST

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welcome to nhk "newsline." i'm ross mihara in tokyo. people in paris have paid homage to those killed in the attacks that left the french capital in fear and mourning. ♪ more than 1,000 people including survivors and relatives of the victims gathered at the national monument. the event came two weeks after terrorists armed with automatic rifles and explosives attacked a concert hall, restaurants, and a soccer stadium on november 13th. 130 people were killed and more than 350 others were wounded. photos of victims were shown on a screen as their names were
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read out. participants observed a moment of silence. >> translator: france is on your side. we will work together to ease the pain of every person who was affected by the incidents. >> hollande also said france will do everything possible to destroy the army of fanatics responsible for the crimes. one man who attended the ceremony said he saw many people killed at the concert hall and was wounded himself. >> translator: the ceremony is an important way to pay homage to all the people who were there at the moment of the attacks and to those who survived the hellish incidents. delegates from around the world will gather in paris next week for the united nations cop21 climate conference. french authorities are stepping up security. the government is not allowing outdoor gatherings related to the conference. a french organization of over
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130 civic groups and ngos had been planning marches and rallies to press delegates for results. >> our activities have been banned. so we've been -- we were a bit disappointed. >> the organization's members are left with thousands of flyers they've been planning to hand out. one person who lives near the conference venue said the tight security is vital as so many foreign leaders are coming. >> controlling the traffic will ensure safety. >> the government is urging citizens not to use personal vehicles in and around paris on sunday and monday. japanese prime minister shinzo abe will meet french president francois hollande on the sidelines of the cop21 conference. he says he'll express solidarity with france in the fight against terrorism. abe spoke in tokyo to japanese and french business leaders who are trying to strengthen
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economic ties. >> translator: japan condemns acts of terrorism. we will stand with france. >> abe said he wants to use his talks with hollande to strengthen relations between japan and france. delegates from more than 190 nations and territories will take part in the cop21 climate talks. they are aiming for a legally binding universal ag temperatures. but as nhk world's takafumi terui reports, they've tried many times before and come up short. >> reporter: u.s. weather officials released new data last week. they say that the average global surface air temperature in october was the highest ever recorded in the center's 135-year history, and this year as a whole is also likely to hit the record.
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they say that the rising temperature could be the cause of serious forest fires in california and other parts of the world. experts confirm that the emission of greenhouse gases is the cause of global climate change. >> trusting no objection, so decided. >> reporter: the kyoto protocol adopted in 1997 required industrialized countries to reduce their emissions of such gases, but developing nations were exempt. the united states, then the world's largest single emitter of greenhouse gases, later pulled out of the protocol in protest. >> we recognize the responsibility to reduce our emissions. we also recognize the other part of the story, that the rest of the world emits 80% of all greenhouse gases, and many of those emissions come from developing countries. >> reporter: china, india and other developing nations that avoided reduction targets under kyoto are now emitting almost
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the same levels of greenhouse gases as industrialized countries. the goal of a new framework is to compel both industrialized and developing nations to take action. yamagishi has participated in the conferences for many years as a member of a nongovernmental organization. he says it's essential to get all parties on board. >> what is fair, the perception about what is fair and what is equitable is very subjective. there's going to be no magic formula or silver bullet to create a perfect differentiation. everybody has to accept some kind of uncomfortableness about the deal. >> yamagishi also says more and more nations are serious about conducting climate change. >> we have to make an agreement, and when they do so, the delegates have to remind themselves about the fact that this not just about national interest.
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it is also about interest of those vulnerable species and people on the planet. if we cannot agree, achieve the agreement in paris, those people's lives are at stake. >> reporter: the organizer of the u.n. convention says global temperatures will rise four degrees by the end of this century if nothing is done. they say they want all parties to come up with measures to minimize the rise to less than two degrees, the internationally recognized goal. some tough decisions have to be made in paris. takafumi terui, nhk world. members of japan's cabinet have approved a climate change adaptation plan that will be presented at the conference. it's intended to help people adjust to the effects of global warming and provide a model for other countries. >> translator: we want to promote our plan in paris as part of japan's efforts to fight climate change. >> the plan includes measures to
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develop heat-tolerant varieties of rice and vegetables and fruit that can be grown at higher altitudes. it also spells out ways to enhance management of levees and dams to prevent floods and landslides and to improve evacuation strategies. the plan also calls for raising public awareness about heatstroke. it encourages using robots and other technology to assist people who have to work in the heat. officials in japan say the country's emissions of gases responsible for global warming dropped by 3% last fiscal year. they say it was the first reduction in five years. environment ministry officials say their preliminary figures show japan released 1.37 billion tons of greenhouse gases in fiscal 2014, which ended in march. that's 43 million tons less than in fiscal 2013. officials attribute the decline to efforts to use more renewable energy and save power after the 2011 fukushima daiichi nuclear accident.
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>> translator: we think actions aimed at saving energy played a big role in helping reduce greenhouse gas emissions. we'd like to keep supporting efforts like these. >> the japanese government has set a goal to reduce emissions by 26% by 2030 from 2013 levels. in myanmar, aung san suu kyi's national league for democracy, or nld, won a sweeping victory in elections earlier this month. several countries have already started courting the party as it prepares to form a government. dhra dhirakaosal in bangkok has the details. >> japan organized two separate meetings on friday with representatives from the nld. one was in myanmar's largest city, yangon, and the other in tokyo. both discussions focused on strengthening bilateral ties. the yangon talks took place at an office of the japan international cooperation
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agency, or jaica, japan's embassy and chamber of commerce sent representatives. they explained to members of nld's economic committee japan's past and existing assistance to myanmar. >> translator: as well as the economy, japan has positively engaged myanmar in the peace and cease-fire process for ethnic minorities and in other fields. before the transition to a new government, japan wants to have a dialogue with the nld to support this smooth launch of the next administration. >> japanese foreign minister fumio kishida attended the talks in tokyo. he told nld executives a stable government was critical for myanmar's peace and prosperity. he added that japan's public and private sectors stand ready to offer their full support. and he called for aung san suu kyi to visit japan. china's communist party invited aung san suu kyi to visit
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beijing in june where she met with president xi jinping. china has been reaching out to the nld after many years of close relations with myanmar's former military government. a self-proclaimed branch of the islamic state militant group claimed responsibility on friday for an attack on a shia mosque in bangladesh. it was the latest incident suggesting militant activity in the country is on the rise. gunmen stormed the mosque in the northwest on thursday evening during prayers. they opened fire, killing one person and wounding three. last month in the capital dhaka, a bomb attack on a shia ceremony killed a teenaged boy and injured over 100 other people. a group claiming to be a branch of the islamic state militants said it was responsible. the killings of an italian aide worker in september and a japanese man in october were
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also apparently claimed by the same group. the government says it has not confirmed the presence of any islamic state militants in bangladesh. tens of thousands of nepalese students have demonstrated in the capital katmandu protesting against a blockade along the indian border. the students are angry about the month-long blockade which has caused shortages of daily necessities. ethnic medethi are blocking the border to protest the new constitution which they say divides their traditional lands. medethi have ethnic and cultural ties with india, leading some nepalese to blame their neighbor for the blockade. india denies responsibility. >> translator: we are here to protest against the indian blockade and to say that it must
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end immediately. >> prices of imports, including gasoline, tomatoes and onions have been soaring. the new constitution was established in september after years of political confusion since the monarchy was abolished in 2008. many nepalese hoped stable politics would help the country rebuild from april's massive earthquake, but protests over the new constitution are holding the recovery back. and that wraps up our bulletin. i'm dhra dhirakaosal in bangkok. china's public and private sectors are uniting to tackle one of the country's biggest obstacles. they're trying to find a way to reduce emissions, and they are focusing on the roads. nhk world's naoki makita reports.
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>> reporter: at the guangzhou international motor show, automakers from china and around the world exhibited about 1,000 models. among them were more green vehicles such as electric and hybrid cars. organizers of the auto show have doubled the space for new energy cars. the market has seen rapid growth in china, and automakers are stepping up their efforts to develop new models in this segment. the chinese government has come up with incentives for would-be buyers of new energy vehicles. these include tax breaks, subsidies and convenience in getting license plates. the measures can put purchase costs by half. >> translator: i can get subsidies worth about $10,000 just buying an electric car. compared with gasoline vehicles, i can save on fuel costs as well. >> reporter: sales of new energy
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vehicles in china have nearly quadrupled so far this year compared to 2014. more than 170,000 units were sold by the end of october. china has become the world's largest market for nevs, beating the u.s. >> translator: we want to raise the ratio of new energy vehicles to 50% of our production. i think gasoline-powered cars will eventually be replaced by new energy vehicles. >> reporter: sales of nevs are surging against the backdrop of traffic congestion and smog in china's urban centers. reducing old emissions has become an urgent task. to support the spread of new energy vehicles, the government is building new charging stations around the country. but it cannot keep up with demand. >> translator: roads in beijing
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are jammed with traffic. i think each one of us has to think about this problem. if i ever need a car, i would at least buy an eco-friendly vehicle. >> reporter: this company has developed an app to encourage car sharing. it hopes to tap into growing consumer awareness about the hazards of carbon emissions. this man lives on the outskirts of beijing and commutes to work downtown. he shares his car with various people through the app. under the app scheme, a car sharer pays part of the gas costs and highway tolls. the expense is about one-third the cost of a taxi. payments can be made online with a smartphone.
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>> translator: the advantage of car sharing is that we can split the gas costs. if we share a ride, we can also help lower the number of traffic jams in beijing. that will lead to a reduction in carbon pollution from vehicles. >> reporter: users of the app now number around 1.2 million. most of them young people. >> translator: lifestyles of young adults have changed significantly. a spirit of sharing has taken hold in the internet generation. >> reporter: china has long placed priority on economic growth, but as the economy slows, mind-sets are changing. turning people's eco awareness into a society-wide consciousness shift may be china's key to a sustainable future. naoki makita, nhk world.
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a former member of the aum shinrikyo cult has been acquitted. naoko kikuchi was part of the group responsible for its attack on the tokyo subway. she was sentenced to five years in prison for her role in a separate incident. now the tokyo high court has overruled that sentence. 43-year-old kikuchi was released friday. she was charged with assisting attempted murder in 1995 by transporting bomb-making materials for the cult. she spent 17 years on the run before being arrested in 2012. the cult sent a parcel bomb to an office of the tokyo metropolitan government where it seriously wounded an employee. kikuchi pleaded not guilty at the tokyo district court which convicted her last year. the high court judge reversed that decision, saying the terrorist attack was intended to kill, but there is reasonable doubt as to whether kikuchi was aware of that.
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the victim of the explosion lost several fingers to the blast. he commented that kikuchi was on the run for years and must have had some sense of guilt. he said he was very disappointed to learn that the court didn't find her guilty. kikuchi's lawyer says the lower court decision is now regarded as a mistake. >> translator: kikuchi has been found not guilty, but she's well aware that the victim was seriously injured in the attack. she's not forgotten this fact, and neither have we, her attorneys. so she didn't look happy to hear the verdict. >> the lawyers urged prosecutors not to appeal. prosecutors called the ruling unexpected and highly regrettable. aum shinrikyo is held responsible for a series of crimes including the 1995 sarin gas attack on the tokyo subway systems that killed 13 people
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and injured thousands of others. scandal-hit toshiba has said sorry for dragging its feet at revealing losses at a subsidiary. toshiba's president muromachi admitted there was insufficient disclosure of huge losses at the company's u.s. nuclear arm westinghouse. he called a news conference on friday, ten days after toshiba revealed that westinghouse wrote down about $1.3 billion in assets in fiscal years 2012 and 2013. the revelation came only after the tokyo stock exchange put pressure on toshiba to come clean. >> translator: we take the tsc instructions seriously. we have reflected on the fact that we should have disclosed more timely information. >> muromachi said the asset write-downs were excluded from
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group earnings results as toshiba expects the subsidiary to become profitable. he said westinghouse will win maintenance jobs at nuclear plants and aim to acquire orders to build 64 reactors over the next 15 years. muromachi said he will lead the fight to restore investor confidence in his company and actively provide financial data. prime minister shinzo abe has asked for a supplementary budget for the current fiscal year to jump-start the economy. it's part of emergency measures to realize abe's vision of what he calls a country where everyone can play an active role. the government has also adopted new policy guidelines to support domestic industries under the rules of the trans-pacific partnership free trade pact. abe told a cabinet meeting on friday that japan's economy remains on a moderate recovery path. the nation's economy has shrunk for the last two quarters. abe has set a goal of increasing
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gdp to 600 trillion yen, or nearly $5 trillion. that's an increase of about 20%. the draft budget includes money to fund handouts of about $240 each to 10 million low-income pensioners. it also includes plans for financial support to farmers. the chief cabinet secretary yoshihide suga says the size of the budget has not been decided on at this point. he says it will be focused on urgent necessities. business managers are eyeing new opportunities in children's sports. a slowing birth rate means parents are willing to spend more on each child, and that includes fancier sports gear and services. nhk world's sakura koyama reports on the race to win a slice of the action. >> reporter: shoemakers are
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pitching new products for children. they claim their footwear will help young athletes run faster. the soles are designed to offer extra grip on key spots where the foot strikes the ground. here's another way to keep kids moving. an arm band. the people who design it say it helps children develop a better running style. when the arm action is correct, it makes a steady clicking sound. when it's wrong, the sound becomes irregular. the arm bands cost about $30. and demand is high. >> translator: we see children's gear as an important market. we'd like our kids to become fans of our products and our brand and to learn how to correctly move their bodies.
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>> reporter: one way to sell children's gear is to listen to parents. that's what inspired these soccer shoes. the front of the shoe has different designs on the outside, center and inside of the foot. when children learn how to kick a ball with a different part of the foot, this serves as a guide. one mother's input played a big part in developing the shoes. >> translator: when my son started to play soccer, he was very young so it was hard to explain to him how to kick in words. there were no shoes around like this. so i thought it would be a good idea. >> reporter: they cost more than ordinary soccer cleats, but soccer moms and dads say they are willing to pay.
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that kind of consumer demand is attracting newcomers to the field. these kids are attending a class run by a children's education company. last spring they launched a sports program targeting children up to the age of 6. in this classroom, the kids go barefoot. the exercises are done on grass or artificial turf. they target the toes and other parts of the foot. company managers say it improves the child's physical ability. the program focuses on nine types of body movements. these basic exercises lay the groundwork for the children's sporting future. three classes a month cost about $100. that's almost double the fee for a normal gym class. >> translator: it's rather a
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long way from home, but i thought my child will be able to learn something special in this class. >> translator: parents these days are very demanding. they really want to understand what an exercise is good for or what the rationale is. >> reporter: competition is heating up as more companies enter this market. the winners will be those who can satisfy the needs of both the young athletes and the parents. sakura koyama, nhk world, tokyo. japanese communities hit by the earthquake and tsunami in 2011 are trying to attract more foreign tourists. they've set their sights on people in china. so they've launched a pr campaign in shanghai. representatives from northeastern prefectures, including fukushima, set up their stalls in a shopping center. they're highlighting regional attractions such as food and hot spring baths. chinese tourists are flocking to
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japan in record numbers, but relatively few make it to the northeast. communities there are struggling to recover from the earthquake and tsunami. >> translator: more people will go there when they hear about it. >> translator: the cherry blossoms in miyagi look beautiful, and i'm interested in the food. i'd love to go. >> representatives say they want chinese to come visit with peace of mind. let's take a look at the weekend weather forecast.
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that's all we have for now on "newsline." i'm ross mihara in tokyo. from all of us here at nhk world, thank you for watching.
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anchor: flexibility. it sounds like a good thing, doesn't it? if you're flexible, then you can fit in with changing demand, take on different roles, rise to different challenges. but is "flexible" becoming little more than a euphemism for "dispensable"? welcome to "global 3000," where this week, we're investigating the uncomfortable realities of the modern workplace. zero hours, zero guarantees --controversial employment contracts in the u.k. driven to distraction -- self-employed couriers get a raw deal in the u.s. and of bulls and bees -- everyday survival in ethiopia's sheka forest.

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